Luciana Migliore

Luciana Migliore
University of Rome Tor Vergata | UNIROMA2 · Dipartimento di Biologia

Professor

About

150
Publications
18,723
Reads
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2,736
Citations
Introduction
Luciana Migliore is Associate Professor of the Biology Dept., University of Rome Tor Vergata, and works in Ecology and ecotoxicology.
Additional affiliations
September 2015 - December 2015
Loyola University of Chicago
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Description
  • John Felice Rome Center
October 2014 - December 2014
The University of Queensland
Position
  • Professor
December 1995 - present
University of Rome Tor Vergata
Position
  • Università degli Studi di Roma "Tor Vergata"

Publications

Publications (150)
Article
The loggerhead sea turtle, Caretta caretta (Linnaeus, 1758), is the most common sea turtle species in the Mediterranean Sea, where it can experience severe anthropogenic impacts. Although C. caretta is known to host more than 200 epibiotic taxa (crustaceans, algae and cyanobacteria), no reports have included a detailed evaluation of the microbial c...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the continuous development, production and consumption of nanoparticles (NPs), their release, fate and effects in marine coastal environment can represent a major concern. The aim of this study was to evaluate the toxicity of ZnO nanoparticles (ZnO NPs) and compare it to bulk ZnSO 4 on three macroinvertebrates: the isopod Cymodoce truncata (...
Article
Full-text available
The improper use of antibiotics by humans may promote the dissemination of resistance in wildlife. The persistence and spread of acquired antibiotic resistance and human-associated bacteria in the environment, while representing a threat to wildlife, can also be exploited as a tool to monitor the extent of human impact, particularly on endangered a...
Article
Seagrasses and associated microbial communities constitute a functional unit (holobiont) which responds as a whole to environmental changes. However, it is still unclear how the microbial colonizers are selected. In this study we compared the epiphytic microbial communities associated with Posidonia oceanica and Halophila stipulacea, Mediterranean...
Article
The features of Graphene Oxide (GO) could produce unexpected interactions with ecosystem, triggering negative effects on biota. In this work we evaluated the effects of two different GO samples (chemically synthesized GOC and electrochemically synthesized GOE) on Lemna gibba L., after incubation with different concentrations over a period of 21 day...
Article
Full-text available
Microbes and seagrass establish symbiotic relationships constituting a functional unit called the holobiont that reacts as a whole to environmental changes. Recent studies have shown that the seagrass microbial associated community varies according to host species, environmental conditions and the host’s health status, suggesting that the microbial...
Article
Full-text available
Ancient parchments record an immense part of our cultural heritage, having been used as the main written support material for centuries. Parchment easily undergoes biodeterioration, whose main signs are the so-called purple spots , which often lead to detachment of the superficial written layer. Up to recent years, several studies have been analyzi...
Article
Full-text available
The accumulation of Posidonia oceanica dead leaves on the beaches of the Mediterranean shores is a natural phenomenon. They are either temporary or permanent structures (banquettes) and represent a valuable resource, with important ecosystem functions including coastal protection against erosion. Nevertheless, the perception of these plant accumula...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated for the first time the effects of ZnO nanoparticle (NP) chronic exposure (28 days) on Tigriopus fulvus. Acute toxicity (48 h) of three Zn chemical forms was assessed as well including the following: (a) ZnO nanoparticles (NPs), (b) Zn2+ from ZnO NP suspension after centrifugation (supernatant) and (c) ZnSO4 H2O. Physical-che...
Article
Full-text available
Members of Sphingomonas genus have gained a notable interest for their use in a wide range of biotechnological applications, ranging from bioremediation to the production of valuable compounds of industrial interest. To date, knowledge on phages targeting Sphingomonas spp. are still scarce. Here, we describe and characterize a lytic bacteriophage,...
Article
Full-text available
Microbial consortia are effective biofilters to treat wastewaters, allowing for resource recovery and water remediation. To re-use and save water in the domestic cycle, we assembled a suspended biofilm, a ‘biofilter’ to treat dishwasher wastewater. Bacterial monocultures of both photo- and hetero-trophs were assembled in an increasingly complex fas...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Lo spiaggiamento delle biomasse vegetali costituite da foglie di Posidonia oceanica (L.) Delile - pianta marina del Mar Mediterraneo - è un fenomeno naturale, che annualmente si rileva in tutti i paesi bagnati dal Mar Mediterraneo. Tale fenomeno può avere un’intensità differente in relazione alla distanza dalle foci dei corsi d’acqua, dal regime de...
