Luciano Gallinari

Luciano Gallinari
Italian National Research Council | CNR · Institute of Mediterranean Europe History ISEM

PhD

About

40
Publications
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Introduction
Luciano Gallinari currently works at the Institute of Mediterranean Europe History ISEM, Italian National Research Council. Luciano does research in Medieval History, Contemporary History, Didactics, Cultural History and Cultural Anthropology. His current projects are - '“E Pluribus Unum. The Sardinian identity-making profile from the Middle Ages to Modernity.' - Bilateral Project CNR / ASRT (Egypt), “History of Peace-building: peaceful relations between East and West (XIth - XVth century)”, - Bilateral Project CNR / CONICET (Argentina) "Italian and Spanish migration to the Plata between the end of the 19th century and the Contemporaneity. A useful interpretive tool of the current Mediterranean migrations? Research and Spread."

Publications

Publications (40)
Conference Paper
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This Webinar is part of a series of activities carried out in the framework of the Bilateral Project "Intercultural Influence between East and West: 11th-21st centuries" jointly realized by the research units of the Italian CNR-ISEM and the Egyptian ASRT, which have already been scientifically collaborating since 2016. The valuable collaboration wi...
Article
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This article proposes an analysis of the several episodes of damage and removal of various monuments dedicated to personalities - whose memory has always been or has recently become 'inconvenient' - in the light of the exegetical tools of social sciences such as Philosophy, Cultural Anthropology and Sociology. This methodological approach high-ligh...
Chapter
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1. Introducción La pregunta que plantea el título de la mesa redonda en que participé-«Té sentit parlar del Mediterrani com a unitat al llarg de la història?»-es muy intere-sante, pero también peligrosa porque nos obliga a me-ditar y mirar como fuimos e, incluso-y sobre todo-, como somos hoy en día. Y, personalmente, no estoy seguro de que los resu...
Article
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A la lumière de nouveaux documents des Archives de la Couronne d'Aragon de Barcelone et des Archives de l'État de Gênes, cet article présente un nouveau tableau des rélations politiques et économiques entre le Judicat ou royaume d'Arborea, la République de Gênes et la Couronne d'Aragon pendant les années des règnes des souverains aragonais Jean I,...
Conference Paper
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First conference of the bilateral project: Intercultural Influence between East and West: 11th to 20th Centuries, 11/26/2019, Supreme Council of Culture, Cairo. Partners:  The Egyptian Team: from the Faculty of Arts- Damanhour University and the Faculty of Tourism- Alexandria University  The Italian Team: CNR’s Institute for the History of Medite...
Article
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This article proposes some reflections on the historiography produced in the last century and a half on medieval Sardinia, used as a case study because in the island the Middle Ages has been showered with nationalistic and identitarian values and references, which have often been used for contemporary political and cultural purposes. A historiograp...
Article
This article outlines relations between the Catalan-Aragonese and the Sardinians, between the twelfth and fifteenth centuries, encompassing the integration of Sardinia first into the Crown of Aragon and then into the Crown of Spain. There was a political minority in the Giudicato of Arborea, a polity that was the last institutional heir to the anci...
Article
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The essay presents some parallelisms on the concept of "border" and the relations among Vandals, Byzantines and Sardinians on the one hand, and among Byzantines, Goths and Hispano-Romans, on the other, in the former Roman provinces of Sardinia and Hispania (the Iberian Peninsula) during the early Middle Ages. To do so, I analyze the modern identita...
Chapter
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This text analyses some elaborations of historical memory and identity of Sardinian judges between 10th and 14th from social and anthropological perspectives. The study highlights some historiographic and exegetic criticalities in the analysis of a fundamental historical period for Sardinia. An era that has been semioticised with nationalistic and...
Chapter
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The present text and the book in which it is contained stem from the need to disseminate some of the contributions produced by an international research project , and also the opportunity to put forward our reflections on a theme in constant evolutionary dynamism, and in the light of recent studies too. This is also because of how the History of th...
Book
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The book offers a historical and methodological update of founding historical themes and moments, and a methodological review more than ever necessary of current interpretations of the History of Sardinia between the Early Middle Ages and the Modernity from an identitarian point of view. And that by means of a greater interaction between History, H...
Book
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The Booklet contains the proceedings of a Workshop on Humanities, video games and social networks, organised in April 2017 by the two editors at the Universitat "Pompeu Fabra" in Barcelona. The Booklet is opened by a very detailed introduction by Maria Betlem Castellà Pujolsa and by an Editorial of Luciano Gallinari which stresses that RiMe 2/II n....
