Lukas Lemm

Lukas Lemm
University of Wuerzburg | JMU · Department of Political and Social Sciences

Master of Arts


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Publications (7)
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Is there a Decline of Democracy? Democracy measurement provides the basis for answering this question. However, there are different measurement tools based on different meanings of democracy that have been shown to vary in their concept validity. Therefore, it is relevant to examine whether the results of the different measurement tools converge or...
Typologies are widely applied tools in democracy research. There are two prominent ways of constructing subtypes of democracies: whereas the classical approach adds traits successively to gain regular subtypes, the radial approach subtracts traits from the concept to obtain diminished subtypes. Conceptually, we argue that radial types have distinct...
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The Democracy Matrix (DeMaX) is a tool for measuring the quality of democracy of over 175 countries in the period between 1900 and 2019 on the basis of Varieties of Democracy (V-Dem). It differs from other measurement instruments in its conceptualization, since it links the abstract norms freedom , equality and control with more concrete institutio...
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Although the measurement of the quality of statehood has become an important research field in Comparative Politics, most of the currently used indices are flawed by major weaknesses. To address such weaknesses, we developed the “Contextualized Index of Statehood” (CIS). This index is based on the two most essential dimensions of statehood: “monopo...
We introduce a two-dimensional actor-based concept of the quality of statehood which distinguishes between challenges and capacities in each dimension and highlights the strategic decisions made by state actors vis-à-vis the capacities and challenges. Analysing the interplay of these factors, we compare the quality of statehood between the presiden...


Cited By


Projects (2)
3 Dimensions, 5 Institutions, 15 Matrix Fields The democracy matrix is a tool for measuring democratic quality. Drawing on data from the Varieties-of-Democracy-Project (V-Dem), the democracy matrix offers information for more than 170 countries in the period between 1900 and 2017. It came into being in the course of the DFG research project “The Democracy Matrix as an Alternative to the Democracy Indices of Freedom House and Polity: Implementation of the Varieties-of-Democracy-Data by Using the 15-Field-Matrix of Democracy” of the Chair of Comparative Politics and German Government at the University of Würzburg.
Archived project
Im Rahmen dieses Sammelbandes werden erste empirische Ergebnisse aus der Studie "Würzburgbarometer 2016" präsentiert. Der Band beschäftigt sich u.a. mit politischen Issues, Redistributionsforderungen sowie der Lebenszufriedenheit in Würzburg.