Luciano De petrocellis

Luciano De petrocellis
Italian National Research Council | CNR · Institute of Biomolecular Chemistry ICB

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289
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Publications

Publications (289)
Article
Full-text available
The affinity of cannabinoids for their CB1 and CB2 metabotropic receptors is dramatically affected by a combination of α-branching and elongation of their alkyl substituent, a maneuver exemplified by the n-pentyl -> α,α-dimethylheptyl (DMH) swap. The effect of this change on other cannabinoid end-points is still unknown, an observation surprising s...
Article
Full-text available
The potential, multifaceted therapeutic profile of cannabidiol (CBD), a major constituent derived from the Cannabis sativa plant, covers a wide range of neurological and psychiatric disorders, ranging from anxiety to pediatric epilepsy and drug addiction. However, the molecular targets responsible for these effects have been only partially identifi...
Article
N-Arachidonoyl-ethanolamine (AEA) is an endocannabinoid (eCB) and endogenous lipid mimicking many of the effects of Δ⁹-tetrahydrocannabinol, notably on brain functions, appetite, pain and inflammation. The eCBs and eCB-like compounds contain fatty acids, the main classes being the monoacylglycerols and the N-acyl-ethanolamines (NAEs). Thus, each lo...
Article
Full-text available
Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) is an endogenous anti-inflammatory lipid mediator and a widely used nutraceutical. In this study, we designed, realized, and tested a drug-carrier conjugate between PEA (the active drug) and glucuronic acid (the carrier). The conjugate, named GLUPEA, was characterized for its capability of increasing PEA levels and exert...
Article
Full-text available
As part of a study on triterpenoid conjugates, the dietary pentacyclic triterpenoids oleanolic (2a) and ursolic acids (3a) were coupled with vanillamine, and the resulting amides (2b and 3b, respectively) were assayed for activity on the vanilloid receptor TRPV1. Despite a structural difference limited to the location of a methyl group in their con...
Chapter
The transient receptor potential (TRP) channels are polymodal cation-permeable receptors involved in the transduction of both physical (temperature, pressure, pH) and chemical stimuli. Six of these membrane proteins, i.e. TRPV1-4, TRPA1 and TRPM8, are referred to as thermoTRPs due to their involvement in thermosensation and in the nociception evoke...
Article
Full-text available
Labdane diterpenes are widespread classes of natural compounds present in variety of marine and terrestrial organisms and plants. Many of them represents “natural libraries” of compounds with interesting biological activities due to differently functionalized drimane nucleus exploitable for potential pharmacological applications. The transient rece...
Article
Cannabitwinol (CBDD, 3), the second member of a new class of dimeric phytocannabinoids in which two units are connected by a methylene bridge, was isolated from a hemp (Cannabis sativa L.) industrial extract. The structural characterization of cannabitwinol, complicated by broadening of 1H NMR signals and lack of expected 2D NMR correlations at roo...
Article
Focusing on the importance of the free phenolic hydroxyl moiety, a family of 23 alkylresorcinol-based compounds were developed and evaluated for their cannabinoid receptor binding properties. The non-symmetrical hexylresorcinol derivative 29 turned out to be a CB2-selective competitive antagonist/inverse agonist endowed with good potency. Both the...
Article
Full-text available
Phytocannabinoids (pCBs) are a large family of meroterpenoids isolated from the plant Cannabis sativa. Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) and cannabidiol (CBD) are the best investigated phytocannabinoids due to their relative abundance and interesting bioactivity profiles. In addition to various targets, THC and CBD are also well-known agonists of perox...
Article
Full-text available
Moringa oleifera Lam. is a tropical plant widely used in traditional medicines and as a food supplement. It is characterized by the presence of glucosinolates and isothiocyanates; the stable isothiocyanate 4-[(α-l-rhamnosyloxy)benzyl]isothiocyanate (moringin) has been widely studied for its bioactivity as hypoglycemic, antimicrobial, anticancer and...