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new interpretative theories have been formulated by the scholars about, in particular, two very important topics of Early Medieval Sardinian history: 1) the possible presence of Muslim permanent communities on the island between the 8th and the 11th century, and 2), closely interconnected with the first, the origin of the Giudicati after the dissol...
Book
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This multilingual (English-Arabic-Italian) book, entitled "Relations between East and West - Various Studies: Medieval and Contemporary Ages" contains all papers compiled by both Egyptian-Italian research team. The compiled papers are the following: Prof. Ali Ahmed Mohamed El-Sayed: Islamic Awqaf related to Peace-Building Among Nations: Tamim Al-Da...
Book
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The present issue of RiMe includes a year of work on the subject of Italian and Spanish emigration in the Rio de la Plata between the end of the nineteenth century and the mid-twentieth century. Within the ethnic multiplicity of the immigrants’ contingent received by the Río de la Plata area during the stated period, the Italian and the Spanish one...
Article
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Este ensayo está dedicado a la figura de un empresario de gran interés y modernidad –Ferdinando Maria Perrone – sobre quien existe una amplia bibliografía, observado aquí, sin embargo, sobre todo en la última década del siglo XIX y a través de los artículos del semanario de los republicanos italianos en Argentina: L’Amico del Popolo. Aunque sea una...
Poster
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The 1st Online International Workshop will be held on April 20, 2016 and it brings toghether Italian, Spaniards and Argentines researchers who work on Italian and Spanish regional migration to the Rio de la Plata region between the late 19th and the 21st century, in order to reflect together on methodologies and theoretical questions of the researc...
Article
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In the light of a new document that has been found in the Archivo de la Corona de Aragón in Barcelona, this article presents a new outline of the political situation in the interior of the "Giudicato" or Kingdom of Arborea while the news concerning the agreement between the "judge" of Arborea William II, viscount of Narbonne, and the king of Aragon...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The few examples of identity-making discourses examined in this work show the potential of reading traditional documentary sources, especially of those already published, in order to increase the range of interpretations proposed so far by historiography and to specify, at least in part, the model applied to the relationships between Sardinians and...
Conference Paper
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The few examples briefly presented here have partially confirmed the potential of an social sciences interdisciplinary analysis of a crucial period in the sardinian medieval history (the XIVth century), providing a more nuanced vision and possible different interpretations of the events and their protagonists. At the same time, the analysis of Memo...
Article
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Using methodologies of the social sciences, this paper attempts to trace an overview of the Argentine-Italian relations - especially as regards the various aspects of identity - in the period between the Centenary of the Revolución de Mayo (1919) and today, with the support of three types of sources: travel reports written by Italians; articles of...
Article
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Questo contributo descrive l'esperienza del laboratorio "Italiani allo specchio", organizzato da due Istituti del CNR, l'Istituto di Storia dell'Europa Mediterranea di Cagliari e l'Istituto per le Tecnologie Didattiche di Genova, nell'ambito del Festival della Scienza. Lo scopo del laboratorio è stato quello di favorire lo sviluppo nei ragazzi dell...
Article
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Questo contributo descrive l'esperienza del laboratorio "Noi e gli altri", organizzato da due Istituti del CNR, l'Istituto di Storia dell'Europa Mediterranea di Cagliari e l'Istituto per le Tecnologie Didattiche di Genova, nell'ambito del Festival della Scienza. Lo scopo del laboratorio è stato duplice: da un lato, formulare un approccio alla studi...
Article
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The paper describes the experience and results of the teaching laboratory “Us” and the “Others”, organized by two Institutes of the CNR, the Institute of History of Mediterranean Europe, located in Cagliari, and the Institute for Educational Technology, during the Genoa Science Festival 2010. The laboratory was designed by researchers to offer stud...
Article
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La finalità di questo articolo è di verificare l'esistenza di istituzioni militari cavalleresche e i loro possibili riflessi sulla società del Giudicato di Arborea nei secoli XIV-XV, quando esso fu impegnato in una lunga guerra contro il Re d'Aragona, signore feudale del Regnum Sardiniae et Corsicae.
Article
The aim of this article is to verify the existence of military institutions as the Chivalry and its possible aspects in the society of the Arborea's Iudicatus in the XIVth-XVth Century, when it was engaged in a long war against the King of Aragon, holder of the feodal lordship of the Regnum Sardiniae et Corsicae.

