Luigi Fusco

Luigi Fusco
European Space Agency | ESA · ESA Centre for Earth Observation (ESRIN)

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73
Publications
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350
Citations

Publications

Publications (73)
Article
Full-text available
Due to its intensive data processing and highly distributed organization, the multidisciplinary Earth Science applications community is uniquely positioned for the uptake and exploitation of Grid technologies. Currently Enabling Grids for E-sciencE, and other large Grid infrastructures are already deployed and capable of operational services. So fa...
Article
Full-text available
Due to its intensive data processing requirements and highly distributed organisation, the Earth Science applications community is uniquely positioned for the uptake and exploitation of Grid technologies. In this paper we describe a number of initiatives which are based on an Earth Science e-collaboration platform that makes use of Grid and Service...
Article
GENESI-DR (Ground European Network for Earth Science Interoperations - Digital Repositories) is a European Commission (EC)-funded project, kicked-off early 2008 lead by ESA; partners include Space Agencies (DLR, ASI, CNES), both space and no-space data providers such as ENEA (I), Infoterra (UK), K-SAT (N), NILU (N), JRC (EU) and industry as Elsag D...
Article
GENESI-DR (Ground European Network for Earth Science Interoperations - Digital Repositories) is a European Commission (EC)-funded project, kicked-off early 2008 lead by ESA; partners include Space Agencies (DLR, ASI, CNES), both space and no-space data providers such as ENEA (I), Infoterra (UK), K-SAT (N), NILU (N), JRC (EU) and industry as Elsag D...
Article
GENESI-DR (Ground European Network for Earth Science Interoperations - Digital Repositories) is a European Commission (EC)-funded project, kicked-off early 2008 lead by ESA; partners include Space Agencies (DLR, ASI, CNES), both space and no-space data providers such as ENEA (I), Infoterra (UK), K-SAT (N), NILU (N), JRC (EU) and industry as Elsag D...
Article
A feasibility study for the development of an Indonesian innovative ocean operational system defined user requirements, facilitated the identification of gaps in marine research, and developed a strategy plan to build the system in the framework of a regional Global Ocean Observing System (GOOS), Global Monitoring for Environmental Security (GMES),...
Article
On 6 April, 2009 a magnitude (Mw) 6.3 earthquake struck central Italy, partially destroying L'Aquila and several surrounding villages, and causing hundreds of casualties. Just a few days later, the combination of pairs of SAR images taken by the Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) sensor onboard to the European Space Agency's ENVISAT satellite, acquired...
Conference Paper
The aim of the DICTE study is to pave the way for the practical implementation of a collaboration platform that addresses collaboration from both a cultural and technical perspective. This means that the DICTE platform needs to be user friendly (e.g. adequately performing) and have a well structured interface, so as to induce people to collaborate:...
Conference Paper
We present the results of the first experiment to ¿plug¿ the Small BAseline Subset (SBAS) DInSAR algorithm into a GRID-based system; the key idea is to combine the robustness of the exploited advanced interferometric SAR approach with the high computing capability provided by a GRID environment. In particular, we have exploited the low-resolution...
Article
Full-text available
Earth Observation has proven to be a synoptic and objective source of information to derive crisis and damage maps. In case of flood events, often characterized by weather conditions which prevent the possibility of exploiting data acquired by optical sensors, synthetic aperture radar (SAR) sensors become the only space-born source of information d...
Article
Full-text available
Differential SAR Interferometry (DInSAR) has already demonstrated to be an effective technique to detect and monitor ground displacements with centimeter accuracy. Moreover, the recent development of advanced DInSAR techniques, aimed at the generation of deformation time series, has led to the exploitation of the large archive of SAR data acquired...
Article
Full-text available
Due to its intensive data processing and highly distributed organization, the multidisciplinary Earth Science (ES) applications community is uniquely positioned for the uptake and exploitation of Grid technologies. In this paper, we describe a number of initiatives that the European Space Agency is carrying focusing on a ES e-collaboration platform...
Article
We present the results of the first experiment to ¿plug¿ the Small BAseline Subset (SBAS) DInSAR algorithm into a GRID-based system; the key idea is to combine the robustness of the exploited advanced interferometric SAR approach with the high computing capability provided by a GRID environment. In particular, we have exploited the low-resolution S...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper describes the experience of introducing a service for semantic bookmarking and search in the Earth Observation (EO) domain. To perform the work reported such a service has been integrated and customized in the framework of the DILIGENT project which concluded in 2007. The service proposed is a web browser ontology based extension: at the...
