Luke Fairbanks

Luke Fairbanks
University of Southern Mississippi | USM · Department of Coastal Sciences

PhD

About

17
Publications
9,906
Reads
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751
Citations
Citations since 2017
11 Research Items
732 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
Additional affiliations
January 2018 - December 2019
Duke University
Position
  • Researcher
Description
  • Research: Perceptions, values, and wellbeing associated with seafood production and consumption
January 2017 - September 2017
Colorado State University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Research: The human dimensions of large marine protected areas
September 2015 - December 2016
Duke University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Description
  • Research: Understanding the role of community and environment in the development of US regional ocean planning
Education
August 2009 - August 2015
Duke University
Field of study
  • Marine Science and Conservation; Human Geography; Policy Studies

Publications

Publications (17)
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the development of U.S. offshore aquaculture policy and governance through the lens of assemblage and mobility. It first characterizes the offshore aquaculture policy assemblage and identifies three “strands” of policy reform that have taken hold and influenced policy, regulatory, and governance development over time: (1) fede...
Article
Full-text available
Marine spatial planning (MSP) seeks to integrate traditionally disconnected oceans activities, management arrangements, and practices through a rational and comprehensive governance system. Th is article explores the emerging critical literature on MSP, focusing on key elements of MSP engaged by scholars: (1) planning discourse and narrative; (2) o...
Article
Full-text available
We apply theories of environmental governance, assemblage, and geo-epistemology to critically reflect on ocean planning in federal waters of the USA. US ocean planning was initiated in July 2010 when President Obama issued Executive Order 13547; this set in motion what was then called coastal and marine spatial planning, but without a congressional...
Article
Full-text available
Large‐scale marine protected areas (LSMPAs) have proliferated in recent years, now accounting for most of the world's MPA coverage. However, little is known about LSMPA outcomes and the factors that affect them. Here we argue that policy interactions—the cumulative effect of co‐existing policies for an issue and/or geographical area—can play a crit...
Article
Efforts to expand the marine aquaculture industry often draw on a discourse of opportunity that highlights untapped potential for economic growth. This discourse also underlies the more general concept of Blue Economy in which oceans are a frontier for economic development. Marine aquaculture is seen as an important part of Blue Economy, but the cu...
Article
Full-text available
While there is substantial literature about the socio-cultural characteristics and values associated with recreational and commercial fisheries in the U.S., studies directed at those who ‘fish for food’—those who depend on consuming their catch to various degrees—are relatively sparse. Using qualitative data collected through 80 semi-structured int...
Article
We are currently in what might be termed a ‘third phase’ of oceans enclosures around the world, which has involved an unprecedented intensity of map-making that supports an emerging regime of ocean governance where resources are geocoded, multiple and disparate marine uses are weighed against each other, spatial tradeoffs are made, and exclusive ri...
Article
Full-text available
Research on enclosure has often examined the phenomenon as a process and outcome of state, neoliberal, and hybrid territorial practices with detrimental impacts for those affected. The proliferation of increasingly complex environmental governance regimes and new enclosures, such as those now seen in the oceans, challenge these readings, however. U...
Article
Full-text available
There has been an assumption that because many large marine protected areas (LMPAs) are designated in areas with relatively few direct uses, they therefore have few stakeholders and negligible social outcomes. This article challenges this assumption with diverse examples of social outcomes that are distinctive in LMPAs. We define social outcomes as...
Article
Full-text available
Increased interest in oceans is leading to new and renewed global governance efforts directed toward ocean issues in areas of food production, biodiversity conservation, industrialization, global environmental change, and pollution. Global oceans governance efforts face challenges and opportunities related to the nature of oceans and to actors invo...
Article
Governance projects to measure and organize socio-natural spaces have often resulted in the marginalization of human communities (e.g., national parks) or in the destruction of environmental resources (e.g., mining). In the United States, new marine spatial planning (MSP) policies seek to categorize and represent ocean spaces and activities in an e...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we track a relatively new term in global environmental governance: “blue economy.” Analyzing preparatory documentation and data collected at the 2012 UN Conference on Sustainable Development (i.e., Rio + 20), we show how the term entered into use and how it was articulated within four competing discourses regarding human-ocean rela...
Article
In this article, we examine oceans outcomes from the Third United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development (or Rio+20) in relation to how ocean problems and solutions were defined and by whom. We highlight the extent to which problem and solution definitions were shared among participants, in relation to three specific issues on the agenda at...

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
Project Website: https://sites.duke.edu/planning/ How are communities and the environment being represented and engaged in ocean planning processes? How are communities and the environment shaping the future of ocean planning itself? In our research we explore these and other questions, as ocean planners, scientists, and stakeholders interact to shape new forms of regional ocean governance — and new outcomes for coastal communities and ocean environments — in the United States.