Luis A. Ladino

Luis A. Ladino
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México | UNAM · Centre of Atmospheric Sciences

PhD in Atmospheric Sciences (ETH Zurich)

About

62
Publications
15,111
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
2,025
Citations
Additional affiliations
February 2016 - March 2020
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Position
  • Researcher
October 2014 - May 2016
Environment Canada
Position
  • Fellow
September 2011 - December 2014
University of Toronto
Position
  • Research Associate
Education
February 2008 - February 2011
ETH Zurich
Field of study
  • Atmospheric Sciences
December 2005 - January 2008
Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México
Field of study
  • Atmospheric Chemistry
January 2000 - April 2005
Universidad del Valle (Colombia)
Field of study
  • Chemistry

Publications

Publications (62)
Article
Full-text available
Biomass burning (BB) is a common activity in developing countries and has been identified as a serious air pollution threat. The present work evaluates the air quality of the largest town in the extensive Colombian savannas (250,000 km2) for the first time, from measurements over three consecutive years (2017-2020). Although the air quality in Vill...
Article
Full-text available
Agricultural soil erosion, both mechanical and eolic, may impact cloud processes, as some aerosol particles are able to facilitate ice crystal formation. Given the large agricultural sector in Mexico, this study investigates the ice nucleating abilities of agricultural dust collected at different sites and generated in the laboratory. The immersion...
Chapter
Full-text available
Actinobacteria isolated from less studied sites on our planet represent a huge opportunity for the discovery of novel microorganisms that may produce unique compounds with biological activity. The class actinobacteria encompasses 80% of the microbes that produce the antibacterial compounds used in medicine today. However, the resistance acquired/sh...
Article
Full-text available
The continuous and sustained population shift from rural to urban areas is driving most of the fast-growing megacities on a global scale. Considerable pollution, gases and particulate matter, is emitted yearly into the atmosphere of megacities, with unclear impacts on the local and regional hydrological cycle. The present work evaluated the inter-a...
Article
Full-text available
Ice nucleating particles (INPs) in the atmosphere are necessary to generate ice crystals in mixed-phase clouds, a crucial component for precipitation development. The sources and composition of INPs are varied: from mineral dust derived from continental erosion to bioaerosols resulting from bubble bursting at the ocean surface. The performance of a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Agricultural soil erosion, both mechanical and eolic, may impact cloud processes as some aerosol particles are able to facilitate ice crystals formation. Given the large agricultural sector in Mexico, this study investigates the ice nucleating abilities of agricultural dust collected at different sites and generated in the laboratory. The immersion...
Preprint
Full-text available
The risks associated with airborne soil particles (dust) are often underappreciated, and the gap between the knowledge pool and public awareness can be costly for society. This study reviews the emission, chemical, physical, and biological characteristics of dust and its effects on human and environmental health and safety in the Americas. American...
Article
Full-text available
More than 7 thousand wildfires were recorded over Mexico in 2019, affecting almost 640 thousand hectares. Most of these fires occurred during the spring season generating dense smoke plumes, impacting urban areas in the central part of the Mexican plateau. From May 10 to 17, 2019, biomass burning (BB) plumes affected Mexico City (MC) and diffused a...
Preprint
Full-text available
More than 7 thousand wildfires were recorded over Mexico in 2019, affecting almost 640 thousand hectares. Most of these fires occurred during the warm-dry season generating dense smoke plumes, impacting urban areas in the central part of the Mexican plateau. From May 10 to 17, 2019, biomass burning (BB) plumes affected Mexico City (MC) and diffused...
Article
Full-text available
Biomass burning (BB) emissions and African dust (AD) are often associated with poor regional air quality, particularly in the tropics. The Yucatan Peninsula is a fairly pristine site due to predominant trade winds, but occasionally BB and AD plumes severely degrade its air quality. The African Dust And Biomass Burning Over Yucatan (ADABBOY) project...
Article
Full-text available
Biomass burning from grassland, forests, and agricultural waste results in large amounts of gases and particles emitted to the atmosphere, which affect air quality, population health, crop development, and natural vegetation. Regional atmospheric circulations can transport those plumes of pollutants over hundreds of kilometers, affecting vulnerable...
Article
Full-text available
Most precipitation from deep clouds over the continents and in the intertropical convergence zone is strongly influenced by the presence of ice crystals whose formation requires the presence of ice nucleating particles (INPs). Although there are a large number of INP sources, the ice nucleating abilities of aerosol particles originating from oceans...