Projects

Projects (7)
Project
Intercultural influences were witnessed between East and West during Medieval, Modern and Contemporary times. The centuries between the 11th till the 21st were the apex of relations between the East and West through the Crusades, commercial relations, and political treaties as well as in the cultural sphere. Such relations resulted in mutual cultural influences that were manifested in almost all aspects of the daily life. Through narrative and documentary sources - Western and Muslim - we propose to analyse the nature, quantity and quality of peaceful relations between Westerners and Muslims, in the Mediterranean between 11th and 21st centuries, since the contact with the Muslims often posed problems of communication and understanding, especially for the diversity of cultural and religious codes. Problems exacerbated by the possibility of suspicions and accusations of maurofilia for Christians too close to Muslims. Secondly, the lack of systematic data created the image of a seemingly difficult integration and increased some doubts about the acculturation of Westerners living in Muslim lands or voluntarily in contact with them. Nevertheless, many more Christians than we think lived in Islamic lands and were chosen as ambassadors to Christian authorities, to foster greater involvement and predisposition of the Westerners to the Muslim demands and to show clearly the familiarity of this kind of Christian with the Muslim authorities. Following the results of the research and the congressional and seminar activities of the first two years, it was decided: 1) to extend the examined chronological span to the Contemporary Age, allowing the scholars to expand their investigations over a longue durée period and 2) to propose new lines of research to be joined to those already started in 2016/2017, which will lead to a further deepening of the theme of peaceful relations between the Muslim world and the Western one - especially between Egypt and Italy - thanks to the strong dynastic, political, economic and cultural lato sensu ties that united the Mediterranean’s northern and southern shores, with a special attention, of course, for Egypt. We continue to analyse the attempts and methods of peaceful co-existence at different levels. It will be examined the Christian merchant environment present already from the 11th century in numerous funduqs of the Islamic Mediterranean, one of the most suitable for the contacts of Europeans with the Muslim and Jewish cultures. Numerous European sources testify that Christian merchants were well versed in the reality in which they lived, not only for commercial or political information they could spread in the West, but also for those concerning traditions and culture of the places of residence. Trade relations - but not only -which lasted centuries until well past the fifteenth century and that point out watermark differences in relations between the Christian and Muslims "States" - in several Islamic countries but also in the communities of Muslims internally housed - and the great political changes occurred in these centuries both on the European and the Islamic side of the Mediterranean. In the analysis of the institutional relations between the European “States” and their Muslim counterparts, a particular attention will be devoted to the different relations with Egypt and to the emperor Frederick II of Hohenstaufen’s personality (1194-1250), his relationships with the Muslim world and, especially, with the contemporaries Ayyubid sultans and his own interpretation of the crusade concept. The widening of the chronological span taken into account and the insertion of new researchers in the two Units will allow scholars to devote themselves to the research line on peaceful relations between the Ottoman Empire and Italy from the 16th to the 19th centuries, including the analysis of diplomatic, commercial relations and the mutual Italo-Egyptian influence in various aspects of material and immaterial culture. In this regard, special attention will be given to the impact of the Italian community in Alexandria on the formation of the city's cultural heritage during the 19th and the 20th century. Equal interest will be dedicated to the widespread presence in the Italian cities of Egyptian museums and collections of antiquities that reminds us of the interest and "discovery" of Egypt in Italy in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, but also it attests to the interest of the Courts of some ancient Italian states: from the court of Savoy, to the Medici’s Florence, then De Lorraine one, to the Roman court, to the Habsburg Milan in the early nineteenth century. The Unitarian State consolidated this interest by adopting nationalisation policies for antique and artistic collections in the context of the creation of a nation's cultural heritage. It is interesting for ISEM-CNR to deepen these two moments of the presence of Egyptian antiquities in Italian culture and imaginary: the acquisition phase of individual finds in the modern age and, subsequently, the phase of musealisation and inclusion of this heritage in the national culture with the creation of a museum network specifically dedicated to Egyptian collections. Finally, a second aim of the project, no less important than the first devoted to the research, aspire to the reflection on the theme of peaceful exchanges between Westerners and Muslims, not only in academic environments but also outside them, through dissemination activities at schools and civil society with two purposes: to relativise and deny many stereotypes still prevalent on Westerners-Muslim relations; identify the historical moments of peaceful coexistence as examples of good practice to think, in light of the reality that tends to propose a growing conflict in the relationship between Westerners and Muslims, concealing almost the positive examples of coexistence and acceptance.
Project
• The realization of historical, artistic, archaeological and literary research to update the historiography on the political and commercial relations between Westerns and Muslims (11th - 21st c.). • To examine and deeply study the strong ties between the Islamic writings and Dante Alighieri’s La Divina Commedia, and the presence of Muslims in the Italian Literature, such as Saladino in Giovanni Boccaccio’s Il Decameron; • To examine Alexandria’s heritage as a case study proofing the influence of the foreign communities on the formation of the city’s heritage, analyzed through some sources (such as Italian magazines published in that city • To organise Conferences and Workshops for monitoring the progress of research and an ever-greater interconnection among the researchers; • To publish the research results in the ISEM’s Collection and Digital Journal "RiMe" and in similar Egyptian locations; • To disseminate the research through 1) processing of historical content for role-playing games, digital and not digital. 2) design of Learning Laboratories for the schools, for fighting against the cultural stereotypes of Westerners and Muslims current relations, on the wake of the World Bank, the High Commissioner for Refugees that try to address the video games industry towards educational and civic goals, suggesting different models of coexistence