Lukas Prantl

Lukas Prantl
University Hospital Regensburg | Uni Regensburg · Hochschulzentrum für Plastische/Ästhetische/Hand- und Wiederherstellungschirurgie

About

250
Publications
47,968
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3,945
Citations
Citations since 2016
168 Research Items
2721 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500600

Publications

Publications (250)
Article
Full-text available
Background: The grading process in facial palsy (FP) patients is crucial for time- and cost-effective therapy decision-making. The House-Brackmann scale (HBS) represents the most commonly used classification system in FP diagnostics. This study investigated the benefits of linking machine learning (ML) techniques with the HBS. Methods: Image dat...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present a novel method for guaranteeing linear momentum in learned physics simulations. Unlike existing methods, we enforce conservation of momentum with a hard constraint, which we realize via antisymmetrical continuous convolutional layers. We combine these strict constraints with a hierarchical network architecture, a carefully constructed re...
Article
Full-text available
The good availability and the large content of adult stem cells in adipose tissue has made it one of the most interesting tissues in regenerative medicine. Although lipofilling is one of the most frequent procedures in plastic surgery, the method still struggles with high absorption rates and volume losses of up to 70%. Therefore, many efforts have...
Chapter
Bei Lymphozelen handelt es sich um eine Ansammlung von klarer Lymphflüssigkeit, in einem anatomisch dafür nicht vorgesehenen Raum. Zur Bildung von Lymphozelen kommt es beispielsweise nach Lymphknotendissektionen oder gefäßchirurgischen Eingriffen. Zur Behandlung von Lymphozelen wurden unterschiedliche Therapien beschrieben, wozu konservative Therap...
Article
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The lack of supportive Schwann cells in segmental nerve lesions seems to be one cornerstone for the problem of insufficient nerve regeneration. Lately, adipose-tissue-derived stem cells (ASCs) differentiated towards SC (Schwann cell)-like cells seem to fulfill some of the needs for ameliorated nerve recovery. In this study, three differentiation pr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Generating highly detailed, complex data is a long-standing and frequently considered problem in the machine learning field. However, developing detail-aware generators remains an challenging and open problem. Generative adversarial networks are the basis of many state-of-the-art methods. However, they introduce a second network to be trained as a...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Reliable, time- and cost-effective, and clinician-friendly diagnostic tools are cornerstones in facial palsy (FP) patient management. Different automated FP grading systems have been developed but revealed persisting downsides such as insufficient accuracy and cost-intensive hardware. We aimed to overcome these barriers and programmed...
Article
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Autologous lipotransfer is a promising method for tissue regeneration, because white adipose tissue contains a heterogeneous cell population, including mesenchymal stem cells, endothelial cells, immune cells, and adipocytes. In order to improve the outcome, adipose tissue can be processed before application. In this study, we investigated changes c...
Article
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Plastic surgeons are trained to perform a wide repertoire of surgeries—ranging from standard local procedures to highly specialized operations. Therefore, plastic surgeons treat a plethora of clinical presentations and address multiple patient needs. Their daily workflow is increasingly entwined with legal topics. The concrete legal interpretation...
Article
Background There is a mounting body of evidence that underscores the worldwide and US national need for increased plastic surgery recruitment of trainees. Thus, plastic surgery must attract more applicants while maintaining the high-level qualifications of residency candidates. Methods Two hundred and fifty (w = 197) medical students rated the pro...
Article
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Background: Synkinesis of the facial musculature is a detrimental sequalae in post-paralytic facial palsy (PPFP) patients. Detailed knowledge on the technical requirements and device properties in a high-resolution ultrasound (HRUS) examination is mandatory for a reliable facial muscle assessment in PPFP patients. We therefore aimed to outline the...
Article
Preclinical/clinical microsurgical training is essential for clinical practice. Therefore, various training models have been established, such as synthetic and cadaveric models. The most common limitation of these models is the lack of circulation, which limits the simulation of real intraoperative circumstances. Thus, the authors aimed to create a...
Article
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Background: The Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotizing Fasciitis score (LRINEC) is a simple tool used to support early diagnosis of Necrotizing Fasciitis (NF). The aim of this study was to investigate whether the LRINEC is suitable as a progression and prognosis parameter in patients with NF. Methods: In this retrospective study, laboratory d...
Article
Microsurgery and supermicrosurgery are surgical subdomains necessary for a large variety of surgical disciplines. So far, there is no training model for lymphatic surgery or perforator flap surgery and the most commonly used microsurgical training models are living animals. However, the ethical principles of replacement, refinement, and reduction (...
