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Luis L. Vázquez Moreno

Luis L. Vázquez Moreno

PhD

About

126
Publications
98,725
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Citations
Introduction
My current proyect is about the functional biodiversity in the agropecosystems designs, mainly the functional types of complex culture systems and the production system functional matrix. In relation with this subject, the principal objetives are: pest autorregulation capacity and climatic change adaptation.
Additional affiliations
January 2015 - present
Instituto de Investigaciones de Sanidad Vegetal
Position
  • Associated Researcher
January 2009 - present
University of Antioquia
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • Advanced Course in Agroecology Agroecology Latin American Doctorate (pest management content). Virtual course on pest-regulatory capacity of agroecosystems
January 2007 - December 2016
Universidad Agraria de La Habana
Position
  • Titular Proffesor
Description
  • Professor of the Experimentation by Farmers course in the Master of Agricultural Extension
Education
July 1978 - July 1983
Agricultural University of Havana
Field of study
  • Agronomy

Publications

Publications (126)
Article
Full-text available
Resumen En Cuba la utilización del control biológico (CB) en la producción agrícola y pecuaria empezó à principios del siglo pasado y se generalizó desde los años cincuenta. El presente artículo tiene por objetivo entender y caracterizar la adopción generalizada del CB. El CB, tal como se conoce actualmente en Cuba, es el resultado de un sistema de...
Article
Objetivo : Evaluar la resiliencia de sistemas de producción expuestos al huracán Irma en territorios de Cuba. Materiales y Métodos: Se determinó el índice general de resiliencia a ciclones tropicales (IGRct), que se contrastó con el coeficiente de diseño y manejo agroecológico (CdmA). Ambos se complementaron con la valoración de la sensibilidad de...
Article
Full-text available
To mitigate the movement of non-native organisms with trade, phytosanitary systems have been implemented within and between countries. In some countries such as Cuba, little is known about the within-state plant health system. To facilitate the development of future trade partnership between Cuba and the United States, agencies need to understand t...
Book
Full-text available
Se sistematizan experiencias del proyecto Prosam sobre gestión ambiental sostenible en 14 tipos de iniciativas que benefician agricultores. Se abordaron riesgos por degradación de recursos naturales, inocuidad, bioseguridad y salud ocupacional.
Book
Full-text available
La presente es una herramienta generada por el proyecto Prosam, que se realiza en cinco municipios de la región occidental de Cuba. Está destinada a actores con responsabilidades en la gestión del cambio climático a nivel municipal. Se basa en en enfoque de resiliencia socioecologica y los principios de la Agroecologia.
Chapter
This book contains 32 chapters focusing on the biological control of many invasive pests, diseases and weeds and ensuring a healthy and sustainable food supply in various countries in Latin America and the Caribbean. The rich history of biological control in the region is documented and steps for the future success of the biological control of inva...
Chapter
There is scientific evidence on the impact of climate changes in the agriculture, especially on how these changes affect the phenology, distribution, diversity, and composition of the species in plant, bird, mammal, and insect communities in ecosystems. Regarding the biological control of pests, in general, the temperature increase is expected to r...
Chapter
In the transition to the development of sustainable agriculture on agroecological bases, the quality of agroecosystems is essential to increase positive interactions of biodiversity that contribute to pest regulation. This chapter provides the bases to redesign agricultural production systems with higher-quality habitat for natural enemies of harmf...
Chapter
The dispersion capacity of natural enemies, either as biological control agents released or applied into crops or as natural enemies that inhabit the agroecosystem, is of great importance for the sustainability of pest management. It may happen/occur in three different ways: biotic, abiotic, and anthropogenic, or combinations of these. However, the...
Chapter
Numerous insects inhabit the vegetables crops and their control is necessary. The biological control plays an important role in the management of phytophagous insects these environment using natural enemies in the augmentative (ABC) or conservative biological control (CBC). This chapter provides data on the status of ABC in Latina America and also...
Chapter
The use of entomopathogenic biopesticides, either as spore suspensions or formulated solid products, can have several collateral effects in agroecosystems. Fungal entomopathogens are typically applied as inundative sprays and are expected to result in short-term pest control, not only against specific pests, but also against species that occupy the...
Chapter
Full-text available
Latin America and the Caribbean are regions especially interesting to analyse the emergence and development of alternative food and production models with the aim of addressing environmental, social, economic and public health issues. Since the 1960s, this wider region has been threatened by the excesses of the conventional agriculture based on the...
