Luigi Mondello

Luigi Mondello
Università degli Studi di Messina | UNIME · Dipartimento di Scienze Chimiche Biologiche Farmaceutiche ed Ambientali

Chemistry

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667
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Publications

Publications (667)
Article
The present paper contains research data relative to an approach herein defined as flow-modulation (FM) low-pressure comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography, abbreviated as "GC×LP GC". The abbreviation LP is positioned before the second GC abbreviation because LP conditions were generated across a mega-bore second-dimension column (10m×0.5...
Article
The present contribution is focused on the measurement of the analytical sensitivity attained in untargeted/targeted MS/MS experiments, performed using flow-modulator comprehensive 2D and 1D GC. The comprehensive 2D experiment was performed by diverting part of the high flow (circa 80%) to flush the accumulation loop (about 28 mL/min) to waste, to...
Article
The present investigation is focused on the development of a flow-modulator (FM) comprehensive 2D GC (GC×GC)-quadrupole mass spectrometry (qMS) approach, for the analysis of fatty acids. A recently developed flow modulator interfaced an apolar-polar column set, and was used for the first time with a mass spectrometer. Method development was achieve...
Article
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The most common preservation process for chili peppers is drying, which inevitably causes oxidative degradation of thermolabile molecules. The aim of this research was to evaluate the potential protective effect exerted by an active ingredient based on grape seed oil, on pepper fruits. Grapeseed oil is rich in antioxidant compounds and was applied...
Article
As universally known, gas chromatography (GC) coupled with mass spectrometry (MS) allows us to acquire spectra that can be searched in specific databases to attain qualitative information on a peak of interest. When not present in databases, structure elucidation is required before including a new component in a library: from that moment, scientist...
Article
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In this work, a comprehensive two-dimensional liquid chromatography system, comprised of a ZIC-HILIC and C18 columns in the first and second dimensions, respectively, was tuned and employed for attaining high resolution profiles of the polyphenolic pattern in seven commercial berry juices. The developed HILIC × RP-LC method was validated in terms o...
Article
Olea europaea fruit oil attracts widespread interest due to its high content of monounsaturated fatty acids. However, a neglected area in the field is the edaphoclimatic factors impact which is poorly understood. Bearing in mind this, the purpose of this investigation was to evaluate the impact of the edaphoclimatic conditions on the fatty acids’ c...
Article
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Thyme (Thymus vulgaris L.) essential oil (TEO) is widely used as an alternative therapy especially for infections of the upper respiratory tract. TEO possesses antiviral, antibacterial, and antifungal properties. The emerging antibiotic resistance of bacterial strains, including Pseudomonas aeruginosa, has prompted the urge to find alternative trea...
Article
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Milk composition is dependent on the mammalian’s specie and on its diet. In particular, the fatty acid distribution is strongly dependent on the species and is significantly correlated to the type of forage used to feed animals. In this work, the Comprehensive Isotopic Data Evaluation (CIDE) method, applied to the carbon isotope ratio of different...
Article
Fruit juices may contain harmful residues of pesticides that are associated with ecological and health risks. Thus, it is critical to develop sensitive and accurate methods for the monitoring of pesticides in these food products. In the present study, a simple and sensitive capsule phase microextraction (CPME) protocol combined with high-performanc...
Article
Comprehensive two-dimensional liquid chromatography (LC×LC) is a valuable and powerful tool for the analysis of complex real-world samples. The present review paper highlights the advantages, arising from the coupling of two different liquid chromatography separations in the sector of food analysis. The first part is devoted to both theoretical and...
Article
This study aimed to investigate the phenolic profile and selected biological activities of the leaf and aerial extracts of three Ericaceae species, namely Erica multiflora, Erica scoparia, and Calluna vulgaris, collected from three different places in the north of Morocco. The phenolic composition of all extracts was determined by LC coupled with p...
Conference Paper
Rapid Evaporative Ionization Mass Spectrometry (REIMS) is an emerging ambient ionization technique which allows the identification of tissues in real-time through the analysis of the informative aerosols generated during their intraoperative electrosurgical dissection. The coupling of the REIMS method with a classic surgical electrocautery is known...
Article
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HPLC methods are among the most studied and validated techniques for the quantification of histamine in fish and fishery products; nonetheless, most of these methods require laborious sample extraction and purification. For this purpose, in the present study, an HPLC-FLD method without any sample clean-up procedure was developed, validated and appl...
