Ľudmila Lacková

Ľudmila Lacková
Palacký University Olomouc · Department of General Linguistics

Doctor of Philosophy
Head of Department of General Linguistics, Palacký University, Czechia

About

40
Publications
2,301
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39
Citations
Introduction
Skills and Expertise
Education
September 2016 - December 2018
University of Bologna
Field of study
  • Semiotics

Publications

Publications (40)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The worm is a cynical placebo and the lifeboat sucks: we recall that last year you posted a piddle of a bilberry held-up in the gibbet gunboat, a pidgin in the womb, a whole gibbon gunman (in his historical and symbolic powerboat, that metallic atrocity), a social imitation desperado. Using the semiotic toothpaste of the Greimasian squash, we show...
Chapter
In this paper I present a short overview of the choice-making semiotic process as proposed by Kalevi Kull and I connect it to the C Space theory by Umberto Eco.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The question of agency manifestation in narrative has always been the focus of intensive research. In structuralism, the agency is associated with the character and their actions/transformations on the axis of time and space of the narration. In this aspect, the words and the actions are viewed as agents influencing the structure of the narration a...
Article
This article was written in memory of professor Kořenský, a very prominent personality in Czech linguistics, the founder and former editor in chief of the journal Linguistic Frontiers. The purpose of this paper is to capture essential moments in the life of Professor Kořenský, his achievements and merits in the field of linguistics, and also to des...
Article
Opposition theory is one of the main outcomes of structural linguistics of the last century. While it is still valid and used in the field of phonology, it has not had the same fortune in other linguistic disciplines and has been replaced by other theoretical concepts. The present paper aims to revisit the opposition theory, particularly Louis Hjel...
Research Proposal
Please consider submitting a complete article for the special issue of the international journal Linguistic Frontiers with the theme “Discursive Practices in Digital Media”. The guest editors will be Professors Anderson Vinícius Romanini (ECA/USP) and Paulo Roberto Gonçalves-Segundo (FFLCH/USP). Articles that fall into the following topics will be...
Research Proposal
Linguistic Frontiers welcomes submissions reporting original research offering novel advances and insights in emergence and workings of speech, cognition, communication and semiosis for its new Special Issue on "Languaging and languages at their interfaces and frontiers" guest-edited by Mikhail Ilyin. Languaging is a novel field of research in ling...
Article
Full-text available
We review the organization and contents of the 20th Gatherings in Biosemiotics. As the organizers, we share our insights from organizing a community research project in the year where the Covid-19 pandemic halted international travel. We try to describe the challenges of putting together the yearly conference on Biosemiotics and the main content th...
Article
The transformation of society towards digitalization and automatization cannot be ignored by the higher education system. While this has been naturally reflected by the education system regarding technical sciences, humanities are still struggling to catch up with the latest trends in the digitalization of society. The field of Digital Humanities (...
Article
Full-text available
This special issue addresses question about the place of quantitative methods in the field of biosemiotics. Many standpoints have been taken by contributing authors to demonstrate that the answer to this question is not straightforward. Considering quantitative methods in biosemiotics is necessarily related to inclusion of other scientific fields a...
Article
Whether we emphasize the notion of ‘sign’ or the notion of ‘code’, either way the main interest of biosemiotics and Code Biology is the same, and we argue that the idea of the lower threshold is what still unifies these two groups. Code Biology concentrates on the notion of code: living organisms are defined as code-users or code-makers, and so it...
Research Proposal
in Olomouc, Czech Republic, offers a unique PhD Program in Linguistics and Digital Humanities (LDH). LDH attracts bright students, young researchers, and professors at the interdisciplinary and international level. Digital Humanities at The Faculty of Arts, Palacky University is a four-year doctoral program, which is closely connected with applied...
Article
Full-text available
