Luciene Covolan

Luciene Covolan
Universidade Federal de São Paulo | UNIFESP · Departamento de Fisiologia

Professor

About

86
Publications
10,505
Reads
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1,853
Citations
Citations since 2017
13 Research Items
787 Citations
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100120140
Additional affiliations
March 2016 - March 2019
Lerner Research Institute - Cleveland Clinic Foundation
Position
  • Professor
February 2006 - present
Universidade Federal de São Paulo
Position
  • Professor (Full)
August 2000 - August 2001
University of Oslo
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (86)
Article
Full-text available
Background: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the anterior nucleus of the thalamus (ANT) is an emerging therapy to provide seizure control in patients with refractory epilepsy, although its therapeutic mechanisms remain elusive. Objective: We tested the hypothesis that ANT-DBS might interfere with the kindling process using three experimental grou...
Article
Epilepsy is the most common neurological condition worldwide and is largely associated with memory impairment, both in human as well as animal models. Furthermore, differences in seizure onset and severity have already been observed between the sexes. The induction of epilepsy through multiple systemic injections of pentylenetetrazole (PTZ), a prot...
Article
Full-text available
The pilocarpine-induced (PILO) model has helped elucidate the electrophysiological and molecular aspects related to mesial temporal lobe epilepsy. It has been suggested that the extensive cell death and edema observed in the brains of these animals could be induced by increased inflammatory responses, such as the rapid release of the inflammatory c...
Article
Although it is known that nociceptive stimulation in the first postnatal week in rats is useful to model preterm pain, resulting in activation of specific brain areas, as assessed in vivo using manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI), little is known about its long-term effects and sex specificity. Here we aimed to investigate whether...
Article
Most chronic stress protocols are too laborious or do not abide by the two main characteristics of the stress concept: uncontrollability and unpredictability. The goal of this study was to establish a simple and reliable model of chronic stress, while maintaining the main features of the concept. Animals were exposed to chronic movement restraint w...
Preprint
Full-text available
The dopaminergic system is implicated in several cognitive processes including memory, attention and executive functions. This study was a double-blind, placebo-randomized trial designed to investigate the effect of dopamine D2 receptor blockade on episodic and working memory and particularly the relationship between executive functions, working me...
Article
Full-text available
Mesial temporal lobe epilepsy (MTLE) caused by hippocampal sclerosis is one of the most frequent focal epilepsies in adults. It is characterized by focal seizures that begin in the hippocampus, sometimes spread to the insulo-perisylvian regions and may progress to secondary generalized seizures. Morphological alterations in hippocampal sclerosis ar...
Article
Introduction and objectives: Cognitive impairment is a significant comorbidity of temporal lobe epilepsy that is associated with extensive hippocampal cell loss. Deep brain stimulation (DBS) of the anterior thalamic nucleus (ANT) has been used for the treatment of refractory partial seizures. In the pilocarpine model of epilepsy, ANT DBS applied d...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMO As neoplasias das glândulas salivares são relativamente raras, compreendendo cerca de 1% das neoplasias de todo corpo, com incidência de 1/100.000 habitantes por ano. As neoplasias benignas predominam sobre as malignas. O prognóstico depende muito do tipo histológico, grau de diferenciação, localização, infiltração de tecidos vizinhos e da p...
Article
Medial ganglionic eminence (MGE) is one of the sources of inhibitory interneurons during development. Following transplantation in postnatal developing brain, MGE cells can increase local inhibition suggesting a possible protection to GABAergic dysfunction in brain disorders, such as epilepsy. Since it has been shown that MGE-derived cells harveste...
Article
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The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of two gamma-amino butyric acid (GABA)a receptor antagonists on motor behavioral tasks in a pharmacological model of Parkinson disease (PD) in rodents. Ninety-six Swiss mice received intraperitoneal injection of Haloperidol (1?mg/kg) to block dopaminergic receptors. GABAa receptors antagonists Bicuc...
Article
Adenosine is an endogenous anticonvulsant that activates pre- and postsynaptic adenosine A1 receptors. A1 receptor agonists increase the latency for the development of seizures and status epilepticus following pilocarpine administration. Although hippocampal adenosine is increased in the chronic phase of the pilocarpine model, it is not known wheth...
Chapter
Intracranial pressure (ICP) is a major neurological parameter in animals and humans. ICP is a function of the relationship between the contents of the cranium (brain parenchyma, cerebrospinal fluid, and blood) and the volume of the skull. Increased ICP can cause serious physiological effects or even death in patients who do not quickly receive prop...
Article
Full-text available
Episodic memory, working memory, emotional memory, and attention are subject to dopaminergic modulation. However, the potential role of dopamine on the generation of false memories is unknown. This study defined the role of the dopamine D2 receptor on true and false recognition memories. Twenty-four young, healthy volunteers ingested a single dose...
