Luis Berrocal-Rangel

Luis Berrocal-Rangel
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid | UAM · Departamento de Prehistoria y Arqueología

Professor of European Archaeology (Late Prehistory

About

100
Publications
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808
Citations
Citations since 2016
24 Research Items
450 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
Additional affiliations
July 2010 - January 2019
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (100)
Book
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Throughout the last two decades, archaeological research has undergone a profound conceptual and instrumental transformation, first because of the scientific knowledge and then due to the generalisation of numerous software and digital resources that have been conceived and applied to obtain a remarkable enhancement of our archaeological knowledge....
Chapter
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El proyecto que promueve este coloquio se ha desarrollado sobre tres líneas de investigación en las que la tecnología 3D y las aplicaciones digitales a la arquitectura de la Edad del Bronce Final y de la Edad del Hierro han marcado las pautas a seguir. Con el objetivo de obtener información técnica de calidad sobre los procesos y las tradiciones co...
Article
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El patrimonio arqueológico, lejos de ser estable o permanente, es susceptible de cambios y modificaciones por agresión, incuria o desidia, lo que desgraciadamente no es infrecuente; aunque otras veces se incremente por la aparición o recuperación de piezas desconocidas o que se daban por desaparecidas y que afortunadamente han pasado a ver nuevamen...
Chapter
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The existence of an internal timberwork architecture in Iberian Iron Age ramparts has been widely discussed. During the last decades, new data is changing our understanding about this building design in the Iberian Peninsula. In addition to some singular sites, such as Chao de Samartín, there is a small number of vitrified walls in Spain and Portug...
Chapter
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: after the downfall of the Guadalquivir’s Tartessian Culture at the end of the 6th Century B.C., the Tartessian core located along the Middle Guadiana Valley continued its cultural and economic development as a type of hybrid response, having a unique, prosperous period throughout the fifth century. The Archaeology of this complex society is repre...
Chapter
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Vitrified forts in the European Iron Age is a well-known phenomenon with different causes and interpretations but with a similar effect: the vitrification of an enormous amount of stones, used as masonry for the construction of the ramparts. Among the many causes, the most supported one is the fire of a wall which was built with an inner timber lac...
Chapter
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The thorough archaeological excavations carried out between 2004 and 2007 at Castro dos Ratinhos allowed us to identify and interpret for the first time the constructive system of ramparts of the Late Bronze Age in the southwest of the Iberian Peninsula. We were also able to identify a more modern type of defensive construction, dated at the end of...
Article
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Resumen Este artículo constituye un adelanto de las investigaciones arqueológicas desarrolladas en el yacimiento de La Muela de Torrecuadrada de los Valles y Torrecuadradilla, un asentamiento situado en la cuenca alta del río Tajuña, en la pro-vincia de Guadalajara. El momento inicial de ocupación se remonta al Bronce Final de signo Cogotas I, como...
Chapter
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This paper presents preliminary results of research on households and domestic space in north Iberia during the Iron Age, which draws on Archaeology of Architecture and Ethnoarchaeology. The current focus of our analysis is the fortified villages, known as castros, in the provinces of Asturias and Lugo, as well as the north of the province of León....
Conference Paper
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ABSTRACT The hill-fort of Ratinhos is a fortified village of Bronze Age near the river Guadiana. In 2002, the water reservoir of Alqueva was inaugurated beside the archaeological site and it implied the beginning of a project of excavations by a Portuguese and Spanish archaeological team. This paper shows the first results, an interesting case of e...
Article
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Horse domestication revolutionized warfare and accelerated travel, trade, and the geographic expansion of languages. Here, we present the largest DNA time series for a non-human organism to date, including genome-scale data from 149 ancient animals and 129 ancient genomes (≥1-fold coverage), 87 of which are new. This extensive dataset allows us to...
Article
The phenomenon of Iron Age vitrified ramparts has become increasingly recognisable in the last twenty years in the Iberian Peninsula. After the first walls with vitrified stones were discovered in southern Portugal, there have been several findings scattered throughout western Iberia. A chronological sequence from the Late Bronze Age to the Late Ir...
