Lutao Ning

Lutao Ning
Queen Mary, University of London | QMUL · School of Business and Management

Professor

About

72
Publications
15,221
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,580
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2016 - present
Queen Mary, University of London
Position
  • Professor
August 2009 - April 2012
Durham University
Position
  • Lecturer in International Business

Publications

Publications (72)
Book
Full-text available
http://www.amazon.co.uk/Chinas-Rise-World-ICT-Industry/dp/0415482240 One of the most striking phenomena of China’s remarkable economic growth is that its huge volume of exports are becoming high-tech. China is now the world's largest Information and Communication Technology (ICT) exporter, having overtaken Japan and the European Union in 2003 and...
Article
This paper examines how urban industrial agglomeration interacts with the intra- and inter-regional externalities resulting from foreign direct investment (FDI) in city innovation in an emerging economy. It adds to the existing literature by highlighting the importance of considering both spatial proximity and urban industrial structures in underst...
Article
Full-text available
Climate changes and ecological challenges often motivate firms to diversify into environmental domains. However, this does not guarantee impactful inventions. Therefore, this study investigates how firms can create impactful environmental inventions based on their technological relatedness and prior knowledge integration capabilities. Using a uniqu...
Article
Technology transfer systems (TTSs) and modes of national research institutes (NRIs) have become increasingly significant in shaping national innovation systems. However, few studies have addressed this issue in the context of emerging economies. To fill this research gap, this paper explores the TTSs and modes of Chinese NRIs based on a case study...
Article
When multinational enterprises form international joint ventures (IJVs) with local firms, the knowledge exchange between the two can expose foreign firms’ intangible assets to local competitors. We study how foreign ownership is used to manage knowledge leakage and how local industrial structures moderate the relationship between intangible assets...
Article
Full-text available
Firms receiving R&D subsidies are often assumed to be able to overcome market failure and have a socially desired level of R&D investment for technological innovation. However, we know relatively little about the impact of R&D subsidies on the way firms achieve innovation novelty. Drawing upon the knowledge recombinant view, this paper investigates...
Article
This paper investigates how returnees’ repatriation speed and irregularity affect FDI knowledge spillovers. Using a unique dataset of high-tech Chinese firms located in Zhongguancun Science Park in Beijing from 2007 to 2013, we find that returnees are vital in improving local firms’ absorptive capacity and disseminating FDI externalities. Our empir...
Article
This paper investigates the effects of underwriter reputation on initial public offering (IPO) underpricing in the Chinese Growth Enterprise Market. We find that IPO firms with prestigious underwriters have lower market-adjusted initial returns on average. We further find that prestigious underwriters reduce IPO underpricing by minimizing the time...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines how local firms’ structure of human capital and R&D strategies influence their absorption of FDI knowledge spillovers. Using a unique dataset of Chinese firms in Beijing Zhongguancun Science Park from 2009 to 2015, our panel endogenous threshold models confirm two thresholds for human capital diversity and one threshold for R&D...
Article
The present paper employs China's interregional freight railway network from 2006 to 2011 and adopts the network analysis method to visualise the distribution of hub locations in China. Moreover, an econometric approach is used to determine important factors that affect hub location decisions. Our empirical results suggest that railway hub location...
Article
Full-text available
This paper examines the environmental knowledge externalities of FDI within and across cities in an emerging economy context. It argues that the extent of these environmental externalities is contingent upon local industrial agglomeration. Using a panel dataset of 280 Chinese prefectural cities from 2003 to 2012, we employ a spatial economic approa...
Article
The impact of innovation mechanisms on firm survival remains inconclusive in the existing literature, especially when we consider the case of a rapidly growing emerging economy. Using a unique firm-level dataset of 14,065 Chinese high-tech start-ups from 2007 to 2013, we employ a discrete time hazard model to study the impact of differences in inte...
Article
Full-text available
Firms worldwide are increasingly required to disclose (and make efforts to reduce) their carbon emissions due to the environmental damage associated with climate change. Because there has been no previous literature focusing on the determinants of corporate carbon disclosure integrating environmental legitimacy and green innovation, the present stu...
Article
Previously, most literature has argued that FDI spillovers are dependent upon the degree of foreign presence in host regions, but often neglected FDI expansion time-based characteristics’ roles. This paper therefore develops the constructs of pace and rhythm as key features of foreign expansion process. It moves the concept of time compression dise...
Article
Purpose Although technological diversification is often understood as an explorative activity, the authors argue that it can also be explained as exploitation. The purpose of this paper is to examine how exploitative technological diversification (ETD) affects firm performance and what factors may moderate this relationship. Design/methodology/app...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Firms’ corporate social responsibility (CSR) behaviour is embedded in the institutional context. Under this logic, the purpose of this paper is to investigate the institutional antecedents of CSR, especially how two sub-national institutions – regional institutional development and industry dynamism – and their interactions affect firms’ CS...
Article
Full-text available
This paper proposes and investigates three potential reasons (dimensions, capability order and contingency of technological diversification) which may explain why there are inconsistencies in the findings of studies on the relationship between technological diversification and firm performance. The results indicate that: (1) a more comprehensive de...