The concept of protosemiosis or semiosis at the lower levels of the living goes back to Giorgio Prodi, Thomas A. Sebeok and others. More recently, a typology of proto-signs was introduced by Sharov and Vehkavaara. Kull uses the term of vegetative semiosis, defined by iconicity, when referring to plants and lower organism semiosis. The criteria for...
Article
Metaphors involve immense explanatory power and positive impact predominantly in the scientific education and popularization. Still the use of metaphors in science might be a double-edged sword. Introduction of the computer metaphor to many scientific fields in the last century resulted in reductionist approaches, oversimplifications and mechanisti...
Article
Publikácia z roku 2018 od autoriek Orgoňovej a Bohunickej predstavuje jedinečný a originálny pokus o zavedenie novej formy skúmania v rámci štylistických disciplín. Autorky zavádzajú pojem "interakčná štylistika" do slovenskej jazykovedy v nadväznosti na celkový a celosvetový súčasný trend zamerania lingvistiky a pomedzných disciplín na komunikáciu...
Preprint
Full-text available
The concept of protosemiosis or semiosis at the lower levels of the living goes back to Giorgio Prodi, Thomas A. Sebeok and others, more recently a typology of proto-signs was introduced by Sharov and Vehkavaara. Kull uses the term of vegetative semiosis, defined by iconicity, when referring to plants and lower organisms semiosis. The criteria for...
Article
We aim to demonstrate the applicability of Peirce’s iconic logic in the context of current topological explanations in the philosophy of science. We hold that the logical system of Existential Graphs is similar to contemporary topological approaches, thereby recognizing Peirce’s iconic logic (Beta Graphs) as a valid method of scientific representat...
Research Proposal
Full-text available
Celebrating 20 years of existence, the Gathergins in Biosemiotics welcome contributions and newdevelopments on the field of biosemiotics as an interdisciplinary and international effort, supported bythe International Society for Biosemiotic Studies (ISBS).The increasing variety of methods and visions for biosemiotics makes the Gathergins in Biosemi...
Article
Linguistic iconicity has been studied since ancient times (e.g., Plato’s Cratylus, see Cooper & Hutchinson 1997). Within modern grammatical description, this notion was mostly developed by Jakobson and Benveniste; nowadays, iconicity in language is even being experimentally tested (e.g., Blasi et al. 2016; Diatka & Milička 2017). However, most stud...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we deal with similarity between epigenetic marks in the DNA and the so-called hapaxes in language. A grammar description based on hapax legomena is designed. We reflect hapax analysis of Czech language provided by Novotná (2013) and avoid random selection of the corpus. For this reason, we analyze the corpus of 12 authentic books f...
Article
In this paper I attempt to study the notion of “folding of a semiotic continuum” in a direction of a possible application to the biological processes (the process of protein folding). More specifically, the process of obtaining protein structures (protein folding) is compared in this paper to the folding of a semiotic continuum. Consequently, pepti...
Article
Full-text available
The present paper attempts to demonstrate semiotic arguments against the sequence → structure → function paradigm in protein studies. The unidirectional deterministic thinking in biological processes has been challenged by several disciplines of life sciences (epigenetics, proteomics, etc.) and philosophy (process philosophy). Biosemiotics comprehe...
Chapter
Analogies between natural language and the genetic code dates to the sixties of the last century. Nevertheless, these analogies never go beyond the terminology. Nowadays, the reasons that led to linguistic denominations of the genetic discoveries are mostly forgotten. In my contribution, I would like to present the idea that it is possible, in some...
Chapter
"The arbitrariness of the sign" is described in the CLG as the first principle of the language. This term has become one of the major Saussurean legacies. Nevertheless, the arbitrariness of the sign has been received by the linguistic community with embarrassment, and the critics of this Saussurean concept have not been rare. In my paper, I would l...
Article
Full-text available
The article deals with the notion of the genetic code and its metaphorical understanding as a “language”. In the traditional view of the language metaphor of the genetic code, combinations of nucleotides are signs of amino acids (see the table of the genetic code). Similarly, words combined from letters (speech sounds) represent certain meanings. T...
Article
Full-text available
