Luis Botella

Luis Botella
Universitat Ramon Llull | URL · Faculty of Psychology, Education Sciences and Sport Blanquerna

PhD

About

324
Publications
374,887
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Introduction
The primary focus of my research is to advance the understanding of human meaning making processes and the construction and reconstruction of self identity. My main theoretical sources of inspiration are Constructivism, Social Constructionism, Personal Construct Psychology, Narrative Therapy, and Postmodernism. In my research projects and studies I use and endorse a methodological pluralism combining quantitative and qualitative methods.
Additional affiliations
January 2000 - present
FPCEE Blanquerna
Position
  • Outcome and Process in Cognitive-Constructivist Integrative Psychotherapy
Description
  • Outcome Research, Process Research, Cognitive-Constructivist Psychotherapy, Psychotherapy Integration
June 1994 - present
Universitat Ramon Llull
Position
  • Professor
Position
  • Psychotherapy Research
Education
June 1991 - June 1994
Universitat Ramon Llull
Field of study
  • Psychology
June 1983 - June 1989

Publications

Publications (324)
Article
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El objetivo de este trabajo es comprobar qué factores comunes e ingredientes específicos diferencian orientaciones teóricas de la psicoterapia que han recibido apoyo empírico en cuanto a su eficacia. Los participantes de este estudio fueron 65 estudiantes de un programa de formación en psicología clínica y de la salud de tercer ciclo universitario....
Article
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Este artículo presenta una reflexión sobre los logros y retos de las intervenciones psicológicas basadas en mindfulness desde una perspectiva psicoterapéutica, es decir, considerándolas formas de intervención psicoterapéutica. Además se abordan desde la perspectiva del constructivismo relacional, es decir desde la visión de que la construcción de s...
Article
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This paper compares 30 patients with good therapeutic outcome to 30 with poor therapeutic outcome in terms of the differential distribution of (1) Intake Variables (2) Outcome and Process Variables, and (3) Narrative Variables. Results indicated that psychosocial functioning, motivation, pre-therapy symptoms, Working Alliance, total number of thera...
Article
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Implementing healthy lifestyle habits can take a great effort and sticking to such prescriptions is complicated. Failure rates amongst people seeking to adopt a healthier diet are estimated to be around 80%. Exploring the network of meanings that an individual associates with adopting habits such as healthy eating, maintaining the correct weight, a...
Article
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Following the global outbreak of COVID-19 in March 2020, individuals report psychological distress associated with the “new normal”—social distancing, financial hardships, and increased responsibilities while working from home. Given the interpersonal nature of stress and coping responses between romantic partners, based on the systemic transaction...
Article
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Este trabajo aborda una lectura desde una posición constructivista integradora de las implicaciones de un Modelo Médico y sus alternativas en la evaluación del malestar que trae a los clientes a psicoterapia. A su vez, elabora las principales implicaciones de dicha alternativa para la práctica, investigación y formación en psicoterapia.
Article
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ResumenEste trabajo aborda posibles respuestas a algunas de las preguntas que desconciertan en referencia al estatus de la investigación en psicoterapia, particularmente desde una llamada a revisar la inadecuación de una metáfora raíz con fuertes vínculos con el modelo médico. Concretamente se centra en los debates sobre (a) la proliferación de prá...
Research Proposal
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The main objective of the project presented here is to relate the media life of adolescent users in the 2.0 environment with the values they perceive in social media, in order to investigate the meaning that young people give to these social media and the type of reception they activate, that is, how they interpret, negotiate and resignify media me...
Article
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This paper presents an innovative procedure for deriving both Fuzzy Cognitive Maps and Behavior Over Time Graphsfrom Personal Construct Psychology’s Repertory Grids, via the intermediate step of eliciting an adaptation of Bipolar Implications Grids. This makes it possible to have a functional as well as structural model of the Personal Construct Sy...
Experiment Findings
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Deadline for manuscript submissions: 30 November 2021
Book
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Este libro es producto de la experiencia de décadas de práctica, docencia e investigación en psicoterapia. En este tiempo he ido elaborando gran cantidad de material (ideas, estrategias, publicaciones, datos de investigación...) que merecían una síntesis y puesta al día. He englobado todo lo anterior en la denominación con la que me siento más cómo...