Article
Full-text available
Sisymbrium officinale (L.) Scop. is a wild common plant of the Brassicaceae family. It is known as “the singers’ plant” for its traditional use in treating aphonia and vocal disability. Despite its wide use in herbal preparations, the molecular mechanism of action of S. officinale extracts is not known. The plant is rich in glucosinolates and isoth...
Article
Transient receptor potential vanilloid channel 2 (TRPV2) is required for normal cardiac contractility. The stimulation of TRPV1 in isolated cardiomyocytes can aggravate the effect of hypoxia/ reoxygenation (H/R) on H9C2 cells. The knockout of the TRPV1 gene promotes increased tolerance of the isolated perfused heart to the impact of ischemia/reperf...
Article
Palatability and variety of foods are major reasons for hedonic eating, and hence for obesity. Hemopressin, a hemoglobin α chain-derived peptide, plays antagonist/inverse agonist role on cannabinoid (CB)1 receptors, while RVD-hemopressin(α)[RVD-hp(α)], a N-terminally extended form of hemopressin, has been reported as an allosteric modulator of CB1...
Article
The transient receptor potential vanilloid 2 (TRPV2) is a non-selective Ca2+ permeable channel member of the TRPV subfamily, still considered an orphan TRP channel due to the scarcity of available selective and potent pharmacological tools and endogenous modulators. Here we describe the discovery of novel synthetic long-chain capsaicin-derivatives...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD), caused by dystrophin deficiency, results in chronic inflammation and irreversible skeletal muscle degeneration. Moreover, the associated impairment of autophagy leads to the accumulation of damaged intracellular organelles that greatly contribute to the aggravation of muscle damage. We exp...
Article
Full-text available
Phytochemical investigation of the apolar extract obtained from aerial parts of the Iranian endemic plant Echinophora platyloba DC (Apiaceae) resulted in the characterization of the polyacetylene fraction of this plant. This resulted to be composed of the known echinophorins A and B, embedding the very rare α-pyrone terminal, and of the new echinop...
Article
Electrophilic attack to a double bond, the classic trigger of intramolecular isoprenoid cyclizations, is apparently silent in Cannabis and the diversity of the cannabinome can be ultimately traced to the oxidative cyclization of cannabigerolic acid (CBGA, 1a), a process triggered by the generation of an aromatic electrophilic species. To expand the...
Article
Helichrysum umbraculigerum Less. has been reported to be a prolific producer of phytocannabinoids from the alkyl-, aralkyl-, normal-, and abnormal types. Investigation of an acetone extract from the aerial parts of the plant afforded two novel amorfrutin-type phytocannabinoids (3b, 4) and the new geranylated phloroglucinol 5a. The presence of canna...
Article
Treatment with iodine cleanly converts various p-menthane-type phytocannabinoids and their carboxylated precursors into cannabinol (CBN, 1a). The reaction is superior to previously reported protocols in terms of simplicity and substrate range, which includes not only tricyclic tetrahydrocannabinols such as Δ⁹-THC (2a) but also bicyclic phytocannabi...
Article
A series of 33 curcumin analogues was synthesized and tested on TRPA1, TRPM8, and TRPV1 channels. Twenty of them acted as good modulators of TRPA1 channels. None was able to significantly activate TRPM8 channels, while curcumin itself and six curcuminoids belonging to the 1,3-dicarbonyl and acyclic series behaved as 'true' antagonists with IC50 val...
Article
Helichrysum umbraculigerum Less. has been reported to be a prolific producer of phytocannabinoids from the alkyl-, aralkyl-, normal-, and abnormal types. Investigation of an acetone extract from the aerial parts of the plant afforded two novel amorfrutin-type phytocannabinoids (3b, 4) and the new geranylated phloroglucinol 5a. The presence of canna...
Chapter
Almost three decades have passed since the identification of the two specific metabotropic receptors mediating cannabinoid pharmacology. Thereafter, many cannabinoid effects, both at central and peripheral levels, have been well documented and characterized. However, numerous evidences demonstrated that these pharmacological actions could not be at...
Article
Background: Hemopressin, VD-hemopressin(α) and RVD-hemopressin(α) are hemoglobin α chain derived-peptides which have been found in mouse brain, and where they modulate cannabinoid (CB) receptor function. The nonapeptide hemopressin has been reported to inhibit feeding after both central and peripheral administration, possibly playing a role of ant...