Article
Full-text available
On a global scale, African dust is known to be one of the major sources of mineral dust particles, as these particles can be efficiently transported to different parts of the planet. Several studies have suggested that the Yucatán Peninsula could be influenced by such particles, especially in July, associated with the strengthening of the Caribbean...
Article
Full-text available
This study focuses on the air quality evaluation of Merida, a medium-size city located in the Yucatan Peninsula with a significant population growth in recent years. Particle-bound Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (pPAHs) were quantified with a real time sensor during a six-month period during the dry season (October 2017 to March 2018). The pPAHs...
Article
Full-text available
Ice nucleating particles (INPs) induce ice crystal formation and therefore, they are able to influence precipitation development. INP sources remain highly uncertain, with most of the observational studies performed in mid- and high-latitudes, bypassing the Tropics. In the present study, rainwater, cloud water, and aerosol samples were collected du...
Preprint
Full-text available
Most precipitation from deep clouds over the continents and in the intertropical convergence zone is strongly influenced by the presence of ice crystals, whose formation requires the presence of ice nucleating particles (INP). Although there are a large number of INP sources, the ice nucleating abilities of aerosol particles emitted from oceans, de...
Article
Full-text available
Aerosol particles have been shown to trigger cardiovascular and respiratory diseases in populations living in polluted regions, depending on their size and composition. Although fine aerosol particles have been found to reach the lungs and the blood stream, their acute effects are related to the fraction of ultrafine aerosol particles (i.e., UFPs,...
Preprint
Full-text available
On a global scale, African dust is known as one of the major sources of mineral dust particles as they can be efficiently transported to different parts of the planet. Several studies have suggested that the Yucatan Peninsula could be influenced by such particles, especially in July, associated with the strengthening of the Caribbean low level jet....
Article
Full-text available
. This study attempts a new identification of mechanisms of secondary ice production (SIP) based on the observation of small faceted ice crystals (hexagonal plates or columns) with typical sizes smaller than 100 um. Due to their young age, such small ice crystals can be used as tracers for identifying the conditions for SIP. Observations reported h...
Article
Full-text available
Even though the mining industry is a prosperous activity that offers economic benefits and important job opportunities in the states where it is developed, it generates negative and cumulative environmental impacts. The waste generated, i.e. mining tails, is the biggest concern due to the risk of wind dispersion and the release of chemical species...
Article
Full-text available
The concentration of biological particles in the atmosphere is widely variable because it depends on several meteorological and geographical factors. Meteorological conditions in tropical coastal cities are unique due to both marine and terrestrial influences that can strongly modify the concentration and diversity of airborne microorganisms. Never...
Preprint
Full-text available
. This study attempts a new identification of mechanisms of secondary ice production (SIP) based on the observation of small faceted ice crystals (hexagonal plates or columns) with typical sizes smaller than 100 um. Due to their young age, such small ice crystals can be used as tracers for identifying the conditions for SIP. Observations reported h...
Article
Full-text available
Atmospheric aerosol particles that can nucleate ice are referred to as ice-nucleating particles (INPs). Recent studies have confirmed that aerosol particles emitted by the oceans can act as INPs. This very relevant information can be included in climate and weather models to predict the formation of ice in clouds, given that most of them do not con...
Article
Full-text available
Motivated by the need to predict how the Arctic atmosphere will change in a warming world, this article summarizes recent advances made by the research consortium NETCARE (Network on Climate and Aerosols: Addressing Key Uncertainties in Remote Canadian Environments) that contribute to our fundamental understanding of Arctic aerosol particles as the...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the importance of ice-nucleating particles (INPs) for climate and precipitation, our understanding of these particles is far from complete. Here, we investigated INPs at three coastal marine sites in Canada, two at mid-latitude (Amphitrite Point and Labrador Sea) and one in the Arctic (Lancaster Sound). For Amphitrite Point, 23 sets of samp...
Article
Full-text available
Motivated by the need to predict how the Arctic atmosphere will change in a warming world, this article summarizes recent advances made by the research consortium NETCARE (Network on Climate and Aerosols: Addressing Key Uncertainties in Remote Canadian Environments) that contribute to our fundamental understanding of Arctic aerosol particles as the...
