Luisa Andrade

Luisa Andrade
University College Cork | UCC · School of Biological, Earth & Environmental Sciences

BEng

About

35
Publications
3,050
Reads
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209
Citations
Introduction
I am a Civil Engineer and Ph.D. student currently researching the rates, and anthropogenic/environmental factors influencing groundwater contamination with antimicrobial-resistant bacteria in the Republic of Ireland. My research interests include: groundwater contamination, environmental fate modelling, risk assessments, water quality, and water and wastewater treatment/management

Publications

Publications (35)
Article
Groundwater is a vital drinking water resource and its protection from microbiological contamination is paramount to safeguard public health. The Republic of Ireland (RoI) is characterised by the highest incidence of verocytotoxigenic Escherichia coli (VTEC) enteritis in the European Union (EU), linked to high reliance on unregulated groundwater so...
Article
Full-text available
Flooding events can inflict major disruption on society and cause significant infrastructural and environmental damage. However, the adverse health impacts of flooding, particularly as they pertain to private groundwater resources used for consumption, are frequently overlooked. Whilst the literature has previously found a lack of well stewardship...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Key contaminants of concern, how they can be prevented/managed, and how to successfully communicate with and support supply owners
Chapter
Over 720,000 people in the Republic of Ireland rely on private groundwater resources (i.e. private wells) for daily consumption, and as these extractions are unregulated, users are solely responsible for managing/mitigating contamination risks to their supplies. However, low levels of exposure to appropriate guidance on well water protection and on...
Article
The frequency and severity of flooding events will increase over the coming decades due to global climate change. While close attention has typically been paid to infrastructural and environmental outcomes of flood events, the potential adverse human health consequences associated with post-event consumption from private groundwater sources have re...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Groundwater is the primary drinking water source for approximately 2.2 billion people worldwide and over 750,000 in the Republic of Ireland (RoI). Hence, it is critical to ensure that groundwater resources are protected and of acceptable drinking quality. However, poor maintenance, inappropriate well location and a historical lack of regulation has...
Presentation
Prize winner presentation for the School of Biological, Earth and Environmental Science's bronze Delap prize award to the best peer-reviewed academic paper by a registered/recently graduated postgraduate student.
Conference Paper
Over 720,000 people in the Republic of Ireland rely on private groundwater resources (i.e. private wells) for daily consumption, and as these extractions are unregulated, users are solely responsible for managing/mitigating contamination risks to their supplies. However, low levels of exposure to appropriate guidance on well water protection and on...
Article
Full-text available
Extreme weather events including flooding can have severe personal, infrastructural, and economic consequences, with recent evidence pointing to surface flooding as a pathway for the microbial contamination of private groundwater supplies. There is a pressing need for increasingly focused information and awareness campaigns to highlight the risks p...
Article
Full-text available
Cryptosporidiosis is one of the leading causes of diarrhoeal illness and mortality induced by protozoan pathogens worldwide. As a largely waterborne disease, emphasis has been given to the study of Cryptosporidium spp. in surface waters, readily susceptible to pathogenic contamination. Conversely, the status of Cryptosporidium in potable groundwate...
Poster
Full-text available
Despite its importance as one of the most extracted raw materials worldwide, groundwater remains the least understood element of the water cycle. Compounding this, historical lack of regulation has resulted in a large proportion of private groundwater supplies being inappropriately located, designed, constructed and maintained, leaving consumers vu...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Synthesis Report on FloodRisk2WellWater Project. The Irish Research Council and Geological Survey Ireland provided funding for this project under the remit of their Research for Policy and Society Programme 2016.
Article
Antimicrobial resistance represents one of our most significant global health threats, with increasing incidences noted in both clinical and environmental settings. As such, identifying and understanding the sources and pathways for antimicrobial-resistant bacteria (ARB) is critical. The current study presents the first systematic review and pooled...
Presentation
Antimicrobial resistance is a widely recognised global public health threat, with extensive evidence of its spread in and beyond clinical settings. However, relatively little is known of the role of the natural aquatic environment in its dissemination. Of particular concern is groundwater, the world’s largest reservoir of freshwater. Groundwater aq...