Article
Background: The endocannabinoid (eCB) system plays an important role in regulating emotional disorders, and is involved, directly or indirectly, in psychiatric diseases, such as anxiety and depression. Hemopressin, a hemoglobin α chain-derived peptide, and RVD-hemopressin(α), a N-terminally extended form of hemopressin, act as antagonist/inverse a...
Article
Background: Waldheimia glabra (Decne.) Regel is a wild plant from the Himalayan Mountains, commonly known as Smooth Ground Daisy. This plant is traditionally used by local populations in religious rituals (incense) or in traditional herbal medicine to treat skin diseases, headache, joint pain and fever. In literature few data are available on the...
Article
The cannabinoid CB2 receptor (CB2R) represents a promising therapeutic target for various forms of tissue injury and inflammatory diseases. Although numerous compounds have been developed and widely used to target CB2R, their selectivity, molecular mode of action and pharmacokinetic properties have been poorly characterized. Here we report the most...
Data
Supplementary Figures, Supplementary Tables, Supplementary Methods, Supplementary References.
Article
Apart from having been used and misused for at least four millennia for, among others, recreational and medicinal purposes, the cannabis plant and its most peculiar chemical components, the plant cannabinoids (phytocannabinoids), have the merit to have led humanity to discover one of the most intriguing and pleiotropic endogenous signaling systems,...
Article
Full-text available
An expeditious isolation method for the cembrane diterpene alcohols incensol (1a) and serratol (2) has been developed from respectively African and Indian frankincense. The two native alcohols and a series of semisynthetic derivatives of incensol were evaluated for transient receptor potential vanilloid 3 (TRPV3) activation and the inhibition of NF...
Chapter
The transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 ion channel (TRPV1) is a non-selective ligand-gated cation channel. It is an integrator of a wide variety of exogenous and endogenous physical and chemical stimuli, including capsaicin, noxious heat (>42 °C), and protons (pH < 5.2). TRPV1 is expressed predominantly in primary sensory neurons involved in...
Article
Tetrahydroisoquinoline derivatives containing embedded urea functions were identified as selective TRPM8 channel receptor antagonists. Structure activity relationships were investigated, with the following conclusions: (a) The urea function and the tetrahydroisoquinoline system are necessary for activity. (b) Bis(1-aryl-6,7dimethoxy-1,2,3,4-tetrahy...
Article
Full-text available
Eleven compounds belonging to the chalcone family were tested for their ability to activate and subsequently desensitise the rat transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 cation channel, subfamily A, member 1 (TRPA1) in a heterologous expression system. Four of the tested compounds were more potent than the TRPA1 agonist mustard oil, and showed also a...
Article
Fentanyl is a powerful opiate analgesic typically used for the treatment of severe and chronic pain, but its prescription is strongly limited by the well-documented side-effects. Different approaches have been applied to develop strong analgesic drugs with reduced pharmacologic side-effects. One of the most promising is the design of multitarget dr...
Article
4-(Thiophen-2-yl)butanoic acid was identified as a cyclic substitute of the unsaturated alkyl chain of the natural ligand, capsaicin. Accordingly, a new class of amides was synthesized in good yield and high purity and their molecular recognition against the target was investigated by means of docking experiments followed by molecular dynamics simu...
Article
A series of 31 arylboronic acids designed on the basis of the pharmacophore model for a variety of TRPV1 antagonists was prepared and tested on FAAH and TRPV1 channel. Four of them, that is, compounds 3c, 4a, 5a,b acted as dual FAAH/TRPV1 blockers with IC50 values between 0.56 and 8.11 μM whereas ten others (compounds 1c,f-i, 2c-f, 4b) inhibited FA...
Chapter
The state of the art of our knowledge on two newcomers to the “endocannabinoidome,” the N-acyldopamines (NADs) and N-acylserotonins (NASs), is reviewed here. These two families of bioactive amides of fatty acids (BAFAs) have the peculiarity of having been first investigated as synthetic compounds and pharmacological tools, and then discovered as en...
