Luis Caraballo

Luis Caraballo
Universidad de Cartagena · Institute for Immunological Research

MD, MSc, PhD, EAC

About

253
Publications
51,241
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6,963
Citations
Additional affiliations
March 1974 - present
Universidad de Cartagena
Position
  • Managing Director

Publications

Publications (253)
Article
Full-text available
Outbreak caused by coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) started in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China and quickly spread around the world. Current evidence is contradictory on the association of asthma with COVID-19 and associated severe outcomes. Type 2 inflammation may reduce the risk for severe COVID-19. Whether asthma diagnosis may be a risk factor fo...
Article
Full-text available
Background Chronic cough management necessitates a clear integrated care pathway approach. Primary care physicians initially encounter the majority of chronic cough patients, yet their role in proper management can prove challenging due to limited access to advanced diagnostic testing. A multidisciplinary approach involving otolaryngologists and ch...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción. El ácaro del polvo doméstico Blomia tropicalis (Bt) es un agente etiológico importante del asma alérgica en zonas tropicales, que se distingue sustancialmente del género Dermatophagoides, más común globalmente. El objetivo de este trabajo fue evaluar las propiedades inmunobiológicas de los alergenos de Bt. Métodos. Se emplearon alérge...
Article
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Abstract: Background Cough features a complex peripheral and central neuronal network. The function of the chemosensitive and stretch (afferent) cough receptors is well described but partly understood. It is speculated that chronic cough reflects a neurogenic inflammation of the cough reflex, which becomes hypersensitive. This is mediated by neurom...
Article
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Background Chronic cough can be triggered by respiratory and non-respiratory tract illnesses originating mainly from the upper and lower airways, and the GI tract (i.e., reflux). Recent findings suggest it can also be a prominent feature in obstructive sleep apnea, laryngeal hyperresponsiveness, and COVID-19. The classification of chronic cough is...
Article
Atopic diathesis encompassing atopic dermatitis (AD), allergic rhinoconjunctivitis, food allergy, eosinophilic esophagitis, and asthma is a widely prevalent condition with a broad heterogeneity in clinical course, age of onset, and lifespan persistence. A primary event in AD is the commonly inherited epidermal barrier dysfunction. Together with the...
Article
Background The shrimp Litopenaeus vannamei is an important source of food allergens but its allergenic repertoire is poorly characterized. Cross reactivity between crustacean and mites has been reported, with tropomyosin, the most relevant allergen involved. The aim of this study was to investigate the structural and immunological properties of a r...
Article
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Background: Total serum IgE (tIgE) is an important intermediate phenotype of allergic disease. Whole genome genetic association studies across ancestries may identify important determinants of IgE. Objective: By leveraging data from the NHLBI Trans-Omics for Precision Medicine (TOPMed) program, the Consortium on Asthma among African-ancestry Pop...
Article
Background The systematics and taxonomy of Ascaris lumbricoides and Ascaris suum, two of the world's most widespread nematodes, still represent a highly debated scientific issue. Two different transmission scenarios have been described according to endemicity: separated host-specific transmission cycles in endemic regions, and a single pool of infe...
Article
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Background Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is associated with increased risk of severe COVID-19, but the mechanisms are unclear. Besides, patients with severe COVID-19 have been reported to have increased levels of several immune mediators. Methods Ninety-two proteins were quantified in 315 plasma samples from 118 asthmatics, 99 COPD...
Article
Full-text available
Allergen immunotherapy (AIT), the gradually increasing repeated administration of high doses of allergens to allergic patients, offers the potential for immune tolerance against reactions to the natural exposures to specific allergens. AIT may lead to the long-lasting remission of allergic symptoms and is the only disease-modifying intervention in...
Article
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Glutathione-S transferases (GSTs) are part of a ubiquitous family of dimeric proteins that participate in detoxification reactions. It has been demonstrated that various GSTs induce allergic reactions in humans: those originating from house dust mites (HDM), cockroaches, and helminths being the best characterized. Evaluation of their allergenic act...
Preprint
Background: The shrimp Litopaneus vanammei is an important source of food allergens but its allergenic repertoire is poorly characterized. Cross reactivity between crustacean and mites has been characterized, with tropomyosin, the most relevant allergen involved. The aim of this study was the structural and immunological characterization of an alle...
Article
Background Although there are many asymptomatic patients, one of the problems of COVID‐19 is early recognition of the disease. COVID‐19 symptoms are polymorphic and may include upper respiratory symptoms. However, COVID‐19 symptoms may be mistaken withthe common cold or allergic rhinitis. An ARIA‐EAACI study group attempted to differentiate upper r...
Article
Full-text available