Article
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Ammodaucus leucotrichus Cosson & Durieu, known as Sahara cumin, is a plant belonging to the Apiaceae family with a very strong smell of anise growing in the maritime sands in the countries of North Africa. The present work aims to study the polyphenolic profile of its seeds hydroalcoholic extract along with the determination of the antioxidant and...
Article
We present a novel sample preparation method for the extraction and preconcentration of volatile organic compounds from whiskey samples prior to their determination by comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography (GC × GC) coupled to mass spectrometry (MS). Sample preparation of the volatile compounds, important for the organoleptic characteris...
Article
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Several studies have been performed so far for the effective recovery, detection and quantification of specific compounds and their degradation products in archaeological materials. According to the literature, lipid molecules are the most durable and widespread biomarkers in ancient pottery. Artificial ageing studies to simulate lipid alterations...
Article
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The growing demand in natural matrices that represent a source of dietary and nutraceutical molecules has led to an increasing interest in Cannabis sativa, considered to be a multipurpose, sustainable crop. Particularly, the considerable content in essential fatty acids (FAs) makes its derived-products useful food ingredients in the formulation of...
Article
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In this work, the stability of antioxidant compounds in malting barley seeds before and after the production of the final products is reported. In this reflection, the findings revealed that the process of fermentation had a significant impact on antioxidant activity. In vitro, antioxidant capacities were evaluated using DPPH free radical scavengin...
Article
Oxygen heterocyclic compounds are secondary metabolites mainly present in the non-volatile fraction of cold-pressed Citrus essential oils. Under this denomination are included coumarins, furocoumarins, and polymethoxyflavones. These compounds possess numerous beneficial properties for human health, but the ingestion of large amounts of coumarins is...
Article
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With the onset of Listeria monocytogenes resistance to the bacteriocin nisin, the search for alternative antimicrobial treatments is of fundamental importance. In this work, we set out to investigate proteins and lipids involved in the resistance mechanisms of L. monocytogenes against the antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) nisin and fengycin. The effect...
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Background Interstitial cystitis (IC) has a chronic chemical irritation and inflammation of non-bacterial origin in the bladder wall leading to various severe symptoms . There is evidence that chronic inflammation is significantly associated with abnormal urothelial barrier function, epithelial dysfunction. This is the underlying cause of urothelia...
Article
The present research is focused on the use and evaluation of hydrogen, as a more sustainable alternative to helium, within the context of fast flow modulation comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-time-of-flight mass spectrometry. In such a respect, a comparison was made between the two mobile phases in terms of speed and overall chromat...
Article
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In continuation of research conducted on species of the spontaneous flora of Sicily (Italy) belonging to the Brassicaceae family, Brassica fruticulosa subsp. fruticulosa was selected. It is an edible species utilized in Sicilian traditional medicine. In this study, for the first time, the phenolic and the volatile compounds and the antioxidant prop...
Article
Recent times have witnessed an upsurge of interest in hemp and hemp-derived products, as driven by the scientific findings specific to the pharmacological properties of Cannabis sativa L. and its constituents. There has been evidence that the terpene profile, along with the cannabinoid content, produces in humans the effects associated with differe...
Article
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The aim of the present study was to determine the volatile compounds of three different species of chili peppers, using solid-phase microextraction (SPME) methods in combination with gas chromatography–mass spectrometry (GC-MS). The detection of marker aroma compounds could be used as a parameter to differentiate between species of chili peppers fo...
Article
Benzoyl urea insecticides are a class of pesticides used in agriculture for the inhibition of chitin synthesis in pests. These compounds are persistent in environmental samples, and thus their monitoring is necessary to avoid detrimental effects to human health and the environment. Magnet integrated fabric phase sorptive extraction (MI-FPSE) is a r...
Article
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This work focused on the leaves of Dittrichia viscosa, a plant used in Mediterranean folk medicine. Compared to water extract, the methanolic extract had higher antioxidant effects. Moreover , this extract showed potent in vitro inhibitory activity against α-amylase and α-glucosidase and showed an interesting antiglycation effect. Additionally, the...
Article
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Rhus coriaria L. (Anacardiaceae), commonly known as sumac, has been used since ancient times for many different applications, and nowadays is used mostly as a spice obtained from its in the Mediterranean and the Middle ground fruits and employed for flavoring and garnishing food, predominantly Eastern regions. Traditionally, sumac has been also use...