Article
The most distinctive productions from Iron Age archaeology in the western part of the Central Iberian Peninsula are large ramparts, and big animal sculptures, both of which were usually made in granite. The latter, known as ‘verracos’, are representations of male boars and bulls. A characteristic of these ‘verracos’ is their lack of original contex...
Chapter
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Cuando 1867 la Comisión Provincial de Monumentos decidió la creación de un museo capaz de exponer y salvaguardar la interesante colección de antigüedades y objetos variopintos acumulados provisionalmente en el palacio de la Diputación Provincial, la historia de los orígenes de Extremadura prácticamente no se había desprendido del pesado lastre que...
Article
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Resumen Este trabajo pretende demostrar la utilidad de las nuevas tecnologías de Información Geográfica (TIC) aplicadas a las prospecciones extensivas en Arqueología. Sobre un caso concreto, el llamado castro de Irueña, los autores han realizado un estudio de campo combinando las prospecciones sobre el terreno con la aplicación de tecnologías LiDAR...
Book
Hace más de ciento cincuenta años que los estudios sobre el Patrimonio Arqueológico abandonaron sus ámbitos primigenios, el Coleccionismo y el Anticuarismo, por su faceta actual, netamente científica, a caballo entre las ciencias humanas y positivas. Este cambio se sintetizó en la principal diferencia de sus objetivos: de admirar y contemplar la be...
Chapter
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According to Greco-Latin Classical writers, the Lusitanian wars were series of military conflicts between the Western Hispanoceltic people and the Roman legions from the beginning of 2nd Century BC to middle 1st Century BC, although the main events happened from 150 to 138 BC. In these years, war strategy from the Celtic tribes (Lusitanians, Celts...
Chapter
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This paper wishes to recognize the contribution of Majolie Lenerz-de Wilde’s work to our understanding of 152 L. Berrocal-Rangel: De Iberia Celtica 1991 a 2016 … the Celtic presence in the Iberian Peninsula. It offers a brief overview of the development of theories on the origin of the peninsular Celts since the publication of Iberia Celtica (1991)...
Presentation
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Este trabajo reúne las diferentes evidencias del trabajo textil documentadas en yacimientos del valle medio del Guadiana durante la I Edad del Hierro
Article
In this paper, the authors try to defend the utilities that they have obteined from new geographical information technologies to the Archaeological surveys. They have applied LiDAR system and GIS software, besides a ground survey, over a study case, the so-called “castro de Irueña” (Salamanca, Spain) and they managed a new mapping of the site, with...
Article
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This paper tries to approach us to the body aesthetic between the Hispano-Celtic peoples. This subject is a very difficult matter, because it is dealt for peoples in a social and technical Prehistoric degree, with few exceptions. Therefore, our information sources came from the Archaeology, with scanty support from Historical and Classical Ethnogra...
Article
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Baeturia appellatur, in duas divisas partes totidemque gentes: Celticos.....a Celtiberis ex Lusitania aduenisse manifestum est sacris, lingua, oppidorum vocabulis, quae cognominibus in Baetica distinguntur: Seria adicitur Fama Iulia, Nertobrigae Concordia Iulia, Segidae Restituta Iulia, Contributa Iulia Ugultuniae/cum qua et Curiga nunc est, Lacimu...
Article
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The Republican Roman Period remains located into the acropolis of Nertobriga allow us to support their sacred character and a relationship with the Roman foundation of this little town. This conclusion is based on the following reasons and evidences: • The remains are walls, structures and basement constructions which are badly preserved under monu...
Chapter
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Fouilles ouvertes sur le municipium de Nertobriga Concordia Ivlia, placé en le territoire romaine Baeturia celticorum (à Sierra del Coto, Fregenal de la Sierra, Badajoz), ont fourni données d’importance pour comprendre le processus de conquête du Sud-ouest, daté parmi le milieu du IIème siècle et le fin du Ière siècle a.C. Comme outres villages ind...
