Luca Forti

Luca Forti
University of Milan | UNIMI · Department of Earth Sciences "Ardito Desio"

Phd Earth Science in Milan

About

40
Publications
6,815
Reads
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46
Citations
Citations since 2017
39 Research Items
46 Citations
201720182019202020212022202305101520253035
201720182019202020212022202305101520253035
201720182019202020212022202305101520253035
201720182019202020212022202305101520253035
Introduction
Geoarchaeological approach to Quaternary palaeoclimate and palaeoenvironment recostruction of Iraq
Additional affiliations
April 2020 - December 2021
Italian National Research Council
Position
  • PhD Student
September 2017 - July 2018
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • Master's Student
January 2012 - February 2016
Sapienza University of Rome
Position
  • Student
Education
October 2019 - December 2022
University of Milan
Field of study
  • Geaoarchaeology
September 2017 - July 2018
Sapienza University of Rome
Field of study
  • Sedimentology
February 2012 - March 2016
Sapienza University of Rome
Field of study
  • Geological mapping

Publications

Publications (40)
Article
Full-text available
The Sumerian culture flourished within the Tigris and Euphrates rivers floodplains and along their deltaic systems, which ca. 6000 yr were located ~250–260 km inland from the present Persian Gulf. Here, large floodplains and marshes were crossed by an intricate network of channels where several human settlements developed. In this paper, we describ...
Article
Full-text available
During the last century, Grotta Romanelli (Southern Italy) has been a reference site for the European Late Pleistocene stratigraphy, due to its geomorphological setting and archaeological and palaeontological content. The beginning of the sedimentation inside the cave was attributed to the Last Interglacial (MISs 5e) and the oldest unearthed eviden...
Article
Full-text available
We present the result of the geomorphological mapping of the central sector of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq. Therein, landscape evolution was mostly overseen by the regional geodynamic, related to the Arabia-Eurasia convergence, and in the Quaternary, regional climate fluctuations contributed to shaping landforms. The combination of such processes...
Article
Full-text available
In the first millennia of the Holocene, human communities in the Fertile Crescent experienced drastic cultural and technological transformations that modified social and human-environments interactions, ultimately leading to the rise of complex societies. The potential influence of climate on this “Neolithic Revolution” has long been debated. Here...
Article
During the Assyrian rule over Northern Mesopotamia (present-day northern Iraq), complex systems of canals were built to increase the surface of cultivable land and improve the movement of people and goods across the irrigated waterscape of the hinterland of Nineveh and other major urban centres, with the aim of granting socio-economic prosperity to...
Article
Full-text available
Valcamonica, an Alpine valley in northern Italy, boasts one of Europe’s largest concentrations of open-air rock art that had been produced over millennia, from the Upper Palaeolithic upto historical times. The richness and the long chronology of its rupestrian heritage pose crucial questions around the dynamic dimension of the rock art sites, accor...
Article
This study aims to understand the relationship between the palaeoenvironmental evolution of the southern margin of the Salpi lagoon (Tavoliere coastal plain, Apulia, Italy) and the development of settlements on its shores during the last part of the Holocene (Late Northgrippian to Late Meghalayan) to complement recent archaeological investigations...
Conference Paper
Historical declassified intelligence satellite imagery (e.g., CORONA and Hexagon) are used in archaeology to assess the distribution and preservation of archaeological site in many parts of the Old World, and especially in arid lands, where the poor plant cover does not hamper the opportunities offered by earth observation tools. The same approach...
Conference Paper
Geomorphology offers fresh tools for mapping landforms that are continually modelled by erosional and depositional processes; the same tools can be applied to archaeological contexts. In arid and semi-arid regions, such as the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, the preservation of the archaeological record is mined by ongoing climate changes and human overg...
Conference Paper
During the last century, Grotta Romanelli (Lecce, southern Italy) has been a reference site for the European Late Pleistocene stratigraphy, due to its geomorphological setting and archaeological and paleontological content. The beginning of the sedimentation inside the cave was attributed to MISs 5e and the oldest unearthed evidence of human occupa...
Conference Paper
At the beginning of Holocene, the Fertile Crescent (FC)-and particularly the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI)-was the scenario of several fundamental cultural events such as the origin of agriculture, the beginning of urbanization, and the formation of the first state entities. The role played by climate and environmental changes on these cultural pr...
Presentation
La Regione Autonoma del Kurdistan Iracheno nel corso del tardo Quaternario è stato lo scenario di numerosi processi culturali che includono la dispersione del genere Homo in Eurasia, la nascita dell’agricoltura e della domesticazione di piante ed animali, l’inizio dell’urbanizzazione e la formazione delle prime entità statali. Alcuni autori hanno p...
Presentation
Grotta Romanelli è una cavità carsica localizzata nel sud-est della Puglia nel comune di Castro (Lecce), inserito nel Parco Naturale Regionale Costa Otranto S.M. di Leuca - Bosco di Tricase. In questa area sono presenti numerose grotte, i cui depositi rappresentano un esteso archivio di dati paleontologici, archeologici e paleoclimatici . Grotta Ro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Grotta Battifratta, localizzata a 50 km a Nord di Roma, rappresenta un sito chiave per comprendere le dinamiche di popolamento umano nell’area Sabina nel corso del Tardo Quaternario. La grotta è stata indagata, attraverso dei sondaggi investigativi, dall’Istituto Italiano di Paleontologia Umana a partire dal 1984, restituendo frequentazioni riferib...
