Luis Bravo

Luis Bravo
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile | UC · Escuela de Psicología

Ph.D. University of Leuven . Belgium

About

50
Publications
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Introduction
Luis Bravo currently works at the Escuela de Psicología , Pontifical Catholic University of Chile. Luis does research in Cognitive Science and Neuropsychology. Their most recent publication is 'El Paradigma de las Neurociencias de la Educación y el Aprendizaje del Lenguaje Escrito: Una Experiencia de 60 Años'.
Additional affiliations
March 1957 - present
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Position
  • Professor Emeritus
Description
  • Research in Dyslexias

Publications

Publications (50)
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The aim of this article is to present the author's experience regarding the contributions of neurosciences and cognitive psychology to research on the learning of written language from the perspective of the model of scientific paradigms, advanced by the philosopher Thomas Kuhn for the study of the history of science. The article describes the rese...
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Research
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Seguimiento de 223 niños entre 2 y 5. año básico de nivel socio económico bajo en aprendizaje de lectura
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la que actualmente es Profesor Principal. Doctor en Psicología por la Universidad Católica de Lovaina y Especialista en discapacidades del aprendizaje, fundamentalmente dislexias. Es autor de diversos artículos en estos temas y ha publicado varios libros, entre los que podemos mencionar Psicología de las dificultades del aprendizaje escolar, Dislex...
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Este artículo tiene por objetivo efectuar una revisión de las investigaciones actuales en psicología cognitiva y en neurociencias sobre el proceso de aprender el lenguaje escrito y las matemáticas.
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El presente artículo hace una reseña del origen de las investigaciones y estrategias de trabajo con niños que presentan Dificultades de Aprendizaje en varios países de Sud América. Aborda inicialmente las investigaciones clínicas neurológicas y psicológicas y luego los estudios y estrategias psicopedagógicas para el trabajo en las escuelas. Su obje...
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This special issue is devoted to the study of reading and writing in Spanish focusing on their particularities from the perspective of its orthographic depth. Research has exposed the role characteristics from different orthographic systems play, explaining how reading and writing are learned and the cognitive processes involved in those learning p...
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In recent years, the contribution of research in Neuroscience to Cognitive Psychology has broken new ground in Education, for the study, diagnosis and treatment of dyslexia, and has confirmed previous research studies. This article exposes some of the principal research conducted into the areas of the brain that is involved in learning the written...
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Se estudiaron los procesos fonémicos de decodificación y codificación en relaáón a la comprensión lectora en una muestra de 49 disléxicos de 10 a 12 años, comparándolos con un grupo de 32 lectores normales, pareados por edad, curso y nivel socio-económico. Todos los niños tenían un CI normal y se les aplicó cuatro tests verbales estandarizados, más...
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The aim of this article is to analise the relationships among the Psychological Education and the Psychopedagogy with the Special Education for learning disabled children and the work of the respective professionals. El objetivo de este artículo es analizar las relaciones de la Psicología Educacional con la Psicopedagogía y con la Educación Especia...
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This article describes some of the author´s experiences as a psychologist, upon reaching 50 years of practice, between 1961 and 2011. It is a personal and critical review of the evolution of psychology as a science and profession during the last 50 years in Chile, and the main challenges for psychologists in the future. At the beginning, psychology...
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The present study addresses a review on the origin of research and work strategies implemented on children with Learning Difficulties in several South American countries. Initially, it describes the clinical neurological and psychological investigations, outlining afterwards researches and psychopedagogic strategies conducted at schools. The aim is...
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The longitudinal study examined the relative reading achievement of 225 Spanish-speaking boys and girls, from the beginning of 1st grade to the end of 4th grade. Emergent literacy was assessed at the beginning of 1st grade, before formal literacy instruction, and reading achievement was assessed at the end of 1st to 4th grades. Knowledge of the alp...
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The aim of this article is to present the issues of a follow-up study between 227 children of first and fourth grade of elementary school. They were tested with several psycholinguistic tests at the beginning of first grade and thereafter they were tested in reading at the end of the first and fourth grade. The variability in the prediction of the...
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This article presents the results of a follow-up study of 262 low socio-economic children between the entry to the first grade to the end of third grade. Children were assessed with several psycholinguistic tests at the moment of their entry to first grade and reassessed in reading at the end of each grade. Phonological awareness of the first phone...
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Este artículo muestra los resultados obtenidos en un estudio de seguimiento de tres años, de 262 niños de estatus socioeconómico bajo que cuando ingresaron al primer año fueron evaluados en algunos procesos psicolingüísticos. Los resultados muestran que el reconocimiento del primer fonema de las palabras, la identificación de algunos nombres propio...
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The aim of this article is to present the results of a longitudinal study of a group of public school pupils on their visualperception, visual memory and visual-orthographic recognizing of words and their predictivity on early reading. The sample was comprised of 105 first grade students. The children were assessed using nine tests to measure visua...