Chapter
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We use the central location of the Celtic-roman site of Nertobriga (Fregenal de la Sierra, Badajoz) as a paradigmatic central example for studying the settlement pattern of the region of Celtic Baeturia, a war territory at the end of Second Iron Age without an urban process before the Roman presence. At this sense, the example of Nertobriga is show...
Article
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Food and drink has been sometimes underestimated by the “great” History and considered their knowledge as a kind of anecdotal stories. But food is one of the life’s motors and then one of the Mankind’s main factors. Different data provided by Archaeological record and classical texts allows us to write this paper, an approach to Food and Drink, din...
Conference Paper
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The use of non-destructive techniques is very important in the field of archaeology, as frequently the specimens are unique and often small, and damaging them may be very problematic. X-ray diffraction can be used in a non-destructive way, and provides important information not only on the crystal structure but also on the composition of the specim...
Article
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Este articulo presenta un avance de los resultados de nuestras investigaciones sobre el poblamiento amurallado en el cuadrante suroccidental de la Peninsula Iberica en el transito del II al I milenio antes de nuestra era. Los sistemas defensivos se configuran no solo como un reflejo de las complejidades y vicisitudes socioeconomicas de una poblacio...
Chapter
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Les fortifications de l'Hispanie celtique Les fortifications des Celtes de la péninsule Ibérique, vues du nord des Pyrénées, peuvent dérouter l'archéologue habitué aux réalisations homogènes de l'architecture laténienne. Non seulement elles sont très différentes des ouvrages défensifs de l'Europe moyenne, tant dans leur conception que dans leur mis...
Article
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A collection of 54 bronze artefacts recovered from the inland settlement of Castro dos Ratinhos (Portugal) and belonging mainly to the 9th–8th centuries BC, was studied by the use of non-invasive and micro analytical techniques. EDXRF, Micro-EDXRF, SEM-EDS and Optical Microscopy were used to determine the alloy composition and to identify the diffe...
Article
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Durante los meses de Septiembre y Octubre de los años 2006 y 2007 se realizaron dos campañas de excavaciones en el yacimiento portugués Outeiro dos Castelos dos Ratinhos, o “Castro dos Ratinhos” como es conocido en la Bibliografía. Estas intervenciones forman parte de un proyecto tetranual del Instituto Portugués do Patrimonio Arquitectónico y de l...
Article
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Este trabajo propone un método de investigación desarrollado a partir del análisis de la naturaleza de los diferentes conflictos bélicos, acontecidos durante las guerras de la Conquista romana de Hispania, para buscar criterios de identificación válidos de dichos conflictos en los poblados indígenas hispanos y, específicamente, en los ámbitos arque...
Chapter
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Recientes hallazgos y revisiones sobre las murallas protohistóricas de la Meseta y la Orla atlántica peninsular sirven de partida para una revisión de nuestros conocimientos sobre el origen, el desarrollo y la difusión de las técnicas y conocimientos aplicados a la fortificación del poblamiento en la Hispania céltica. Desde los diferentes enfoques...
Article
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Archaeological investigations carried out in the southwestern Iberian Peninsula during recent years have contributed to the identification of the cultural characteristics of its ancient populations, called Keltikoi or Celtici by Ephorus, Herodotus, Strabo and Pliny. From a detailed analysis of the types and distribution of the material culture, ref...
Article
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O Castro dos Ratinhos, conhecido desde meados do século XX, era regularmente citado na bibliografia como um povoado fortificado proto-histórico do Vale do Guadiana embora nunca tivesse sido objecto de escavações arqueológicas. Os resultados das primeiras escavações realizadas em 2004 permitiram não só confirmar a monumentalidade do sistema defensiv...
Article
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This paper analyses the development of fortifications of Late Iron Age in western Spain from the archaeological evidence and the classical literary sources involved by the Romans conquest at second and first century B.C. It is outstanding the importance of a defensive model, whose towers, bastions and ditches are densely located around the main gat...
