Lucia Galli

Lucia Galli
Instituto de genetica veterinaria Ing. Ferando Noel Dulout- IGEVET CONICET · Food Microbiology

PhD

About

45
Publications
4,929
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619
Citations
Citations since 2016
22 Research Items
405 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220204060
20162017201820192020202120220204060
20162017201820192020202120220204060

Publications

Publications (45)
Article
We subtyped 32 Salmonella enterica strains isolated from carcasses (n = 10), the environment (n = 14), head meat (n = 1) and viscera washing and chilling water (n = 7) in provincial abattoirs with no Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) system from Buenos Aires, Argentina, before and after implementing improvement actions. Pulsed-field ge...
Article
The aim of this work was to reinforce actions tending to reduce Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) in beef products from an Argentinean commercial abattoir implementing Hazard Analysis and Critical Control Point (HACCP) practices. An environmental stx map was built with 421 environmental samples from the slaughter, quartering, cool chamb...
Article
We characterized Shiga toxin–producing Escherichia coli (STEC) O157 (n = 20) and non-O157 (n = 68) isolated from carcasses (n = 54), the environment (n = 20), head meat (n = 3) and viscera washing and chilling water (n = 11) in provincial abattoirs before and after implementing improvement actions. The strains were tested for eae, saa, ehxA and fli...
Article
The slaughter process plays an important role in animal welfare, meat quality, safety and public health through the meat production chain. In this study, we performed a three-stage evaluation: I) comprehensive evaluation, II) implementation of improvement actions and III) verification of the success of the actions implemented in three abattoirs fro...
Article
Full-text available
Los extractos vegetales pueden ser obtenidos de diferentes partes de las plantas como hojas, tallos, flores y raíces. El interés por los extractos vegetales ha aumentado notablemente por sus propiedades bactericidas, fungicidas y antioxidantes. Por tal motivo, el objetivo del presente trabajo consistió en evaluar el poder inhibitorio de sustancias...
Article
We characterized L. monocytogenes strains isolated from ground beef (n = 40) and butcher shop environmental (n = 99) samples before and after implementing improvement actions. Strains were serotyped and subtyped by enterobacterial repetitive intergenic consensus-polymerase chain reaction (ERIC-PCR) and ApaI-pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) t...
Article
Full-text available
Canine leptospirosis is definitely diagnosed by demonstrating seroconversion in paired serum samples from the acute and convalescent period by the microagglutination test (MAT). However, the application of a polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay can provide earlier confirmation of suspected cases. The objective of this study was to evaluate two PCR...
Article
Antimicrobial treatments could help to decrease the transmission of microorganisms to beef carcasses and abattoir environments. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of interventions in reducing Shiga toxin genes ( stx1 and stx2) presence in a commercial abattoir. Intervention measures included the application of electrolytically...
Article
Full-text available
Pathogenic Escherichia coli are known to be a common cause of diarrheal disease and a frequently occurring bacterial infection in children and adults in Latin America. Despite the effort to combat diarrheal infections, the south of the American continent remains a hot spot for infections and sequelae associated with the acquisition of one category...
Article
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Resumen Escherichia coli productor de toxina Shiga (STEC) es un patógeno transmitido por alimentos que puede causar diarrea acuosa, diarrea sanguinolenta (DS) y síndrome urémico hemolítico (SUH). El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar las características fenotípicas y genotípicas de cepas STEC aisladas de niños con DS y SUH atendidos en un hosp...
Article
Listeriosis is a foodborne disease caused by Listeria monocytogenes. The aims of this work were to develop and validate an in-house real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) for the detection of L. monocytogenes, and to determine its prevalence in raw ground beef samples from 53 butcheries that also sell ready-to-eat foods. One set of primers an...
Article
Full-text available
Several foods contaminated with Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are associated with human diseases. Some countries have established microbiological criteria for non-O157 STEC, thus, the absence of serogroups O26, O45, O103, O104, O111, O121, and O145 in sprouts from the European Union or ground beef and beef trimmings from the United...
Data
Genotypes (stx, eae, ehxA, aggR+aaiC) of non-O157 STEC strains isolated from beef carcasses, anatomical cuts and trimmings from Argentinean abattoirs. (PDF)
Data
XbaI-PFGE UPGMA dendrogram. Sampling type and stage, serotypes and genotypes of 168 non-O157 STEC strains isolated from abbatoirs. (PDF)
Data
Genotypes (stx, eae, ehxA, aggR+aaiC) of non-O157 STEC strains isolated from beef carcasses, anatomical cuts and trimmings from Argentinean abattoirs. (PDF)
Article
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are important emerging foodborne human pathogens. Ruminants are the main animal reservoir of STEC currently known, and meat can become contaminated at different stages of the production chain. The aim of this work was to subtype and establish the epidemiological relatedness of non-O157 STEC strains isol...
Article
Full-text available
In Argentina, conventional culture methods for the isolation of diarrheal bacteria continue to be the most widely used form of diagnosis in many clinical laboratories. In this work we validated 11 in-house real-time polymerase chain reactions (PCRs) assays for the specific and rapid detection of Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., enteroinvasive E. col...
Chapter
Foodborne diseases, as a result of the consumption of food contaminated by diarrheagenic E. coli (DEC), have been recognized as one of the most prevalent health issues worldwide. Certain pathogroups are typically transmitted by contaminated food and water; however, their prevalence in food is restricted to outbreaks and research studies in certain...
Article
Full-text available
Foodborne pathogens can cause acute and chronic diseases and produce a wide range of symptoms. Since the consumption of ground beef is a risk factor for infections with some bacterial pathogens, we performed a comprehensive evaluation of butcher shops, implemented improvement actions for both butcher shops and consumers, and verified the impact of...
