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Luis Angel Saúl

Luis Angel Saúl
Universiad Nacional de Educación a Distancia (UNED) · Department of Personality Psychology, Evaluation and Psychological Treatment

PhD

About

84
Publications
32,465
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Introduction
Associate Professor at the Department of Personality, Psychological Evaluation and Treatment, at the National Distance Education University (UNED), Madrid, Spain. Luis Angel does research in Clinical Psychology, Cognitive Psychology and Applied Psychology in issues related to the exploration of personal meanings and the use of the Repertory Grid Technique. Editor in chief of the “Revista de Psicoterapia” (http://revistadepsicoterapia.com) since 2014.
Additional affiliations
March 2017 - April 2017
National Distance Education University
Position
  • Professor
January 2011 - present
Universidad Nacional de Educación a Distancia
January 2004 - present
Universitat de Barcelona

Publications

Publications (84)
Article
The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the online psychological intervention offered to users by the Applied Psychology Service during the health alert period decreed by COVID-19. In addition, we quantified the satisfaction and effectiveness perceived by the user after the intervention. Sixty adults (70.4% female) with an averag...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Bariatric surgery is the most effective method for achieving accelerated weight loss. However, in the short- and medium-term, between 20% and 40% of patients regain a significant percentage of the weight lost. Cognitive and attitudinal psychological variables contribute to explaining weight regain. The aim of this study was to analyze...
Article
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Implementing healthy lifestyle habits can take a great effort and sticking to such prescriptions is complicated. Failure rates amongst people seeking to adopt a healthier diet are estimated to be around 80%. Exploring the network of meanings that an individual associates with adopting habits such as healthy eating, maintaining the correct weight, a...
Article
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Todos nosotros empleamos estrategias con el fin de dar mejor sentido a nuestro mundo, a nuestras experiencias, somos constructores de significados. Lo que nuestros clientes traen a terapia es también un sistema de construcción. El proceso terapéutico tiene que ver con una forma de entender los problemas en función del significado personal del que c...
Thesis
Full-text available
A factor which is understood as a determining one to be able to successfully carry out healthy lifestyle habits is self-efficacy. The goal of this study was to evaluate how the increase and maintenance of healthy habits through self-efficacy improves the perception of health in general among the participants
Article
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Following the global outbreak of COVID-19 in March 2020, individuals report psychological distress associated with the “new normal”—social distancing, financial hardships, and increased responsibilities while working from home. Given the interpersonal nature of stress and coping responses between romantic partners, based on the systemic transaction...
Article
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El presente estudio pretende analizar el perfil de los usuarios atendidos por el dispositivo especial de atención psicológica en línea habilitado por el Servicio de Psicología Aplicada (SPA) durante el primer período de alerta sanitaria COVID-19. La muestra, compuesta por 124 participantes (70.4% mujeres) con una edad promedio de 41.49 años cumplim...
Experiment Findings
Full-text available
Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2021
Article
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Many different cognitive differentiation measures have been developed since the foundation of Personal Construct Psychology in 1955. A relatively small number of studies have explored the component structure of these measures. This study aims to expand this particular area in order to help clarify how to best measure cognitive differentiation. Usin...
Article
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Editorial del monográfico de la Revista de Psicoterapia con el título "Conversaciones sobre psicoterapia"
Research Proposal
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En el estudio de la mente humana, la Técnica de la Rejilla (TR) ha acreditado un potencial extraordinario para la exploración del “universo interior” de significados personales de cada sujeto. Este trabajo presenta tres estudios cuyos resultados suponen una profunda revisión del instrumento y la actualización de su formato. En el primer estudio se...
Presentation
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En la Técnica de la Rejilla Interpersonal (TRI), probablemente el buque insignia de la evaluación constructivista, se denomina CONSTRUCTO DILEMÁTICO (CD) a aquel constructo con una puntuación intermedia en el Yo Ideal, la cual se interpreta habitualmente como indicativa de un posible conflicto cognitivo en el sujeto, ya que su Yo ideal no le marcar...
Presentation
Full-text available
Como parte del esfuerzo del Grupo de Investigación Constructivista de la UNED (GICUNED) por depurar los constructos dilemáticos (aquellos con puntuaciones intermedias en el Yo Ideal en la utilización de la Técnica de la Rejilla Interpersonal) y conseguir identificar los que verdaderamente suponen un conflicto cognitivo para el sujeto, el grupo está...
Thesis
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Ideal Self midpoint ratings on personal constructs in the Repertory Grid Technique are called “dilemmatic constructs” for they could be an indication of an individual having troubles to choose between the two poles of the construct, thus implying a possible cognitive conflict. This study explains why that interpretation should be replaced by a new...
