Lukas Cechura

Lukas Cechura
Czech University of Life Sciences Prague | CULS · Department of Economics

prof.

About

63
Publications
7,756
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401
Citations
Citations since 2016
23 Research Items
278 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060

Publications

Publications (63)
Article
We develop an estimation procedure that generates consistent estimates of the technology parameters, long‐run (persistent) and short‐run (transient) technical inefficiencies and the marginal effects of their determinants for the stochastic frontier model developed by Colombi et al. (2014, Journal of Productivity Analysis 42, 123) and Kumbhakar et a...
Article
This article aimed to calculate and evaluate comparable environmental intensity indicators in the food production systems of European Union (EU) countries. The study uses the latest release of uniform input-output tables and greenhouse gas emission accounts for EU countries. The amount of greenhouse gas emissions (GHG) per unit of food production s...
Article
Full-text available
System dynamics and agent-based simulation modelling approaches have a potential as tools to evaluate the impact of policy related decision making in food value chains. The context is that a food value chain involves flows of multiple products, financial flows and decision making among the food value chain players. Each decision may be viewed from...
Article
Full-text available
The paper deals with the analysis of Czech wheat production and its determinants. We use the Just and Pope (1979) stochastic production function to estimate the effects of economic and weather variables, together with technological progress and climate change, on wheat yield in the Czech regions in the period 1961–2018. The results suggest that bot...
Article
The paper deals with the sources of competitiveness of Czech cereal production by considering precision farming technology and employing micro-level data collected in the FADN database for the period 2005–2018. The analysis is based on the stochastic frontier modelling of an input distance function in the specification of the four-component model,...
Article
Full-text available
One of the main aims of European Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) has been established on a considerable reduction of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions without any decline in productivity by 2030. This introduces some challenges in the assessment of agricultural technical efficiency. In particular, we can formulate at least two problems that are worth...
Article
Full-text available
The study aims to explore the sources of competitiveness of dairy producers before and after the abolition of milk quotas in selected EU member states. The investigation is based on the stochastic frontier modelling of an input distance function in the specification of the four-error-component model. The model is estimated with a multistep procedur...
Article
Full-text available
The focus of this paper is on the analysis of market imperfections in the French and U.K. wheat value chains. We used mark-up and mark-down models and stochastic frontier analysis to estimate the degree of market imperfections in two completely different wheat-to-bread chains for two stages/sectors—milling and baking. Our results reveal some degree...
Article
Full-text available
This paper explores to what extent product and marketing channel diversification contributed to the economic success of small-scale agricultural producers involved in short food supply chains after the outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic. A survey was conducted between April and July 2020 in four countries of the European Union-Estonia, Hungary, Port...
Article
en Countries from Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) that joined the European Union (EU) since May 2004 have recorded rapid increases in their agri‐food exports. While this increase in participation in international trade has been global, the CEE‐11 countries have mainly targeted the EU market. Poland, Hungary, Czechia and Romania are among those cou...
Article
Full-text available
The paper provides findings on the technical efficiency of the European dairy processing industry, which is one of the most important subsectors of the food processing industry in the European Union (EU). The ability to efficiently use inputs in the production of outputs is a prerequisite for the sustainability and competitiveness of the agri-food...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The aim of this report is to provide insights into price dynamics and power relationships between actors of selected Food Value Chains (FVC). Following the main focus of the VALUMICS project, provided analysis refers to salmon, tomato, dairy and wheat case studies in selected EU and non-EU countries. The analysis presented in this deliverable great...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The increase in demand for salmon internationally and limited production possibility of that in specific regions of the world increase the concern of lower market competitiveness in this industry. However, as the concentration in the international distribution of salmon has increased simultaneously on the side of other actors of the global value ch...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The paper focuses on the analysis of market imperfections in the Italian tomato food chain. The identification of the degree of non-competitive behaviour is based on the derived mark-down and mark-up model and using the latest developments in stochastic frontier methodology. The estimated models reveal some degree of non-competitive behaviour in th...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents an analysis of the shadow prices of the greenhouse gas emissions in the Czech dairy production industry. There is employed the stochastic frontier multiple output distance function with two market outputs and one nonmarket (undesirable) output (greenhouse gas emissions) as a representation of a negative public good. The results s...
