Luc LR Int Panis

Luc LR Int Panis
Flemish Institute for Technological Research | VITO · Sustainable Health

M.Sc, PhD
Air pollution and health. Active mobility and health.

About

381
Publications
154,315
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
7,924
Citations
Introduction
Focusing on health effects of active mobility (walking & cycling) as an innovative approach to creating healthy cities by integrating physical activity into individuals’ everyday lives. Active mobility provides both a mode of transport and a healthy lifestyle. We conducted a longitudinal study in Barcelona, Antwerp, London, Oerebro, Rome, Vienna & Zurich to better understand active mobility and its effects on physical activity, health, injuries and air pollution. @EUPASTA @LucIntPanis
Additional affiliations
September 2014 - present
University of Hasselt
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Environmental economic evaluation of transportation policy
September 2009 - present
Flemish Institute for Technological Research
Position
  • Senior Researcher and Research Program Coordinator PHA²RE
February 2009 - present
Hasselt University
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Transport & Space (2009-present) Environmental protection and policy (2009) Efficiency of Transport & Environmental Policy (2010-2013) Cost-Benefit analysis and environmental economics (2013-present) Coaching PhD students
Education
September 1990 - February 1995
University of Antwerp
Field of study
  • Science / Biology

Publications

Publications (381)
Article
Background: Cycling, as an active mode of transportation, has well-established health benefits. However, the safety of cyclists in traffic remains a major concern. In-depth studies of potential risk factors and safety outcomes are needed to ensure the most appropriate actions are taken to improve safety. However, the lack of reliable exposure data...
Article
Physical activity and ventilation rates have an effect on an individual's dose and may be important to consider in exposure-response relationships; however, these factors are often ignored in environmental epidemiology studies. The aim of this study was to evaluate methods to estimate the inhaled dose of air pollution and understand variability, in...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Daily changes in ambient concentrations of particulate matter, nitrogen oxides and ozone areassociated with increased cardiopulmonary morbidity and mortality, with the lungs and their function being avulnerable target. Methods: To evaluate the association between daily changes in air pollution and lung function in healthy adultswe obtai...
Preprint
Full-text available
Active travel (walking or cycling for transport) is considered the most sustainable form of personal transport. Yet its net effects on mobility-related CO2 emissions are complex and under-researched. Here we collected travel activity data in seven European cities and derived life cycle CO2 emissions across modes and purposes. Daily mobility-related...
Article
Full-text available
Many aspects of our life are related to our mobility patterns and individuals can exhibit strong tendencies towards routine in their daily lives. Intrapersonal day-to-day variability in mobility patterns has been associated with mental health outcomes. The study aims were: (a) calculate intrapersonal day-to-day variability in mobility metrics for t...
Article
De resultaten van het PASTA project PASTA, het is geen voor de hand liggend acroniem voor een project over actieve mobiliteit. PASTA staat voor 'Physical Activity through Sustainable Transport Approaches' en was een Europees project (2013-2017) over fietsen, wandelen en openbaar vervoer dat in 2012 merkwaar-dig genoeg werd ingediend in een call ove...
Article
Full-text available
Background Stress is one of many ailments associated with urban living, with daily travel a potential major source. Active travel, nevertheless, has been associated with lower levels of stress compared to other modes. Earlier work has relied on self-reported measures of stress, and on study designs that limit our ability to establish causation. Ob...
Chapter
Air pollution is difficult to detect with human senses. It is to a large extent out of sight and out of sense, while causing a burden on our economy, our health and our environment. A relevant illustration of this is the exposure to air pollution during commutes. The air pollution commuters are exposed to remains to a considerable extent a hidden g...
Article
Background Differences in physical effort between cycling for transportation on an electric-assisted cycle (EAC) and a conventional cycle (CC) were previously studied. The effect of cycle type on respiratory ventilation and inhaled air pollution dose remains unclear. Objective The first aim was to predict respiratory ventilation while cycling on a...
Chapter
Air Pollution is difficult to detect with human senses. It is to a large extent, out of sight and out of sense, while causing a burden on our economy, our health and our environment. A relevant illustration of this is exposure to air pollution during commutes. The air pollution commuters are exposed to remains to a considerable extent an hidden geo...
Article
Full-text available
Active travel (walking or cycling for transport) is considered the most sustainable form of personal transport. Yet its net effects on mobility-related CO2 emissions are complex and under-researched. Here we collected travel activity data in seven European cities and derived life cycle CO2 emissions across modes and purposes. Daily mobility-related...
Article
Full-text available
Active travel (walking or cycling for transport) is considered the most sustainable and low carbon form of getting from A to B. Yet the net effects of changes in active travel on changes in mobility-related CO2 emissions are complex and under-researched. Here we collected longitudinal data on daily travel behavior, journey purpose, as well as perso...
Article
Full-text available