Article
A series of twenty resveratrol analogues was synthesized and tested on TRPA1 and TRPV1 channels. None was able to significantly modulate TRPV1 channels. Conversely, most of them exhibited remarkably higher TRPA1 modulating activity than resveratrol. Optimal potency was observed with ortho monoxygenated stilbenes 6 and 17.
Article
Full-text available
Cannabinoids can mimic the infarct-reducing effect of early ischemic preconditioning, delayed ischemic preconditioning, and ischemic postconditioning against myocardial ischemia/reperfusion. They do this primarily through both CB1 and CB2 receptors. Cannabinoids are also involved in remote preconditioning of the heart. The cannabinoid receptor liga...
Article
A series of structural analogues of the TRPM8 agonist icilin was prepared. The compounds were examined for their ability to exert agonist or antagonist effects in HEK-293 cells expressing the TRPM8 receptor. Most structural modifications of the icilin structure largely met with diminished TRPM8 agonist activity. Cinnamamide 'open-chain' analogs of...
Article
Palmitoylethanolamide (PEA) is an endogenous congener of anandamide and an enhancer of its actions at cannabinoid receptors, CB1 and CB2, and transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 (TRPV1) channels. The other endocannabinoid, 2-arachidonoylglycerol (2-AG), was recently suggested to act as a TRPV1 agonist. We investigated if PEA enhances the...
Article
The molecular mechanism of action of dipyrone, a widely used antipyretic and non-opioid analgesic drug, is still not fully understood. Actions upon peripheral inflamed tissues as well as the central nervous system, especially upon the PAG-RVM axis, have been suggested. Dipyrone is a prodrug and its activity is due to its immediate conversion to its...
Article
A series of thirty-six geraniol, nerol, citronellol, geranylamine, and nerylamine derivatives was synthesized and tested on TRPA1, TRPM8, and TRPV1 channels. Most of them acted as strong modulators of TRPA1 channels with EC50 and/or IC50 values <1 μM. None was able to significantly activate TRPM8 channels, while thirteen of them behaved as ‘true’ T...
Article
Full-text available
Cannabigerol (CBG) is a safe non-psychotropic Cannabis-derived cannabinoid which interacts with specific targets involved in carcinogenesis. Specifically, CBG potently blocks transient receptor potential (TRP) M8 (TRPM8), activates TRPA1, TRPV1 and TRPV2 channels, blocks 5-HT1A receptors and inhibits the reuptake of endocannabinoids. Here, we inves...
Chapter
In recent years, the discovery of the ‘endocannabinoid system’ and several of its complexities and functional redundancies, on the one hand, and the evaluation of the pharmacology of cannabinoids different from (−)-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), on the other hand, has prompted a ‘restyling’ of terms such as ‘cannabinoids’, ‘cannabinoid receptors’ a...
Article
The transient receptor potential transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 ion channel (TRPV1) is a nonspecific cation channel that can be activated by multiple endogenous stimuli and is expressed predominantly on sensory neurons, where it serves as a key nodal point in pain transmission pathways. In mammals, TRPV1 displays a wide tissue and cellula...
Article
Transient receptor potential (TRP) channels represent interesting molecular target structures involved in a number of different physiological and pathophysiological systems. In particular, TRPA1 channel is involved in nociception and in sensory perception of many pungent chemesthetic compounds, which are widespread in spices and food plants, includ...
Patent
Full-text available
The present invention relates to topical preparations containing N-palmitoyl-vanillamide having hyperalgesic activity. In particular, the invention relates to N-palmitoyl-vanillamide for use in the treatment of pathologies selected from: post-herpetic neuralgia, neuralgia of trigeminus, occipital neuralgia, dental neuralgia, glottopharyngeal neural...
Article
Following the recent identification of the naturally occurring 3-ylidene-4,5-dihydrophthalide ligustilide and its oxidation product dehydroligustilide as novel TRPA1 modulators, a series of seventeen 3-ylidenephthalides was synthesized and tested on TRPA1 and TRPM8 channels. Most of these compounds acted as strong modulators of the two channel type...