Article
Escherichia coli O157:H7 is an enteric pathogen associated with food safety threats and with significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. In Argentina, post-enteric hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is endemic, with >70% of cases associated with E. coli O157 infection. To date the biological basis behind the severity among E. coli O157 infections i...
Article
Full-text available
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are foodborne pathogens, and beef cattle are recognized as the principal reservoir. The aims of this study were (1) to identify the most sensitive combination of selective enrichment broths and agars for STEC isolation in artificially inoculated ground beef samples, and (2) to evaluate the most efficien...
Article
Full-text available
Enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) is the major pathogen responsible for neonatal diarrhea, postweaning diarrhea, and edema disease in pigs. Although it can be harmless, ETEC is also present in the intestines of other animal species and humans, causing occasional diarrhea outbreaks. The evaluation of this pathogen's presence in food sources is...
Article
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Between April 2009 and July 2011, 311 surface water samples in 48 cattle feedlots distributed in an area of about 67,000 km2 were analyzed to examine the environmental dissemination of Escherichia coli O157:H7. Samples were taken inside and outside the pens, exposed and not exposed to runoff from corrals, near the feedlots. Two types of samples wer...
Article
Long polar fimbriae (Lpf) are intestinal adhesins and important virulence factors of pathogenic Escherichia coli strains. We cloned and sequenced the lpf2-1 operon (lpf2ABCD) and its flanking regions of an intimin- and Shiga toxin-negative atypical E. coli O157:H43 strain of bovine origin and also sequenced the lpf2-1 operon of six additional atypi...
Article
Full-text available
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are foodborne pathogens that cause mild or serious diseases and can lead to people death. This study reports the prevalence and characteristics of STEC O157 and non-O157 in commercial ground beef and environmental samples, including meat table, knife, meat mincing machine, and manipulator hands (n = 450...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The purposes of this study were to detect non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) in bovine rectums and water in a beef cattle farm in Argentina, and to determine the pathogenic potential of the circulating strains. During the study, 292 rectal swabs from healthy animals and 79 environmental water samples were collected. The...
Article
Full-text available
Shiga toxigenic Escherichia coli O157 is the leading cause of hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) worldwide. The frequencies of stx genotypes and the incidences of O157-related illness and HUS vary significantly between Argentina and Australia. Locus-specific polymorphism analysis revealed that lineage I/II (LI/II) E. coli O157 isolates were most preva...
Article
Full-text available
Escherichia coli O157:H7 and other pathogenic E. coli strains are enteric pathogens associated with food safety threats and which remain a significant cause of morbidity and mortality worldwide. In the current study, we investigated whether enterohemorrhagic E. coli (EHEC), Shiga toxin-producing E. coli (STEC), and enteropathogenic E. coli (EPEC) s...
Article
Full-text available
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) are foodborne pathogens that cause mild or serious diseases and can lead to people death. This study reports the prevalence and characteristics of STEC O157 and non-O157 in commercial ground beef and environmental samples, including meat table, knife, meat mincing machine, and manipulator hands (n = 450...
Article
Full-text available
The non-O157 Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) contamination in carcasses and feces of 811 bovines in nine beef abattoirs from Argentina was analyzed during a period of 17 months. The feces of 181 (22.3%) bovines were positive for non-O157 STEC, while 73 (9.0%) of the carcasses showed non-O157 STEC contamination. Non-O157 STEC strains i...
Article
Full-text available
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) is an important foodborne pathogen, and ruminants are recognized as the main natural reservoir. The purposes of this study were to detect E. coli O157 in bovine feces and surface water in a beef cattle farm of Gualeguaychú, Argentina; to characterize the isolates; and to establish the clonal relatedness...
Article
Full-text available
In Argentina, Escherichia coli O157:H7/NM (STEC O157) is the prevalent serotype associated with hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), which is endemic in the country with more than 400 cases per year. In order to estimate the prevalence and characteristics of STEC O157 in beef cattle at slaughter, a survey of 1,622 fecal and carcass samples was conducte...
Article
The long polar fimbriae (Lpf) is one of few adhesive factors of Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) and it is associated with colonization of the intestine. Studies have demonstrated the presence of lpf genes in several pathogenic E. coli strains, and classification of variants based on polymorphisms in the lpfA1 and lpfA2 genes has been...
Article
For comparison purposes, the prevalence of 8 virulence markers was investigated, by PCR, in 153 cattle and 47 human Locus for Enterocyte Effacement (LEE)-negative Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli (STEC) strains isolated in Argentina. Also, their correlation with severe disease was established. The virulence markers studied comprises 5 fimbria...
Article
Escherichia coli productor de toxina Shiga es un patógeno emergente cuyo principal factor de virulencia son las toxinas Shiga (Stx), codificadas por los genes stx. Estas toxinas se clasifican en 6 tipos (1, 2, 2c, 2d, 2e y 2f) que agrupan a 22 variantes. En Argentina se validaron dos técnicas de PCR para la detección de los genes stx, PCR-MK y PCR...
Article
Full-text available
Shiga toxin-producing Escherichia coli is an emergent pathogen, being the Shiga toxin (Stx) the main virulence factor. These toxins are classified into 6 types (1,2, 2c, 2d, 2e and 2f) and 22 variants. In Argentina, two PCR for stx gene detection, PCR-MK and multiplex-PCR, were validated. The aim of this work was to analyze, by using bioinformatic...

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