Luc Laporte

Luc Laporte
Université de Rennes 1 | UR1 · UMR 6566 CReAAH "Centre de Recherche en Archéologie, Archéosciences, Histoire

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151
Publications
34,964
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627
Citations
Citations since 2017
60 Research Items
388 Citations
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2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100
2017201820192020202120222023020406080100

Publications

Publications (151)
Article
Full-text available
Megalith’s image along the Atlantic façade is linked to sizeable stone structures. Despite the importance of clay in creating wood and stone structures, this use remains invisible when analysing the skills of megalithic buildings. This paper gathers data from French and Iberian monu- ments to establish the central role of these construction materia...
Article
Full-text available
The megaliths of Senegal and The Gambia comprise nearly 30,000 erected stones recorded over a surface of around 30,000 km², mainly in the northern basin of the Gambia River. The very first radiocarbon date associated with the megaliths of Senegal and Gambia was published in 1965. Most of the radiocarbon dates obtained since then concern the western...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the Sudano-Sahelian context, where strong seasonal contrasts characterize the climatic and hydrological regimes, palaeoenvironmental studies are faced with a real challenge, because the exacerbated hydro-sedimentary functioning generally limits the conservation of quality records. In the middle valley of the Bao Bolon River (Region of Kaffrine,...
Book
Full-text available
Version anglaise en OPEN ACCESS https://www.archaeopress.com/Archaeopress/Products/9781803273204
Chapter
Full-text available
This short article details archaeological investigations carried out on the funerary earthen mound of Soto (Senegal), which was originally materialized in the landscape by a megalithic bifid-stone. This monumental stone was removed in 1966 and is actually exposed in the Musée du Quai-Branly Jacques Chirac in Paris, France.
Chapter
Full-text available
Senegambian megaliths are characterized by the presence of standing stones, called frontal stones, erected to the east of funerary monuments whose ruins take various forms in the landscape, sometimes sealed beneath a mound, with platforms measuring 3-11 m in diameter and ringed by standing stones or dry-stone walls. Even today, among the Bassari pe...
Book
Full-text available
Megaliths of the World brings together the latest research on megalithic monuments throughout the world. Many of these sites are well known, others less familiar, yet equally deserving of close attention. Megalithic monuments in different regions of the world are far from being a single unified phenomenon, having varied chronologies, and diverse or...
Chapter
Link : https://www.sidestone.com/books/megalithismes-et-monumentalismes-funeraires Depuis vingt ans, le tumulus C de la nécropole de Péré à Prissé-la-Charrière (Deux-Sèvres) fait l’objet de travaux archéologiques menés par une équipe internationale. Cet article en est un bilan. Tout d’abord, la taille imposante des architectures mégalithiques n’es...
Article
Abstract The Mesolithic burials of La Vergne delivered 3 297 marine shells, mostly from marine environments and collected on a foreshore located at less than 30 kilometers away. Most of the shells are pierced, through an anthropic action when nature had not already done its work. The traces of wear, for example the place of each item in the grave,...
Article
The La Vergne site form an exceptional funerary assemblage for recent prehistory on the Atlantic coast of Europe. The only comparative sites are those discovered on the Breton islets of Téviec and Hoëdic (Péquart et al. 1937, Péquart and Péquart 1954), notably on account of the abundance of ornamental elements sometimes presented as the remains of...
Chapter
Full-text available
The methods applied to the study of megalithic building have been massively renewed over the past ten years. It is now possible to accurately follow the progress of construction sites, sometimes with surprising results, such as those from the eastern parts of tumulus C of Péré, Prissé-la-Charrière. Access ramps, inclined planes and terraced floors...
Article
Full-text available
Starting from 12,000 years ago in the Middle East, the Neolithic lifestyle spread across Europe via separate continental and Mediterranean routes. Genomes from early European farmers have shown a clear Near Eastern/Anatolian genetic affinity with limited contribution from hunter-gatherers. However, no genomic data are available from modern-day Fran...
Article
Full-text available
SEDIMENTARY RECORDS IN THE MIDDLE VALLEY OF THE BAO BOLON RIVER (SENEGAL). FIRST HOLOCENE CHRONOSTRATIGRAPHIC SKETCH. In West Africa, the determination of chronostratigraphic sequences from fluvial sedimentary records is a crucial issue in the study of Holocene continental palaeoenvironments. The results presented in this first study, carried out...
Article
Full-text available
This article presents two case studies from totally distinct geographic sectors and cultural environments-the Arroyo Seco II cemetery, in the Pampas in Argentina (7800-6300 BP and 4800-4300 BP), and La Vergne, in the west of France dated to the Early Mesolithic (9280-9000 BP), on opposite sides of the Atlantic Ocean. These two graveyards correspond...
Chapter
Full-text available
The documentation of paint accompanying the engraved decorations in dolmens in the Iberian Peninsula has en-abled the development of a tested methodology. Its appli-cation to engraved dolmens in Brittany and to materials and architecture in the Orkney Islands has determined the range and variability in the depictions at megalithic sites in Atlantic...