Epidemiological studies have shown a dramatic increase in the incidence and the prevalence of allergic diseases over the last several decades. Environmental triggers including risk factors (e.g., pollution), the loss of rural living conditions (e.g., farming conditions), and nutritional status (e.g., maternal, breastfeeding) are considered major co...
Article
Helminth infections such as ascariasis elicit a type 2 immune response resembling that involved in allergic inflammation, but differing to allergy, they are also accompanied with strong immunomodulation. This has stimulated an increasing number of investigations, not only to better understand the mechanisms of allergy and helminth immunity but to f...
Article
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Background The COVID-19 outbreak brought an unprecedented challenge to the world. Knowledge in the field has been increasing exponentially and the main allergy societies have produced guidance documents for better management of allergic patients during this period. However, few publications so far have provided real-life data from the allergy commu...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Respiratory diseases such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) have been associated with increased risk of severe SARS-CoV-2 infection, but the mechanisms and putative immune pathways are unclear. Besides, increased levels of several immune mediators in patients with severe coronavirus disease 19 (COVID-19) have been reported...
Article
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Indoor environments contribute significantly to total human exposure to air pollutants, as people spend most of their time indoors. Household air pollution (HAP) resulting from cooking with polluting ("dirty") fuels, which include coal, kerosene, and biomass (wood, charcoal, crop residues, and animal manure) is a global environmental health problem...
Article
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To analyze the impact of Ascaris lumbricoides infection on the pathogenesis and diagnosis of allergic diseases, new allergens should be identified. We report the identification of a new Ascaris lumbricoides allergen, Asc l 5. The aim of this study was to evaluate the physicochemical and immunological features of the Asc l 5 allergen. We constructed...
Article
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The molecular basis for the propensity of a small number of environmental proteins to provoke allergic responses is largely unknown. Herein, we report that mite group 13 allergens of the fatty acid-binding protein (FABP) family are sensed by an evolutionarily conserved acute-phase protein, serum amyloid A1 (SAA1), that promotes pulmonary type 2 imm...
Article
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Digital anamorphosis is used to define a distorted image of health and care that may be viewed correctly using digital tools and strategies. MASK digital anamorphosis represents the process used by MASK to develop the digital transformation of health and care in rhinitis.It strengthens the ARIA change management strategy in the prevention and manag...
Article
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A large number of allergens have been discovered but we know little about their potential to induce inflammation (allergenic activity) and symptoms. Nowadays, the clinical importance of allergens is determined by the frequency and intensity of their IgE antibody binding (allergenicity). This is a rather limited parameter considering the development...
Article
Full-text available
Managing patients with severe asthma during the coronavirus pandemic COVID-19 is a challenge. Authorities and physicians are still learning how COVID-19 affects people with underlying diseases, and severe asthma is not an exception. Unless relevant data emerges that changes our understanding of the relative safety of medications indicated in patien...
Article
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Background Epigenetic changes in response to allergen exposure are still not well understood. The aim of this study was to evaluate histone acetylation levels in peripheral blood leukocytes from humans naturally infected by intestinal parasites and perennially exposed to house dust mites (HDM).Methods Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) were...
Article
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Allergic rhinitis affects the quality of life of millions of people worldwide. Air pollution not only causes morbidity, but nearly 3 million people per year die from unhealthy indoor air exposure. Furthermore, allergic rhinitis and air pollution interact. This report summarizes the discussion of an International Expert Consensus on the management o...
Article
Asthma is a severe and chronic disabling disease affecting more than 300 million people world-wide. While in the past few drugs for treatment of asthma were available, new treatment options are currently emerging which appear to be highly effective in certain subgroups of patients. Accordingly there is a need for biomarkers which allow selection of...
Article
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Currently, testing for immunoglobulin E (IgE) sensitization is the cornerstone of diagnostic evaluation in suspected allergic conditions. This review provides a thorough and updated critical appraisal of the most frequently used diagnostic tests, both in vivo and in vitro. It discusses skin tests, challenges, and serological and cellular in vitro t...
Article
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Precision allergy molecular diagnostic applications ([email protected]) is increasingly entering routine care. Currently, more than 130 allergenic molecules from more than 50 allergy sources are commercially available for in vitro specific immunoglobulin E (sIgE) testing. Since the last publication of this consensus document, a great deal of new in...