Chapter
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Chapter
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Article
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In this paper it is presented an archaeological rocky site, located outside the Iron Age hill-fort of Picón de la Mora (Salamanca, West Spain). It is proposed by the authors as a pre-roman shrine, with plataforms, channels and cavities made for indigenous religious manifestations as sacrifices and water rites and cults. The find is added to others...
Article
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Architecture of a defensive nature built by any society to control and protect its settlements has been —and still is— the maximum expression of that community’s technical, ideological and socio-economic capacities. Therefore, the fundamental values materialized in defensive structures should express to a high degree the singularities and, at the s...
Article
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El trabajo propone una interpretación diacrónica de las costumbres religiosas en el suroeste prerromano relacionadas con la iglesia masiva de bebidas y comidas dentro de contextos rituales sagrados. Así se destaca la importanda de estos banquetes colectivos, sin presencia explícita de las imágenes divinas durante la Edad de Hierro, y con la asisten...
Chapter
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Book
ABSTRACT The usually proposed model for settlement pattern in the Southwest of the Iberian Peninsula in the First Millennium BC is one based on the bias of discontinuity. A first moment with deep changes from Oriental influence (in the first half of the Millennium), a second moment defined as a ‘Celtic period’, related with a Central European Celti...
Article
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Este trabajo presenta los primeros resultados de la excavación integral del llamado Castiellu de Llagú, un castro ovetense conocido más en la literatura y prensa relacionada con problemas de conservación del Patrimonio Histórico y Arqueológico que por sus aportaciones científicas. Por ello, este proyecto, auspiciado por la Real Academia de la Histo...
Book
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Article
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In theses pages we try to develop some approaches to Religion and Ethnicity between the Celtic peoples of Southwest Iberia in the early Roman period (1st century B.C. / 1st century A.D.), according to new epigraphic and archaeological evidence. On this line, we will try to define a new sacred place, in an open air site, dedicated to a deity, Anca[....
Article
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La profunda relación ideológica entra iberos y caltas hispanos parece reflejarse no solo en sus ritos funerarios, sino igualmente en otros aspectos, como los santuarios denominados "gentilicios" y "urbanos" emplazados en el interior de las poblaciones. El análisis da los escasos ejemplos conocidos da estos santuarios en las áreas da la Hispania cél...
Article
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RESUMEN.-El oppidumn de Badajoz, excavado desde 1977 hasta 1986, se encuentra bajo las fortificaciones de la ciudad medieval y moderna. La importancia de este sitio comenzó hacia el III milenio a. C.. conviniéndose durante el Bronce Atlántico y la Edad del Hierro en un importante asentamiento de las Vegas del Guadiana. Las excavaciones realizadas m...
Article
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Las recientes investigaciones realizadas en el S.O. de la Península Ibérica han puesto de manifiesto la personalidad cultural de los pueblos llamados célticos en época pre-romana. Hoy, se puede afirmar que las poblaciones que ocuparon las cuencas del Sado y Guadiana se caracterizaron por una específica identidad cultural, resultado de una nuev...
Book
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Article
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Conocidos los importantes testimonios literarios que hablan de la presencia de alanos, suevos y visigodos sobre los territorios extremeños y alentejanos del suroeste, solo hasta fechas recientes la arqueología no ha venido a paliar un vacío monumental que, apenas, era amortiguado por las colecciones acontextuales de Badajoz, Mérida o Beja. A Santa...
Article
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This article analyzes two groups of gold plaques from Extremadura. These were made using «orientalizing» techniques (repoussé, stamping, granulation, filigree, and enamels), but the ornamental results (motives and themes) conform to Western European Iron Age tastes. Este estudio trata de un modelo de joyas áureas peninsulares decoradas con motivos...
Article
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New diggings in Alentejo (Portugal) and Badajoz (Spain) provinces are allowing to know socio-cultural changes by Roman presence from the Second Century B.C. in Southwestern Iberian Peninsula. Beside Classical writters and other epigraphic sources, the archaeological evidence is the only way for explaining complex process of changes in peoples becom...