Luisa Barros

Luisa Barros
University of Lisbon | UL · RESEARCH CENTER FOR PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE

PhD

About

141
Publications
24,991
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821
Citations
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July 2007 - present
University of Lisbon
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (141)
Article
Most young children attend daycare regularly, making these institutions valuable in health and nutrition education. This study aimed to explore the Portuguese early childhood educators’ perspectives on their role in promoting young children’s healthy diets through semi-structured interviews with ten educators. We used a thematic analysis approach,...
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Parents’ emotion socialization practices are an important source of influence in the development of children’s emotional competencies This study examined parental reactions to child negative emotions in a clinical sample using a cluster analysis approach and explored the associations between clusters of parents’ reactions and children’s and parents...
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Childhood chronic illness is associated with deleterious effects on caregivers’ mental health and children’s socio-emotional development. This study investigated the mediation role of caregivers’ mental health on the association between children’s chronic illness and internalizing and externalizing behavioral problems in a sample of low-SES Brazili...
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Background Caregivers’ influence on young children’s eating behaviors is widely recognized. Nutritional interventions that focus on the promotion of children’s healthy diet should actively involve parents, focusing on their feeding behaviors and practices. Methods This work aims to describe the development and study protocol of the SmartFeeding4Ki...
Article
Empowerment is a core construct in health behavior and an emerging trend in pediatrics. Although it has been suggested as an approach that may promote the person’s participation in health care decisions and positive outcomes, little is known about the nature and effectiveness of interventions to support empowerment in families and preschool-age chi...
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COVID-19 and the subsequent public health response created many additional stresses for families. We examined parental behaviour during the COV-ID-19 pandemic in two European Countries and explored the association between parents' behaviour and children's anxiety and quality of life. Caregiv-ers of children and adolescents (N = 442; 86.7% mothers)...
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This study adopted a cumulative risk approach to examine the relations between various domains of risk factors (i.e., social isolation and home confinement, other pandemic-related risk factors, and pre-existing psychosocial risk factors) and carers’ and children’s mental health during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic in Europe. The sample co...
Chapter
Poor eating habits are one of today’s significant menaces to public health. Child obesity is increasing, is a concerning reality, and needs to be appropriately addressed. However, most behavior change programs do not consider the needs of parents and their children, their profiles, and environments in the design of this type of intervention. We pre...
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This study aimed to comprehensively describe parental control strategies (appropriate support, critical control or overprotection) in the distinct living contexts of paediatric cystic fibrosis patients (namely daily routine and peer interaction). Fourteen mothers and two fathers of children with cystic fibrosis participated in the study. Children’s...
Article
Objective In order to better understand the different grieving trajectories of the family caregivers (FCs), this study aims to examine the evolution of prolonged grief disorder (PGD) symptoms and the predictive role of the caregiving-related factors in the FCs' grieving trajectory from pre- to post-death. Method A prospective cohort study was carr...
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Introduction Portugal has one of the highest vaccine coverage rates among European countries, associated with excellent vaccine convenience and confidence levels. Considering both the high rate of pediatric vaccination in Portugal and the excellent indicators of vaccine convenience established, an analysis of confidence and complacency indicators c...
Article
Purpose: Empowerment is a widely accepted approach to health promotion in which primary care nurses play an important role. Despite its clinical importance, empirical knowledge is low, mainly due to the lack of instruments to measure this construct. The Empowering Speech Practices Scale (ESPS) is a Finnish measure used to assess the empowerment pr...
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Web-based parent interventions designed to promote children's healthy eating patterns can enhance parents' engagement and facilitate behavior change. However, it is still unclear how much the existing programs focus on changing parental feeding practices, and if so, which behavioral methodologies are used and how effective these interventions are i...
Article
Background Congenital disorders of glycosylation are a group of rare metabolic, genetic diseases that cause severe cognitive and physical impairments. Owing to the rarity of this condition, the experiences of these parents are poorly understood. Objective This study aimed to explore parents’ experiences of caring for a child or young adult with co...
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Background Although the negative effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health have attracted interest, little attention has focused on its positive effects and possible post-traumatic growth. Aims To assess anxiety, well-being and post-traumatic growth in carers of children aged 6–16 years in Portugal and the UK. Method A cross-sectional onl...
Article
This study aimed to examine the factor structure of the Portuguese version of a parental self-regulation measure: "Me as a Parent" (MaaP). A confirmatory factor analysis was conducted with an online convenience sample of 370 mothers of children aged between 3 and 15 (M = 9, SD = 3.74). Results showed that in this sample, the original structure of t...