Article
Aerial parts of Brocchia cinerea (Vis.) (Asteraceae family) are traditionally used for the treatment of pain, fever and inflammation. The present study aimed to investigate the phenolic profile, the acute oral toxicity, and anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antipyretic activities of the aqueous extracts from fresh (FBC) and dry (DBC) aerial parts of...
Article
The following research focuses on the characterization of the major components of Extra Virgin Olive Oils (EVOOs), viz. triacylglycerols (TAGs), analyzed both in their intact form and after conversion into fatty acid methyl esters (FAMEs). Samples coming from different Italian regions were evaluated in order to obtain quali/quantitative information...
Article
Thymus zygis subsp. gracilis , Mentha suaveolens and Sideritis incana (Lamiaceae family) are well recognized for their medicinal, pharmaceutical and aromatic properties. The present study aimed to investigate for the first time the polyphenolic composition, the antioxidant and antibacterial properties of the extracts obtained from the aerial parts...
Chapter
The basic principles of both heart-cutting and comprehensive multidimensional gas chromatography (MDGC) are herein provided. Shortcomings of one-dimensional GC are given, along with the benefits and opportunities, as well as potential limitations of both types of MDGC approaches. Theory is kept to a minimum while space is devoted to practical issue...
Article
The aim of the present research was the application of the linear retention index (LRI) system for the identification of non-psychoactive cannabinoids using a portable LC instrument. The miniaturization, viz. the use of very low quantities of mobile phase, enabled the development of a compact mobile system to be used for in situ analysis, also acco...
Chapter
The combined use of multidimensional gas chromatography (MDGC)—in either heart-cutting or comprehensive configuration—to mass spectrometry (MS) generates a very powerful three-dimensional platform. The potential of MDGC-MS within the context of various scenarios is herein described and highlighted; technical aspects related to such a hyphenation ar...
Article
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Olive oil quality has received much attention during the last 2 decades. However, in some countries e.g. Morocco data reported so far are still deficient and incomplete since only a few researchers have so far addressed the impact of pedoclimatic factors on its quality. For this purpose, thirty-eight Moroccan extra virgin olive oils from the “Picho...
Article
The volatile fraction of food, also called the food volatilome, is increasingly used to develop new fingerprinting approaches. The characterization of the food volatilome is important to achieve desired flavor profiles in food production processes, or to differentiate different products, with winemaking being one popular area of interest. In the pr...
Article
Hyphenated techniques combining chromatographic and spectroscopic methods are the gold standard to effectively handle the emerging challenges in the analysis of unknown chemical components in mixtures, and in this regard the coupling of liquid chromatography to Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (LC-FTIR) is no exception. While earlier attempt...
Article
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Background Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most common Gram-negative bacterium associated with nosocomial respiratory infections. Lavender essential oil is mainly used in aromatherapy, but it has several pharmacological and therapeutic properties. Furthermore, it possesses antifungal and antibacterial activities. The anti-inflammatory activity of ess...
Article
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Omega-3 fatty acid dietary supplements have become increasingly popular with consumers due to their multiple health benefits. In this study, the presence of mineral oil hydrocarbons (MOH) was investigated in seventeen commercial samples of such supplements, characterized by different formulations. The analyses were performed using on-line liquid ch...
Article
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The tuna fish processing industry produces more than 50% of waste and by-products (scales, head, viscera, etc.) that are usually discarded or used to produce low added value products such as fish meals. However, these waste materials still contain molecules essential for the human diet, such as essential metals, vitamins, omega-3 fatty acids, amino...
Article
The present research can be considered as a proof-of-principle study focused on the determination of chiral pesticides using a supercritical fluid extraction instrument coupled on-line with an enantioselective supercritical fluid chromatography-triple quadrupole mass spectrometry. To the best of Authors’ knowledge, this is the first description of...
Article
The use of IRMS as a GC detector has a history going back decades, however the critical issue of wrong δ ¹³C measurements resulting from impure peaks has been often underestimated. To this regard, multidimensional separation techniques are effective tools to improve the reliability of the data, with respect to those obtained after monodimensional a...
Article
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Hibiscus sabdariffa L. (H.s.) is a polyphenolic-rich plant commonly consumed either as a beverage or spice. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the in vitro digestibility of H.s. polyphenols using an in vitro model of digestion which simulates the human stomach and small intestine. The bioaccessible polyphenols released in the digested sam...
