Lucas M. Carbone

Lucas M. Carbone
National University of Cordoba, Argentina | UNC · Institute for Multidisciplinary Plant Biology (IMBIV)

PhD in biology

About

34
Publications
16,787
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153
Citations
Introduction
I am currently a researcher at the Laboratory of Ecological Interactions and Conservation, at the Multidisciplinary Institute of Plant Biology, National University of Córdoba, Argentina (IMBIV, CONICET- UNC) and also an Assistant Professor of Taxonomic Botany at the Faculty of Agronomy, of the same University. My main research interests focus on Environmental Science, Ecology and Botany; particularly I assess how native plants, pollinators, and ecosystem services respond to changing fire regimes
Additional affiliations
July 2021 - present
National Scientific and Technical Research Council
Position
  • Researcher
April 2017 - June 2021
Instituto Multidisciplinario de Biología Vegetal (CONICET-UNC)
Position
  • PostDoc Position
October 2015 - present
National University of Cordoba, Argentina
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (34)
Article
Nowadays the arid Chaco in central Argentina presents gradients of woody vegetation cover with a variety of management regimes with different environmental impacts. Here, we compare the relative effects of the two most widespread management systems in the region: silvopastoral and peasant managements. Soil properties, plant species richness, compos...
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays the arid Chaco of Córdoba presents gradients of different woody vegetation cover with a variety of management regimes with different environmental impacts. In this study we compared the relative environmental impact of two widespread types of land management systems in the region: silvopastoral and peasant management. Soil quality, plant s...
Article
Full-text available
Introducción y objetivos: La introducción de plantas exóticas para uso ornamental representa un riesgo de invasión para los ecosistemas. Cenchrus advena, C. longisetus y C. setaceus son gramíneas introducidas como ornamentales y altamente cultivadas en el centro-norte de Argentina, aunque se desconoce su estado en el proceso de invasión. En este tr...
Data
Dataset que contiene 1934 registros de colecta de especímenes preservados de plantas vasculares que forman parte de las colecciones del Herbario ACOR de la Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba (FCA-UNC), Argentina. La mayor parte de los registros están determinados hasta el nivel de especie, y unos pocos a niveles sup...
Article
How much leaf area do insects eat? A data set of insect herbivory sampled globally with a standardized protocol. Ecology 102(4): Abstract. Herbivory is ubiquitous. Despite being a potential driver of plant distribution and performance, herbivory remains largely undocumented. Some early attempts have been made to review, globally, how much leaf area...
Article
Full-text available
Background Fire is an important driver of ecosystem dynamics worldwide. However, knowledge on broad-scale patterns of ecosystem and organism responses to fires is still scarce. Through a systematic quantitative review of available studies across South America, we assessed fire effects on biodiversity and abundance of different organisms ( i.e., pla...
Article
Herbivory is ubiquitous. Despite being a potential driver of plant distribution and performance, herbivory remains largely undocumented. Some early attempts have been made to review, globally, how much leaf area is removed through insect feeding. Kozlov et al. (2015), in one of the most comprehensive reviews regarding global patterns of herbivory,...
Article
Full-text available
Plant reproduction is influenced by abiotic resources and biotic mutualistic and antagonistic interactions, which in turn can be affected by anthropogenic disturbances such as increased fire frequency. Because frequent fires deplete soil fertility and thus decrease resource availability for plants, we hypothesize that increased fire frequency decre...
Article
Full-text available
Increased fire frequency usually erodes microenvironmental conditions causing a drastic limitation of edaphic resources. Thus, the production of permanently closed-small flowers (cleistogamous, CL) should increase in sites with high fire frequency as it implies a less-expensive reproductive-assurance strategy. However, because open, insect-pollinat...
Data
Desmodium uncinatum (Fabaceae) and their biotic interactions in frequently burned ecosystems: general plant habit (a), resprouting individuals with woody rhizomes from a frequently burned site (b), flowers in anthesis (c), the bumblebee Bombus bellicosus visiting a Desmodium flower (d), the seed predator Meibomeus sp. (e), and a grasshopper feeding...
Data
Rhynchosia edulis (Fabaceae) and their biotic interactions in frequently burned ecosystems: general plant habit (a), resprouting individual with woody xylopodium from a frequently burned site (b), flowers in anthesis (c), the hymenopterans Notanthidium sp. (d), Megachile sp. (e) and Xylocopa atamisquensis (f) visiting Rhynchosia flowers, grasshoppe...
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo de divulgación es un emergente del Simposio Rol ecológico y evolutivo del fuego sobre los ecosistemas argentinos realizado en el marco de las 37º Jornadas Argentinas de Botánica, el 10 de septiembre de 2019, en San Miguel de Tucumán, Argentina. Las personas usualmente conciben los incendios como catástrofes naturales, con efectos neg...
Article
Full-text available
Aim Understanding fire effects on pollinators is critical in the context of fire regime changes and the global pollination crisis. Through a systematic and quantitative review of the literature, we provide the first global assessment of pollinator responses to fire. We hypothesize that pollinators increase after fire and during the early postfire s...
Article
Full-text available
Current biodiversity loss is mostly caused by anthropogenic habitat loss and fragmentation, climate change, and resource exploitation. Measuring the balance of species loss and gain in remaining fragmented landscapes throughout time entails a central research challenge. We resurveyed in 2013 plant species richness in the same plots of a previous sa...
Data
Proportion of plant species gained after a decade. Proportion of (a) gained woody and non-woody species and of (b) gained plant species in edge and interior after a decade. The bottom of each box is the 25th percentile and the top is the 75th percentile, horizontal lines correspond to the median, and whiskers indicate maximum observed values plus +...
Data