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Early childhood is largely recognized as a critical period for shaping the child’s eating patterns.Although interventions studies that focus on first years of life are increasing, with positive impact,the moderators of treatment gains and the relative importance of each determinant of the changeprocess have been rarely explored. This study aimed to...
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Aims: To explore the degree of empowering health counselling in well-child visits, considering nurse and family perspectives and to examine its associated factors. Background: Empowerment has gained high priority in the world health strategy, being claimed for its benefits for people's health and well-being. Design: The design includes an expl...
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Childhood cancer is a traumatic experience for survivors and their families. The experience of this disease affects survivors' and families' quality of life, even years after it occurs. The purpose of the present study was to assess if the caregivers' posttraumatic stress symptoms mediated the associations between survivors' posttraumatic stress sy...
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RESUMO: Cuidar de crianças vítimas de maus tratos implica uma multiplicidade de desafios para os enfermeiros, e entre estes a gestão emocional. Os enfermeiros precisam de gerir sentimentos ambivalentes no sentido de protegerem a criança (maltratada) e simultaneamente, apoiarem os pais (maltratantes). Na literatura tem sido reconhecida a importância...
Article
Background: Patient-centered care has been associated with improved patient outcomes and healthcare satisfaction. The present study aimed to explore pharmacy practitioners’ orientation to patients in daily work, as well as job satisfaction as a possible associated factor. Methods: A cross-sectional survey of a sample of Portuguese community pharmac...
Article
This study describes the development and the preliminary validation of the Family Caregiver Anticipatory Grief Clinical Interview (FcAG-CI). This instrument, conceptually based in Adult Attachment Theory, evaluates Anticipatory Grief response patterns of cancer family caregivers; semistructured interviews were conducted in a sample of family caregi...
Poster
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Cuidar do outro surge pela interação humana e provoca nos seus participantes, como é o caso dos enfermeiros, emoções diversas e intensas que requerem um trabalho emocional (Smith, 2012). O conceito de trabalho emocional é atualmente definido pelo ato ou competência envolvida no cuidar e no reconhecimen-to das emoções dos outros, e não exclusivament...
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PurposeThis study aimed to describe parents’ preferences regarding their role in treatment decision-making when a child has cancer and examines whether their preferences were related to parents sociodemographic characteristics (sex and education level), patients’ characteristics (age group and treatment status), and healthcare context features (par...
Chapter
visão do autor Editora CRV - versão para revisão do autor - Proibida a impressão CAPÍTULO 6 ESTRESSE, COPING, TEMPERAMENTO E PSICOPATOLOGIAS NA ADOLESCÊNCIA: uma análise conceitual à luz da perspectiva desenvolvimentista Ana Paula Justo Luísa Barros Sônia Regina Fiorim Enumo Este capítulo realiza uma análise conceitual das relações entre estress...
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This qualitative cross sectional study seeks to explore the perceptions of emerging adults with Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus regarding the impact of this disease on their Sexual and Reproductive Health (SRH) using thematic analysis on the answers of 59 participants. Hypoglycemia and hyperglycemia during sexual activity, the use of insulin pump and the...
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Objective  This study aimed to semantically validate the Portuguese versions of the diabetes module of a pediatric health-related quality of life assessment instrument – DISABKIDS-DM – and to preliminarily explore their main psychometric properties. Materials and methods  Two samples of children (8-12 yo) and adolescents (13-18 yo) with Type 1 di...
Article
The end-of-life trajectory of cancer patients in palliative care (PC) elicits an anticipatory grief (AG) process in family caregivers (FCs). Although widely recognized, AG lacks conceptual clarification. This study aims to qualitatively explore the experience of FCs of patients with terminal cancer to identify the core characteristics and the speci...
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The present study aimed to explore Portuguese parents' perspective about their experience and participation in the ACT-Raising Safe Kids Program (RSK), a universal parenting program to prevent child maltreatment. The sample consisted of 9 mothers and 1 father of 3 to 8 years old children who completed the ACT-RSK. Parental perspectives were assesse...
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Objectives The purpose of this study was to examine the direct and indirect links between the perception of family-centered care (FCC) and psychological well-being via the perceived self-efficacy of parents of children with cancer. This study also sought to identify the potential moderators of these links (treatment status and patient age). Method...
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This paper reviews the available research on the predictors of parental engagement in preventive and therapeutic psychological interventions that target mental health problems in children. Based on previous literature, seven predictors concerning parental motivation to engage are considered: perceived child problems, perceived parenting, attributio...
