Lucie Chabal

Lucie Chabal
French National Centre for Scientific Research | CNRS · Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution de Montpellier (ISEM)

PhD

About

99
Publications
21,584
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1,614
Citations
Citations since 2017
19 Research Items
771 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
2017201820192020202120222023050100150
Introduction
Lucie Chabal currently works at the Institut des Sciences de l'Evolution de Montpellier, French National Centre for Scientific Research. Lucie does research in anthracology (charcoal analysis), xylology, sampling and analysis methods, palaeoecology.
Additional affiliations
October 1992 - present
French National Centre for Scientific Research
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (99)
Article
This study focuses on the analysis of wood charcoal from Cova del Vidre (Roquetes, Tarragona, Spain). This cave, located at an altitude of 1000 m a.s.l., is a key site for understanding the transition from hunting and gathering to farming in a mountainous region of north-eastern Iberia so far unexplored by archaeobotany. The anthracological study i...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides a critical review of the main methodological achievements in sampling and quantitative analysis in anthracology, the study of wood charcoal macro-remains from archaeological contexts. The application of appropriate sampling protocols is a prerequisite for the study of all types of archaeo-anthracological assemblages, particularl...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Les développements méthodologiques en anthracologie permettent actuellement d’obtenir des spectres de fréquences de taxons représentatifs des environnements passés, moyennant des conditions précises d’échantillonnage et de tamisage. Pourtant, d’autres informations sont disponibles dans les charbons de bois, en particulier ceux de taille pluricentim...
Article
Full-text available
Previous methodological developments in the field of anthracology have led to the definition of rigorous sampling methods in archaeological contexts, which provide highly accurate and reliable taxonomic frequency spectra as a basis for understanding past woodland vegetation. However, the fuelwood taxon frequency spectra represent a synthetic pictur...
Presentation
Depuis le début des années 2000, plusieurs études et projets cherchent à exploiter les informations de morphologie des cernes (courbure, largeur etc.) des charbons de bois retrouvés en contextes archéologiques afin de répondre à des questions liées aux durées d’occupation des sites, à l’interdatation des structures (habitations, fours), à la gestio...
Chapter
Full-text available
An overview of woodland history in the north-western Mediterranean region, based on charcoal analysis (Anthracology) from Mesolithic and Neolithic sites, is proposed for the Mediterranean areas of France, Spain and Portugal. The taxonomic identification of charcoal fragments and the diachronic variations of taxa frequencies provide, for each settle...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
During Historical times, fire was one of the main energy used for industry, craft and domestic activities. For the past 40 years, anthracological analyses were realized in Mediterranean France on nearly 97 ancient, medieval and modern sites. If several activities are now well documented (charcoal and lime burning, pottery, cremation), no global app...
Article
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Ville portuaire, à l’embouchure d’un fleuve se jetant dans une lagune, Lattara apparaît bien différente dans son environnement actuel : un site entouré de terres, dans un paysage que l’urbanisation rend peu lisible. À quoi pouvait ressembler le milieu dans l’Antiquité ? Quelles sont les étapes de transformation du paysage ?
Article
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This summary of the archaeobotanical data available for the rural habitats from the 2nd Iron Age, in the Languedoc Roussillon, is put together in an attempt to recognize potential specificities in terms of environment, farming economy and society. A very reduced number of studies is taken into account due to the very restrictive time period conside...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
revue bilingue de Préhistoire 81 résumé Quel que soit notre objet d'étude, l'environnement végétal sensu stricto, les pratiques anthropiques liées à l'usage du feu, ou les interactions entre l'homme et son environnement, la prise en compte des agents taphonomiques de distorsion des assemblages anthracologiques constitue une étape essentielle de la...
Article
Full-text available
Waterlogged wood and charcoal preserved in 21 archaeological wells (Neolithic – Roman) from the Languedoc region (southern France) are studied, in an attempt to understand their provenance and the information they can provide in terms of the environment and function at the site. The amount and variety of debris (lost accidentally, fallen naturally,...
Article
Full-text available
During Antiquity, the mixed oak woodland and the vegetation of the alluvial plain developing on the shores of the Thau lagoon were exploited as a source of wood fuel, as shown by charcoal remains from the villa of Prés-Bas and the pottery workshop of Le Bourbou. Taking into account the local ecology and the vegetation transformations during the sec...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Neolithic site of Monte Revincu is located in the north of Corsica, between Bastia (30 km west) and the “Agriates desert” (east). The researches yielded fifty installations structured with domestic or funerary vocation, spread on 10 000 m². Most of them relate to the last third of the fifth millennium BC. Thirty are bounded by vertical flagston...
Article
Full-text available