Article
Full-text available
PURPOSE The parotidectomy technique still has an elevated paresis and paralysis index, lowering patient life's quality. The correct identification of the facial nerve can prevent nerve damage. Fluorescent dye identifies nerves in experimental studies but only few articles focused its use on facial nerve study in parotidectomies. We aimed to stain t...
Article
Full-text available
Mossy fiber sprouting is among the best-studied forms of post-lesional synaptic plasticity and is regarded by many as contributory to seizures in both humans and animal models of epilepsy. It is not known whether mossy fiber sprouting increases the number of synapses in the molecular layer or merely replaces lost contacts. Using the pilocarpine (Pi...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) deep brain stimulation (DBS) improves depressive-like behaviour in rats via serotonergic and neurotrophic-related mechanisms. We hypothesise that, in addition to these substrates, DBS-induced increases in hippocampal neurogenesis may also be involved. Our results show that stress-induced behavioural de...
Article
Prematurely-born infants are exposed to multiple invasive procedures while in the intensive care unit. Newborn rats and humans have similar behavioral responses to noxious stimulation. Previous studies have shown that early noxious stimuli may alter dentate gyrus neurogenesis and the behavioral repertoire of adult rats. We evaluated the late effect...
Article
Full-text available
Status epilepticus (SE) is a severe condition that may lead to hippocampal cell loss and epileptogenesis. Some of the mechanisms associated with SE-induced cell death are excitotoxicity, neuroinflammation, and apoptosis. The objective of the present study is to test the hypothesis that DBS has anti-inflammatory and antiapoptotic effects when applie...
Article
Full-text available
The excitability of neuronal networks is strongly modulated by changes in pH. The origin of these changes, however, is still under debate. The high complexity of neural systems justifies the use of computational simulation to investigate mechanisms that are possibly involved. Simulated neuronal activity includes non-synaptic epileptiform events (NE...
Article
Full-text available
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is an excellent non-invasive tool to investigate biological systems. The administration of the paramagnetic divalent ion manganese (Mn(2+)) enhances MRI contrast in vivo. Due to similarities between Mn(2+) and calcium (Ca(2+)), the premise of manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI) is that the former may enter neurons and ot...
Article
Background: Status epilepticus (SE) is a severe condition that may lead to hippocampal cell loss and epileptogenesis. Some of the mechanisms associated with SE-induced cell death are excitotoxicity, neuroinflammation, and apoptosis. Objective: The objective of the present study is to test the hypothesis that DBS has anti-inflammatory and antiapopto...
Article
Full-text available
We demonstrated an early increase in aquaporin 2 (AQP2) expression in a motor nerve (extratemporal facial nerve, FN) following acute peripheral compression (crush), concomitant to effective development of motor dysfunction (facial palsy). The early increase in AQP2 expression that occurred concomitantly with the appearance of a deficit in a periphe...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the effectiveness of anterior thalamic nucleus (AN) deep brain stimulation (DBS) for the treatment of epilepsy, mechanisms responsible for the antiepileptic effects of this therapy remain elusive. As adenosine modulates neuronal excitability and seizure activity in animal models, we hypothesized that this nucleoside could be one of the subs...
Article
Full-text available
The excitatory neurotransmitter glutamate has been reported to have a major impact on brain energy metabolism. Using primary cultures of rat hippocampal neurons, we observed that glutamate reduces glucose utilization in this cell type, suggesting alteration in mitochondrial oxidative metabolism. The aquaglyceroporin AQP9 and the monocarboxylate tra...
Article
Full-text available
Kainic acid (KA) or pilocarpine (PILO) have been used in rats to model human temporal lobe epilepsy but the distribution and severity of structural lesions between these two models may differ. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies have used quantitative measurements of hippocampal T2 (T2HP) relaxation time and volume, but simultaneous comparativ...
Article
Full-text available
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) has been investigated for the treatment of epilepsy. In rodents, an increase in the latency for the development of seizures and status epilepticus (SE) has been reported in different animal models but the consequences of delivering stimulation to chronic epileptic animals have not been extensively addressed. We study th...
Article
Manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI) has been considered a surrogate marker of Ca+2 influx into activated cells and tracer of neuronal active circuits. However, the induction of status epilepticus (SE) by kainic acid does not result in hippocampal MEMRI hypersignal, in spite of its high cell activity. Similarly, short durations of status (5 or 15 min) in...
Article
Full-text available
A considerable number of epileptic patients had become resistant to antiepileptic drugs, justifying the need for development of new therapeutic strategies to treat epilepsy. The use of mesenchymal stem cells is an innovative and accessible strategy for the treatment of neuronal disorders, due to their involvement in immunoregulatory mechanisms, tro...
Article
Neonatal noxious stimulation has been proposed to model pain triggered by diagnostic/therapeutic invasive procedures in premature infants. Previous studies have shown that hippocampal neurogenesis rate and the behavioral repertoire of adult rats may be altered by neonatal noxious stimuli. The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether noxious st...