Article
Full-text available
Mexico City is a densely populated megacity with average PM10 and PM2.5 levels frequently above those indicated as health-threatening for humans by the World Health Organization. Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) can be emitted by anthropogenic sources as the result of the incomplete combustion of organic matter and fossil fuels and they repre...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the importance of ice-nucleating particles (INPs) for climate and precipitation, our understanding of these particles is far from complete. Here, we investigated INPs at three coastal marine sites in Canada, two at mid-latitude (Amphitrite Point and Labrador Sea), and one in the Arctic (Lancaster Sound). At all three sites, the ice-nucleati...
Article
Full-text available
Motivated by the need to predict how the Arctic atmosphere will change in a warming world, this article summarizes recent advances made by the research consortium NETCARE (Network on Climate and Aerosols: Addressing Key Uncertainties in Remote Canadian Environments) that contribute to our fundamental understanding of Arctic aerosol particles as the...
Article
Full-text available
Ship-based aerosol measurements in the summertime Arctic indicate elevated concentrations of ultrafine particles with occasional growth to CCN sizes. Focusing on one episode with two continuously growing modes, growth occurs faster for a large, pre-existing mode (dp ≈ 90 nm) than for a smaller nucleation mode (dp ≈ 20 nm). We use microphysical mode...
Article
Full-text available
The sea-surface microlayer and bulk seawater can contain ice-nucleating particles (INPs) and these INPs can be emitted into the atmosphere. Our current understanding of the properties, concentrations, and spatial and temporal distributions of INPs in the microlayer and bulk seawater is limited. In this study we investigate the concentrations and pr...
Article
Full-text available
The sea-surface microlayer and bulk seawater can contain ice-nucleating particles (INPs) and these INPs can be emitted into the atmosphere. Our current understanding of the properties, concentrations, spatial and temporal distributions of INPs in the microlayer and bulk seawater is limited. In this study we investigate the concentrations and proper...
Article
It has been known that aerosol particles act as nuclei for ice formation for over a century and a half (see Dufour). Initial attempts to understand the nature of these ice nucleating particles were optical and electron microscope inspection of inclusions at the center of a crystal (see Isono; Kumai). Only within the last few decades has instrumenta...
Article
Ice particle formation in tropospheric clouds significantly changes cloud radiative and microphysical properties. Ice nucleation in the troposphere via homogeneous freezing occurs at temperatures lower than -38 °C and relative humidity with respect to ice above 140%. In the absence of these conditions, ice formation can proceed via heterogeneous nu...
Article
Full-text available
Ice particle formation in tropospheric clouds significantly changes cloud radiative and microphysical properties. Ice nucleation in the troposphere via homogeneous freezing occurs at temperatures lower than -38 °C and relative humidity with respect to ice above 140%. In the absence of these conditions, ice formation can proceed via heterogeneous nu...
Article
Full-text available
Over the decades, the cloud physics community has debated the nature and role of aerosol particles in ice initiation. The present study shows that the measured concentration of ice crystals in tropical mesoscale convective systems exceeds the concentration of ice nucleating particles (INPs) by several orders of magnitude. The concentration of INPs...
Article
Full-text available
It has been know that aerosol particles act as nuclei for ice formation for over a century and a half (Dufour, 1861). Initial attempts to understand the nature of these ice nucleating particles were optical and electron microscope inspection of inclusions at the center of a crystal (Isono, 1955; Kumai, 1961). Only within the last few decades has in...
Article
Full-text available
The SPectrometer for Ice Nuclei (SPIN) is a commercially available ice nucleating particle (INP) counter manufactured by Droplet Measurement Technologies in Boulder, CO. The SPIN is a continuous flow diffusion chamber with parallel plate geometry based on the Zurich Ice Nucleation Chamber and the Portable Ice Nucleation Chamber. This study presents...
Article
Full-text available
This study addresses, through two types of experiments, the potential for the oceans to act as a source of atmospheric ice-nucleating particles (INPs). The INP concentration via deposition mode nucleation was measured in situ at a coastal site in British Columbia in August 2013. The INP concentration at conditions relevant to cirrus clouds (i.e., -...
Article
Full-text available
The SPectrometer for Ice Nuclei (SPIN) is a commercially available ice nuclei counter manufactured by Droplet Measurement Technologies in Boulder, CO. The SPIN is a continuous flow diffusion chamber with parallel plate geometry based on the Zurich Ice Nucleation Chamber and the Portable Ice Nucleation Chamber. This study characterizes and describes...
Article
Full-text available
Information on what aerosol particle types are the major sources of ice nucleating particles (INPs) in the atmosphere is needed for climate predictions. To determine which aerosol particles are the major sources of immersion-mode INPs at a coastal site in Western Canada, we investigated correlations between INP number concentrations and both concen...