Article
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Contextual therapy posits that a truly comprehensive grasp of human existence is composed of individual and relational realities. The Relational Ethics Scale (RES) is the only validated instrument to measure relational ethics, one of the relational realities’ four dimensions, which was theorized by Boszormenyi-Nagy. The RES measures people’s percep...
Article
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El objetivo de este trabajo es adentrase en la vivencia espiritual y contribuir a la comprensión de los efectos que aporta la práctica espiritual. El estudio se abordó desde el estudio de dos prácticas espirituales de la tradición cristiana: los Ejercicios Espirituales de San Ignacio de Loyola—una práctica intensiva de un mes de duración—y los Ejer...
Article
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Este trabajo aborda una lectura desde una posición constructivista integradora de tres de los conceptos transdiagnósticos relevantes en depresión y ansiedad: Afecto Negativo y Afecto Positivo, Sensibilidad a la Ansiedad e Intolerancia a la Incertidumbre. La investigación clínica procedente de la comparación entre resultados y procesos terapéuticos...
Conference Paper
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15th Biennial European Personal Construct Association Conference: Anticipating by Construing. Website: http://www.pcp-net.org/epca-2020/ Unfortunately this conference has been CANCELLED due to the coronavirus pandemic.
Article
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La actividad narrativa ha constituido una estructura integral para la organización y construcción de significados de la experiencia humana. El presente estudio tiene dos objetivos principales vinculados a la actividad narrativa. El primer objetivo es la comprensión del proceso humano de construcción de significado. Para lograr este objetivo, analiz...
Article
The aim of the present study is to reformulate a descriptive typology previously developed with grounded theory as a result of the qualitative analysis of a good outcome case study. We developed a transtheoretical and easily usable coding system. We describe the developing process of this new coding system, which is focused on the use of language b...
Chapter
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This is a reprint of Botella, L. y Feixas, G. (1992). The autobiographical group: A tool for the reconstruction of past life experience with the aged. The International Journal of Aging and Human Development, 36, 303-319. The book reference is J. Hendricks, ed., The meaning of reminiscence and life review, pp., 141-157, Baywood Pub. Co., Nova Yor...
Conference Paper
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Article
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People with disabilities are often excluded from the social construct of functionality and sexual satisfaction, due to the existence of certain negative sexual stereotypes that usually have more serious psychosocial effects than the disability itself. Knowledge is necessary so that the professional, parental and/or social environment does not trivi...
Article
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Introduction: Given the increasing prevalence of mental health problems in the general population, it is indispensable to use assessment tools aimed to assess the outcome of therapeutic interventions in order to refine the process of psychological rehabilitation. Method: We describe the process of adaptation into Spanish and a first psychometric...
Article
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Introducción. Ante la creciente prevalencia de proble-mas de salud mental en la población general, resulta impres-cindible el uso de instrumentos de evaluación destinados a evaluar el resultado de las intervenciones terapéuticas, con el fin de facilitar el proceso de rehabilitación psicológica. Metodología. Se expone el proceso de adaptación al es...
Article
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Este trabajo se centra en una revisión del estado de la cuestión en integración en psicoterapia así como de sus principales controversias en cuanto a las objeciones a la falta de eficacia diferencial y a la supuesta inespecificidad de los factores comunes.
Article
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Work stress is a major contributor to absenteeism and reduced work productivity. A randomised and controlled study in employee-volunteers (with Perceived Stress Scale [PSS-14]>22) was performed to assess a mindfulness program based on brief integrated mindfulness practices (M-PBI) with the aim of reducing stress in the workplace. The PSS-14 of the...
Article
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We studied the evolution of therapeutic alliance and its relationship with attachment for 20 weeks, considering symptom improvement / worsening as a confounding variable. A sample of 30 adults completed the Working Alliance Inventory-Short Form eight times, the Experiences in Close Relationships Scale once, and the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Eval...
Conference Paper
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Cómo referenciar este artículo/How to reference this article: Botella, L. (2017). ¿Cómo se puede no ser integrador hoy en día? Estado Actual y Controversias de la Integración en Psicoterapia. Revista de Psicoterapia, 28(108), 1-13. Resumen Este trabajo se centra en una revisión del estado de la cuestión en integración en psicoterapia así como de su...