Article
Communications presented during a session dedicated to “African Megaliths: a very present past” during the SAfA meeting at Toulouse (june 2016), are here published as two thematic parts within the previous and present issues of the peer-reviewed journal “Afrique: Archéologie & Arts”. The first was about “Funerary platforms, sometimes bounded by sta...
Article
Full-text available
Senegal and Gambia megaliths in their regional context. Stone architectures of the Senegambian megalithism have long been considered as an autonomous entity in a sector of the African continent where adobe constructions are traditionally favoured. Our knowledge of these monuments has been deeply modified by ten years of archaeological research on...
Article
Communications presented during a session dedicated to “African Megaliths: a very present past” during the SAfA meeting at Toulouse (June 2016), will be here published in the form of two thematic inserts within the present and the next issue of the journal Afrique : Archaeology & Arts. The first concerns funeral platforms, sometimes bounded by stan...
Book
Full-text available
From one form to another: the diversity of domestic architecture during the Middle Neolithic in western France Until recently, studies of settlement types were somewhat neglected in research on the Middle Neolithic on the French Atlantic coast, which instead focused on funerary monuments. The diversity of settlement types, as well as domestic archi...
Book
Dossier publié dans le volume 13 de 2017 et dans le volume 14 de 2018 de la revue "Afrique : Archéologie & Arts"
Book
Ce travail a bénéficié du soutien LabEx Archimède au titre du programme "Investissement d'Avenir" ANR-11-LABX-0032-01 et du service de Coopération et d'Action culturelle de l'ambassade de France en République de Djibouti" (page de titre)
Book
Ce travail a bénéficié du soutien LabEx Archimède au titre du programme "Investissement d'Avenir" ANR-11-LABX-0032-01 et du service de Coopération et d'Action culturelle de l'ambassade de France en République de Djibouti" (page de titre)
Book
Ce travail a bénéficié du soutien LabEx Archimède au titre du programme "Investissement d'Avenir" ANR-11-LABX-0032-01 et du service de Coopération et d'Action culturelle de l'ambassade de France en République de Djibouti" (page de titre)
Article
Full-text available
Among the many characteristics of the Senegalese and Gambian megalithic phenomenon, the deposition of pottery on the eastern edge of funerary structures is a recurrent practice present throughout the excavated sites. In the western part of the megalithic area, ceramics are generally located between the standing stone-circles and one or more frontal...
Poster
Landscape Archaeology of the Senegambian megalithism (Wanar, Senegal). The Senegambian megalithic complex spread over a territory of 250 km from east to west and 120 to 150 km from north to south. It consists of various monumental forms, especially erected stones circles (between 7th and 16th century AD, maby older). Four sites of Senegal and Gambi...
Article
Bruno Bizot & Gérard Sauzade (ed.). Le dolmen de l'Ubac à Goult (Vaucluse). Archéologie, environnement et évolution des gestes funéraires dans un contexte stratifié (Mémoires de la Société préhistorique française 61). 2015. 248 pages, numerous colour and b&w illustrations. Paris: Société préhistorique française; 2-913745-61-X paperback €30. - Volum...
Article
Full-text available
Remains of pictorial decorations in a series of six representativemegalithicmonuments of Brittany (France) and two French stelae have been studied by micro-Raman spectroscopy for the first time. Fungal colonies on the painted orthostats made it difficult to obtain in situ Raman spectra of the paint components. Nevertheless, paint micro-specimens st...
Chapter
The decoration of megalithic monuments is one of the ritual actions that define the spaces that were dedicated to the ancestors. Consideration of the artistic programmes employed during the construction of megalithic tombs provides parameters for analysis that support the search for the ideology and symbolic meaning of these monuments. Most of the...
Book
Actes du colloque international de Rennes, IVth Meeting of the European Megalithic Studies Group, mai 2012
Book
Actes du colloque international "Fonctions, utilisations et représentations de l'espace dans les sépultures monumentales du Néolithique européen", Aix-en-Provence, 8-10 juin 2011
Chapter
The history of each place is always unique, and this also applies to each monument. Even the title of this book fits in with a pattern of thought developed by R. Bradley (2010). This approach treats the way in which certain prehistoric monuments continue to focus our attention, and how new significances come to be attributed well after their initial...
Article
Full-text available
The west European Neolithic is famed for its funerary and ceremonial monuments, but the evidence for houses is sparse. Can this be explained by the materials of which they were built? On the northern coast of Brittany, the site of Lillemer rises from the surrounding marshes and presents abundant evidence of Middle Neolithic occupation, contemporary...
Article
Full-text available
The documentation of paint accompanying the engraved decorations in dolmens in the Iberian Peninsula has enabled the development of a tested methodology. Its application to engraved dolmens in Brittany and to materials and architecture in the Orkney Islands has determined the range and variability in the depictions at megalithic sites in Atlantic E...