Luca Simione

Luca Simione
Italian National Research Council | CNR · Institute of Cognitive Sciences and Technologies ISTC

Ph.D. in Cognitive psychology

About

54
Publications
12,634
Reads
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811
Citations
Citations since 2016
27 Research Items
663 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
2016201720182019202020212022050100150
Additional affiliations
July 2019 - present
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • Researcher
October 2013 - June 2019
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • PostDoc Position
October 2011 - October 2013
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (54)
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Assessing mindfulness skills is an important topic for the mindfulness research community around the world. Having a variety of mindfulness measures validated in different languages would increase the quality of research on the topic. Thus, we propose a contribution to the validation of the Italian version of the Philadelphia Mindfulness...
Article
Full-text available
Vaccination is one of the most important ways of fighting infectious diseases, such as COVID-19. However, vaccine hesitancy and refusal can reduce adherence to vaccination campaigns, and therefore undermine their effectiveness. Although the scientific community has made great efforts to understand the psychological causes of vaccine hesitancy, stud...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies have reported that the COVID-19 pandemic has had deleterious effects on sleep quality and mood, but the mechanisms underlying these effects are not clearly understood. Recently, it has been shown that the acceptance component of mindfulness reduces anxiety, and, in turn, lower anxiety improves sleep quality. The purpose of this cros...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives According to the core Buddhist psychology models of the “two arrows of pain” and “co-dependent origination,” pain is the resultant of bodily and mental factors, which can be regulated by meditation states and traits. Here we investigated how pain and the related aversion and identification (self-involvement) experiences are modulated by...
Article
Full-text available
The spread of COVID-19 and its related confinement measures were important stressors for a large part of the global population, with massive effects on both physical and mental health. Assessing how individuals coped with such a stressor and which strategies were effective is one of the main challenges for psychological research. In this study, we...
Article
Full-text available
It has been recently proposed that mindfulness can improve sleep quality through the mediating role on psychological distress and that acceptance may play a pivotal role in mindfulness beneficial effects. The aim of the present work was to understand the effects of the COVID-19 lockdown on dispositional mindfulness, sleep, and distress, and on thei...
Preprint
Numerous studies alarm about stressfulness of penitentiary working environment and consequent mental health issues. To aid this problem an integrated mindfulness, ethics and compassion training program was implemented. Its efficacy on the well-being improvement was measured by four markers: general health, satisfaction with life, affect (both posit...
Article
Full-text available
Vaccination is considered a key factor in the sanitary resolution of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, vaccine hesitancy can undermine its diffusion with severe consequences on global health. While beliefs in conspiracy theories, mistrust in science and in policymakers, and mistrust in official information channels may also increment vaccine hesitanc...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives According to the influential Monitor and Acceptance Theory (MAT), mindfulness includes the two components of attention monitoring and acceptance, which, in conjunction, can explain its benefits on psychological well-being: monitoring alone would increase affective reactivity (MAT tenet 1b), but when combined with acceptance, it would lea...
Article
Full-text available
Meditation practice is suggested to engage training of cognitive control systems in the brain. To evaluate the functional involvement of attentional and cognitive monitoring processes during meditation, the present study analysed the electroencephalographic synchronization of fronto-parietal (FP) and medial-frontal (MF) brain networks in highly exp...
Article
Full-text available
The possibility of using competitive evolutionary algorithms to generate long-term progress is normally prevented by the convergence on limit cycle dynamics in which the evolving agents keep progressing against their current competitors by periodically rediscovering solutions adopted previously. This leads to local but not to global progress (i.e.,...
Article
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Meditation has been integrated into different therapeutic interventions. To inform the evidence-based selection of specific meditation types it is crucial to understand the neural processes associated with different meditation practices. Here we explore commonalities and differences in electroencephalographic oscillatory spatial synchronisation pat...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives Mindfulness meditation is based on Buddhist teachings and meditation practices that promote a reduced identification with thoughts and mental states. Mindfulness meditation is also suggested to promote self-other integration, either by decreasing preference for self-related processing or by rebalancing self and other-related processing....
Preprint
In this study, we investigated the perception of risk and the worries about COVID-19 infection in both healthcare workers and general population in Italy. We studied the difference in risk perception in these two groups, and how this related to demographic variables and psychological factors such as stress, anxiety, and death anxiety. To this aim,...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we investigated the perception of risk and the worries about COVID-19 infection in both healthcare workers and the general population in Italy. We studied the difference in risk perception in these two groups and how this related to demographic variables and psychological factors such as stress, anxiety, and death anxiety. To this ai...
Article
Full-text available
Recent research has demonstrated competition for limited cognitive resources, via emotional prioritization, occurs not only during attentional capture, but also extends to visuo-spatial working memory (VSWM). However, to what extent VSWM biases are influenced by individual differences such as anxiety has received limited attention. Here, we investi...