Article
The article is concerned with the analysis of the role of credit rationing in Czech agriculture on the case of large agricultural enterprises. The part of results, first presents the author’s derivation of the theoretical model (model CR-AS), which represents a good tool (approach) for the analysis of credit rationing on sector level. Second, the f...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report measures and evaluates total factor productivity (TFP) of crop farms in the European Union (EU) in the period after the implementation of a series of important reforms of the EU Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). The analysis covers six EU Member states: the Czech Republic, France, Germany, Hungary, Poland and the United Kingdom. The dat...
Article
The present study analyses firm heterogeneity and sector-specific technology. The theoretical model stands on the assumption of maximizing the return on capital and overcomes problems involved in simple profit maximization. The results show that a random parameter model with sector dummies and heteroscedasticity is the most appropriate model specif...
Article
The paper explores and analyses the catching up and falling behind processes in the European dairy sector over the period 2004-2011, using a stochastic metafrontier multiple output distance function for 24 EU Member States. The metafrontier estimates reveal considerable productivity differences in milk production across the EU at the regional (NUTS...
Article
Full-text available
The paper identifies and discusses the production of public goods in the vertical of cattle breeding. The cattle breeding vertical was divided into four basic levels - producer, processor, retailer, and consumer and main public goods were determined and discussed. Moreover, it provides the methods for the valuation of public goods. The method is ap...
Article
Full-text available
Although weather is a significant determinant of agricultural production, it is not a common practice when analysing production to control for its impact. The problem is methodological, since it is difficult to find a proper proxy variable for weather in these models. The aim of this study is to investigate these issues. First, several possibilitie...
Article
The paper deals with analysis of Czech sugar industry production structure and inter-sector comparison; it also quantifies the technical efficiency of active sugar beet companies and makes intra- and inter-sectoral comparisons. The analysis is based on the estimate of stochastic frontier model using the data from Amadeus dataset. The results show t...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents an analysis of market power in the output milk-processing market. In particular, the paper identifies market failures in the output milk-processing market in 24 EU member states. The analysis is based on a mark-up model and the application of stochastic frontier methodology. The results show that market failures are pronounced...
Article
Full-text available
The paper deals with an analysis of the factors determining changes in the total factor productivity (TFP) in Czech agriculture. The study focuses on three important sectors – cereals, dairy and pork – and assesses the period after the accession of the Czech Republic to the EU (2004–2011). Firstly, the multiple output distance function models were...
Article
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The paper analyses scale efficiency in European pork production. The analysis shows significant differences in the exploitation of economies of scale among EU member states. In particular, old member states exhibit increasing returns to scale whereas most new member states show either constant or decreasing returns to scale. The differences among o...
Article
Full-text available
The paper analyses scale efficiency in European pork production. The analysis shows significant differences in the exploitation of economies of scale among EU member states. In particular, old member states exhibit increasing returns to scale whereas most new member states show either constant or decreasing returns to scale. The differences among o...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents the analysis of cereal production in the EU. The analysis provides the comparison of production technologies and technical efficiency among EU countries using the country specific multiple output distance function models in the first step and metafrontier approach in the second step to determine the level and development of techn...
Article
The Czech cereal market integration into the common agricultural market (EU) between 1993 - 2010 is studied using monthly price data for wheat and barley in Belgium, Germany, Austria and the Czech Republic. Stability in the law of one price (LOP) equation is studied through multiple structural breaks within the equation. Results indicate that the i...
Article
Full-text available
The paper deals with an analysis of the technical and scale efficiency of farms operating in LFA. In particular, we provide an analysis of the relationship between farm size and technical and scale efficiency. The results of the fitted stochastic frontier model show that significant differences in the relationship between efficiency and farm size c...
Article
Full-text available
The paper deals with the analysis of productivity and efficiency differences between Czech and Slovak milk producers. The estimate of stochastic metafrontier multiple output distance function revealed that both Czech and Slovak milk producers highly exploit their production possibilities. On the other hand, productivity differences were pronounced....