Chapter
Since the discovery that the endocannabinoid anandamide could activate the transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) channel, and that some synthetic TRPV1 agonists could also inhibit anandamide cellular re-uptake, reports of interactions between TRP channels, particularly the temperature-sensitive members of this family, and cannabinoids ha...
Article
Evodiamine, a racemic quinazolinocarboline alkaloid isolated from the traditional Chinese medicine Evodiae fructus, has been reported to acts as an agonist of the transient receptor potential vanilloid type-1 (TRPV1) cation channel both in vitro and in vivo. Evodiamine is structurally different from all known TRPV1 activators, and has significant c...
Data
Full-text available
Primary astrocytomas of grade 3 or 4 according to the classification system of the World Health Organization (high-grade astrocytomas or HGAs) are preponderant among adults and are almost invariably fatal despite the use of multimodal therapy. Here we show that the juvenile brain has an endogenous defense mechanism against HGAs. Neural precursor ce...
Article
Full-text available
Neuropathic pain elevates spinal anandamide (AEA) levels in a way further increased when URB597, an inhibitor of AEA hydrolysis by fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH), is injected intrathecally. Spinal AEA reduces neuropathic pain by acting at both cannabinoid CB1 receptors and transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) channels. Yet, intrathec...
Article
The endocannabinoid system was revealed following the understanding of the mechanism of action of marijuana's major psychotropic principle, Δ(9)-tetrahydrocannabinol, and includes two G-protein-coupled receptors (GPCRs; the cannabinoid CB1 and CB2 receptors), their endogenous ligands (the endocannabinoids, the best studied of which are anandamide a...
Article
Full-text available
Leucettamols, bifunctionalized sphingoid-like compounds obtained from a marine sponge Leucetta sp., act as non-electrophilic activators of the TRPA1 channel and potent inhibitors of the icilin-mediated activation of the TRPM8 channel, while they are inactive on CB(1), CB(2) and TRPV1 receptors. Leucettamols represent the first compounds of marine o...
Article
A series of twenty-five derivatives of tetrahydro-β-carbolines 1-3 was synthesized and assayed on FAAH and TRPV1 and TRPA1 channels. Four carbamates, that is, 5a,c,e, and 9b inhibited FAAH with significant potency and interacted also effectively with TRPV1 and TRPA1 nociceptive receptors, while ureas 7b,d,f, and 8a,b were endowed with specific subm...
Article
The patent claims 2-amino-4-arylthiazole derivative compounds as inhibitors of the TRPA1 (transient receptor potential ankyrin, member 1) receptor. These compounds are potent antagonists on the basis of the results of in vitro assays, and are expected to be useful for treating conditions and disorders associated with TRPA1 function such as pain, ch...
Article
Two oxidation products of linoleic acid, 9- and 13-hydroxy-octadecadienoic acids (HODEs), have recently been suggested to act as endovanilloids, that is, endogenous agonists of transient receptor potential vanilloid-1 (TRPV1) channels, thereby contributing to inflammatory hyperalgesia in rats. However, HODE activity at rat TRPV1 in comparison with...
Article
Full-text available
Primary astrocytomas of grade 3 or 4 according to the classification system of the World Health Organization (high-grade astrocytomas or HGAs) are preponderant among adults and are almost invariably fatal despite the use of multimodal therapy. Here we show that the juvenile brain has an endogenous defense mechanism against HGAs. Neural precursor ce...
Article
Allergy to common ragweed (Ambrosia artemisiifolia L.) is increasingly important from a clinical standpoint, but surprisingly, little is known on the secondary metabolites of this plant and their potential involvement in the severity of the allergic reactions induced by its pollen. Along with known compounds, eight novel sesquiterpenoids were isola...
Article
The endocannabinoid system (ECS) was discovered to be the biological target for the psychoactive components from hemp. It consists of two GPC receptors (CB1 and CB2), a few endocannabinoids, their degradative enzymes FAAH and MAGL and the connected signaling pathways. The ECS also shares some endogenous ligands with the TRPV1 ion channels of the en...