Luis Tito de Morais

Luis Tito de Morais
Institute of Research for Development | IRD · 195 - Marine Environmental Sciences Laboratory (LEMAR)

PhD

About

159
Publications
39,108
Reads
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1,658
Citations
Introduction
My research activities at the Institute for Research for Development have focused since 1988 on tropical fish and aquatic ecosystems, in partnership with the scientific communities of South America (1988-1995) and Sub-Saharan Africa (since 1995). I carried out scientific work on MPAs in collaboration with stakeholders and populations. I have also studied biodiversity in the tropical Atlantic and participated in the development of the IUCN Red List of East Atlantic fish and was a member of the IPBES panel of experts. Since 2016, I am the head of the Laboratory of Environmental Marine Sciences, a joint research unit of UBO, CNRS, IRD and Ifremer. For my research I am affiliated to team "DISCOVERY". Please look at: http://www-iuem.univ-brest.fr/lemar/ My ORCID ID is: 0000-0001-8580-1808
Additional affiliations
January 2012 - December 2015
Funded by the French ANR
Position
  • EPURE
Description
  • Trace Metals Upwelling Food-webs Climate change Vulnerability Fisheries
September 2010 - present
Université de Bretagne Occidentale
Position
  • Senior Researcher (Co-leader of research team 3)
September 2010 - June 2016
Institute of Research for Development
Position
  • Senior Researcher at LEMAR - University of Brest