Article
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Background Breastand reductions mastopexies continue to rank among the most frequently performed plastic surgical procedures worldwide. While there exists a consensus on several aspects of the procedure, a plethora of controversies remain. This study aims to compare the most relevant peri- and intra-operative factors on an international level to st...
Article
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Purpose Lipofilling has been established as a standard technique for contour enhancement following breast reconstruction. However, there is a paucity in current literature regarding the use of this technique for complete reconstruction of the female breast as an alternative to conventional techniques, such as expander or flap-based procedures. In p...
Article
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Purpose The aim of our study was to examine the surgical outcome and complications (efficiency) as well as the incidence of locoregional recurrence and distant metastases (oncological safety) in patients who underwent autologous fat grafting (AFG) of the breast following breast cancer surgery. Methods In our monocentric cohort study, retrospective...
Article
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Aims Congenital breast asymmetry represents a particular challenge to the classic techniques of plastic surgery given the young age of patients at presentation. This study reviews and compares the long-term results of traditional breast augmentation using silicone implants and the more innovative technique of lipografting. Methods To achieve this,...
Article
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We present the Regensburg Breast Shape Model (RBSM)—a 3D statistical shape model of the female breast built from 110 breast scans acquired in a standing position, and the first publicly available. Together with the model, a fully automated, pairwise surface registration pipeline used to establish dense correspondence among 3D breast scans is introd...
Preprint
Full-text available
We present the Regensburg Breast Shape Model (RBSM) – a 3D statistical shape model of the female breast built from 110 breast scans acquired in a standing position, and the first publicly available. Together with the model, a fully automated, pairwise surface registration pipeline used to establish dense correspondence among 3D breast scans is intr...
Article
Background Technical aspects are of utmost significance for an efficient execution in designing perforator flaps with high-resolution color-coded Duplex sonography (CCDS). The following study evaluates decisive factors for a successful microvessel examination conducted by the microsurgeon. Methods Technical knowledge presented in this study was bas...
Preprint
Full-text available
For decades, it has been assumed that the foreign body response (FBR) to biomedical implants is primarily a reaction to the chemical and mechanical properties of the implant. Here, we show for the first time that a third independent variable, allometric tissue-scale forces (which increase exponentially with body size), can drive the biology of FBR...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Congenital breast asymmetry is a serious gynecological malformation for affected patients. The condition hits young women in puberty and is associated with socio-esthetic handicap, depression, and psychosexual problems. Surgical treatment is usually early in the patient's lifetime, so a long-term sustainable solution is important. Although...
Article
Background: Breast implant–associated anaplastic large cell lymphoma (BIA ALCL) is a rare indolent yet lethal disease. Recently the WHO accepted it as an individual new entity. Since then national and international registries have attempted to collect epidemiological data, but incidence rates vary strongly. The aim of this article is to provide an...
Article
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Background: Thanks to 3D imaging, it is possible to measure the influence of different parameters on breast augmentation. In this study, we compare the effect of different shapes and sizes of breast implants on the topography of the resulting breast. Furthermore, the impact of different breast implants on inter-landmark distances and on changes of...
Article
Background: Complication rates of up to 46 percent are reported following pressure sore surgery. Pressure sore patients often exhibit ineffective postoperative wound healing despite tension-free flap coverage, necessitating surgical revision and prolonged hospitalization. Rather than pressure sore recurrence, such impaired healing reflects a faile...
Article
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Sarcomas are characterized by a high metastatic potential and aggressive growth. Despite surgery, chemotherapy plays an important role in the treatment of these tumors. Optimal anti-cancer therapy with maximized local efficacy and minimized systemic side effects has been the object of many studies for a long time. To improve the local efficacy of a...
Article
Background and objective: In complex hand traumas nerves and vessels are often destructed without the possibility for primary repair. For bridging defects of nerves, veins and arteries grafts are necessary. Commonly nerve and vein grafts from adjacent donor sites as the wrist, forearm or cubital region are harvested. Methods: This study is a ret...
Article
Background: A commonly seen issue in facial palsy patients is brow ptosis caused by paralysis of the frontalis muscle powered by the frontal branch of the facial nerve. Predominantly, static methods are used for correction. Functional restoration concepts include the transfer of the deep temporal branch of the trigeminal nerve and cross-facial ner...