Article
Full-text available
Halophila stipulacea is a small tropical seagrass, native to the Red Sea, Persian Gulf, and the Indian Ocean. It invaded the Mediterranean Sea 150 years ago as a Lessepsian migrant, but so far has remained in insulated, small populations across this basin. Surprisingly, in 2002 it was reported in the Caribbean Sea, where within less than two decade...
Article
Full-text available
Sea turtles have been proposed as health indicators of marine habitats and carriers of antibiotic-resistant bacterial strains, for their longevity and migratory lifestyle. Up to now, a few studies evaluated the antibacterial resistant flora of Mediterranean loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) and most of them were carried out on stranded or re...
Article
Full-text available
Animal hides are one of man’s earliest and mostly used materials; many rawhide products, primarily leather, have for centuries been used for several purposes. The peculiar mechanical properties of leather depend on the hide composition, a dense collagen feltwork. Unfortunately, due to their proteic composition, rawhides may undergo microbial attack...
Article
Halophila stipulacea is a small tropical seagrass species native to the Red Sea. Due to its invasive character, there is growing interest in understanding its ability to thrive in a broad range of ecological niches. We studied temporal (February 2014 and July 2014), depth (5, 9, 18 m) and spatial (NB and SB) related dynamics of H. stipulacea meadow...
Article
The search of antimicrobial peptides (AMP) as candidates for the development of antibiotics is an active research field. In this paper we investigated the role of charged residues in antimicrobial activity by using as a template the previously characterized crabrolin peptide. Mutant peptides in which the charge was diminished (Crabrolin Minus) or i...
Article
Library material, and thus parchment, is frequently subjected to bio-deterioration processes caused by microorganisms. Fungi and bacteria cause alterations in the parchment inducing, in some cases, even the partial detachments of the surface layer and the loss of any text present on it. An important contribution to disinfection of the cultural heri...
Article
Full-text available
The preservation of cultural heritage is one of the major challenges of today’s society. Parchments, a semi-solid matrix of collagen produced from animal skin, are a significant part of the cultural heritage, being used as writing material since ancient times. Due to their animal origin, parchments easily undergo biodeterioration: the most common b...
Article
Full-text available
The project deals with the environmental problem of water consumption. The aim of this work is to experiment the recycling of dishwasher wastewater through its reuse in growing edible vegetables or ornamental plants; this can also accomplish the valorization of nutrients present in the wastewater. This new process allows to ensure washing functions...
Article
A yellow pigmented and agar-pitting colony was isolated from a water sample obtained from a drainage ditch within a disused system of constructed wetlands. The strain was purified and named MCT13T. This rod-shaped, Gram-negative, oxidase- and catalase-positive, aerobic, non-spore-forming, and non-motile strain formed round colonies and grew optimal...
Article
The aim of this study was to detect ecotoxicological effects of 0.1 μm polystyrene microbeads in marine organisms belonging to different trophic levels. MP build up, lethal and sub-lethal responses were investigated in the bacterium Vibrio anguillarum (culturability), in the green microalga Dunaliella tertiolecta (growth inhibition), in the rotifer...
Article
Copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs) are extensively used in various industrial and commercial applications. Despite their wide application may lead to the contamination of marine ecosystem, their potential environmental effects remain to be determined. Toxicity assessment studies have primarily focused on investigating the effects of CuO NPs on fe...
Article
Grazing influences the structure and function of seagrass meadows. Like terrestrial plants, seagrasses have evolved nutritional, structural and chemical mechanisms to either tolerate or resist grazing. Phenols are common secondary metabolites that have multiple roles, including grazing deterrence, and their content in seagrass tissues can vary both...
Poster
Full-text available
In the framework of the EU COST Action “Advancing marine conservation in the European and contiguous seas” (MarCons) a Short Time Scientific Mission was carried out in Cyprus in order to improve our understanding of the little explored seagrass associated microbiomes. We investigated the composition of the microbial communities associated to the in...