Article
Political ties and managerial cognitive biases, specifically overconfidence, have been identified as affecting firm-level R&D processes and outcomes. Here we further conceptually and empirically explore how these two factors may influence R&D intensity in an emerging market context. Our empirical results, based on panel data from 1293 Chinese publi...
Presentation
Full-text available
Call for Papers for a Conference and Special Issue on ”The Challenges of Managing and Modelling Innovation and Growth in China” 4-5 November 2017
Article
Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) has long been regarded as a key source of new knowledge external to the domestic economy, but relatively little is known about how the host regions' technological upgrading is affected by the pace and rhythm of foreign firms' local expansion. Previous research has mainly considered FDI spillover effects within a clos...
Article
Full-text available
How externally acquired resources may become valuable, rare, hard-to-imitate, and non-substitute resource bundles through the development of dynamic capabilities? This study proposes and tests a mediation model of how firms’ internal technological diversification and R&D, as two distinctive microfoundations of dynamic technological capabilities, me...
Article
Full-text available
It is generally believed foreign direct investment (FDI) has spillover effects which can affect the innovation capabilities of local firms in host countries. Comparatively little, however, is known about the contingent local contextual factors that influence how these FDI spillovers can be captured. Integrating the literature on FDI knowledge spill...
Article
We examine how the performance of teams and of the individuals within them varies with disparity in team member ability and with the reward structure in place. We carry out an experiment on a sample of 240 participants which first played a Counter-Strike Game to determine their level of proficiency, then played in three-person teams made up of a hi...
Article
There is a growing need for firms to acquire knowledge externally, but the process has become increasingly complicated. This article studies the mediating roles of the three process dimensions of organizational learning capacity (OLC), namely, knowledge acquisition, transformation, and application capabilities, in the context of a joint problem sol...
Article
Recent years have witnessed substantial outward foreign direct investment (OFDI) from many emerging economies. Should the governments of these economies encourage OFDI in order to promote domestic innovation? Much OFDI by emerging economy multinational enterprises (EMNEs) has been undertaken to acquire strategic assets overseas, but do these acquis...
Article
This paper confirms the positive relationship between national technological size and technological diversification for China over three periods: from its premarket status 1986-1990, through its rapid marketization of 1991-2000, to its globalization phase from 2001 to 2011. The Chinese technological trajectory differs from the earlier developed wor...
Article
Full-text available
This study empirically examines the relationship between technological diversification and regional innovation capability (RIC) based on 30 Chinese provinces from 2001 to 2011. Our results support the positive role of technological diversification in affecting RIC. We also investigate the moderating effects of R&D investments and openness on the di...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the meditating role of psychological ownership which includes both organisation-based psychological ownership (OPO) and knowledge-based psychological ownership (KPO) on the relationship between affective commitment and knowledge sharing. Design/methodology/approach – This paper is an empirical...
Article
The regional innovation systems (RISs) approach has become influential in analysis of innovation processes and the development of public policy. Much of the contemporary RIS literature, however, has adopted a structural, functional, effectiveness or triple helix analytical approach. This study enriches our understanding of RISs in East Asia by cons...
Article
Learning-by-licensing is a widely used strategy to build technological capabilities. The previous research has often focused on the learning process from the perspective of the technology recipient based on single-level analyses at either the organizational level or the regional level. Relatively little is known about the interactions between cross...
Chapter
I. INTRODUCTION Great academic interest has been shown in business groups (Morck and Nakamura, 2007; Morck, Wolfenson and Young 2005; Yiu et al 2005; Keister 2000). A recent summary of the business group literature, capturing a fundamental question, asks whether they are “paragons” or “parasites” (Khanna and Yafeh, 2007). Of special relevance regar...
Article
This paper studies how industrial agglomeration interacts with externalities resulting from foreign direct investment (FDI) on urban innovation in an emerging economy. It adds to the existing literature by highlighting the importance of considering both spatial proximity and urban industrial structure in understanding FDI knowledge spillovers. Usin...
Article
Wang Y., Ning L., Li J. and Prevezer M. Foreign direct investment spillovers and the geography of innovation in Chinese regions: the role of regional industrial specialization and diversity, Regional Studies. Foreign direct investment (FDI) brings technology spillovers, but little is known about the interactive effects of industrial structure at th...
Article
This paper uses panel data between 2000 and 2010 to explore how firm ownership and regional industrial structures contribute to regional innovation performance in Chinese provinces. Specifically, we explore how the extent of specialisation and diversification in regional industrial structures at the province level fosters both Marshall–Arrow–Romer...
Article
While current research commonly finds there may be an optimum overall level of search depth commitment at the apex of an inverted U relationship, it says comparatively little about the optimal allocation of search depth between competing search channels. Neither does it explore in depth the qualitative differences in the breadth of different extern...
Article
This paper compares the international innovation strategies of emerging market MNCs (EMNCs) with those of developed country MNCs (DMNCs). More specifically, we analyze the patent outcomes related to the use of international innovation networks (IINs) of EMNCs in developed markets compared with those of DMNCs in emerging markets. We explore the conv...