Article
Purpose of review: Precision medicine could help to improve diagnosis and treatment of asthma; however, in the tropics there are special conditions to be considered for applying this strategy. In this review, we analyze recent advances of precision allergology in tropical regions, highlighting its limitations and needs in high-admixed populations...
Article
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Cross-reactivity between allergens and human proteins could have a clinical impact in allergic diseases. Blo t 13 is an allergen from the mite Blomia tropicalis, which belongs to the fatty acid binding protein (FABP) family and has structural homology with human FABPs. This work aimed to map B cell epitopes on Blo t 13 and to identify epitopes invo...
Article
The selection of pharmacotherapy for patients with allergic rhinitis aims to control the disease and depends on many factors. Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation (GRADE) guidelines have considerably improved the treatment of allergic rhinitis. However, there is an increasing trend toward use of real-world evidence to i...
Article
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Severe helminth infections are negatively associated to allergic diseases like asthma; therefore, the immunomodulatory properties of parasite-derived components have been analyzed, raising the possibility of their use as anti-inflammatory molecules. We evaluated the immunomodulatory properties of Ascaris lumbricoides recombinant cysteine protease i...
Article
Full-text available
The house dust mite (HDM) Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus is an important risk factor for asthma and rhinitis. Allergen specific immunotherapy that is based on recombinant proteins has been proposed for the safer and more efficient treatment of allergic diseases. The aim of this study was to design and obtain a hybrid protein (DPx4) containing antig...
Poster
Background : Blomia tropicalis and Ascaris spp. are cross- reactive sources and important sensitization causes in the Tropics. Few studies have assessed the role of purified allergens on wheezing presentation at early age. We sought to determine the diagnostic performance of a panel of B. tropicalis and Ascaris allergens and the relationship betwee...
Article
Allergen immunotherapy (AIT) is a proven therapeutic option for the treatment of allergic rhinitis and/or asthma. Many guidelines or national practice guidelines have been produced but the evidence‐based method varies, many are complex and none propose care pathways. This paper reviews care pathways for AIT using strict criteria and provides simple...
Article
Background: Papular urticaria (PU) is a common insect bite skin hypersensitivity in tropical countries. In order to gain insight into its causal allergens, we aimed to evaluate cellular and humoral immune responses to the recombinant salivary antigen Cte f 2 from the cat flea Ctenocephalides felis. Method: Sixty patients with PU and 27 healthy cont...
Article
Full-text available
Asthma is a complex disease with striking disparities across racial and ethnic groups. Despite its relatively high burden, representation of individuals of African ancestry in asthma genome-wide association studies (GWAS) has been inadequate, and true associations in these underrepresented minority groups have been inconclusive. We report the resul...
Article
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In the version of this article initially published, the statement “there are no pan-genomes for any other animal or plant species” was incorrect. The statement has been corrected to “there are no reported pan-genomes for any other animal species, to our knowledge.” We thank David Edwards for bringing this error to our attention. The error has been...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: The Fatty Acid Binding Proteins (FABPs) are members of lipocalin family involved in transport and metabolism of large-chain fatty acid. Domestic mites FABPs bind IgE of sera from mite allergic patients and seem to have a role in the induction of allergy, especially that induced by Blomia tropicalis one of the most prevalent mites in tro...
Article
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We used a deeply sequenced dataset of 910 individuals, all of African descent, to construct a set of DNA sequences that is present in these individuals but missing from the reference human genome. We aligned 1.19 trillion reads from the 910 individuals to the reference genome (GRCh38), collected all reads that failed to align, and assembled these r...
Article
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Background: Asthma is one of the most common chronic respiratory conditions worldwide. Asthma-related economic burden has been reported in Latin America, but knowledge about its economic impact to the Colombian health care system and the influence of disease severity is lacking. This study estimated direct medical costs and health care resource ut...
Article
Background In tropical zones perennial exposure to house dust mite (HDM) allergens and helminth infections are present. Studying the impact of these conditions on the inception and evolution of allergic diseases is necessary to have an accurate view of their natural history. We aimed to evaluate the dynamics of genuine sensitization to B. tropicali...
Article
Full-text available
Clinical suspicion of allergic sensitization is confirmed by demonstrating the presence of aller-gen-specific IgE antibodies in vivo (skin tests) or in vitro. • Confirmation of allergen sensitization and the identification of causal allergens are essential for optimizing management of allergic conditions. • Skin prick test (SPT) is the most frequen...