List of sampled plant species. List of plant species sampled across 19 and 18 forest fragments in 2003 and 2013, respectively. The presence of each plant species is denoted with 1 and the absence with 0. Total number of species is given at the end. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Increased fire frequency can significantly erode both soil properties and plant–pollinator interactions affecting plant reproductive success but they have seldom been assessed simultaneously. Here, we evaluate soil properties, pollinator assemblage and the reproductive success of two native Fabaceae herbs, Desmodium uncinatum and Rhynchosia edulis,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La cleistogamia es un sistema reproductivo en el que flores cerradas (cleistógamas, CL) aseguran la reproducción por autopolinización en ausencia de polinizadores. Esta estrategia podría ser favorecida en ambientes con limitación de recursos abióticos debido a que las flores CL son menos costosas de producir que las flores casmógamas (CA), Los regí...
Conference Paper
En ambientes frecuentemente quemados la limitación de recursos abióticos podría favorecer la expresión sexual masculina, debido a los costos más bajos de las flores masculinas. El fuego también puede alterar la comunidad de polinizadores, teniendo consecuencias sobre la reproducción de plantas dependientes de éstos. En base a esto nos propusimos ev...
Article
Full-text available
Las Sierras Chicas de Córdoba son el cordón montañoso con mayor frecuencia de fuego del centro de Argentina. Sin embargo, hasta el momento no se ha evaluado cuál es la respuesta de las comunidades de plantas del Chaco Serrano a los efectos de la frecuencia de fuego. En base a 23 años de historia de fuego, evaluamos la diversidad y composición de la...
Thesis
Fire is a disturbance present in most terrestrial ecosystems, shaping the distribution, structure and dynamics of biomes worldwide. The impact of fire on plants depends on the natural fire regime of a region. Anthropogenic activities such as land-use changes, human population growth and the consequent global warming, can modify fire regimes affecti...
Data
Full-text available
Numerosos textos han sido publicados en Argentina sobre las Gramíneas que crecen en el territorio nacional y desde diversas perspectivas además de la botánica. Entre ellos, una obra que incluye la totalidad de las Gramíneas argentinas (Tomos I y II del Volumen 3 de la Flora Vascular de la República Argentina de Zuloaga y colaboradores), los capítul...
Book
Full-text available
Han pasado más de 30 años de la última edición de la obra de Ángel Marzocca " Manual de Malezas " y si bien se han editado numerosos trabajos científicos y/o tecnológicos, informes técnicos y aún capítulos en libros de cultivos re-lacionados con la temática de las malezas, los mismos abordan aspectos con distinto grado de profundidad, en-foques par...
Book
Full-text available
Numerosos textos han sido publicados en Argentina sobre las Gramíneas que crecen en el territorio nacional y desde diversas perspectivas además de la botánica. Entre ellos, una obra que incluye la totalidad de las Gramíneas argentinas (Tomos I y II del Volumen 3 de la Flora Vascular de la República Argentina de Zuloaga y colaboradores), los capítul...
Article
Full-text available
Fire frequencies are currently increasing in many regions across the world as a result of anthropic activities, affecting ecological processes and plant population dynamics. Fire can generate important changes in soil properties, altering nutrient dynamics and thereby plant growth. Here we analyse fire frequency effects on soil quality and plant tr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La polinización mediada por animales es considerada una de las interacciones más importantes en el ciclo de vida de las plantas vasculares. La producción sexual de semillas es un parámetro demográfico clave ya que define el máximo potencial de reclutamiento de población para la próxima generación. La alteración antrópica del régimen de fuego puede...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El objetivo de este trabajo es comparar la diversidad florística post-fuego de dos zonas de las Sierras Chicas de Córdoba (Dptos. Santa María y Colón) con historia de fuegos frecuentes y de explotación predominantemente ganadera, donde la siembra aérea post-fuego de Eragrostis curvula “pasto llorón” en una de ellas, acentúa diferencias. Los sitios...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El fuego modifica las condiciones de los ecosistemas, alterando procesos ecológicos y fisiológicos en poblaciones vegetales. El área foliar específica (AFE) es un caracter funcional muy relacionado con la tasa de crecimiento y la asignación de recursos para crecimiento o defensas. Estas relaciones pueden verse modificadas en ambientes post-fuego, a...
Article
Full-text available
As part of a study of post-fire regeneration of native vegetation in montane areas near Falda del Carmen (Sierras Chicas, Córdoba, Argentina), we analyzed the aerial seed bank to help identify the species present in soil samples. Among families with greater diversity and abundance in the study area, the Malvaceae are represented by 14 species belon...
Article
Full-text available
A floristic study performed from 2008 to 2011 in areas of Sierras Chicas (Córdoba, Argentina) affected by fire, ranks the Euphorbiaceae fourth in species diversity. This family is represented in the studied area by 18 taxa, which belong to the genera Acalypha L., Bernardia Houst. ex Mill., Chiropetalum A. Juss., Croton L., Euphorbia L., Sebastiania...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
El rebrote post-fuego es una estrategia regenerativa común en las comunidades afectadas por fuegos recurrentes. Si bien los incendios han sido un componente normal del bosque serrano, su mayor frecuencia en las últimas décadas tiene un origen antrópico y es responsable de importantes cambios florísticos. Realizando censos en áreas de las Sierras Ch...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Evaluar los servicios de polinizacion y producción de forraje en distintos escenarios de produccion en el Noroeste Cordobés
Project
The aim of this project is to assess the reproductive ecology of three native Fabaceae species in different fire frequency scenarios from Chaco Serrano. Specifically, to analyse how fire frequency affects: (i) soil properties and intraspecific variability of vegetative functional traits, (ii) plant-pollinators interaction and reproductive success, (iii) the net effects of mutualistic and antagonistic interactions on plant reproductive output and (iv) progeny vigour and evolution of leaf functional traits.