Publications

Publications (159)
Article
This study provides length‐weight relationships (LWR) that had not yet been reported for four fish species belonging to four different families: Chrysichthys johnelsi Daget, 1959, Cynoglossus senegalensis (Kaup, 1858), Citharichthys stampflii (Steindachner, 1894) and Pseudotolithus typus, Bleeker, 1863. Data were collected in the Fatala estuary, re...
Article
relations taille-poids chez 20 espèces de poissons de l'estuaire du Sine Saloum au Sénégal, en afrique de l'Ouest. Les relations tailles-poids (rTP) ont été estimées pour 20 espè-ces de poisson collectées au cours des missions de pêches scientifi-ques effectuées d'avril 1990 à octobre 2012 dans l'estuaire du Sine Saloum, Sénégal, avec comme engin d...
Article
Length‐weight relationships (W = aLb) were estimated for 5 fish species, the pearl stingray Fontitrygon margaritella (Compagno & Roberts, 1984), the West African spadefish Chaetodipterus lippei (Steindachner, 1895), the East Atlantic African spadefish Ephippus goreensis (Cuvier, 1831), the law croaker Pseudotolithus senegallus (Cuvier, 1830) and th...
Article
relations taille-poids chez 19 espèces de poissons de deux réservoirs artificiels tropicaux (Manantali et Selingue) au Mali, en afrique de l'Ouest. Les relations longueur-poids (rLP) ont été estimées pour 19 espèces de poissons échantillonnées dans deux lacs artificiels (Manantali et Sélingué) au Mali : Brycinus leuciscus, B. macrolepi-dotus, B. nu...
Article
Throughout the world, biodiversity and nature's contributions to people are under threat, with clear changes evident. Biodiversity and ecosystem services have particular value in Africa– yet they are negatively impacted by a range of drivers, including land use and climate change. In this communication, we show evidence of changing biodiversity and...
Article
Full-text available
This paper describes a dataset of fish, crustacean and mollusc occurrences extracted from the “Experimental Fishing” section of the IRD's PPEAO information system. PPEAO stands for “Fish communities and artisanal fisheries of West African estuarine, lagoon and freshwater ecosystems”. This database contains information collected using two different...
Article
Cet article vise à faire le point sur là où nous en sommes au niveau mondial en matière de production et de gestion des données sur la biodiversité. Le choix des données et des indicateurs à collecter en matière de biodiversité, y compris sur le plan de la socio-économie et de la description des relations hommes-nature, pose de multiples enjeux, à...
Article
Bioaccumulation of toxic metal elements including mercury (Hg) can be highly variable in marine fish species. Metal concentration is influenced by various species-specific physiological and ecological traits, including individual diet composition and foraging habitat. The impact of trophic ecology and habitat preference on Hg accumulation was analy...
Article
Full-text available
In the current study, ten elements contents (Fe, Zn, Mn, Cu, Cr, Co, Ni, Cd, Pb and Hg) have been measured in muscle and liver of four pelagic fish species (Engraulis encrasicolus, Sardina pilchardus, Scomber japonicus and Trachurus trachurus) from the north-west African coast (South Atlantic Moroccan coast), collected during summer and autumn seas...
Article
This study examines the effects of increasing salinity on fish assemblage structure in the Casamance Estuary, Senegal, using a series of indices. The study data were derived from commercial fishery surveys conducted between April and July 2005. Analysis of within-trophic-group diversity in the Casamance Estuary shows a significant drop in the diver...
Article
Impacted marine environments lead to metal accumulation in edible marine fish, ultimately impairing human health. Nevertheless, metal accumulation is highly variable among marine fish species. In addition to ecological features, differences in bioaccumulation can be attributed to species-related physiological processes, which were investigated in t...
Book
Full-text available
Chapter published in The IPBES regional assessment report on biodiversity and ecosystem services for Africa, pp. 1-76
Article
Full-text available
The status of marine biodiversity in the Eastern Central Atlantic (ECA), especially of coastal and pelagic fishes, is of concern owing to a number of threats including overharvesting, habitat loss, pollution, and climate change combined with inadequate policy responses, legislation, and enforcement. This study provides the first comprehensive docum...
Article
Full-text available
1. The status of marine biodiversity in the Eastern Central Atlantic (ECA), especially of coastal and pelagic fishes, is of concern owing to a number of threats including overharvesting, habitat loss, pollution, and climate change combined with inadequate policy responses, legislation, and enforcement. 2. This study provides the first comprehensive...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of tropical species has been reported in Atlantic-European waters with increasing frequency in recent years. Unfortunately, the history of their migrations is not well understood. In this study, we examined the routes and timing of fish migrations in several ecosystems of the East Atlantic Ocean, combining several publicly available an...
Conference Paper
Kinetics of accumulation and elimination in liver and muscle of two marine fish species, Dicentrarchus labrax, and Solea senegalensis, dietary exposed to 3.5 ppm dw of Cd are investigated. During 60 days, fish were fed with a prepared diet containing Cd, after which a 30 day depuration period was carried out. No significant impact of Cd on growth...
Poster
Full-text available
In order to investigate the TE composition of aerosols and quantify atmospheric deposition fluxes to the Canary Current Eastern Boundary Upwelling System (CC-EBUS), aerosol and bulk deposition samples were collected from three coastal locations in Morocco (Agadir, Laayoune and Dakhla) as part of the EPURE project (http://www-iuem.univ-brest.fr/epur...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we report the distributions of total dissolvable cadmium and particulate cadmium from 27 stations in southern Moroccan coastal waters (22°N–30°N), which is part of the North-West African upwelling system. These distributions were predominantly controlled by upwelling of the North Atlantic Central Waters (NACWs) and uptake by primary...