Presentation
Full-text available
Se ofrece una breve panorámica sobre la necesidad de transitar hacia la agricultura sostenible en base a la agroecología. Se ofrecen algunos elementos de la sostenibilidad y su relación con la resiliencia ante el cambio climático y la soberanía de los territorios agrícolas.
Article
Full-text available
With the objective of demonstrating that agricultural production systems in agroecological transition are showing greater resilience to droughts, this document was prepared, where a conceptual and methodological framework based on resistance-absorption functions (RA) is valued, recovery (RC) and transformability (TR), based on agroecological indica...
Book
Full-text available
The book have the memorias of the workshop relized in orden to sistematice the experiences of technician and farmers about their resilience practica to climatic change in some municipaalities of Cuba
Technical Report
Full-text available
Cuba ha recibido, hoy 17 de enero de 2019, un reconocimiento internacional al sistema de Manejo Agroecológico de Plagas (MAP), desarrollado por el Instituto de Investigaciones de Sanidad Vegetal (INISAV), de conjunto con la red de laboratorios y estaciones del servicio de Sanidad Vegetal y generalizado por agricultores del sector campesino, de la a...
Book
This book aims to address the importance of natural enemies and functional diversity for biological control in Neotropical agroecosystems. Several aspects related to the conservation of natural enemies, such as vegetation design and climate change, are discussed in Part 1 and the bioecology of several insects groups used in biological control in La...
Book
Full-text available
Resumen Los libros Transformando el campo cubano y Sustainable Agriculture and Resistance, narraron el inicio de la agricultura sostenible cubana, mostraron lo logrado de ejemplo mundial, pero hoy informamos los avances al pasar de agricultura de sustitución de insumos a agroecología. Este libro, recoge aspectos de agricultura urbana y suburbana, p...
Preprint
Full-text available
E n América Latina y el Caribe, el modelo agropecuario convencional caracterizado por el uso intensivo de insu-mos sintéticos, el trabajo asalariado o subcontratado, y la promoción de exportaciones ha sido durante mucho tiempo el único objeto de las políticas públicas. Este modelo ha sido cuestionado por los movimientos sociales: la agricultura con...
Article
Full-text available
L’étude réalisée par les partenaires du DP PP-AL au Brésil présente la trajectoire des politiques publiques en faveur de l’agroécologie à partir d’une analyse historique longitudinale de l’action des mouvements sociaux et des réponses des gouvernements au niveau fédéral. Depuis 2012, le gouvernement fédéral du Brésil a établi une Politique Nationa...
Article
Full-text available
Latin American agroecology proposes a transformation of conventional agri-food systems. It is driven by social movements that have succeeded in forming coalitions that have promoted its integration into public policies. These policies involve a range of instruments that are often embedded in programmes that also support organic agriculture and sust...
Article
Full-text available
The paper presents a brief synthesis and the main results of a transversal studies about public policies supporting organic agriculture and agroecology in Latin American. Organic agriculture propose to substitute chemical industrial inputs by natural or organic inputs, while agroecology considers as a priority, the transformation of agri-food syste...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Formation process realized about redesign of cultivation systems in order to increase the pest autorregutalion capacity. Participated organic farmers in the Herault region, Montpellier, France.
Book
Full-text available
Este libro presenta los resultados de un estudio conducido por la Red Politicas Publicas y Desarrollo Territorial en America Latina (Red PP-AL) sobre las politicas publicas a favor d ela agroecologia en America Latina y el Caribe.
Article
Full-text available
Resumen El control biológico es tradicional en Cuba y su integración al manejo de plagas ocurrió duran-te los años ochenta, con mayor auge desde principios de los noventa, favorecido por la suspen-sión del suministro externo de plaguicidas, tecnologías y combustibles para su aplicación, entre otros factores relacionados con el período especial de l...
Article
Full-text available
The mission of INISAV is to contribute to the reduction of risks and losses by pests without affecting the environment on a sustainable basis. Its management is based on a science model linked with environment and characterized by 4 phases: the planning of research’s, their implementation, validation and adoption in the agriculture practice. Three...
Book
Full-text available
Un proceso participativo para generar indicadores de resiliencia de sistemas de producción agropecuaria a sequías. Se determinó la capacidad de resiliencia de 20 de fincas.
Article
Full-text available
