Luis Luque

Luis Luque
University of Alcalá | UAH · Prehistory

Doctor of Geology

About

87
Publications
29,063
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2,622
Citations
Citations since 2016
8 Research Items
1103 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Introduction
Research Project: Population dynamics and cultural adaptations of the last Neandertals and first Modern humans in inland Iberia: a multi-proxy investigation

Publications

Publications (87)
Article
Full-text available
We report a new site with Schematic rock art in the Sorbe River Valley, next to the town of Muriel (Tamajón, Guadalajara, Spain). It is located inside a vaulted cave next to a larger cavity and contains a single panel bearing 6 graphic units: four anthropomorphic figures and a sign in red paint around two partially superimposed cup-marks. In the ce...
Article
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As the south-westernmost region of Europe, the Iberian Peninsula stands as a key area for understanding the process of modern human dispersal into Eurasia. However, the precise timing, ecological setting and cultural context of this process remains controversial concerning its spatiotemporal distribution within the different regions of the peninsul...
Article
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Although anatomically modern humans emerged during the MSA, debates have focused on the timing for the development of cognitive thoughts, planning depth, and profound cultural innovations. While some scholars have attributed these qualities to the LSA population, others have proposed that the evolutionary modern human behaviors developed during the...
Chapter
The Pleistocene record of Peninj, dated to 1.5–1.4 Ma and located on the Western shore of Lake Natron (Tanzania), is one of the classic archaeo-paleontological sources for the study of the early Acheulean in Africa. Beginning with the seminal project led by Glynn Isaac in the decades of 1960s and 1980s, other research programs have been carried out...
Article
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The localities of La Bullana 3 and La Bullana 2B (Valencia, E Spain) have yielded remains of Apodemus gorafensis, Paraethomys aff. abaigari, Stephanomys dubari, Apocricetus barrierei, Sciuridae indet. and Asoriculus cf. gibberodon the former, and Apodemus gorafensis, Paraethomys aff. abaigari, Stephanomys dubari, Apocricetus barrierei, Sciuridae in...
Article
This article describes the sedimentological characteristics of dinosaur ichnites at three sites within the municipal area of El Castellar (in the Province of Teruel, Aragón, Spain): El Castellar (CT-1), El Pozo (CT-2), and Camino El Berzal (CT-3). These sites possess large concentrations of footprints made by quadrupedal (sauropod, stegosaurid and...
Article
The aim of this paper is to undertake the technological description of ES2-Lepolosi, one of the Acheulean sites located on the Sambu Escarpment in the Lake Natron Basin (Tanzania) and dated to 1.5–1.4 Ma. Through the combination of three different lithic collections (Glynn Isaac's 1961–81, Domínguez-Rodrigo's 1999–2002 and the sample retrieved duri...
Article
Recent fieldwork carried out in EN1-Noolchalai between 2009 and 2011, one of the most significant Acheulean sites located on the Sambu Escarpment of Peninj (Tanzania) and dated to 1.5–1.4 Ma, has allowed us to undertake more complete geomorphologic and sedimentological research at this site. This contextual research has allowed us to clarify the ge...
Article
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The accurate timing of biogeographic dispersal can be determined by examining the age of fossiliferous strata on either side of a physical barrier. Here we show that African mammals migrated to Iberia and European mammals migrated to North Africa at the same time before isolation of the Mediterranean Sea during the Messinian. The fossil site of Ven...
Article
The Pleistocene Humbu and Moinik formations of the Peninj Group in northern Tanzania preserve an important archaeological and paleontological record, in addition to a record of local volcanism in the form of tephra and lavas. Samples of the major Humbu and Moinik formations' basaltic and trachytic tephra were collected and characterized using pheno...
Article
Since 2002 a number of sites containing stegosaurian remains (bones and tracks) have been discovered in the Villar del Arzobispo Formation (Tithonian–Berriasian) in the Province of Teruel, Spain, mostly in the areas of El Castellar and Riodeva. The material from the latter consists of the postcranial remains of the axial, pelvic and appendicular sk...
Article
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The Gulf of Cadiz region of Spain has undergone many studies examining Holocene tsunami and storm deposits. Some of the studies aimed at determining recurrence intervals of events interpreted of tsunamigenic origin.A review of geomorphologic, sedimentary and paleontological features of these deposits suggests that only a few of them can be accurate...