Conference Paper
Aside from natural sources, marine ecosystems can be subjected to metal contamination due to urban effluents and industrial activities. Part of this metal exposition involves marine sediments, making the interface between water and sediment a gateway for contamination of marine organisms. In this study, the influence of trophic pathways on metallic...
Article
Full-text available
The Canary Current Large Ecosystem is characterized by a major, nutrient-rich up-welling of deep, cold oceanic waters, which stimulates high biological productivity that results in an abundance of both pelagic and demersal fishery resources. In this area, the Moroccan coast is also under direct anthropogenic activities influences such as phosphates...
Article
Full-text available
This work investigates the effects of changes in both fishing pressure and the environment on the trophic dynamics, abundance and diversity of species in the artisanal commercial fisheries off the northern coast of Senegal. Using artisanal commercial fishing data (provided by the Centre for Oceanographic Research of Dakar-Thiaroye [CRODT] in Senega...
Article
Full-text available
Two indicators of fish exploitation, catch per unit effort (CPUE) and yield per unit area, were used with surveys of small‐scale fishery landings to compare two African reservoirs that differ in their level of fish exploitation, being high for Selingue Reservoir and low for Manantali Reservoir, both located in West Africa. The heavy exploitation in...
Article
Full-text available
Diagnosis of the status of yellow mullet: Mugil cephalus and bluefish: Pomatomus saltatrix stocks on the north coast of Senegal is made from three biological indicators: percentage of mature fish, fish percentage of the optimal size and percentage of mega-spawners, using the size frequency of species on a data set from 2004 to 2009. The results ind...
Article
Full-text available
As marine protected areas (MPAs) are increasingly being utilised as a tool for fishery management, their impact on the food web needs to be fully understood. However, little is known about the effect of MPAs on fish assemblages, especially in the presence of different life history and ecological traits. Modelling the observed changes in fish popula...
Article
There is a critical need to document the long-term variability of the West African Monsoon (WAM) in the Sahel region. We present here a multidecadal proxy record of the past hydrology from AD 460 to 1090 in the Saloum Delta, Senegal. The Saloum Delta is a hypersaline estuary where the salinity and the water isotopic composition are highly sensitive...
Article
Full-text available
The utility of taxonomic and functional approaches in assessing the structure of fish communities is tested in the hypersaline estuary of the Casamance river using data from surveys of commercial fisheries conducted between April and July of 2005. Both taxonomic and functional diversity decrease from downstream to upstream regions of the estuary. I...
Data
Two techniques, the conventional purse seine method and a novel method using vertical hydroacoustic surveys at fixed positions, were applied simultaneously in the Gambia River estuary to sample a fish population. Environmental parameters were measured simultaneously. Four surveys were performed during different hydrological seasons to reflect the m...
Article
Two techniques, the conventional purse seine method and a novel method using vertical hydroacoustic surveys at fixed positions, were applied simultaneously in the Gambia River estuary to sample a fish population. Environmental parameters were measured simultaneously. Four surveys were performed during different hydrological seasons to reflect the m...
Presentation
Full-text available
Based on three case studies of MPAs: the Port-Cros and Bouches-de-Bonifacio MPAs in the Mediterranean sea (France) and the Bamboung Bolong MPA in Senegal (Eastern Atlantic), we showed that trophodynamic models are useful tools to assess the effects of MPAs at the ecosystem scale. For each MPA, we first developed an Ecopath model, representing the f...
Article
Marine protected areas (MPAs) are now viewed as an efficient tool to fight against the global deterioration of habitats and fish populations. However their efficiency and effects on the whole trophic network are little known. Based on the Bolong de Bamboung (Sénégal) case study, the objective of this study is to assess the impact of a MPA on the en...
Conference Paper
Des modèles écosystémiques pour évaluer les effets des AMPs : démarches et enseignements du projet Amphore
Article
Full-text available
Ecomorphological correlates were sought among 10 fish species of different life history traits in a tropical estuary. Results from gut contents analysis showed that fish species were classified into four trophic groups including detritivores, zooplanktivores, benthivores, piscivores and macrocarnivores. Resource partitioning among fishes was under...
Article
Full-text available
Ecomorphological correlates were sought among 10 fish species of different life history traits in a tropical estuary. Results from gut contents analysis showed that fish species were classified into four trophic groups including detritivores, zooplanktivores, benthivores, piscivores and macrocarnivores. Resource partitioning among fishes was under...
Poster
Full-text available
http://www.colloque-scientifique-amp.fr/IMG/pdf/14-Poster_Colleter_gascuel.pdf
Presentation
Full-text available
Presentation at the conference: ”Contribution des aires marines protégées à la gestion éco systémique des milieux et de leurs usages : quelle stratégie scientifique ?”, National Museum of Natural History (MNHN), Paris, France
Article
West African tropical estuaries play an important role in the growth and survival of many commercially exploited fish species and enable the sustainability of considerable artisanal fishery yields. However, their trophic functioning remains poorly understood. In the Sine Saloum estuary (Senegal), a marine protected area (MPAs) was designated in 200...
Article
Full-text available
Le barrage anti-sel de Maka a été érigé en 1998 sur le fleuve Casamance (Sénégal) afin de rétablir les conditions dulçaquicoles au profit de l’activité rizicole des populations locales. Il sépare deux environnements de salinité contrasté : une partie aval salée sous influence de l’estuaire inverse et une partie amont d’eau douce. L’étude comparativ...