Article
Background: Early detection and treatment of vascular complications in replanted digits is essential for the survival. The perfusion index (PI) represents a marker of peripheral perfusion as it shows the ratio of pulsatile to non-pulsatile blood flow. Objective: To evaluate the feasibility and applicability of the PI as a monitoring tool for fre...
Article
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Within the subcutaneous adipose tissue diseases, multiple symmetric lipomatosis (MSL) (syn.: Launois Bensaude Syndrome, Morbus Madelung, benign symmetric lipomatosis) is rare. The pathogenesis of MSL remains unclear. We investigated the largest German cohort of MSL patients to obtain anamnestic data and quality of life with a standard questionnaire...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Nasoalveolar molding (NAM) was developed to facilitate easier treatment and better outcomes for cleft lip and palate (CLP) patients. The aim of this study was to investigate the parental burden and possible intercultural differences of this treatment modality, which is often argued to burden parents to an extraordinary amount. Materials...
Article
Background Augmentation rhinoplasty with autologous fat grafting is a useful procedure to meet the demand for facial harmonization in the Asian population. We used this procedure during orthognathic surgery to address inadequate dorsum projection. This prospective study was conducted to determine the fat retention rate in patients undergoing simult...
Preprint
Congenital breast asymmetry represents a particular challenge to the classical techniques of plastic surgery due to a young group of patients. This study compares traditional breast augmentation using silicone implants to the more innovative lipograft technique regarding long-term results. To achieve this, we not only captured subjective parameters...
Article
Objective Chronic primary or secondary lymphedema has a huge impact on quality of life (QOL) because of associated swelling, pain, decreased range of motion, depression and anxiety, and generally requires numerous adaptations. Many studies have shown a positive objective effect of lymphovenous anastomoses (LVAs) on chronic lymphedema. In this study...
Chapter
Die Indocyaningrün (ICG)-Lymphografie ist eine wenig belastende, minimal-invasive Untersuchungstechnik, die eine Realtime-Darstellung der Lymphgefäße ermöglicht und den Schweregrad der Lymphödeme widerspiegelt. Sie wird sowohl in der Diagnostik von Lymphgefäßerkrankungen als auch zur präoperativen Planung lymphchirurgischer Eingriffe (u. a. bei lym...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose: Congenital breast asymmetry is a serious gynaecological malformation for affected patients. The phenotyping hits young women in puberty and is associated with a socio-aesthetic handicap, depression and psychosexual problems. Therefore, the time of therapy is usually early in view of the patient's entire life so that a sustainable solution...
Article
Full-text available
The superficial circumflex iliac artery perforator (SCIP) flap is a well-documented, thin, free tissue flap with a minimal donor site morbidity, and has the potential to become the new method for resurfacing moderate-size skin defects. The aim of this study is to describe an easy, reliable, systematic, and standardized approach for preoperative SCI...
Article
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Background: Understanding microvascular physiology is key to any reconstructive procedure. Current concepts in anesthesia increasingly involve regional peripheral nerve blockade during microvascular reconstructive procedures. Whereas favorable effects on perfusion due to these techniques have been reported earlier, little evidence focusing on its...
Article
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In plastic surgery, lipofilling is a frequent procedure. Unsatisfactory vascularization and impaired cell vitality can lead to unpredictable take rates in the fat graft. The proliferation and neovascularization inducing properties of adipose tissue-derived stem cells may contribute to solve this problem. Therefore, the enrichment of fat grafts with...
Article
Full-text available
Background Capsular fibrosis (CF) is the most common long-term complication in implant-based breast augmentation. It is well accepted that the foreign body response (FBR) instigates the development of fibrotic disease. Our study aims to compare murine and human samples of CF and describe the cellular and extracellular matrix (ECM) composition using...
Article
Full-text available
Background Secondary breast reduction is complex and poses significant challenges to surgeons. Complication rates exceed those of primary reduction, commonly caused by impaired vascular supply of the nipple-areolar complex (NAC). Literature on the topic is scare and provides contradicting recommendations, especially with regard to pedicle choice in...
Article
Full-text available
Background: During negative pressure wound therapy (NPWT), open wounds are draped with a nontransparent sponge, making daily wound evaluation impossible. Sometimes, late or undetected bacterial infections and postoperative bleeding result in repetitive surgery, thus prolonging inpatient time. With the introduction of additional fluid instillation...
Article
Full-text available
Lipofilling is a popular technique to treat volume loss in aging patients. The isolated adipose tissue is composed of adipocytes and stromal vascular fraction cells, which include adipose-derived stem cells (ASC). We hypothesize that the patient’s wrinkle severity scale (WSS) and patient’s satisfaction on the global aesthetic improvement scale (GAI...