Charcoal remains from the villa of Prés-Bas and the pottery workshop of Le Bourbou reveal that, during Antiquity, the mixed oak woodland and the alluvial plain vegetation were both exploited for fuelwood. Based on local ecology, these results illustrate the long term opposition between the northern and the southern shores of the Thau lagoon.
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Neolithic establishment of Monte Revincu is located in the North of Corsica at thirty kilometers to the West of Bastia. It’s implanted on the summit and at the feet of a mountain which is 356 meters high in a mineral landscape, east of the desert of Agriate. The researches revealed about fifty arranged structures with domestic or funeral vocati...
Article
Full-text available
A discussion on the representativeness of charcoal from archaeological contexts and their potential for palaeoecological reconstruction is presented. The charcoal deposits studied are the result of human activities and natural processes, difficult to separate on the basis of their effects only. This is why “taphonomy” should not be limited to the s...
Article
Quel que soit notre objet d'étude, l'environnement végétal sensu stricto, les pratiques anthropiques liées à l'usage du feu, ou les interactions entre l'homme et son environnement, la prise en compte des agents taphonomiques de distorsion des assemblages anthracologiques constitue une étape essentielle de la recherche. Ces processus que nous appelo...
Article
Full-text available
The present active lagoon system of the Thau lagoon has begun shortly after 7050 BP (5580-5255 cal BC). However, the setting up of the coastal system coupling sand bar and coastal lagoon took place probably before. This system belongs to a morphosystem dominated by the waves within a sedimentary context poor in sedimentary sources. The present eros...
Article
Full-text available
The north shore ot the Or coastal lagoon (Mauguio, Hérault) is a well documented area which allows us to study tne relations between sea level variations from 6300 years BP, sedimentary processes and fluctuations of human settlement (from the middle Neolithic to the first Iron Age). Taking advantage of this situation, a Geographical Information Sys...
Conference Paper
COASTAL PALAEOENVIRONMENTS DURING THE LAST 8000 YEARS ON THE LION GULF WESTERN SIDE: THE SAND BAR OF THE THAU COASTAL LAGOON (SETIF CORING, SETE, HERAULT) The present active lagoon system of the Than lagoon has begun shortly alter 7050 BP (5580-5255 cal BC). However, the setting up of the coastal system coupling sand bar and coastal lagoon took pla...
Article
Full-text available
The north shore of the Or coastal lagoon (Mauguio, Hérault) is a well documented area which allows us to study the relations between sea level variations from 6300 years BP, sedimentary processes and fluctuations of human settlement (from the middle Neolithic to the first Iron Age). Taking advantage of this situation, a Geographical Information Sys...
Article
Full-text available
Excavations and sampling conducted at the ancient city of Lattara (Lattes, France) have revealed a foundation offering in a small pit situated in a storehouse in the Roman port of the city. This offering, dated to around a.d. 25–60, consisted of pottery vessels, oil lamps, a coin, a pin (made out of bone), an egg and several plant products. The arc...
Article
A geobotanical study of the travertine system of Saint-Guilhem-le-Désert (southern France) was carried out in order to reconstruct the local Holocene environment in a region where the postglacial vegetation history is poorly documented. The travertinisation process has started at ca. 8500 cal. BP, in a landscape dominated by Pinus sylvestris type (...
Article
Full-text available
Since these last ten years research is being developped on the palaeogeographic and environmental evolution around Lattara, on the Languedocian shore in he Holocene. From the Neolithic, the vast lagoon is overrun with the alluvial deposits of the river Lez. The formation of the delta leads to a retraction of the lagoon at the surface as in depth an...
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An interdisciplinary approach of a Mediterranean wood between the end of Antiquity and the end of the Middle Ages. Saugras and Aniane, Valène and Montpellier. The economic development which happened in the town of Montpellier in the 13th century has often been associated with the development of its coastal area. Yet the influence of the new metropo...
Article
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During the 1 st c. BC, evidence of cuit practices appear near the banks of the Vidourle river, probably next to a trenched enclosure. They include a crémation area associated with deposits of votive vases, coins, fibulas and food offerings. Some décades after the creation of the road station about 30 BC, these practices are carried on within a wall...
Article
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in : I. Daveau (dir.) : Port Ariane (Lattes, Hérault), construction deltaïque et utilisation d'une zone humide lors des six derniers millénaires
Article
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in : I. Daveau (dir.) : Port Ariane (Lattes, Hérault), construction deltaïque et utilisation d'une zone humide lors des six derniers millénaires
Article
Full-text available
in : G. Piqués et R. Buxó (dir.), Onze puits gallo-romains de Lattara, (Ier s. av. n. è. - IIe s. de n. è.), (Fouilles programmées 1986-2000)
Article
in : G. Piqués et R. Buxó (dir.), Onze puits gallo-romains de Lattara, (Ier s. av. n. è. - IIe s. de n. è.), (Fouilles programmées 1986-2000)
Article
Full-text available
Les puits du port antique de Lattara (Lattes, Hérault) ont conservé, grâce aux conditions anaérobie, des séries exceptionnelles de bois travaillés : débris d'objets de la vie quotidienne, de vanneries mais aussi de meubles, avec notamment deux exceptionnels pieds de mensae tripedes. L'étude technique, typo-chronologique et sociologique de cette doc...
Article
Full-text available
in : Buxó R., Chabal L. Gardeisen A. (Dir.), La place 123 de Lattara : recherches pluridisciplinaires sur un espace urbain du IVe s. avant notre ère