Article
Full-text available
Located along the Tigris River in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, the Mosul Dam reservoir is the second biggest dam of the Near East and represents an important water storage for local human activities. The dam was built between 1981 and 1988 north of the village of Eski Mosul, submerging the course of the Tigris River for ca 100 km. The analysis of...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the first millennia of the Holocene, human communities in the Fertile Crescent (FC) experienced drastic economic, cultural and technological transformations that modified social and human-environments interactions and ultimately led to the rise of complex societies. The potential influence of climate on this “Neolithic Revolution” has long been...
Preprint
Full-text available
During the last century, Grotta Romanelli (Southern Italy) has been a reference site for the European Late Pleistocene stratigraphy, due to its geomorphological setting and archaeological and palaeontological content. The beginning of the sedimentation inside the cave was attributed to MISs 5e and the oldest unearthed evidence of human occupation,...
Article
Grotta Romanelli can be counted among the most interesting sites for the late Upper Palaeolithic of the Mediterranean area, since returned a consistent record of lithic artefacts, faunal remains, mobiliary and parietal art, and human fossils which represent the least-known materials from the context. The resumption of the investigations in 2015, af...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Italian Archaeological Expedition in the Erbil Plain (MAIPE) of the University of Milan is experimenting with a GIS project based on the QGIS system. It aims at combining data from survey, excavation, and geomorphological investigation carried out in the two sites of Helawa and Aliawa and the surrounding landscape. The MAIPE GIS is intended as...
Article
Pollen analyses have been carried out on the infilling deposits of Grotta Romanelli (Apulia, Italy), a reference site for the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic of Italy. The analysis focused on Terre rosse, a fine unit till now ascribed to an interstadial phase following the Würm acme, and on the uppermost unit (Terre brune), recently dated to the late...
Article
The Romanelli Cave in south-east Italy is an important reference point for the so-called ‘Mediterranean province’ of European Upper Palaeolithic art. Yet, the site has only recently been subject to a systematic investigation of its parietal and portable art. Starting in 2016, a project has recorded the cave's interior, discovering new parietal art....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
We present a multiscalar approach for geomorphological and Quaternary geology mapping of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI) aimed at understanding the Late Quaternary evolution of surface processes and their interaction with human agency. In the region, the interplay between tectonic activity of convergence between geomorphological processes. We pe...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Located along the Tigris River in the Kurdistan Region of Iraq (KRI), the Mosul Dam reservoir is the second biggest dam of the Near East, and represents an important water storage for local human activities. The Dam was built between 1981 and 1988 north of the village of Eski Mosul; along this part of the Tigris River several archaeological sites w...
Article
Full-text available
We present the geomorphological map of the northwestern part of the Kurdistan Region of Iraq, where the landscape expresses the tectonic activity associated with the Arabia-Eurasia convergence and Neogene climate change. These processes influenced the evolution of landforms and fluvial pathways, where major rivers Tigris, Khabur, and Great Zab inci...
Article
Full-text available
Nel parco Naturale Regionale Costa Otranto Santa Maria di Leuca - Bosco di Tricase sono presenti cavità carsiche che rappresentano preziosi archivi naturali dei cambiamenti climatici avvenuti nel corso del Quaternario e dell ' antica presenza umana sul territorio. Tra queste cavità, Grotta Romanelli ha attirato l' attenzione degli studiosi sin dall...
Poster
Full-text available
During the late Quaternary, Iraqi Kurdistan was the scenario of several fundamental human-related events including the dispersion of Homo in Asia and Europe, the origin of agriculture, the beginning of urbanization, and the formation of the first state entities. We present the initial results of a geoarchaeological investigation in this area, which...
Poster
Full-text available
The Mesopotamian culture flourished on the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, in a landscape that was interested by several changes in the last 6000 yr after the stabilization of the sea-level following the last post-glacial rise. Evidence suggests that the shoreline was located about 250-260 km inland from the present coastline and that two...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Mesopotamian culture flourished on the banks of the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers, in a landscape that was interested by several changes in the last 6000 yr after the stabilization of the sea-level following the last post-glacial rise. Evidence suggests that the shoreline was located about 250-260 km inland from the present coastline and that two...
Article
Full-text available
Lo scopo dell’intervento è quello di presentare un approccio di tipo geografico e sistematico dei fenomeni carsici ipogei nel territorio dei Monti Aurunci Occidentali mediante un’analisi distributiva dei dati storici, catastali, geografici e geologici raccolti in vent’anni di ricerche.

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Cited By

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
Using a multi-disciplinary approach, the Farfa Valley Project aims to investigate prehistoric human population and subsistence trajectories through time in the Sabina territory (North of Rome, Italy).
Project
Palaeoenvironmental and Palaeoclimate reconstruction with multidisciplinary approach of Romanelli Cave
Project
The aim of this research will be to reconstruct a detailed framework of the relationships between global climatic changes, regional environmental and hydrological responses, and human adaptations during the Late Quaternary in Iraqi region.