Article
Full-text available
While autologous breast reconstruction has gained momentum over recent years, there is limited data on the structure and quality of care of microsurgical breast reconstruction in Germany. Using the breast reconstruction database established by the German Society of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgeons (DGPRÄC), the presented study investi...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose In this trial, we used a previously developed prototype software to assess aesthetic results after reconstructive surgery for congenital breast asymmetry using automated anthropometry. To prove the consensus between the manual and automatic digital measurements, we evaluated the software by comparing the manual and automatic measurements of...
Article
Full-text available
Microsurgical free flap transfer plays a key role in soft tissue reconstruction of the lower extremities. Through close cooperation between plastic and orthopedic surgery, great progress and success in limb salvage could be achieved over the last decades. The risk for extremity malperfusion is especially high in older patients and after trauma. To...
Article
Full-text available
Murine regulatory T (Treg) cells in tissues promote tissue homeostasis and regeneration. We sought to identify features that characterize human Treg cells with these functions in healthy tissues. Single-cell chromatin accessibility profiles of murine and human tissue Treg cells defined a conserved, microbiota-independent tissue-repair Treg signatur...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose To assess precise topographic changes of the breast, objective documentation and evaluation of pre- and postoperative results are crucial. New technologies for mapping the body using digital, three-dimensional surface measurements have offered novel ways to numerically assess the female breast. Due to the lack of clear demarcation points of...
Article
Background: As the leading complication of abdominoplasty, seroma formation might represent an inflammatory process in response to surgical trauma. This prospective randomized trial investigated whether local administration of the antiinflammatory agent triamcinolone could prevent seroma accumulation. Methods: Weekly and cumulative seroma volume...
Article
Background: The objective of this trial is to evaluate the flexibility of the cartilaginous component of the cleft nose after diced cartilage rhinoplasty by determining the degree of possible bending in relation to the vertical nasal dorsum axis and to compare with to a control group of the unaffected population. Patients and methods: Fifteen cl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Capsular fibrosis (CF) is the most common long-term complication in implant-based breast augmentation. It is well accepted that the foreign body response (FBR) instigates the development of fibrotic disease. Our study aims to compare murine and human samples of CF and describe the cellular and extracellular matrix (ECM) composition using...
Article
Introduction: Breast reconstruction with autologous tissue is a state-of-the art procedure. Several patient-related factors have been identified with regard to the safety and efficacy of these reconstructions. The presented study investigates the impact of prereconstruction radiation on outcomes of deep inferior epigastric perforator (DIEP) free-f...
Article
Full-text available
Background: In free flap surgery, tissue is stored under hypothermic ischemia. Extracorporeal perfusion (EP) has the potential to extend storage time and the tissue's perspective of survival. In the present study, the aim is to improve a recently established, simplified extracorporeal perfusion system. Methods: Porcine musculus rectus abdominis...
Article
Background: Lipofilling is one of the most often performed surgical procedures in plastic and reconstructive surgery. Lipoaspirates provide a ready source of stem cells and secreted factors that contribute to neoangiogenesis and fat graft survival. However, the regulations about the enrichment of these beneficial cells and factors are ambiguous. I...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Venous anastomosis remains to be a challenging step in microsurgical tissue transfer and venous complications constitute to a common reason for free flap failure. While several studies have compared mechanical vs. hand‐sewn venous anastomoses, there is no large‐series study comparing the type of anastomosis exclusively in DIEP flap bre...
Article
Background: The biophysical interaction induced by low energy pulsed electromagnetic field therapy (PEMFT) on the capillary microcirculation is not well understood. Several studies indicate a significant effect of PEMFT in patients with chronic medical conditions. Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the influence of PEMFT on skin mi...
Article
Full-text available
Facial palsy (FP) is a functional disorder of the facial nerve involving paralysis of the mimic muscles. According to the principle "time is muscle," early surgical treatment is tremendously important for preserving the mimic musculature if there are no signs of nerve function recovery. In a 49-year-old female patient, even 19 months after onset of...
Preprint
BACKGROUND Augmentation rhinoplasty with autologous fat grafting is a useful procedure to meet the demand for facial harmonization in the Asian population. We used this procedure during orthognathic surgery to address inadequate dorsum projection. OBJECTIVE This prospective study was conducted to determine the fat retention rate in patients with s...