Article
Full-text available
Ancient parchments are commonly attacked by microbes, producing purple spots and detachment of the superficial layer. Neither standard cultivation nor molecular methods (DGGE) solved the issue: causative agents and colonization model are still unknown. To identify the putative causal agents, we describe the 16 S rRNA gene analysis (454-pyrosequenci...
Article
Full-text available
Bacteria are used in ecotoxicology for their important role in marine ecosystems and their quick, reproducible responses. Here we applied a recently proposed method to assess the ecotoxicity of nanomaterials on the ubiquitous marine bacterium Vibrio anguillarum, as representative of brackish and marine ecosystems. The test allows the determination...
Article
Metal oxide nanoparticles, among them copper oxide nanoparticles (CuO NPs), are widely used in different applications (e.g. batteries, gas sensors, superconductors, plastics and metallic coatings), increasing their potential release in the environment. In aquatic matrix, the behavior of CuO NPs may strongly change, depending on their surface charge...
Preprint
Full-text available
The use of biological models has been recognized as very important in nanoecotoxicology for the understanding of Nanoparticle (NP) ecotoxicological effects. This study aimed to assess, for the first time, the chronic toxicity of Zinc Oxide NPs (ZnO NPs) on survival and reproductive traits of the marine copepod Tigriopus fulvus. Moults number, sex r...
Preprint
Full-text available
The use of biological models has been recognized as very important in nanoecotoxicology for the understanding of Nanoparticle (NP) ecotoxicological effects. This study aimed to assess, for the first time, the chronic toxicity of Zinc Oxide NPs (ZnO NPs) on survival and reproductive traits of the marine copepod Tigriopus fulvus. Moults number, sex r...
Poster
Full-text available
Setup identical permanent monitoring systems in the northern Gulf of Aqaba and in the eastern Mediterranean. Collect samples for morphological, physiological, genetic and associated bacteriome comparisons between native and invasive H. stipulacea populations
Article
Full-text available
Bacteria are an important component of the ecosystem, and microbial community alterations can have a significant effect on biogeochemical cycling and food webs. Toxicity testing based on microorganisms are widely used because they are relatively quick, reproducible, cheap, and are not associated with ethical issues. Here, we describe an ecotoxicolo...
Article
Full-text available
Halophila stipulacea is a small tropical seagrass species. It is the dominant seagrass species in the Gulf of Aqaba (GoA; northern Red Sea), where it grows in both shallow and deep environments (1–50 m depth). Native to the Red Sea, Persian Gulf, and Indian Ocean, this species has invaded the Mediterranean and has recently established itself in the...
Article
Seagrasses are one of the most valuable marine ecosystems on earth, yet they are declining worldwide at alarming rates. With most of seagrass monitoring based on long term responses to environmental pressures, there is growing interest in developing alternative diagnostic tools that more effectively identify changes in seagrass ecological status at...
Research
Full-text available
Monografia riguardante l'ormesi, il suo meccanismo d'azione, la sua storia.
Article
Seagrasses are one of the most valuable marine ecosystems on earth, yet they are declining worldwideat alarming rates. With most of seagrass monitoring based on long term responses to environmentalpressures, there is growing interest in developing alternative diagnostic tools that more effectively iden-tify changes in seagrass ecological status at...
Article
The Vibrio genus is widespread in marine and brackish environments, and several species are human and animal pathogens of global importance. Vibrios adapt rapidly to many environmental stresses, so that brackish environments can be both a suitable niche and a possible reservoir for them. To test the occurrence of culturable vibrios and their possib...
Article
The brine shrimp, Artemia spp., is widely used in ecotoxicology as a target biological model. Although several protocols were available in the early 1980s, only the 24-h acute mortality toxicity test was evaluated in a European intercalibration exercise during that period. Nevertheless, documentation of standard methods serving to provide specifica...
Article
Full-text available
Artemia sp. is extensively used in ecotoxicity testing, despite criticisms inherent to both acute and long-term tests. Alternative endpoints and procedures should be considered to support the use of this biological model. The hatching process comprises several developmental steps and the cyst hatchability seems acceptable as endpoint criterion. In...