Article
State of the arte assimilation techniques, such as 3D-Var, are relatively seldom used within climate analysis frameworks, partly because of the enormous numerical costs. In order to face this issue ESA's high performance computing Grid on-Demand (G-POD) is used. We assimilate Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) based radio occultations (RO)....
Article
Full-text available
In 2005 Indonesian and European institutes joined to start the first step for the implementation of an Ocean Operational System in the Indonesian archipelago. The system will support the decision making process for the sustainable use of marine resources, providing useful information and added value products as well as a service for an improved man...
Conference Paper
We propose the use of MSG images for local ground radiance estimation. To this end, first the presence of clouds must be detected, then the satellite measurements must be correlated with measurements at ground. A Cloud Detection Net (CDN) algorithm has been implemented for the first task, while time series of radiance measured at ground by the Nati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Wireless Sensor Networks open new possibility for on line information access in precision farming. The presented paper describe new possibilities, how new sensors technology could increase of quality of agriculture decision. The paper is focused on description of integration of new sensors measurement with existing Web based system for precision fa...
Chapter
The ESA Science and Application Department of Earth Observation Programmes Directorate at ESRIN has focused on the development of a dedicated Earth Science grid infrastructure, under the name Earth Observation Grid Processing On-Demand (G-POD). This environment provides an example of transparent, fast, and easy access to data and computing resource...
Article
Full-text available
This paper introduces DILIGENT, a digital library infrastructure built by integrating digital library and Grid technologies and resources. This infrastructure allows different communities to dynamically build specialised digital libraries capable to support the entire e-Science knowledge production and consumption life-cycle by using shared computi...
Article
Full-text available
The Earth Science (ES) community has two major IT related concerns: Modeling, which requires vast amounts of computational resources, and exploration and production of large shared data sets. Both can be accomplishable by Grid infrastructure. Grid or Grid computing is a metaphor name for making computer power as easy to access as an electric power...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a simple tool that, thanks to the precise geolocation information contained in Envisat Advanced Synthetic Aperture Radar products alongside with their internal organization, allows a fully automatic and distributed orthorectification of ASAR Wide Swath Medium resolution (WSM) data and ASAR Image Mode Medium resolution (IMM) data...
Article
Full-text available
We present a collection of atmospheric science applica-tions, which are implemented in the ESRIN Grid Process-ing on-Demand (G-POD) environment. G-POD provides an efficient and highly collaborative environment to faster process and interpret large amounts of Earth Observation (EO) data. It combines storage and computing elements, which are located...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In continuation of the BACCHUS project, aimed at establishing a reference high quality geographic information system for vineyards, an airborne SAR survey has been carried out in fall 2005 in the Frascati area, near Rome (Italy) to demonstrate the potential of airborne radar remote sensing in vineyard characterization. This contribution reports on...
Conference Paper
In continuation of the BACCHUS project, aimed at establishing a reference high quality geographic information system for vineyards, an airborne SAR survey has been carried out in fall 2005 in the Frascati area, near Rome (Italy) to demonstrate the potential of airborne radar remote sensing in vineyard characterization. This contribution reports on...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This OAS struggles to determine new Ambient Mobile Intelligence (AMI) concept for management of agriculture and forestry, integrated mobile communication, new navigation methods (GPS, EGNOS,GALILEO) and integration of new spatial information including satellite images (SPOT, IKONOS, EROS). Main project targets are • Spatial data integration (integr...
Article
Full-text available
In a highly competitive global market such as the wine business, consistent quality is a must, especially if Europe wants to maintain its position as world leader. It currently accounts for 55% of the world's vine-growing areas, 60% of wine production and 70% of exports. In this very special sector of agriculture, technology and science play fundam...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This project aims at determining a new Ambient Mobile Intelligence (AMI) concept for management of agriculture and forestry, integrating mobile communication, new navigation methods (GPS, EGNOS, GALILEO) and new spatial information including satellite images (e.g., SPOT, IKONOS, EROS). The main project targets are: • Spatial data integration (integ...
Article
CHRIS imagery of the Frascati vineyards surrounding ESRIN is being applied to an ambitious European Commission project called Bacchus. It aims to apply Earth Observation (EO) to inventory vineyards and optimise the management of wine production. ERS-Envisat radar imagery and very-high resolution QuickBird images are already being used to survey the...
Article
The aim of the EGEE (Enabling Grids E-science in Europe) project, funded by the EC is to build on recent advances in Grid Technology and to develop a service grid infrastructure, built on the EU Research Network GEANT, available to scientific and industrial applications. The Earth Sciences group is concern in the deployment of selected applications...