Article
Full-text available
In a project designed to investigate the specific and infraspecific taxa of Matthiola endemic to Sicily (Italy) as new potential sources of bioactive compounds in this work, the infraspecific taxa of Matthiola fruticulosa were studied, namely, subsp. fruticulosa and subsp. coronopifolia. HPLC–PDA/ESI–MS and SPME–GC/MS analyses of hydroalcoholic ext...
Article
Full-text available
Official regulations concerning the maximum number of substances in food are introduced as a consequence of possible adverse effects, after oral administration. In this regard, analytical methods are necessary in order to determine specific targets. Among oxygen heterocyclic compounds (OHCs, that are furocoumarins, coumarins and polymethoxyflavones...
Article
Full-text available
Rubus fruticosus L. is a widespread shrub species which has recently attracted a great attention due a plethora of different pharmacological activities. A comparative study of the volatile profile and polyphenols along with the antioxidant activity of 27 blackberries collected in 3 different locations of the Tangier–Tetouan–Al Hoceima region in Nor...
Article
In the European Union, cosmetic products are regulated by the Cosmetics Regulation (EC) No. 1223/2009. The Analytical Working Group of the International Fragrance Association (IFRA) suggested that a new sensitive analytical method is needed to determine psoralens in finished cosmetic products. This research provides an HPLC-MS/MS method for the qua...
Article
Full-text available
Triacylglycerols (TAGs), as the main components of edible oils and animal fats, are responsible for the nutritional value, organoleptic features and technological properties of foods; each lipid matrix shows a unique TAG profile which can serve as fingerprint to ensure the quality and authenticity of food products. The high complexity of many foods...
Article
Three bacterial species related to the genus Thalassospira (T. lucentensis, T. xianhensis and T. profundimaris), isolated from polluted sediment and seawater samples collected from Priolo Bay (eastern coast of Sicily, Ionian Sea), were analyzed for their biotechnological potential. For this purpose, the presence of specific catabolic genes associat...
Article
Full-text available
As part of a project aimed at investigating the Matthiola taxa endemic to Sicily (Italy), this study focused on Matthiola incana, an edible species used in the traditional medicine of various countries. Herein, the characterization of phenolic and volatile compounds, the antioxidant capacity in vitro (1,1-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazil (DPPH), reducing...
Article
Salvia officinalis (Lamiaceae) and Lippia triphylla (Verbenaceae) are two plants known for their therapeutic effects in conventional medicine for the treatment of a wide extent of diseases, including the ones on the central nervous system. In the present study, the impact of aqueous extract from the leaves of these two herbs for the treatment of de...
Article
Modern supercritical fluid chromatography (SFC) is now a well-established technique, especially in the field of pharmaceutical analysis. We recently demonstrated the transferability and the reproducibility of a SFC-UV method for pharmaceutical impurities by means of an inter-laboratory study. However, as this study involved only one brand of SFC in...
Article
Full-text available
Medicinal plants offer imperative sources of innovative chemical substances with important potential therapeutic effects. Among them, the members of the genus Inula have been widely used in traditional medicine for the treatment of several diseases. The present study investigated the antioxidant (DPPH, ABTS and FRAP assays) and the in vitro anti-hy...
Article
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The aim of this study was to characterize the phytochemical content as well as the antioxidant ability of the Moroccan species Chamaerops humilis L. Besides crude ethanolic extract, two extracts obtained by sonication using two solvents with increased polarity, namely ethyl acetate (EtOAc) and methanol-water (MeOH-H2O) 80:20 (v/v), were investigate...
Article
The aim of the present research was the development of an analytical method for the determination of multi-pesticide residues (88 target analytes) in four vegetable products (tomatoes, cucumbers, sweet red peppers and iceberg lettuce) using a “reduced-scale” QuEChERS (quick, easy, cheap, effective, rugged, and safe) extraction method and flow-modul...
Article
Full-text available
A microwave distillation method was optimized for the extraction and isolation of cannabis essential oil from fresh and dried hemp inflorescences. The developed method enabled us to obtain a distilled product rich in terpenes and terpenoid compounds, responsible of the typical and unique smell of the cannabis plant. The distillate from different he...
Article
The present research is focused on the preliminary evaluation, in particular in relation to the advisable operational conditions, of a novel low duty cycle flow modulator. In such a respect, a fast comprehensive two-dimensional gas chromatography-mass spectrometry method is herein proposed. Applications on a C7-C30 series of alkanes, 64 fragrance a...