Conference Paper
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Article
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The aim of this study is to check what common factors and specific ingredients do a group of therapists in training differentiate in clinical cases prototypical of major theoretical orientations of psychotherapy that have received empirical support in terms of their effectiveness. Participants in this study were 65 students of a training program in...
Article
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El programa de entrenamiento en Mindfulness basado en Prácticas Breves Integradas (M-PBI) es una propuesta que nace con el objetivo de hacer lo más accesible posible la práctica de mindfulness tanto a la población general como a personas que puedan estar en tratamiento psicológico sin tener un trastorno grave o en estar en fase aguda. Se ha diseñad...
Article
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El objetivo de este estudio es valorar los primeros resultados del programa de Mindfulness Basado en Prácticas Breves Integradas (M-PBI) en cuanto a su efecto sobre la capacidad de mindfulness (mediante el Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, FFMQ), descentramiento (Experiences Questionnaire-Decentering, EQ-D) y síntomas de depresión, ansiedad y e...
Article
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The Mindfulness Training Program Based on Brief Integrated Practices (M-BIP) is a proposal that was created with the goal of making it as accessible as possible to practice mindfulness both for the general population and for people who may be in psychological treatment without a serious or acute phase disorder. We designed a protocol that preserves...
Article
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The aim of this study is to assess the first results of a new mindfulness program based on integrated brief practices (M-PBI) regarding its effect on the mindfulness ability (assessed by the Five Facet Mindfulness Questionnaire, FFMQ), decentering (by the Experiences Questionnaire-Decentering, EQ-D), and depression, anxiety, and stress (by the Depr...
Conference Paper
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Psychology has been historically permeated by guiding metaphors that patterned researchers and practitioners reflections and actions. Science (the person as scientist) and narrative (the person as story teller) are two of these metaphors, and they helped advance psychology as well as revealed their own limitations and constraints if they are encumb...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Psychology has been historically permeated by guiding metaphors that patterned researchers and practitioners reflections and actions. Science (the person as scientist) and narrative (the person as story teller) are two of these metaphors, and they helped advance psychology as well as revealed their own limitations and constraints if they are encumb...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Abstract: Aim: To analyze, with a special focus on the complex positioning achieved by the therapists, how the issues of responsibility, safety, and trust are dealt with in couple therapy where one partner has used abusive behavior. Data were analyzed using a dialogical approach. Background: In the field of intimate partner violence (IPV) there is...
Conference Paper
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Article
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El objetivo del presente estudio es comprobar qué valores o constructos personales se muestran incompatibles en las personas con déficits en las habilidades sociales, impidiéndoles desarrollar correctamente dichas habilidades. Winter (1992) hacía referencia a que las personas con pocas habilidades sociales mostraban dilemas entre sus constructos pe...
Article
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This article reports an analysis of conjoint therapy for psychological intimate partner violence, treated via a dialogical approach. The article reviews current controversies surrounding this treatment modality and its outcome. The dialogical approach is presented as an appropriate method for analyzing and understanding the issue of violence, but i...
Article
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Studies on clients’ language processes in psychotherapy have focused on specific non-narrative aspects rather than on narrative processes. This study’s goal was to test the commonalities and differences between a group of narratives from 15 depressed patients and 14 anxious patients. Patients’ narratives were obtained through self-characterizations...
Conference Paper
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Results of two studies considering symptomatology and cognitive complexity from a cognitive-constructivist standpoint are presented and compared. Participants in Study 1 were 34 non-psychotic adults receiving individual psychotherapy. Participants in Study 2 were 30 adults diagnosed with paranoid schizophrenia, 15 of them included in a treatment gr...
Article
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El propósito de esta investigación es explorar el contenido y estilo lingüístico del discurso de un paciente con Trastorno Obsesivo Compulsivo (TOC), mediante el análisis computacional de transcripciones de sesiones de psicoterapia. Mediante las metodologías de análisis lingüístico, SketchEngine y LIWC se efectuaron tres análisis del discurso del p...
Article
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Introduction: The habitual therapeutic objectives of the treatment in the schizophrenia have been the symptomatic lightening and the prevention of relapses. But the present extension of these objectives adds the evaluation of the quality of life like indicator of results in the therapeutic performance. The objective of this study was to evaluate th...