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Resumo Os adolescentes subutilizam os serviços de saúde sobretudo para efeitos de vigilância, o que constitui uma preocupação para os profissionais. Porque a adolescência é uma fase crucial à aquisição de comportamentos saudáveis e de atitudes facilitadoras do acesso a estes serviços, por isso encontrar formas de responder às necessidades específic...
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Objective: To evaluate an educational program and its effects on self-management skills, from the perspective of youths and their parents/caregivers. Method: The present study conducted interviews in focus groups with 51 youths with spina bifida (10-18 years old) who participated in the program and 30 parents/caregivers. Results: Improvements wer...
Article
Objective The aim of this study was to examine the contribution of individual (positive reappraisal) and family factors (parenting satisfaction, couple relationship quality, and family life difficulty) to the psychological well‐being (PWB) of parents of children/adolescents diagnosed with cancer. Method This cross‐sectional study was conducted at...
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Background:Health-related Quality of Life (HrQoL) is a multidimensional measure, which has gained clinical andsocial relevance. Implementation of a patient-centred approach to both clinical research and care settings, hasincreased the recognition of patient and/or observer reported outcome measures (PROMs or ObsROMs) asinformative and reliable tool...
Article
Background: Previous research has focused on parenting styles and parental behaviors associated with children's anxiety. Parental beliefs about their child's anxiety have scarcely been studied, in spite of their probable influence in parents seeking help. The present study intended to fil that gap, by exploring what parents think about their child...
Article
Research has long acknowledged the disruptions posed by pediatric cancer diagnosis and treatment to family life. Nonetheless, the mechanisms through which the family response influences parents' mental health in this adverse context are not fully understood. The main goal of the present study was to examine the direct and indirect links, via parent...
Poster
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When referring to the study design, Healy & Rigby (1999) highlighted the disadvantages of a purely quantitative approach by limiting the results without allowing other findings to be considered. The respondents recommend a mixed approach to enrich the results with contextual information this significant experience. Thus, at the end of training camp...
Article
Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of a pilot study of a parental school-based intervention to promote healthy eating behaviours in young children. Design A quasi-experimental longitudinal design with three conditions (complete intervention (CIG), minimal intervention (MIG), control (CG)), with repeated measures at baseline, immediately after...
Article
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This study examined the role of theoretically meaningful mediators of therapeutic change-interpretation bias, perceived control, and coping strategies-in a cognitive-behavioral intervention for anxious youth. This is one of the few studies that examined the change in potential mediator and outcome variables by means of a longitudinal design that in...
Article
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This study aims to develop a self-report measure based on a multidimensional conceptualization of the regulation of negative emotions in the context of parenting. We examined the factor structure, factorial invariance, internal consistency and construct validity of the newly developed measure, the Parent Emotion Regulation Scale (PERS). The sample...
Article
The authors regret that in the original publication some values were not correctly presented due to missing (.). First, the results of the Table 4 should be presented like this: Second, the results regarding Inter-Item Correlation Mean (IICM) at 3.4. Internal consistency reliability and correlation between subscales (p. 155) should be presented lik...
Article
The number of spina bifida (SB) patients reaching adulthood has significantly increased. Nonetheless, their transition to adolescence and independent life still carries major challenges. Many of these patients are required to adhere to several daily self-care tasks to maintain health. The aim of this study is to develop and evaluate an educational...
Article
Because of the well-established effect of food neophobia on children's variety of food consumption, the availability of valid measures of food neophobia in young children is necessary. We studied a Portuguese version of the Child's Food Neophobia Scale (CFNS), assessing its validity and reliability. The CFNS was completed by 388 parents of 2-to 6-y...
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RESUMO CONTEXTO: O nível de saúde mental (SM) influência o bem-estar e o sucesso académico dos estudantes do ensino superior (Chow, 2010), contudo esta problemática tem sido pouco estudada em Portugal. A literatura existente é pouco clara e, por vezes, contraditória no que respeita às variáveis psicossociais associadas positiva e/ou negativamente à...
Presentation
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Preliminary evaluation of the ACT Raising Safe Kids Program with a sample of Portuguese parents. From the pilot study to the first implementation of the ACT program in a community context.
Article
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Background: Evidence-based practices are often viewed as lofty goals endorsed by wealthy academics in developed nations, but impossible to implement in other contexts. This article will provide evidence suggesting that, to the contrary, we can indeed scale up western-developed parenting interventions that can be both effective and warmly received...