Article
Full-text available
Earth Observation Missions provide continuous surveillance of the Earth regardless of atmospheric conditions producing huge amounts of data every year that need to be processed, elaborated, appraised and archived by dedicated systems. Emerging institutional and international environmental initiatives, like the ESA and EC Global Monitoring for Envir...
Article
Full-text available
The selected EO Application usecase involves processing and validating global atmospheric ozone observations made by the GOME instrument flying on board the European ERS satellite, throughout a 7-year mission. This requires processing and maintaining a large set of data files distributed on the Grid and the timely location and retrieval of small su...
Article
The rapid developments in distributed supercomputing and parallel computing in recent years have led to the high-performance computing facilities of several independent scientific research organisations being joined up via high-speed networks to construct very-large-scale distributed computing infrastructures, known as "Computing Grids". The aim is...
Article
Space missions involve the download,from space to ground, of many raw images per day. The analysis and sharing of these huge amounts of data is a big challenge for the remote sensing community. The emerging computational grid technologies are expected to make feasible the creation of a computational environment handling many PetaBytes of distribute...
Article
Full-text available
RAMSES (Regional earth observation Application for Mediterranean Sea Emergency Surveillance) is a web-based operational thematic EO Application System for oil spill detection and monitoring. Involving many geographically distributed resources and competences, the system had to meet strong requirements in terms of platform-independency and expandabi...
Article
Optical observations of the marine environment have been increasingly used to provide a novel look at a score of bio-geo-chemical and physical processes of the sea. A considerable time series of such data was collected by the Coastal Zone Color Scanner (CZCS) on board the satellite Nimbus-7, from late 1978 to early 1986. In order to exploit this hi...
Article
Full-text available
A new information resource - called "earthnet online" - is available to the Earth observation community on the World Wide Web at http://earthnet.esrin.esa.it. The earthnet online service is provided through release A of the "Multi-Mission User Services" (MUIS) project. The key requirements of the system is the development of an integrated and user-...
Article
Landsat investigations offered European researchers the opportunity to begin research and development programmes in remote sensing technology. During the seventies United States' satellites together with aircraft sensors provided the data necessary to improve methods. During the following decade Europe has launched, or prepared the launch of, a gen...
Article
This paper presents descriptions of four informa tion/system interface projects in progress at ESRIN, the estab lishment of the European Space Agency (ESA) in Italy. Each project demonstrates a somewhat different approach to mter face design, but all share the commonality of responding to user goals, tasks and charactenstics. It is suggested that n...
Article
Research and operational data needs in the 1990s require integrated data-management systems accessible to users at many sites. The ESA Prototype International Directory (ESA PID) is the European node of an international system of directories in order to support users of data from past and current missions.
Article
The paper reviews the present status of RS data management, focusing on the ESA-Earthnet experience and present ERS-1 plans. The bulk of the paper deals with the planned international contribution to the Space Station Polar Platforms systems. Details are given on NASA and ESA plans for polar platforms data management and the international coordinat...
Article
Earthnet's plan for a coordinated Advanced Very High Resolution Radiometer (AVHRR) data service in Europe, as outlined by Fusco and Muirhead (1987), is beginning to take'shape. Three High Resolution Picture Transmission (HRPT) stations are contributing to the data acquisition (providing coverage from West Africa to the Middle East and over the Nort...
Conference Paper
The Modular Optoelectronic Multispectral Scanner (MOMS), a CCD type sensor, was flown on two Shuttle missions, STS-7 and STS-11, for experimental purpose. Two MOMS scenes from STS-11 mission were given to the Earthnet Programme Office, European Space Agency for image quality analysis. However, the Thematic Mapper (TM) data from Landsat 5 which repr...
Conference Paper
The radiometric performance of the Landsat Thematic Mapper instrument has been demonstrated to be within target specifications although additional system corrections can be modeled and corrected for. This paper characterizes two radiometric error sources, the so-called "scan-correlated shift" and "memory effect" from measurements performed in the s...
Conference Paper
A multitemporal TM data set (scene 191/31/2, Rome) has been analyzed in order to determine the best image chip characteristics for use in a ground control point (GCP) library. We have attempted to identify the optimum selection of image features, bands, chip size, and season of the year for the reference image. The value of correlation coefficient...
Article
Cross-scan averages of forward and reverse scan are analysed to model the within-line sample-position-dependent noise of LANDSAT Thematic Mapper images, in cases where no radiometric saturation is present. Two sources of banding are discussed: the droop, already mentioned by other authors, and the so-called radiometric hysteresis. The defined model...