Book
Full-text available
work being conducted within the COMPETE research project. The project analyses competitiveness of various European agri-food supply chains and its determinants. Working papers are intended to stimulate reactions from other experts in the field. For more information on the project see the back cover. Unless otherwise indicated, the views expressed a...
Article
Full-text available
The paper deals with the analysis of productivity and efficiency differences between Czech and Slovak milk producers. The estimate of stochastic metafrontier multiple output distance function revealed that both Czech and Slovak milk producers highly exploit their production possibilities. On the other hand, productivity differences were pronounced....
Book
Full-text available
work being conducted within the COMPETE research project. The project analyses competitiveness of various European agri-food supply chains and its determinants. Working papers are intended to stimulate reactions from other experts in the field. For more information on the project see the back cover. Unless otherwise indicated, the views expressed a...
Article
Full-text available
The paper analyses the differences in the technology and technical efficiency of Czech and Slovak processing companies in the period 2003–2012. A random parameters model with sector and country dummies is employed to capture sectoral and national differences in technology. The paper addresses two research questions. The first question relates to te...
Article
The study considers the simultaneous estimation of share equations using cost and distance functions. Simultaneous rather than single system estimation utilizes full as opposed to limited information. Econometric results exploit the nonstationary nature of the data and that variables are cointegrated. Under cointegration all variables are endogenou...
Article
Full-text available
The paper deals with the consequences of the avian influenza outbreak for the Czech poultry industry. The Hansen (1992) parameter instability test and the Gregory and Hansen (1996) residual-based test are used for testing the structural break and determining the time of the regime shift. The results provide an indication that the avian influenza ou...
Article
Full-text available
COMPETE is a collaborative research project supported by the European Commission's Seventh Framework Programme (Contract No 312029). The project runs over the three-year period 2012-2015. General Objective of COMPETE to gain a comprehensive view of the different elements that contribute to the competitiveness of the European agri-food sector in ord...
Article
Full-text available
Wage disparity that exists between genders, sectors, and geographical regions, can influence household portfolio management. This study examines the impact of wage disparity and inter-occupation differences on Czech household portfolios. The model of portfolio choice was estimated using the Heckman selection model complemented by wage disparity ana...
Article
Full-text available
This paper defines the possible scenarios of the development of the poultry market in the Czech Republic, in view of the trends in production, consumption and foreign trade. The individual scenarios are based upon the forecasts of selected factors that have a substantial impact on the poultry market and whose changes can be expected in the subseque...
Article
The paper deals with the analysis of technical efficiency and the total factor productivity (TFP) in Czech agriculture. The aim is to identify the key factors determining the efficiency of input use and the TFP development. The Fixed Management model is used for the estimation of technical efficiency and the construction of TFP for the total agricu...
Article
The paper deals with the analysis of technical efficiency of Czech sugar refineries. The parametric method - SFA (Stochastic Frontier Analysis) - is used to estimate the technical efficiency. The results characterize the production technology and show how well the Czech sugar refineries employ their inputs. Moreover, the paper shows and discusses h...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines farm to wholesale prices spreads to measure the impact of the BSE disease outbreak on the Canadian beef industry. The study uses structure break tests developed by Gregory and Hansen (1996) and Hansen (1992) examine possible breaks within co integrating relationships. The study finds evidence that the industry began realignment...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines farm to wholesale prices spreads to measure the impact of the Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) disease outbreak on the Canadian beef industry. The study uses structure break tests developed by Gregory and Hansen (1996) and Hansen (1992) examine possible breaks within cointegrating relationships. The study finds evidence th...
Article
Full-text available
The main aim of the paper was a partial analysis of the production potential for pig fattening in the Czech Republic. This aim was achieved by econometric modelling of the production function, which was specified as a Cobb-Douglas function, with the level of average daily increase as the dependent variable, and feed compounds, mortality and weight...
Article
The main aim of the paper was a partial analysis of the production potential for pig fattening in the Czech Republic. This aim was achieved by econometric modelling of the production function, which was specified as a Cobb-Douglas function, with the level of average daily increase as the dependent variable, and feed compounds, mortality and weight...