Presentation
Full-text available
This study aimed to examine the factor structure of the Portuguese version of the “Me as a Parent” Scale, which is a brief measure of parents’ perceptions of their self-regulation related to parenting. The scale measures global beliefs about self-efficacy, personal agency, self-management, and self-sufficiency, thought to constitute parent self-reg...
Article
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eHealth interventions have been proposed as a possible solution to overcome major obstacles associated with low adherence rates, low accessibility, and high costs of parenting programs. Due to the number and variety of interventions found in the literature, this study aimed to conduct a scoping review of parenting interventions directed at supporti...
Conference Paper
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IO aumento da esperança de vida nos jovens com Spina Bífida (SB) permitiu que atingissem a idade adulta. No entanto a grande maioria depende dos seus pais. Deste modo o desenvolvimento de competências de autogestão para facilitar a transição destes jovens para a vida adulta é fundamental. Este estudo (componente qualitativa de um estudo quasi-exper...
Article
BACKGROUND. Osteogenesis imperfecta (OI) is a rare genetic disorder characterized by decreased bone mass and increased bone fragility. Despite increasing research on the biomedical aspects of the disease, only a few studies focus on the psychosocial implications of living with OI. This study aimed to explore the situations which are perceived by OI...
Article
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Parents’ perceptions about their strategies to deal with children’s anxiety have been minimally explored. Based on a mixed-method approach, the current study compared the strategies that parents said they use more frequently to deal with their child’s anxious behaviors and the strategies they actually used during two mildly anxiogenic interactions...
Article
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Abstract BACKGROUND: Psychological vulnerability is related to cognitive beliefs that reflect dependence on one's sense of self-worth and to maladaptive functioning. It is a disadvantage that renders people less protected to face negative life experiences. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to adapt and test the psychometric properties of t...
Article
Background: Psychological vulnerability is related to cognitive beliefs that reflect dependence on one's sense of self-worth and to maladaptive functioning. It is a disadvantage that renders people less protected to face negative life experiences. Objective: The purpose of this study was to adapt and test the psychometric properties of the Psych...
Conference Paper
Os adolescentes procuram pouco os serviços de saúde para a promoção e manutenção da saúde, facto importante pelas ameaças associadas aos comportamentos de risco e porque os padrões de utilização dos serviços tendem a manter-se na idade adulta. Na literatura tem sido reconhecida a importância das suas ideias, mas ainda sabemos muito pouco o que pens...
Article
Full-text available
ABSTRACT The number of spina bifida (SB) patients reaching adulthood has significantly increased. Nonetheless, their transition to adolescence and independent life still carries major challenges. Many of these patients are required to adhere to several daily self-care tasks to maintain health. The aim of this study is to develop and evaluate an edu...
Article
Objetivo Este estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar as perceções parentais dos Cuidados Centrados na Família (CCF) em função de fatores sociodemográficos e clínicos no contexto da oncologia pediátrica em Portugal. Método Participaram neste estudo 204 cuidadores de crianças com cancro acompanhadas em duas unidades de oncologia pediátrica. Os parti...
Article
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Based on the importance of asthma education on disease management by the family, and on the lack of such programs in Portugal, we built a brief psychoeducational intervention directed to parents of children with asthma between 7 and 13 years old, to promote the acquisition of more adaptive asthma management attitudes. This study aimed to evaluate i...
Article
Introduction: Parental awareness and concerns about a child's weight can promote healthy food parenting behaviors. Understanding the factors that influence parent's concerns about childhood (over)weight may help professionals define more effective strategies when working with families. This study aimed to assess parental concerns about their young...
Article
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Objective To identify and analyze the significant networks of family, social and hospital support described by the family caregivers of hospitalized children 5-12 years during the hospital stay. Method Descriptive study, exploratory and qualitative study conducted with 20 caregivers of children hospitalized in a hospital in a city in southern Braz...
Article
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Research on the role of parental rearing behaviors in the development of children’s anxiety problems has predominantly adopted a dimensional approach studying the effects of isolated parenting behaviors such as overprotection and rejection, while mainly focusing on the mother. Our study was set up to identify parenting typologies of both mothers an...
Article
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Os estudos têm demonstrado que as atribuições dos pais sobre a causalidade dos problemas de comportamento dos filhos influenciam a motivação e as estratégias utilizadas para resolver esses problemas. A presente investigação pretendeu estudar, numa amostra de pais com crianças ansiosas, as atribuições parentais acerca da ansiedade dos filhos e as es...