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El objetivo de este artículo es recordar las raíces de nuestra Escuela de Psicología de la Universidad Católica y sus primeros años, especialmente las circunstancias de su creación y sus nexos con la psicología europea. Ella se creó en 1954, primero como Departamento de Psicología de la Facultad de Filosofía, Letras y Educación de la Universidad Ca...
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The aim of this article is to describe the phonological awareness in the pre school and primary school children as a "Zone of proximal development" -in Vitgotskian sense- for the conventional learning of reading. Cognitive processes that form phonological awareness have the highest common variability with initial learning and they are determinant o...
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The aim of this article is to show the issues of a follow-up research in 260 children from the beginning of primary school to third grade. The focus of this study was the evolution of reading and the most predictive cognitive variables from first grade. It was show that learning to read was highly stable. Children who had a certain knowledge when e...
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The concept of phonological awareness is presented, and its role as possible "zone of proximal development" (in Vygotski's terminology) for initial reading, is analyzed. The conceptualization is based on a large amount of research work that demostrated that there is a close relation between decoding and phonological development. There are positive...
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El presente artículo analiza, desde la perspectiva de la psicología cognitiva, el método pedagógico de la enseñanza con parábolas, efectuado por Jesús de Nazaret. Este método de enseñanza se caracteriza por su efectividad para dejar en la memoria colectiva un contenidoque se ha retrasmitido a través de los siglos. En las parábolas hay significados...
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The aim of this article is to describe the phonological awareness in the pre school and primary school children as a "Zone of proximal development" -in Vitgotskian sense- for the conventional learning of reading. Cognitive processes that form phonological awareness have the highest common variability with initial learning and they are determinant o...
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This article presents the application of a collaborative teaching model among specialists in Special Education and teachers in low S.E.S. children's groups, and a follow-up study of reading and verbal process in the First and the Second Grades. Results show significant differences in reading comprehension and in verbal test between the experimental...
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This article presents the application of a collaborative teaching model among specialists in Special Education and teachers in low S.E.S. children's groups, and a follow-up study of reading and verbal process in the First and the Second Grades. Results show significant differences in reading comprehension and in verbal test between the experimental...
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A longitudinal research on learning of reading is reported, carried out in ten second-grade classes of children in schools of low socio-economic level, from second to eighth primary school grade. The aim was to determine the evolution of their learning. Children were re-assessed six times in reading performance. Phonological processing and its rela...
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A longitudinal research on learning of reading is reported, carried out in ten second-grade classes of children in schools of low socio-economic level, from second to eighth primary school grade. The aim was to determine the evolution of their learning. Children were re-assessed six times in reading performance. Phonological processing and its rela...
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A study of 223 low socio-economic status children followed-up from grade 2 to 5 (age 7 to 10 yrs.) is described. Its main purpose was to determine the evolution of severely retarded readers. In an initial assessment carried out in 2nd grade, 150 children were found to be under the 21st percentile in decoding or reading level. These children were re...
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This paper presents the results of a follow-up study of reading difficulties among Spanish-speaking Latin American children of low socioeconomic background (SES) over four school years. The research started with a group of 93 children with reading difficulties (RD) by 2nd and 3rd grade teachers in four schools and a control group of 63 children wit...
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Uniwr.sidad CatóliaJ tú Chile The purpose of this research work. has been to determine the weight of .ditTerent variables related to phonemic perceptual processíng in silent readíng comprehension, in a group of 44 severely retarded and 20 normal readers, aged 12 and of low socio-economic level, The comparison between both groups showed that retarde...
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Sobre la base de recientes hipotesis acerca del origen disgenesico cortical cerebral de la dislexia y su relacion con zurderia, se estudio la distribucion de la lateralidad manual y la frecuencia de signos menores de disfuncion cerebral, en un grupo de 56 escolares dislexicos de nivel socioeconomico bajo, comparando con un grupo de 56 lectores norm...
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Se estudian 41 niños disléxicos, y se analizó las diferencias entre niños de mayor y menor recuperación después de un tratamiento equivalente, de duración variable.
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Se hizo un estudio de correlación de los resultados obtenidos en el EPPS y GPP por un grupo de seminaristas católicos diocesanos, chilenos con una Evaluación de personalidad (rating) hecha independientemente por tres superiores del seminario, y con una Autoevaluación de personalidad lidad efectuada por los propios sujetos. Estas evaluaciones juzgab...
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Tesis realizada con el apoyo del proyecto Fondecyt N 1010769. Tesis (Magíster en Psicología Educacional)--Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, 2003. Incluye bibliografía.
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The current state of psychology en Chile is reviewed, beginning with its historical development. The main areas of interest of Chilean psychologists are found to be psychometrics, social psychology, clinical, and experimental psychology; according to the chosen areas for thesis at the University of Chile and the Catholic Uiniuersity of Santiago. Pr...