Modern agroecosystems require systemic change, but new redesigned farming systems will not emerge from simply implementing a set of practices (rotations, composting, cover cropping, etc.) but rather from the application of already well defined agroecological principles. These principles can be applied using various practices and strategies, each ha...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Resumen Debido a la importancia actual de los sistemas de cultivos complejos (SCC) durante el proceso de reconversión agroecológica de fincas suburbanas, se estudiaron 24 diseños realizados por agricultores de fincas suburbanas en diferentes territorios agrícolas de la región occidental, central y oriental de Cuba, con el propósito de avaluar sus f...
Article
Full-text available
Organismos nocivos de importancia en diferentes tipos de sistemas de producción en la matriz agrícola urbana, periurbana y suburbana de la provincia de La Habana Harmful organisms of importance in differents types of production systems in the urban, periurban and suburban agricole matrix of the Havana province Resumen Debido a los cambios en la mat...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN La fauna edáfica es considerada como un indicador del manejo de los sistemas de producción agrícola. El objetivo de esta investigación fue evaluar la relación entre el diseño y manejo de tres sistemas de cultivos y la diversidad de grupos funcionales de la fauna edáfica. El estudio se realizó en la Unidad Básica de Producción Cooperativa (U...
Article
Full-text available
Más allá de intentar una breve caracterización sobre las funciones de la biodiversidad en la agricultura urbana, el presente artículo trata de acercarse a la valorización que la agricultura familiar ha dado a la biota que habita y se maneja en las ciudades y pueblos, con énfasis en su importancia ecosocial, todo lo cual es parte de los resultados d...
Article
Full-text available
de diagnóstico, aprendizaje e innovación para el diseño y manejo agroecológico de la biodiversidad en sistemas de producción agropecuaria. Introducción En los últimos años se ha documentado ampliamente la necesidad de prestar mayor atención a los efectos de la diversidad sobre la estabilidad (Landis et al., 2000) y la ocurrencia de organismos nociv...
Article
Full-text available
The populations of the coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei) are related with the phonological stages of the cultivation and the climate, among other factors; four types of displacement of mature females exist: (1) among the plants during the fructification stage and harvests; (2) of the fruits in the plant to the fruits in the soil at the end o...
Article
Full-text available
Las hormigas constituyen alrededor del 15% de la biomasa animal total y desempeñan funciones importantes en todos los ecosistemas. En los sistemas agrícolas exhiben una alta abundancia y diversidad, así también brindan importantes servicios ecológicos. Con el objetivo de evaluar la relación entre la fauna de hormigas y las prácticas que se realizan...
Article
Full-text available
Las hormigas se comportan como plagas o enemigos naturales en ecosistemas agrícolas según la acción del hombre y condiciones medioambientales. Con el objetivo de caracterizar la fauna de hormigas asociadas a un sistema de producción agrícola urbano, se realizó un estudio en la UBPC 1 de Julio, municipio de Cerro, Ciudad de La Habana, de marzo del 2...
Article
Full-text available
Biological control of insect pests is traditional in Cuba and it has been impelled from 1988, with the creation of Entomophagous and Entomopathogens Reproductive Centers and the Biopesticides Plants, sustained in a qualification and innovation system that is coordinated and executed by Plant Health Research Institute and the net of Plant Health Pro...
Article
Full-text available
Coffee berry borer Hypothenemus hampei (Ferrari) was informed in Cuba in 1995 and nowadays it is present in most of the producing areas along the country. In this way the search of alternatives for its management has not ceased from their introduction and at the present time there is a group of them of feasible use. Among these methods the use of r...
Article
Full-text available
Coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei Ferrari) is one of the main pests of coffee cultivation in Cuba which is managed by agroecological practices, so the study of its natural enemies may be important. In that way evaluations to detect and to identify the natural manifestation of entomopathogen fungi in populations of this pest in the coffee area...
Article
Full-text available
The conservation of coffee berry borer (Hypothenemus hampei Ferrari) natural enemies has great importance for Cuban coffee plantations; in this way a study of ants predators was carried out in the Empresa Cafetalera Bahía Honda, in Pinar del Río province during the crop of 2006, monthly evaluation was realized in six coffee plantations located to 2...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
1. Introducción La adopción del control biológico por los agricultores constituye un proceso complejo y prolongado, que requiere de esfuerzos constantes e integrales de personas preparadas para su facilitación y de políticas agrarias que lo favorezcan, ya que durante mucho tiempo se ha arraigado en la mente de las personas del sector agrario el par...
Article
Full-text available
The article show the participation of the farmers in the agroecological pest management adoption. The farmer experimentation and their participation in local workhops increase the level of adoption in more territories. Then, the farmers contribute with new applications of the agroecological designs and managements in all the country.