Article
Full-text available
Social relationships are crucial for the development and maintenance of normal behavior in non-human primates. Animals that are raised in isolation develop abnormal patterns of behavior that persist even when they are later reunited with their parents. In rodents, social isolation is a stressful event and is associated with a decrease in hippocampa...
Article
Purpose: Diseases such as temporal lobe epilepsy, brain trauma and stroke can induce endothelial cell proliferation and angiogenesis in specific brain areas. During status epilepticus (SE), bone marrow-derived cells are able to infiltrate and proliferate, dramatically increasing at the site of injury. However, it is still unclear whether these cel...
Article
Early noxious stimuli may alter the neurogenesis rate in the dentate gyrus and the behavioral repertoire of adult rats. This study evaluated the long-term effects of noxious stimulation, imposed in different phases of development, on nociceptive and anxiety-like behaviors, hippocampal activation, cell proliferation, hippocampal BDNF and plasma cort...
Article
Full-text available
Increased adult neurogenesis is observed after training in hippocampal-dependent tasks and also after acutely induced status epilepticus (SE) although the specific roles of these cells are still a matter of debate. In this study, we investigated hippocampal cell proliferation and differentiation and the spatial learning performance in young or aged...
Article
Full-text available
Magnetic resonance images are useful in the study of experimental models of temporal lobe epilepsy. The manganese-enhanced MRI (MEMRI) technique is of interest since it combines the effects caused by manganese on the increased contrast in activated cell populations, when competing with calcium in synaptic transmission. Thus, the purpose of this stu...
Article
Mossy fiber sprouting (MFS) is a frequent finding following status epilepticus (SE). The present study aimed to test the feasibility of using manganese-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging (MEMRI) to detect MFS in the chronic phase of the well-established pilocarpine (Pilo) rat model of temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE). To modulate MFS, cycloheximide (C...
Article
Deep brain stimulation (DBS) is being investigated as a treatment for major depression, but its mechanisms of action are still unknown. We have studied the effects of ventromedial prefrontal cortex (vmPFC) stimulation in a chronic model of depression and assessed the involvement of the serotonergic system and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF...
Article
Preterm infants undergo several painful procedures during their stay in neonatal intensive care units. Previous studies suggest that early painful experiences may have an impact on brain development. Here, we used an animal model to investigate the effect of neonatal pain on the generation of new neurons in the dentate gyrus region of the hippocamp...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study, we investigated the possible additive effects of epilepsy and aging on the expression of m1 muscarinic acetylcholine receptors (AChR) in the rat hippocampus. Young (3 months) and Aged (20 months) male, Wistar rats were treated with pilocarpine to induce status epilepticus (SE). Immunohistochemical procedure for m1 AChR detecti...
Article
The role of sex and gender in accounting for individual pain behaviors is poorly understood. The present study was conducted to determine whether neonatal nociceptive stimuli at postnatal day 1 (PD1) in rats would lead to a differential behavioral impact based on gender. Animals were divided in 4 groups according to treatment (two injections of 4%...
Article
Full-text available
Epilepsy is known to influence hippocampal dentate granule cell (DGC) layer neurogenesis. In young adult rats, status epilepticus (SE) increases the number DGC newly borne cells and basal dendrites (BD), which persist at long-term. In contrast, little is known on whether these phenomena occur in elderly epileptic animals. In the present study, we c...
Article
Full-text available
INTRODUCTION: There is contradictory information regarding the of effects il1β and il1rn in epilepsy. We aimed to evaluate the effect of silencing both genes in the acute phase of the pilocarpine-induced epilepsy model. METHODS: We used RNA interference in order to achieve gene silencing. RESULTS: We obtained significant gene silencing in the centr...
Article
The anterior nucleus of the thalamus (AN) has been suggested as a potential target for seizure modulation in animal models and patients with refractory epilepsy. We investigate whether microinjections of GABAergic agonists into the AN were protective against pilocarpine-induced generalized seizures and status epilepticus (SE). Rats were treated wit...
Article
Full-text available
To investigate whether anterior thalamic nucleus (AN) lesions are protective against spontaneous recurrent seizures in the chronic phase of the pilocarpine model of epilepsy. Two groups of rats were treated with bilateral AN radiofrequency thalamotomies or sham surgery 2 weeks after pilocarpine-induced status epilepticus. After the lesions, animals...
Article
This study was designed to characterize seizures induced with pentylenetetrazol (PTZ) in marmosets. Thirteen adult marmosets (Callithrix sp.) received 20, 30, or 40 mg/kg of PTZ intraperitoneally. PTZ caused all animals to switch their natural behavioral repertoire to early convulsive behavior. Seizure scores were low at lower PTZ doses, whereas th...
Article
Full-text available
A busca por modelos experimentais constitui passo fundamental para o avanço da medicina. OBJETIVO: Demonstrar, através da dissecção com técnicas microcirúrgicas, as estruturas anatômicas do osso temporal do primata Callithrix sp. FORMA DE ESTUDO: Experimental. MÉTODO: Dissecção de ossos temporais de Callithrix sp e documentação fotográfica. RESULTA...