Article
The Teruel Province (Spain) is known for its rich palaeontological heritage, including outstanding dinosaur sites from the Jurassic–Cretaceous transition interval. A GIS-based management project was designed and utilised to represent and manage the detailed spatial data and associated databases of such sites. Systematic evaluation of the heritage v...
Article
Recent re-excavation of Mumba Rockshelter unearthed an unbiased lithic sample from Bed V. Technological analysis has permitted a reinterpretation of the so-called Mumba Industry, a transitional industry between Middle and Later Stone Ages originally defined by Mehlman (1989). Our data confirm Mehlman’s observation that the “evolutionary” markers in...
Article
  Up to now, more than 40 dinosaur sites have been found in the latest Jurassic – earliest Cretaceous sedimentary outcrops (Villar del Arzobispo Formation) of Riodeva (Iberian Range, Spain). Those already excavated, as well as other findings, provide a large and diverse number of sauropod remains, suggesting a great diversity for this group in the...
Article
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A detailed study has been carried out on 25 samples of dinosaur bone fragments which come from 8 sites belonging to six stratigraphic units that span from the Tithonian (Upper Jurassic) to Albian (Lower Cretaceous) in the province of Teruel, Spain. The aim of the study is to further understand the mineralogical, elemental and chemical composition o...
Article
Coastal response to tectonic activity and eustatic-climate interactions during the Late Pleistocene and Holocene has been analyzed along the Barbate–Trafalgar shoreline. The study area consists of an uplifted platform (La Breña, ∼ 140 m) bounded by two major NW–SE faults that have created two subsiding areas: Meca in the west and Barbate in the eas...
Article
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Mumba Rockshelter in northern Tanzania presents one of the richest and most complete archaeological sequences in East Africa for the Middle Stone Age through the Iron Age. Past excavations of the shelter revealed an extremely rich lithic and faunal assemblage, but were problematic, either because of poor excavation and recording methods (in the 193...
Article
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Ongoing archaeological research at North Lake Eyasi has produced a wealth of information, including a new hominid fossil and several archaeological sites dating to the end of the Middle Pleistocene. One of the sites (WB9) has been excavated and has produced evidence of multiple processes in its formation, including evidence of functional associatio...
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In this paper, the results of the test excavations in two rock shelters in the Central Ethiopian escarpment near the Sudanese border are presented. A continuous sequence of quartz lithic industry, from the lowest levels of K'aaba (with an archaic MSA-like industry of side-scrapers, Levallois-discoidcores and unifacial points) to the upper levels of...
Article
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Microorganisms, particularly bacteria, inhabit all possible environments in the biosphere including subterranean ones. They play an important role in geological processes such as mineral precipitation and dissolution, and significantly influence biogeochemical cycles. At present, relatively few studies have focused on the active role of microorgani...
Article
40Ar/39Ar incremental-heating experiments on basaltic lavas and single-crystal total-fusion analyses of trachytic tuffs provide for the first time accurate resolution of the chronostratigraphy of the Pleistocene Peninj Group west of Lake Natron, northern Tanzania. These new data force a major revision of the chronology of the entire sequence: the b...
Article
A Map of Fault Activity has been developed for preliminary engineering planning related to the construction of an underwater fixed link-route between Africa and Europe at the Gibraltar Strait Sector, in South Spain (the Gibraltar Tunnel). Main criteria used in fault activity evaluation have been seismicity, surface faulting, geomorphology of fault...
Article
Full-text available
Microorganisms, particularly bacteria, inhabit all possible environments in the biosphere including subterranean ones. They play an important role in geological processes such as mineral precipitation and dissolution, and significantly influence biogeochemical cycles. At present, relatively few studies have focused on the active role of microorgani...
Article