Article
Full-text available
The amount of ice present in clouds can affect cloud lifetime, precipitation and radiative properties. The formation of ice in clouds is facilitated by the presence of airborne ice-nucleating particles. Sea spray is one of the major global sources of atmospheric particles, but it is unclear to what extent these particles are capable of nucleating i...
Article
Full-text available
Information on what aerosol particle types are the major sources of ice nucleating particles (INPs) in the atmosphere is needed for climate predictions. To determine which aerosol particles are the major sources of immersion-mode INPs at a coastal site in Western Canada, we investigated correlations between INP number concentrations and both concen...
Article
Full-text available
Information on what aerosol particle types are the major sources of ice nucleating particles (INPs) in the atmosphere is needed for climate predictions. To determine which aerosol particles are the major sources of immersion-mode INPs at a coastal site in Western Canada, we investigated correlations between INP number concentrations and both concen...
Article
Full-text available
As one aspect of the NETwork on Climate and Aerosols: addressing key uncertainties in Remote Canadian Environments (NETCARE), measurements of the cloud condensation nucleation properties of 50 and 100 nm aerosol particles were conducted at Ucluelet on the west coast of Vancouver Island in August 2013. The overall hygroscopicity parameter of the aer...
Article
Full-text available
The ice nucleation abilities of fresh, water soluble, internally mixed, and photo-chemically oxidized α-pinene secondary organic aerosol (SOA) particles were investigated at cirrus cloud temperatures in a continuous flow diffusion chamber. SOA sampled from a flow tube (SOA-fresh-FT) mimicked freshly generated particles while the water soluble organ...
Article
Full-text available
As one aspect of the NETwork on Climate and Aerosols: Addressing Key Uncertainties in Remote Canadian Environments (NETCARE), measurements of the cloud condensation nucleation properties of 50 and 100 nm aerosol particles were conducted at Ucluelet on the west coast of Vancouver Island in August 2013. Additionally, the size-resolved chemical specia...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we summarize the four main ice nucleating aerosol types: mineral dusts, bioaerosols, soot, and glassy organics, with the aim of demonstrating the limitations in scientific literature regarding their ice nucleation properties. Because the tropics are largely associated with marine environments, such as the Atlantic, Pacific, and India...
Article
Full-text available
Mineral dusts are well known to be efficient ice nuclei, where the source of this efficiency has typically been attributed to the presence of clay minerals such as illite and kaolinite. However, the ice nucleating abilities of the more minor mineralogical components have not been as extensively examined. As a result, the deposition ice nucleation a...
Article
Full-text available
This manuscript compiles both theoretical and experimental information on contact freezing with the aim to better understand this potentially important but still not well quantified heterogeneous freezing mode. There is no complete theory that describes contact freezing and how the energy barrier has to be overcome to nucleate an ice crystal by con...
Article
Full-text available
Water and carbon dioxide ice clouds have been observed in the Martian atmosphere where they are dynamic parts of that planet's water and carbon cycles. Many Martian atmospheric models struggle to correctly predict clouds and, with insufficient data, some use untested simplifications that cloud formation occurs exactly at the saturation point of the...
Article
Full-text available
Mineral dusts are well known to be efficient ice nuclei, where the source of this efficiency has typically been attributed to the presence of clay minerals such as illite and kaolinite. However, the ice nucleating abilities of the more minor mineralogical components have not been as extensively examined. As a result, the deposition ice nucleation a...
Article
Full-text available
This manuscript compiles both theoretical and experimental information on contact freezing with the aim to better understand this potentially important but still not well quantified heterogeneous freezing mode. There is no complete theory that describes contact freezing and how the energy barrier has to be overcome to nucleate an ice crystal by con...
Article
Full-text available
The ice nucleation abilities of submicron aerosol particles of two Martian regolith analogs, the Mojave Mars simulant and Johnson Space Center Mars-1, were investigated with the University of Toronto continuous flow diffusion chamber. The temperature range studied (> 200 K) is relevant to low-altitude water ice cloud formation in the Martian atmosp...
Article
Full-text available
Contact freezing experiments were conducted with the Collision Ice Nucleation Chamber (CLINCH) with cloud droplets of 26 μm in diameter in a laminar flow. Size-selected kaolinite particles were used as ice nuclei with mobility equivalent diameters of 400 and 800 nm. The influence of the aerosol concentration and the particle size on the measured fr...