Article
Full-text available
The phytopathogen Pseudomonas syringae pv. actinidiae (Psa) is the causal agent of bacterial canker of kiwifruit. In the last years, it has caused severe economic losses to Actinidia spp. cultivations, mainly in Italy and New Zealand. Conventional strategies adopted did not provide adequate control of infection. Phage therapy may be a realistic and...
Article
Full-text available
Hormesis is a biphasic dose-response relationship, occurring when low concentrations of toxic agents elicit apparent improvements. In this work, the ability of sub-inhibitory concentrations of Tetracycline to induce hormetic response in a model organism was investigated. To this aim a reference strain of Escherichia coli, MG1655, was exposed to six...
Article
Full-text available
The increasing rate of human-induced environmental changes on coastal marine ecosystems has created a demand for effective descriptors, in particular for those suitable for monitoring the status of seagrass meadows. Growing evidence has supported the useful application of biochemical and genetic descriptors such as secondary metabolite synthesis, p...
Article
Hormesis is a biphasic dose-response relationship, occurring when low concentrations of toxic agents elicit apparent improvements. In this work, the ability of sub-inhibitory concentrations of Tetracycline to induce hormetic response in a model organism was investigated. To this aim a reference strain of Escherichia coli, MG1655, was exposed to six...
Article
Full-text available
Posidonia oceanica meadows are experiencing a progressive decline, and monitoring their status is crucial for the maintenance of these ecosystems. We performed a comparative analysis of bed density, total phenol content and protein expression pattern to assess the conservation status of Posidonia plants from the S. Marinella (Rome, Italy) meadow. T...
Article
The increasing rate of human-induced environmental changes on coastal marine ecosystems has created a demand for effective descriptors, in particular for those suitable for monitoring the status of seagrass meadows. Growing evidence has supported the useful application of biochemical and genetic descriptors such as secondary metabolite synthesis, p...
Article
Full-text available
The great environmental importance of wetlands is linked to the high biodiversity of flora and fauna they support, so that the international Ramsar Convention focused on these areas and highlighted the need to preserve them. The bacterial communities that thrive in these ecosystems play a key role in regulating the local biogeochemical processes an...
Presentation
Seagrasses employ a wide variety of traits to reduce plant quality as food for herbivores, such as nutrient content, structural and chemical defenses. In particular, the presence of tannin cells, specialized in the production of phenolic compounds, is well documented in Posidonia oceanica. According to the optimal defense theory, in this marine pla...
Article
Full-text available
Oxytetracycline (OTC) is administered in high doses to livestocks and enters the environmental compartments as a consequence of animal waste disposal. As a first step in setting up a useful mycoremediation technique, an OTC lab degradation test was performed in liquid medium using the ligninolytic fungus Pleurotus ostreatus. OTC disappearance in cu...
Article
Oxytetracycline (OTC) is administered in high doses to livestocks and enters the environmental compartments as a consequence of animal waste disposal. As a first step in setting up a useful mycoremediation technique, an OTC lab degradation test was performed in liquid medium using the ligninolytic fungus Pleurotus ostreatus. OTC disappearance in cu...
Article
Full-text available
The conservation status of the Posidonia oceanica meadow at Santa Marinella (Rome) was evaluated through both standard (bed density, leaf biometry, “A” coefficient, Leaf Area Index, rhizome production) and biochemical/genetic approaches (total phenol content and Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA marker). The biochemical/genetic results are in agreem...
Article
Full-text available
In order to evaluate the hormetic response of the weed Lythrum salicaria to drug expo-sure we investigated the effects of the antibiotic Sulfadimethoxine by growing Lythrum plants for 28 days on culture media containing different drug concentrations (between 0.005 and 50 mg.L -1). The antibiotic was absorbed by plants and can be found in plant tis-...
Article
The presence of Vibrio isolates was investigated in cloacal swabs from the Galápagos marine iguana (Amblyrhyncus cristatus). Such unique iguana is endemic to the Galápagos Archipelago, it is listed as vulnerable in the IUCN Red List (2009), and is strictly protected by CITES and Ecuador laws. Our results revealed an uneven isolation frequency of vi...