Article
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Resumen El principal objetivo de este estudio es comparar la percepción subjetiva del vínculo y la dinámica familiar en pacientes diagnosticados con diferentes tipos de trastorno de la conducta alimentaria (TCA). Se compararon distintos grupos de pacientes: anorexia nerviosa, bulimia nerviosa, obesidad y, finalmente, personas sin trastorno de la co...
Article
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The objective of this study was to evaluate maintenance of the effects of models of manualized cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) and relational constructivist therapy (RCT) for seven sessions with women with postpartum depression. A total of 320 women from maternity wards in a Brazilian city participated in the study. Evaluations of depression wer...
Article
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Background Depression is one of the more severe and serious health problems because of its morbidity, disabling effects and for its societal and economic burden. Despite the variety of existing pharmacological and psychological treatments, most of the cases evolve with only partial remission, relapse and recurrence. Cognitive models have contribute...
Article
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El objetivo principal del presente estudio es la comprensión del desarrollo en la co-construcción de la alianza terapéutica en la fase inicial del proceso terapéutico con 19 clientes con diferentes estilos y un terapeuta. Se utilizó el estilo de afrontamiento del cliente, su resistencia (Cuestionario para Evaluar la Personalidad del Cliente – C.E.P...
Article
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Our goal is to understand how the coconstruction of therapeutic alliance develops in the initial phase of the therapeutic process with 19 clients with different styles and a therapist. We used the Client Coping Style-Resistance and the Working Alliance Inventory. Clients seem to increase their levels of externalized features over the therapeutic pr...
Article
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El presente estudio tiene como objetivo profundizar en el conocimiento de la relación entre el estilo de apego del paciente y la construcción de la alianza terapéutica; el estilo de apego del paciente es una variable a tener en cuenta en la construcción del vínculo terapéutico y que consideramos de importancia a la hora de iniciar un proceso psicot...
Article
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We analyse the levels of motivation for therapy, as well as explore if there are significant differences between the group of clients who drop-out from therapy and those who continue. Is there a relation between the different dimensions of motivation and the way the client perceive the therapeutic environment? 39 dyads of therapist and clients from...
Article
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We present the Spanish version of the Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation-Outcome Measure (CORE-OM), an instrument created by the Core System Group for the evaluation of therapeutic change. The CORE-OM is a self-report questionnaire that assesses psychological distress with domains of Subjective well-being, problems/ symptoms, general functioni...
Article
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Se presenta la versión en español del Clinical Outcomes in Routine Evaluation- Outcome Measure (CORE-OM), un instrumento creado por el Core System Group para la evaluación del cambio terapéutico. El CORE-OM es un cuestionario que evalúa el malestar psicológico a partir de cuatro dimensiones: Bienestar subjetivo, Problemas/Síntomas, Funcionamiento g...
Chapter
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The Narrative Construction of IdentityRelational Constructivism and Self-NarrativesSelected Dimensions of Narrative Analysis in PsychotherapyPsychotherapy as Narrative Reconstruction: A Case ExampleReferences
Article
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This study focused on the differential aspects of the psychotherapeutic process and outcome in two groups of patients who requested therapy for anxiety problems or depression. Participants were 103 people, 41 in the depression group and 62 in the anxiety one. The instruments used were the CORE Outcome Measure and the short version of the WAI (Worki...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract: This paper presents a study of the psychometric properties of the Spanish short version of the Working Alliance Inventory. Method: 229 subjects received psychotherapy treatment in a private centre. The mean ages were 29.2 years old (SD=8.84). All patients answered the spanish version of the Working Alliance Inventory when they finished th...
Article
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En la presente investigación pretendemos estudiar la relación entre la alianza terapéutica evaluada por el paciente en diferentes momentos de la terapia psicológica y la mejora sintomática de los pacientes a lo largo del proceso terapéutico.
Article
Full-text available
This study focused on the differential aspects of the psychotherapeutic process and outcome in two groups of patients who requested therapy for anxiety problems or depression. Participants were 103 people, 41 in the depression group and 62 in the anxiety one. The instruments used were the CORE Outcome Measure and the short version of the WAI (Worki...