New discoveries in the life sciences have affirmed that the virtual script as well as its context-dependent reading and interpretation determine the final living creature (cell, protein or animal). An extended understanding of Darwinian Theory is crucial for understanding life as semiosis in terms of Peirce and Eco’s semiotic models. The semiosis o...
Article
Full-text available
Šiesteho apríla 1922 sa v Paríži odohrala prevratná diskusia o povahe času medzi Albertom Einsteinom a Henrim Bergsonom. Stret mladého fyzika a starého fi lozofa sa skončil fi lozofovou prehrou a niesol sa v znamení výhry intelektu nad intuíciou. Bergson diskusiu s fyzikou prehral. Bergson sa ale okrem času venoval aj iným oblastiam patriacim do ve...
Article
The present article deals with the concept of the goal-oriented linguistic model developed by the Prague Linguistic Circle and presented in the Prague Theses (1929) as linguistic “purposefulness”. This approach is often classified as a teleological viewpoint on language phenomena. Teleology being incompatible with the present-day scientific framewo...
Article
Arbitrariness in the genetic code is one of the main reasons for a linguistic approach to molecular biology: the genetic code is usually understood as an arbitrary relation between amino acids and nucleobases. However, from a semiotic point of view, arbitrariness should not be the only condition for definition of a code, consequently it is not comp...
Book
Kolektivní monografie se zaměřuje na teoreticko-lingvistický výzkum v oblasti funkční větné perspektivy. Na základě teoretických východisek jsou formulovány hypotézy k experimentálnímu výzkumu, který má podobu detailní textové, konkrétněji tematicko-rematické, analýzy různých textových typů a různých jazyků. Mimo češtinu a angličtinu byly mezi anal...
Chapter
The correspondence between language, mental inferences and the extralinguistic reality has been a very common concept since ancient times, and can be dated to the modistae grammars, or even to the stoic’s language theory. Nowadays the language iconicity has been drawing much attention from various linguistic fields (especially in the domain of cogn...
Article
Umberto Eco, the author of the world famous bestseller The Name of The Rose worked all his life on the theory of general semiotics. He developed the theory of encyclopaedia where the concept of interpetant plays the major role. Interpretant is an entity that brings together even very heterogeneous units and Umberto Eco acted as interpretant in his...
Article
Full-text available
The article deals with the concept of the language iconicity of the information structure in a sentence. It aims to investigate the possibilities for word order to correspond to an increase in sentence informativeness. Theoretical assumptions about the dependency of language iconicity of the information structure on word order rules will be examine...
Article
Full-text available
Přibližně před sto lety stála francouzská literatura na počátku změn, které vedly k velké revoluci v románovém žánru. Začínaly se využívat nové narativní postupy a vyjadřovací prostředky. Zola, Balzac a Maupassant se pomalu, ale jistě stávali starou školou. Ústřední společensky pobuřující témata z temných uliček Paříže devatenáctého století byla za...

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Project (1)
Project
There are several necessary conditions for the definition of the sign: referentiality, semanticity, arbitrariness, interpretability, conventionality and history of usage etc. By these conditions natural language, sign language, culture artifacts animal communication and intra cellular processes at the level of molecular biology can be treated as a sign phenomena. Nevertheless aforementioned phenomena are not considered as equal. “Probably it would be prudent to say that neurophysiological and genetic phenomena are not a matter for semioticians (...) The phenomena on the lower threshold should rather be isolated as indicating the point where semiotic phenomena arise from something non·semiotic, as a sort of 'missing link' between the universe of signals and the universe of signs.” (Eco 1976, 21) We would like to draw the line between semiotic and non-semiotic phenomena and to show that using all the standard conditions of the sign definition the above-mentioned phenomena – from the natural language and art to the molecular biology level – are included in the semiotic level. Consequently this implies that some phenomena such as animal communication or internal cellular processes have been excluded out of the semiotic realm on the basis of incorrect argumentation. We believe that there is no semiotic threshold in the common places where it is situated by orthodox approaches if we replace e.g. cognitive processing by the biological proto-agency of the cell or syntactic structurality by referential ability.