Article
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Personal Construct Theory (PCT; Kelly, 1955). It is differentiated from others narrative techniques by its elicited instructions, where is request a third person selfdescription in a sympathetic and intimate way, and by analysis protocol, that try to blur the reader from his own vision and assume the author’s point of view as his own, like so explo...
Article
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Objective: To assess the effectiveness, on people with chronic pain, of an intervention (Time In) designed to reduce pain and to improve psychological symptoms. Design: A randomized clinical trial with a control group, taking three measurements over three months. Setting: Granada, Spain. Participants: A sample of 40 women aged 18 or older wi...
Article
The subjective importance of constructs elicited with the repertory grid technique (RGT) has been conjectured to depend on elicitation order. Constructs elicited early in an interview are assumed to be subjectively more important than later ones. For the RGT, this conjecture is based on only one empirical study with a small sample size using person...
Article
Full-text available
El propósito de este estudio es realizar un análisis del contenido de los constructos personales, evaluados con la Técnica de Rejilla (TR), en personas con depresión (PD). Mediante la categorización de los constructos a través del Sistema de Categorías de Constructos Personales (SCCP), los resultados de un primer estudio indican que los aspectos em...
Article
The aim of this study was to analyze the body grid (BG) as an assessment tool for body image in a sample of patients with breast cancer, after surgery. We explored two measures of cognitive structure, percentage of variance accounted for by the first factor (PVAFF) and polarization, and we compared measures of body image and body self-esteem obtain...
Article
Background and objectives Body image is a predictor of psychological adjustment to cancer and a risk factor for depression. Questionnaires to assess body image in cancer patients assume a preconceived concept of body image and do not reflect the patient's subjective experience. This study aims to develop a content categories system for analyzing bo...
Presentation
Full-text available
Dentro del enfoque constructivista, para comprender las distintas construcciones que un individuo sostiene sobre sí mismo y sobre los demás, hay que partir del papel activo del individuo como co-creador de significados. Estos significados personales pueden ser explorados a través del constructo personal. Un constructo personal es una dimensión que...
Poster
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A personal construct is a bipolar dimension that serves to anticipate individual’s experience (Feixas & Saúl, 2005). Inside Personal Construct Theory, different instruments have been developed for assess personal construct. On the one hand, Repertory Grid Technique (RGT) (Kelly, 1955) has been one of the main techniques from TCP that more attention...
Article
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Recent research has highlighted the role of implicative dilemmas in a variety of clinical conditions. These dilemmas are a type of cognitive conflict, in which different aspects of the self are countered in such a way that a desired change in a personal dimension (eg, symptom improvement) may be hindered by the need of personal coherence in another...
Conference Paper
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La evaluación constructivista se adentra en la visión del mundo de la persona para identificar y comprender los esquemas cognitivos que están generando, sosteniendo o acentuando sus problemas psicológicos. Se expone la aplicación de un método constructivista de evaluación, la Técnica de Rejilla (TR), al caso de una joven que desde hace diez años su...
Article
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The burden of HIV disease is concentrated in sub-Saharan Africa, particularly in South Africa (SA). Whilst there have been many studies conducted on the biomedical and socio-psychological aspects of HIV and AIDS, insufficient attention has been paid to the quality of life of those infected with the virus. The primary purpose of the study was to det...
Article
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El estudio de los conflictos cognitivos se ha llevado a cabo desde diversas aproximaciones teóricas. En el ámbito de la Psicología de los Constructos Personales, la técnica de la rejilla ha permitido operativizar un tipo de conflicto cognitivo denominado Dilema Implicativo (DI) y estudiar su papel en el campo de la salud. En este trabajo se ha anal...
Article
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Objectives The notion of intrapsychic conflict has been present in psychopathology for more than a century within different theoretical orientations. However, internal conflicts have not received enough empirical attention, nor has their importance in depression been fully elaborated. This study is based on the notion of cognitive conflict, underst...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to analyze whether there have been changes in self construction, cognitive structure and anxious-depressive symptomatology in 19 patients diagnosed with dysthymic disorder, after been treated in group therapy during six months. The second objective was to compare those changes in self construction and cognitive structur...
Article
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Aim: To study the body image built by patients with breast cancer after surgery, radical mastectomy and partial mastectomy, related to body parts directly involved in surgery and not directly related to it, and to investigate how this image affects bodily self-esteem. Method: Our sample comprised 23 patients (12 had been subjected to radical mastec...
Article
Full-text available
A method for studying cognitive conflicts using the repertory grid technique is presented. By means of this technique, implicative dilemmas can be identified, cognitive structures in which a personal construct for which change is wished for implies undesirable change on another construct. We assessed the presence of dilemmas and the severity of sym...