Article
Starting from the necessity of replacing data of some failed sensors of the LANDSAT-4 Thematic Mapper a methodology for a statistical and objective comparison of various reconstruction techniques for the missing data has been denned. It has been shown that the use of the information contained in a second band gives good results, even in cases where...
Article
The NASA raw (BT) product, the radiometrically corrected (AT) product, and the radiometrically and geometrically corrected (PT) product of a TM scene were analyzed examine the frequency distribution of the digital data; the statistical correlation between the bands; and the variability between the detectors within a band. The analyses were performe...
Article
An early acquired TM data frame (track 23, frame 35 of 22 August 1982) was used to assess the geometric performance of the LANDSAT-4 thematic mapper instrument. The developed method consists in determining the displacements of adjacent lines by locating the maximum of the correlation profile between the two lines. Then the line to line displacement...
Article
The ESA-Earthnet Thematic Mapper image characterization performed in the framework of the LIDQA Program includes operational activities support, understanding of the instrument reference characterization and performance in time, and comparison of TM products generated by different processing systems. The paper overviews the different topics within...
Article
A language to describe Computer Compatible Tapes (CCTs) formats is presented. It is shown that all the information necessary to read a tape on a computer may be made up of two parts, (i) A few lines describing exhaustively the tape format in a top down manner; these notations could be used both for a general description of a format type and for a s...
Article
The European program of the European Space Agency received a mandate to upgrade the two existing LANDSAT stations operating in Europe, Kiruna in Sweden and Fucino in Italy, to acquire and process TM data. The salient features of the TM systems are summarized, and the preliminary results of the acceptance tests being carried out using the TM passes...
Article
Some of the LANDSAT 4 Thematic Mapper detectors (band 2 detector 4 and band 5 detector 3) have inadequate performances. The operational system correction processing will disregard the data sensed by the failed detectors and replace them by data coming from the neighbor detectors of the same spectra band. The analysis performed by ESA Earthnet and a...
Article
Within the European Space Agency, the Earthnet Programme was put in charge of upgrading the Landsat stations of Fucino and Kiruna to acquire, record, and preprocess TM data. This paper highlights the main features of these systems from the point of view of the instrumentation used and performance achieved.
Article
ESA's Earthnet ground station at Maspalomas, Canary Islands, started collecting and recording MSS data from NOAA's Landsat-4 and 5 satellites early in July 1984. This activity is one element of ongoing cooperation between ESA and the Commission of the European Communities for the use of space technology in support of the Commission's development-ai...
Article
The products of the Earthnet Programme Office currently include a wide selection of Landsat-generated data, in the form of Landsat-2 and -3 Multispectral-Scanner (MSS), Landsat-3 Return-Beam-Vidicon (RBV), and more recently Landsat-4 MSS and Thematic Mapper (TM) imagery. Information on the availability of these data received by Earthnet's Fucino (I...
Article
This article describes how the basic infrared radiance measurements made by the Agency's Meteosat spacecraft are being translated into sea-surface temperatures using an automatic computerised processing system, the manual editing process that takes place before the data are disseminated to the user, and an analysis of the first results compared wit...
Article
An operational system for the extraction of cloud motion vectors from METEOSAT image data is described. The main feature of this system is that it is based on automatic cross correlation tracking of the cloud patterns with little human intervention. The method used for image registration. or navigation, is covered, together with the procedure for m...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this paper is to present the design and concepts underlying the Meteorological Interactive Software System for Image Data Analysis (MISS IDA) developed at ESOC, the main operational application being quality control of meteorological products obtained from large-scale batch computer analysis of earth images obtained from the Meteosat...
Article
Full-text available
Digital Earth is a visionary concept for the virtual representation of the Earth that is spatially referenced, interconnected with the world's digital data repositories, and encompassing all its systems and forms, including Earth Sciences, Natural Resources Management, Environmental Monitoring system and human society dimensions. This paper introdu...
Article
Full-text available
Collaboration is primarily a human issue: people need both the opportunity to collaborate, in terms of time, and a reason to do so in terms of being able to benefit from it. While people dealing privately with the Internet are generally very willing to participate in social collaboration and knowledge sharing, within the structured working environm...
Article
Full-text available
The Grid on-Demand environment provides an efficient, and highly collaborative tool to faster process and interpret large amounts of Earth observation (EO) data. Grid on-Demand is, amongst other interfaces, the ideal environment to sophisticatedly treat scientific results coming from a va-riety of atmospheric instruments. At the European Space Agen...

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