Article
Full-text available
The paper attempts to assess the development path of the Czech food processing and to identify the presence of idiosyncratic developments in industries. We elaborate it by using a fi tted production function for the construction of TFP and by decomposing TFP into a scale effect, a technical change effect and an efficiency effect for total food proc...
Article
This paper deals with the estimation of technical efficiency in Czech agriculture with respect to significant firm heterogeneity. Two main questions are elaborated. The first concerns the choice of a proper model specification, distinguishing between technical inefficiency and firm heterogeneity. The second question is related to the level of techn...
Article
The paper deals with the theoretical analysis of the impact of credit rationing on farmer's economic equilibrium. The analysis is carried out based on the derived dynamic optimization model, which is the dynamic investment model with adjustment costs. The credit rationing is introduced by imposing an upper limit on the control variable, which is in...
Article
The paper attempts to assess the development path of Czech food processing and to identify the presence of idiosyncratic developments in industries. We elaborate it by using the fitted production function for the construction of TFP and by decomposing TFP into a scale effect, a technical change effect and an efficiency effect for total food process...
Conference Paper
General Equilibrium Model of Czech Agricultural Sector Ing. Luk Čechura, PhD., Ing. Zuzana Křstkov Department of Agricultural Economics Abstract Czech Republic belongs to the most developed and industrialized economies of the former communist countries in Central and Eastern Europe. The paper is focused on Czech agricultural sector which ha...
Article
The paper deals with the theoretical-empirical analysis of the role of the SGAFF in financing of farmers' activities based on the dynamic optimal model and time series analysis. The dynamic optimization problem is solved by the Lagrange method. The application of the theoretical model shows that the lower is the interest rate paid by the farmer, th...
Article
The paper deals with the analysis of price transmission in pork meat agri-food chain. The analysis is aimed at the determination of the type of market structure in the chain based on the derived theoretical model and fitted reduced model of price transmission in the form of VECM. Then, impulse-response analysis and decomposition of variance of fitt...
Article
Full-text available
The paper deals with the analysis of the institutional support of agricultural loans and its role in Czech agriculture based on the dynamic optimal model. The dynamic optimization problem is solved by the Lagrange method. The application of the theoretical model shows that the lower is the interest rate paid by the farmer the lower is the optimal c...
Article
The article is concerned with the analysis of the role of credit rationing in Czech agriculture on the case of large agricultural enterprises. The part of results, first presents the author's derivation of the theoretical model (model CR-AS), which represents a good tool (approach) for the analysis of credit rationing on sector level. Second, the f...
Article
Full-text available
Annotation Hard competitive environment asks for efficient and financially stable economic subjects. The entrance of the Czech Republic into the EU and the connected integration into common market brings much hard competitive ring for all economic subjects in the Czech Republic. The competitive environment on common market with agricultural product...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
The overall objective of the VALUMICS project is to provide decision makers throughout food value chains with a comprehensive suite of approaches and tools that will enable them to evaluate the impact of strategic and operational policies and enhance the resilience, integrity, and sustainability of food value chains for European countries. The VALUMICS project offers a comprehensive and multi-dimensional scope that will go beyond the current state of the art to provide new approaches and tools for stakeholders on several fronts. This includes new modeling approaches, consumer research, foresight analysis and synthesis into policy options, adding new perspectives for policy makers, both in government and within the food industry sector. The dynamics within the food systems will be modeled using a causal loop analysis framework, covering the interconnected value, supply, and decision chains.
Project
Over the past decades, extremely large agricultural enterprises emerged in Eastern Europe, Central Asia, South America, but partly also in Australia, North America and Western Europe. Objective of LaScalA is to establish an international competence center on this new type of agriculture. Specifically, LaScalA aims to improve the study managerial challenges of such enterprises as well as their social implications. Moreover, LaScalA aims to establish a worldwide platform of exchange for researchers, managers and societal stakeholders. For further Information: https://www.iamo.de/en/research/projects/details/lascala/
Project
The overall objective of the project is to investigate options for enhancing agricultural productivity growth while sustaining natural resources and ecosystem resilience. By analysing farm-level and regional data, it aims to better understand farm behaviour and responses to government policies and to identify actions needed to induce sustainable productivity growth at the farm level.