Article
Full-text available
A method for studying cognitive conflicts using the repertory grid technique is presented. By means of this technique, implicative dilemmas can be identified, cognitive structures in which a personal construct for which change is wished for implies undesirable change on another construct. We assessed the presence of dilemmas and the severity of sym...
Article
Full-text available
En este estudio se presenta un método para el estudio de los conflictos cognitivos utilizando la técnica de rejilla. Por medio de ella, se identificaron los dilemas implicativos, una estructura cognitiva en la que un constructo personal en el que se desea un cambio se asocia con otro constructo en el que el cambio no es deseable. Se evaluó la prese...
Article
Full-text available
The study of cognitive conflicts has been carried out from different theoretical orientations. In the context of Personal Construct Psychology, with the Repertory Grid Technique we can operationalize Implicative Dilemma (IDs), a type of cognitive conflict, and thus study their role in mental and physical health. This paper analyzed construction of...
Article
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La evaluación de la actividad investigadora de acuerdo a criterios internacionales ha contribuido a la internacionalización de la investigación española. Como consecuencia de esta política evaluativa se ha incrementado el número de revistas españolas de Ciencias Sociales presentes en el Journal Citation Reports (JCR). En este trabajo se realiza un...
Article
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Background Depression is one of the more severe and serious health problems because of its morbidity, disabling effects and for its societal and economic burden. Despite the variety of existing pharmacological and psychological treatments, most of the cases evolve with only partial remission, relapse and recurrence. Cognitive models have contribute...
Article
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El objetivo de este estudio fue explorar la autodefinición y la diferenciación del sí mismo de un grupo de pacientes con trastornos depresivos (n= 30) comparándolo con una muestra comunitaria (n= 30). Los significados personales de estos sujetos, elicitados a través de la Técnica de la Rejilla, se categorizaron según las virtudes y las fortalezas d...
Article
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This bibliometric review covers the scientific production with or about the Repertory Grid Technique (Kelly, 1955) between 1998 and 2007. The analysis of previous reviews suggests the need for a more careful and broad process of bibliographic research. With this aim, 24 bibliographic sources were used to cover a wide range of specialties. We begun...
Article
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Los articulos integrados dentro de este monografico, en su mayor parte, tienen en comun el concepto de la Intersubjetividad en Psicoterapia. El concepto de intersubjetividad hace referencia a la experiencia y cognicion compartidas, como parte de la construccion de nuestras ideas, creencias y relaciones. La relacion entre el yo y el otro es el punto...
Article
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A pesar de que la violencia en el noviazgo se inicia con frecuencia durante la adolescencia y que se ha postulado como un factor de riesgo para formas graves de violencia en las parejas adultas, el corpus de investigación sobre esta problemática continúa siendo limitado. En este trabajo se investiga la direccionalidad y expresión conductual de las...
Article
Full-text available
This bibliometric review covers the scientific production with or about the repertory grid technique (RGT; Kelly, 1955/1991) between 1998 and 2007. An analysis of previous reviews suggests the need for a more careful and broad process of bibliographic research. With this aim, 24 bibliographic sources were used to cover a wide range of specialties....
Article
Full-text available
We present the Spanish version of the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation-Outcome Measure (CORE-OM), an instrument created by the Core System Group for the evaluation of therapeutic change. The CORE-OM is a self-report questionnaire that assesses psychological distress with domains of Subjective well-being, problems/ symptoms, general functioni...
Article
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Se presenta la versión en español del Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation- Outcome Measure (CORE-OM), un instrumento creado por el Core System Group para la evaluación del cambio terapéutico. El CORE-OM es un cuestionario que evalúa el malestar psicológico a partir de cuatro dimensiones: Bienestar subjetivo, Problemas/Síntomas, Funcionamiento g...
Article
Full-text available
A pesar de que la violencia en el noviazgo se inicia con frecuencia durante la adolescencia y que se ha postulado como un factor de riesgo para formas graves de violencia en las parejas adultas, el corpus de investigación sobre esta problemática continúa siendo limitado. En este trabajo se investigan las agresiones (psicológicas y físicas) cometida...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction. Early studies on the cognitive factors affecting depression proved the prevalence of negative views of self, the world and the future and other attributional biases. More recent approaches focused on the processing of self-referential stimuli, memory (both implicit and explicit) and attentional biases. Little has been done, however, o...