Presentation
A look at current levels of antibiotic-resistant bacteria in global groundwater supplies, potential factors driving it and why that represents an issue.
Presentation
Public outreach presentation as part of Soapbox Science, an event that promotes female scientists and the science they do to the public
Article
Extreme weather events (EWEs) are increasing in frequency, posing a greater risk of adverse human health effects. As such, developing sociological and psychological based interventions is paramount to empowering individuals and communities to actively protect their own health. Accordingly, this study compared the efficacy of two established social-...
Presentation
Background: Although considered a natural occurrence, the ecology of antibiotic resistance (AR) is changing rapidly due to anthropogenic pressures, triggering dangerously high levels of increasingly harder-to-treat infections. Accordingly, the World Health Organization has classified AR as one of the biggest threats to global health. This establish...
Presentation
Groundwater is the most extracted raw material worldwide and one of the least understood components of the water cycle. Thus, managing contamination threats to the subsurface is inherently challenging. Compounding this, groundwater supplies are potential reservoirs for antibiotic resistance (AR), perhaps the most significant current threat to globa...
Presentation
Compared to other aquatic environments, groundwater is considered a “naturally” safe drinking resource. However, long residence times and low transmissivity commonly found in the subsurface may lead to ideal conditions for antimicrobial-resistant bacteria (ARB) to thrive and for further resistance traits to emerge. This is globally significant as a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Climate change is and will continue to impact the global hydrological cycle, shifting patterns of rainfall frequency, intensity and duration, in addition to fluctuating watertables. As such, flood frequency and severity has increased in the Republic of Ireland (RoI), with recent events corroborating this. However, while substantial resources have b...
Article
Full-text available
The trouble with groundwater is that despite its critical importance to global water supplies, it frequently attracts insufficient management attention relative to more visible surface water sources, irrespective of regional climate, socioeconomic profile, and regulatory environment. To this end, the recently defined sub-discipline of “socio-hydrog...
Presentation
Groundwater is the most extracted raw material worldwide and, in many cases, the least understood component of the water cycle. Thus, managing contamination threats to the subsurface is inherently challenging, both in terms of “Top Down” management and “Bottom Up” communication. Undesirable practises associated with non-expert groundwater users (e....
Presentation
Full-text available
Significant flooding events have the potential to inflict major societal losses, in addition to both infrastructural and environmental damage. However, to date, the human gastrointestinal health implications (and associated costs) of these events, have received far less attention, particularly within the socio-hydrogeological context. Flooding can...
Presentation
Significant flooding events have the potential to inflict major social, infrastructural and environmental damage. However, the human gastrointestinal health implications of these events, receive far less attention. Flooding can mobilize environmental pathogens via short-circuiting of hydrogeological pathways and/or negation of natural attenuation p...
Article
Significant volumes of research over the past four decades has sought to elucidate the social, infrastructural, economic, and human health effects of climate change induced surface flooding. To date, epidemiological and public health studies of flooding events have focused on mental health effects, vector-borne diseases, and infectious enteric dise...
Poster
Full-text available
Recent years have seen a marked increase in fluvial, pluvial, and coastal flooding in Ireland, with many millions of euros of infrastructural damage as a direct result of these events, and with the severe flooding of the Shannon basin in late 2015/early 2016 being an obvious example. Both nationally and globally, climate models predict that flood i...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
SMARTIE is an interdisciplinary research project blending traditional hydrogeological fieldwork, GIS, molecular microbiology, analytical chemistry and hydrological catchment simulation to bridge the gap between geoscience and health. SMARTIE will elucidate the complex relationship between our natural environment and human health, focussing on characterising the properties of (hydro)geological processes and agents which facilitate the occurrence and transport of antimicrobial residues, genes and resistant bacteria.
Project
The aim of this project is to deepen societal knowledge on the relationship between flooding and public health in Ireland, focusing on the impacts of public and private groundwater source inundation, and improving the evidence base for policymakers.