Preprint
Full-text available
In this study, we investigated the perception of risk and the worries about COVID-19 infection in both healthcare workers and general population in Italy. We studied the difference in risk perception in these two groups, and how this related to demographic variables and psychological factors such as stress, anxiety, and death anxiety. To this aim,...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives There is ample evidence that mindfulness contributes to psychological well-being. There is also evidence that mindfulness can improve sleep, and previous research has suggested that the positive effects of mindfulness on well-being may depend on its capacity to decrease sleep disturbances. However, it is possible that a third factor that...
Article
Full-text available
The reciprocal link between scope of attention and emotional processing is an important aspect of the relationship between emotion and attention. Larger scope of attention or global processing has been linked to positive emotions and narrow scope of attention or local processing has been linked to negative emotions. The nature of this relationship...
Preprint
The possibility to use competitive evolutionary algorithms to generate long-term progress is normally prevented by the convergence on limit cycle dynamics in which the evolving agents keep progressing against their current competitors by periodically rediscovering solutions adopted previously over and over again. This leads to local but not to glob...
Article
Full-text available
The distinction between phenomenal and access consciousness has been influential in the field of consciousness studies. Both Block and Lamme proposed that access consciousness, or narrow cognitive accessibility, is related to a limited capacity working memory, and that phenomenal consciousness, or broad cognitive accessibility, is related to iconic...
Article
Full-text available
Mind wandering is characterized by the absence of cognitive focus on a task, due to interfering spontaneous mentation. Despite a large number of investigations on mind wandering and mindfulness training in recent years, very few studies have directly investigated the effects of mindfulness training on mind wandering. In this study, we originally in...
Article
Full-text available
Our objective was to investigate the capacity to control a P3-based brain-computer interface (BCI) device for communication and its related (temporal) attention processing in a sample of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) patients with respect to healthy subjects. The ultimate goal was to corroborate the role of cognitive mechanisms in event-relat...
Article
We investigated the relationship between different kinds of target reports in a rapid serial visual presentation task, and their associated perceptual experience. Participants reported the identity of two targets embedded in a stream of stimuli and their associated subjective visibility. In our task, target stimuli could be combined together to for...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies in mindfulness and meditation research have used the Attentional Network Task (ANT) to assess changes in the efficiency of attentional networks. The approaches used for mental training, the experimental designs, and the results in such studies are however heterogeneous, and in most cases, do not involve an assessment of dispositiona...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we show how a multilayer neural network trained to master a context-dependent task in which the action co-varies with a certain stimulus in a first context and with a second stimulus in an alternative context exhibits selective attention, i.e. filtering out of irrelevant information. This effect is rather robust and it is observed in...
Article
By focus group methodology, we examined the opinions and requirements of persons with ALS, their caregivers, and health care assistants with regard to developing a brain-computer interface (BCI) system that fulfills the user's needs. Four overarching topics emerged from this analysis: 1) lack of information on BCI and its everyday applications; 2)...
Article
Full-text available
The objects present in our environment evoke multiple conflicting actions at every moment. Thus, a mechanism that resolves this conflict is needed in order to avoid the production of chaotic ineffective behaviours. A plausible candidate for such role is the selective attention, capable of inhibiting the neural representations of the objects irrelev...
Article
Full-text available
Currently the most important prognostic factor in lung cancer is the stage. In the current lung TNM classification system, N category is defined exclusively by anatomic nodal location though, in other type of tumours, number of lymph nodes is confirmed to be a fundamental prognostic factor. Therefore we evaluated the number of mediastinal lymph nod...
Article
In this paper we illustrate how the capacity to select the most appropriate actions when handling contexts affording multiple conflicting actions can be solved either through a selective attention strategy (in which the stimuli affording alternative actions are filtered out at the perceptual level through top-down regulation) or at later processing...
Article
Full-text available
A plethora of research demonstrates that the processing of emotional faces is prioritised over non-emotive stimuli when cognitive resources are limited (this is known as 'emotional superiority'). However, there is debate as to whether competition for processing resources results in emotional superiority per se, or more specifically, threat superior...
Data
Full-text available
A plethora of research demonstrates that the processing of emotional faces is prioritised over non-emotive stimuli when cognitive resources are limited (this is known as 'emotional superiority'). However, there is debate as to whether competition for processing resources results in emotional superiority per se, or more specifically, threat superior...
Article
Full-text available
A plethora of research demonstrates that the processing of emotional faces is prioritised over non-emotive stimuli when cognitive resources are limited (this is known as 'emotional superiority'). However, there is debate as to whether competition for processing resources results in emotional superiority per se, or more specifically, threat superior...
Article