Article
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Los trastornos de alimentación se han subido a la red con un gran despliegue de páginas web, blog, foros y testimonios personales. Desde sus inicios, además de páginas informativas, y ofertas de tratamientos ha ido apareciendo una corriente en apoyo de dichos desórdenes que han hecho de esta enfermedad una
Article
Full-text available
Fibromyalgia is a syndrome characterized by the presence of diffuse and chronic musculoskeletal pain of unknown etiology. Clinical diagnosis and the merely palliative treatments considerably affect the patient's experience and the chronic course of the disease. Therefore, several authors have emphasized the need to explore issues related to self in...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Resumen Los trastornos de alimentación se han subido a la red con un gran despliegue de páginas web, blog, foros y testimonios personales. Desde sus inicios, además de páginas informativas, y ofertas de tratamientos ha ido apareciendo una corriente en apoyo de dichos desórdenes que han hecho de esta enfermedad una "forma de vida" y que com...
Article
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The present paper evaluates the evolution and deterioration of semantic memory in a healthy population and in people with Alzheimer’s disease. Using a categorical semantic fl uency test, we evaluated the frequency of production of copies of four basic semantic categories belonging to the domains Living Things (LT) and Non-Living things (NLT). The s...
Article
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La importancia de la alianza terapéutica como predictor del éxito de la psicoterapia sugiere la necesidad de ampliar el cuerpo teórico sobre cuáles son las variables del terapeuta y del paciente que influyen en el establecimiento de la alianza (Corbella y Botella, 2003). Una de las variables que influyen en la alianza es el Estilo Personal del Tera...
Article
Full-text available
Resumen Resumen Este trabajo presenta los resultados de un estudio descriptivo de revisión de los Servicios Psicológicos/Psicopedagógicos en las actuales 74 Universidades españolas. Los datos se han obtenido a partir de las webs institucionales, de las respuestas a un formulario facilitadas por los responsables de dichos servicios y por medio de c...
Article
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The present article reviews the concept of educational guidance from a historical point of view. The concept is developed from three areas of interest, professional, academic and personal. Although at the beginning the main area of in terest was the person’s suitability to a certain position, nowadays a wider vision from the ed ucational guidance i...
Article
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El presente monografico pretende acercarse a los servicios de atencion psicologica en las universidades espanolas. Si bien se conocen muchas experiencias de este tipo de servicios, en muchos casos, su caracter de independencia de los organos de gobierno institucionales o desvinculacion con estructuras de atencion al alumno mas amplia y en otros cas...
Article
Full-text available
The idea that internal conflicts play a significant role in mental health has been extensively addressed in various psychological traditions, including personal construct theory. In the context of the latter, several measures of conflict have been operationalized using the Repertory Grid Technique (RGT). All of them capture the notion that change,...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of the therapeutic alliance as a predictive factor in evaluating the success of psychotherapy suggests a need to enlarge the theoretical embodiement of both therapist and patient's variables, and how they influence on therapeutic alliance (Corbella and Botella, 2003). One very influencing variable is the Therapist's Personal Style, w...
Article
Full-text available
Este trabajo presenta los resultados de un estudio descriptivo de revisión de los Servicios Psicológicos/Psicopedagógicos en las actuales 74 Universidades españolas. Los datos se han obtenido a partir de las webs institucionales, de las respuestas a un formulario facilitadas por los responsables de dichos servicios y por medio de comunicación telef...
Article
Full-text available
El presente artículo revisa el concepto de orientación educativa desde un punto de vista histórico. Se desarrolla el concepto desde tres puntos de interés, el profesional, el académico y el personal y se concluye que si bien el foco principal de interés en sus primeros momentos fue la adecuación del usuario a un puesto de trabajo, en estos momentos...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo principal del presente estudio es profundizar en el conocimiento del Estilo Personal del Terapeuta (EPT) y estudiar las relaciones entre diferentes funciones de este estilo y la dirección de intereses de los terapeutas en formación. El EPT es evaluado con el cuestionario EPT-C (Fernández Álvarez, Garcia, LoBianco y Corbella, 2003) que d...
Article
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Los autores presentan una propuesta para la operativización e investigación sobre el cambio de un tipo de conflicto cognitivo, denominado dilema implicativo (DI) en la teoría de los constructos personales. En una muestra de 87 pacientes se miden los DIs y la sintomatología al comienzo y al final de la psicoterapia. Los datos sugieren que la psicote...
Article
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The Multi-Center Dilemma Project is a collaborative research endeavour aimed at determining the role of dilemmas--a kind of cognitive conflict, detected by using an adaptation of Kelly's Repertory Grid Technique--in a variety of clinical conditions. Implicative dilemmas appear in one third of the non-clinical group (n = 321) and in about half of th...
Article
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En este estudio descriptivo transversal se exploran algunas características cognitivas y sintomáticas de 13 pacientes consultantes con Síndrome del Intestino Irritable (SII) comparados con una muestra de 63 sujetos no consultantes sin síntomas del SII ni psicopatológicos. El 92% de los primeros cumple criterios para algún trastorno del eje I del DS...