Article
Full-text available
How do international investors react to announcements of cross-border mergers and acquisitions (CM&As) by emerging market multinational enterprises (EMNEs)? Using a unique and manually-constructed firm-level dataset, this paper examines the stock price reactions to CM&A announcements made over the period 1991–2010 by Chinese MNEs listed on the Hong...
Article
Full-text available
To investigate patterns of technology collaboration within the Chinese automobile industry, this study employs a unique dataset of patent applications that reveal a record of 64,938 collaborative relations in the industry during the period from 1985 to 2010. Our results indicate that over 60 % of the total collaborations were conducted after China...
Article
Full-text available
There is much interest in technology exchange in the literature, but relatively little research directly provides understanding of technology exchange patterns at a regional level within a country. This study uses a unique dataset of Chinese patent licensing to study technology exchange patterns in thirty Chinese provinces since 2000. Our results i...
Article
Purpose – The aim of this research is to study the relationships between occupational commitment, industrial relations and turnover intention, as well as the moderating role of turnover intention. Design/methodology/approach – Empirical data for this study were collected using a questionnaire survey method. A total of 600 copies of the questionnai...
Article
This paper investigates the earnings management activities in Chinese listed firms and the impact of the split share structure reform (SSSREF). We demonstrate that Chinese listed firms exhibited a long-term positive relationship between real and accrual-based earnings management activities over the 2002–2011 period. This reflects the environment of...
Article
To explore the rules of knowledge transfer and application activities in knowledge space, defined at both temporal and spatial scales, the present study employs a unique dataset of Chinese patent licensing during the period of 2000–2012, with a total of 91,551 patents. Our results indicate that 70 % of patents were licensed out in the first 3 years...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores the strategic dimensions of R&D decisions toward novelty and openness in explaining the performance of latecomer firms in a developing economy. A structural equation model of R&D decision-making is formulated using survey data from 279 Chinese firms. The dimension of R&D novelty is defined as the degree of technological newness...
Article
Chinese business groups have grown rapidly in recent years. To date, however, few studies have noted the concentration of assets, sales, profits and R&D expenditures in a small number of super-large trial business groups. These groups are now also responsible for a large share of China?s outward foreign direct investment. This is no coincidence, as...
Article
Although technology profile has been one of the key determinants of firms’ export performance in the international business literature, most research has focused on only the role of internal technology efforts rather than the role of external technology. This study thus aims to extend our understanding of the determinants of export performance by e...
Article
Anecdotal evidence suggests that manufacturing firms are able to engage in product diversification through external technology acquisitions, such as technology licensing. However, there is little empirical evidence regarding this proposition to link inward technology licensing and firms’ product diversification or to suggest when and under what con...
Article
China's private-sector multinational enterprises (MNEs) are often owned and controlled via offshore holding companies in tax havens. As such, their foreign affiliates are often difficult to identify, and their activities are also not captured in official Chinese outward foreign direct investment data. To date, therefore, there has been comparativel...
Article
Internationalization of China’s Private Sector MNEs: An Analysis of the Motivations for Foreign Affiliate Formation”, Thunderbird International Business Review, 54(2): 169-182
Article
Ning, L. & Sutherland, D., (2012) “An Exploration of Pyramidal Business Groups in China”, in Liming Wang (ed.), Rising China in the Changing World Economy. London: Routledge .138-162
Article
This paper considers evidence on business group productivity performance in China. It also carries out a detailed investigation into China's 50 largest groups to see if pyramidal groups are forming. As such, we further explore what can be considered as some of the positive and negative attributes of Chinese groups. We show that although improvement...
Article
Are the internationalization strategies of China's private businesses different from those of state-owned businesses? To date, little systematic empirical research addresses this question, despite the now well-established arguments that market and institutional imperfections influence the outward foreign direct investment (ODI) of China's state sec...
Article
Full-text available
This paper questions whether China's "attracting-in" (selective introduction of inward foreign direct investment, foreign technologies and import) and "walking-out" (export and outward investment expansion) strategies have enabled it to achieve a leadership position in the world information and communication technology (ICT) industry. In 2004, Chin...
Article
Full-text available
Moving from labour to some capital and knowledge intensive sectors, East Asian countries have actively pursued strategic industrial policies and successfully promoted targeted sectors. However, their growth in high tech sectors challenged the US leadership and the World Trade Organization (WTO)-supported neo-liberal development “wisdom”. Tensions o...
Article
This paper argues that China's response to economic liberalisation, which artificially focuses on promoting particular sizes of firms, cannot improve technological capabilities in the ICT manufacturing industry. Not only have historical and economic conditions created difficulties in adopting Korean and Taiwanese style policies, but also competitiv...
Article
This paper questions whether China’s “attracting-in” (selective introduction of inward foreign direct investment, foreign technologies and import) and “walking-out” (export and outward investment expansion) strategies have enabled it to achieve a leadership position in the world information and communication technology (ICT) industry. In 2004, Chin...

Network

Cited By

Projects