In the last decades, damages on building materials and mural paintings were observed in Roman catacombs. The damages were due to extensive formation of biofilms induced by artificial illumination and humidity. Microenvironmental data (temperature, CO(2) concentration, humidity, and atmospheric pressure) clearly showed the negative influence of visi...
Article
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This study represents the first paleoseismic approach in Spain in which archaeological remains are considered. The ancient Roman city of Baelo Claudia (1st–4th centuries AD), located at the axial zone of the Gibraltar Strait (Cadiz, south Spain), contains abundant disrupted architectural relics and ground collapses (i.e. landsliding, liquefacion) p...
Article
Analyses of microsamples collected from Roman catacombs and samples of lime–pozzolana mortars hardened in the laboratory display higher contents in carbonated binder than other subaerial Roman monuments. The measured environmental data inside the Saint Callistus and Domitilla catacombs show a constant temperature of 15–17 °C, a high CO2 content (17...
Article
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The coastal evolution of the El Abalario area (Huelva, southern Spain) during the Late Pleistocene and Holocene is reinterpreted after a refinement of the available geochronology by means of optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) dating. New data come from the analysis of soft sediment deformation, palaeosols, geomorphological mapping, and publish...
Article
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The number of upper Vallesian (continental Upper Miocene) localities in the Teruel-Alfambra area has been increased by the sampling of a new road cut at Masia de La Roma. Two new levels have been sampled (MR-604-A and MR-604-B), which both belong to local Zone J3 (9.4-9.0 Ma) and correspond to Neogene mammal unit MN10. The levels have yielded the y...
Article
Full-text available
Recent discoveries of dinosaur fossils in Riodeva led us to carry out a systematic study of the geology of the area. The calcareous-siliciclastic facies rich in fossil bones are attributed to the Villar del Arzobispo Formation (Tithonian-Berriasian). These transitional facies have been divided into three different units; A) Marine-influenced silice...
Article
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The kinetic parameterisation of lime mortar carbonation is a useful technique for understanding ancient building methods and the long-lived physical-chemical stability of roman monuments. Portlandite (Ca(OH) 2 ) binders harden in the air on contact with atmospheric CO 2 , producing CaCO 3 . Water evaporation and the presence of silicate aggregates...
Article
Full-text available
The kinetic parameterisation of lime mortar carbonation is a useful technique for understanding ancient building methods and the long-lived physical-chemical stability of roman monuments. Portlandite (Ca(OH)<sub>2</sub>) binders harden in the air on contact with atmospheric CO<sub>2</sub>, producing CaCO<sub>3</sub>. Water evaporation and the prese...
Article
Full-text available
Biofilms are widely distributed in different areas of the Roman catacombs of St. Callixtus and Domitilla due to the abundance of mineral elements in the volcanic rock, high humidity and artificial lighting. Cyanobacteria are responsible for biofilm formation to which heterotrophic bacteria and fungi are associated. Barite (barium sulphate) was dete...
Chapter
Full-text available
The 1755 Lisbon earthquake generated a tsunami that flooded Southwest Iberian Peninsula and Morocco coasts. The coast of Conil de la Frontera (Cádiz) was one of the most affected by these waves in the Spanish littoral. There are abundant information about historical record, damages, and landscape transformation related with this catastrophic event....
Article
Natural precipitates of metastable polymorphs of CaCO 3 , such as vaterite, are rarely found in nature however, they have been widely synthesized in laboratory under particular conditions (ie, supersaturated solutions, relative high temperatures, etc.). By SEM and XRD we recognize vaterite spherulites from culturable microbial colonies isolated fro...
Article
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Moonmilk subaerial speleothems of Altamira Cave are constituted by a network of needle-fiber calcite crystals (NFC) and active microbial filaments. These recent deposits allow us the observation of the first evolution stages, as well as defining microclimatic and hydrochemical conditions of mineral precipitation. In previous works, the origin of th...
Article
The Oldowan technology has traditionally been assumed to reflect technical simplicity and limited planning by Plio-Pleistocene hominids. The analysis of the Oldowan technology from a set of 1.6-1.4 Ma sites (ST Site Complex) in Peninj adds new information regarding the curated behavior of early hominids. The present work introduces new data to the...