To evaluate the feasibility and usability of an assistive technology (AT) prototype designed to be operated with conventional/alternative input channels and a P300-based brain-computer interface (BCI) in order to provide users who have different degrees of muscular impairment resulting from amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) with communication and...
Conference Paper
Brain Computer Interface (BCI) systems aim to provide people with severe motor impairment with an additional/alternative channel to communicate and interact with the external world. At the state of the art there are several custom computer programs specifically developed to be controlled through a BCI. However from the end users' point of view it i...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to investigate the support of attentional and memory processes in controlling a P300-based brain-computer interface (BCI) in people with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS). Eight people with ALS performed two behavioral tasks: (i) a rapid serial visual presentation (RSVP) task, screening the temporal filtering capacit...
Article
Autonomy of persons with severe motor disabilities can be supported by the use of assistive technologies. In this study we designed an assistive device tailored to the needs of persons with Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS). The aid is meant to mediate communication and control of a domotic environment. Usability of the aid from the onset of the...
Conference Paper
Mobile computing, coupled with advanced types of input interfaces, such as Brain Computer Interfaces (BCIs), and smart spaces can improve the quality of life of persons with disabilities. In this paper, we describe the architecture and the prototype of an assistive system, which allows users to express themselves and partially preserve their indepe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Introduction One of the facets of mindfulness is the capacity to act in the present moment with undivided attention. We hypothesized that people with a higher disposition to act with awareness tend to experience less mind wandering episodes and a lower disposition to negative emotions. Mind wandering was assessed in a reading task and a meditation...
Article
Full-text available
Reports an error in "ViSA: A Neurodynamic Model for Visuo-Spatial Working Memory, Attentional Blink, and Conscious Access" by Luca Simione, Antonino Raffone, Gezinus Wolters, Paola Salmas, Chie Nakatani, Marta Olivetti Belardinelli and Cees van Leeuwen (Psychological Review, Advanced Online Publication, Jul 23, 2012, np). The article was published...
Article
Full-text available
The present review systematically examines the literature reporting gaze independent interaction modalities in non-invasive brain-computer interfaces (BCIs) for communication. BCIs measure signals related to specific brain activity and translate them into device control signals. This technology can be used to provide users with severe motor disabil...
Article
Full-text available
[Correction Notice: An Erratum for this article was reported in Vol 119(4) of Psychological Review (see record 2012-27828-002). The article was published online missing the link to the supplemental materials. The link to the supplemental materials is provided in the erratum.] Two separate lines of study have clarified the role of selectivity in con...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, the authors' goal was to evaluate the prognostic value of YKL-40 expression as a prognostic factor for glioblastomas and to compare its validity to the already known MGMT. Between January 2002 and January 2007, 105 patients were treated for cerebral glioblastoma. The extent of removal was classified in 4 groups. YKL-40 expression was...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Visuo-spatial working memory (VSWM) is characterized by a limited storage capacity. An important issue of vision and memory research is whether VSWM stores integrated objects or features. Following Luck and Vogel’ (1997), we investigated VSWM for color-color conjunctions. We used a single probe at test to minimize configuration-related effects on p...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Questo studio ha analizzato il rapporto tra diverse strategie di regolazione emotiva e reti attentive (Fan et al., 2002). Gross (1998) ha proposto un influente modello della Regolazione Emotiva (RE) che descrive strategie attentive (ad es. distrazione, concentrazione, ruminazione, mindfulness), di reappraisal cognitivo (ad es. difese psicologiche,...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
I'm working on a topic that shows contrasting results in the scientific literature. Mainly, the analysis for addressing this topic is conducted by means of moderation (regression with an interaction term), followed by single-slopes analysis for decomposing the interaction effect. Moreover, different paper used different variables as moderator, and introduced different co-variates in the model.
I would conduct similar analysis on some data I collected on the topic in order to clarify these contrasting effects. To this aim, I want to be as precise as possible with the metodology.
I usually use R for conducting statistical analysis.
Please, if possible link some references to your answers, I am searching for solid base on which build my analysis.
I am asking you the following clarifications:
1) is it important to add covariate terms (such as gender or age) in the model? Is it mandatory if we have such data and if we suspect that they are related to our variables (based on literature) or not? If we do not include covariates, is our model still valid?
2) which are the main assumptions of moderation? I verify them by use of plots and Global Test of Model Assumptions package (gvlma), as suggested in this nice tutorial: https://ademos.people.uic.edu/Chapter12.html#2_regression_assumptions. If assumptions are violated, which are the best way do deal with that? Bootstrapping? Transform variables (by means or log or square root transformation)? I understand that transformation is deprecated, while bootstrap is preferable. But why?
3) If we have more than one possible moderator term (interaction), is it better to test each moderator term in a dedicated model (e.g. Y~X+Mo1+X*Mo1 and Y~X+Mo2+X*Mo2) or to include all the moderators in the same model (e.g. Y~X+Mo1+Mo2+X*Mo1+X*Mo2)? I suppose that the second way is better, i.e. to have only one model, but I found a lot of papers that did it in the other way.
Thank you for your appreciated help!

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Projects

Project (1)
Project
To investigate the varied relationships between emotion, attention and working memory, including effects of emotional stimuli and/or affective states.