Changes in geometry of the retinal microvascular network, including vessel width, vessel density, and tortuosity, have been associated with neurological disorders in adults. We investigated metrics of the retinal microvasculature in association with behavior and cognition in 8- to 12-year-old children. Digital fundus images of 190 children (48.2% g...
Article
Full-text available
The importance of setting a policy focus on promoting cycling and walking as sustainable and healthy modes of transport is increasingly recognized. However, to date a science-driven scoring system to assess the policy environment for cycling and walking is lacking. In this study, spread-sheet-based scoring systems for cycling and walking were devel...
Article
Full-text available
Air pollution is a global threat to public health, especially when considering susceptible populations, such as children. A better understanding of determinants of exposure could help epidemiologists in refining exposure assessment methods, and policy makers in identifying effective mitigation interventions. Through a participatory approach, 73 and...
Preprint
Full-text available
Active travel (walking or cycling for transport) is generally good for health, the environment and the economy. Yet the net effects of changes in active travel on changes in mobility-related CO2 emissions are complex and under-researched. Here we collected longitudinal data on daily travel behavior, mode choice, as well as personal and geospatial c...
Article
Full-text available
Background the relationships between the built environment characteristics and personal factors influencing public transport use and the ways they interact are not well understood. Objective we aim to advance the understanding of the relationship between built environment and frequency of public transport use in seven European cities, while accoun...
Article
Free access until June 04 2020 here: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1avCCLDQwyMG Increased cycling uptake can improve population health, but barriers include real and perceived risks. Crash risk factors are important to understand in order to improve safety and increase cycling uptake. Many studies of cycling crash risk are based on combining dive...
Presentation
Full-text available
EUPASTA factsheet on Active Mobility in Antwerp
Poster
Full-text available
Background/Aim: Not much is known about the role of repeated peak exposures in longer term exposure and health. In fact, no clear definition of peak exposure to air pollution exists. We aimed to develop an algorithm to automatically signal peaks in black carbon (BC) timeseries; we studied the role of personal characteristics, including time-activit...
Article
Background Ubiquitous sensing technology provides novel opportunities for integrating activity patterns in exposure assessment. Theoretically promising to generate population-wide activity-based exposures, in reality strong limitations to widespread and large-scale use exist. Methods and results from three contrasting studies are presented. Methods...
Article
Measuring bicycling behaviour is critical to bicycling research. A common study design question is whether to measure bicycling behaviour once (cross-sectional) or multiple times (longitudinal). The Physical Activity through Sustainable Transport Approaches (PASTA) project is a longitudinal cohort study of over 10,000 participants from seven Europe...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Although walking for travel can help in reaching the daily recommended levels of physical activity, we know relatively little about the correlates of walking for travel in the European context. Objective: Within the framework of the European Physical Activity through Sustainable Transport Approaches (PASTA) project, we aimed to explo...
Article
Full-text available
Land Use Regression (LUR) modeling is a widely used technique to model the spatial variability of air pollutants in epidemiology. In this study, we explore whether a LUR model can predict home-to-school commuting exposure to black carbon (BC). During January and February 2019, 43 children walking to school were involved in a personal monitoring cam...
Article
Full-text available
Physical activity has been widely associated with beneficial health effects. The use of electric-assist bicycles (e-bikes) can lead to increased or decreased physical activity, depending on the transport mode substituted. This study aimed to compare physical activity levels of e-bikers and conventional bicycle users (cyclists) as well as across e-...
Article
INTRODUCTION. The European Environment Agency has identified Northern Italy as one of the most polluted areas in Europe. Among air contaminants, black carbon (BC) has been identified as a sensitive marker of traffic related air pollution. This study aims to investigate the spatial distribution of BC in the catchment area of an elementary school of...
Article
Background: Air quality standards are typically based on long term averages - whereas a person may encounter exposure peaks throughout the day. Exposure peaks may contribute meaningfully to health impacts beyond their contribution to long term averages, and therefore should be considered alongside longer-term exposures. We aim to define and explain...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Sufficient sample size and minimal sample bias are core requirements in empirical data analyses. Combining opportunistic recruitment with an online survey and data collection platform yields new benefits compared to traditional recruitment approaches. Objective: The objective of this paper is to report on the success of different recru...
Article
Full-text available
BACKGROUND: Sufficient sample size and minimal sample bias are core requirements for empirical data analyses. Combining opportunistic recruitment with a Web-based survey and data-collection platform yields new benefits over traditional recruitment approaches. OBJECTIVE: This paper aims to report the success of different recruitment methods and obta...
Article
Aim: To assess the main and interaction effects of black carbon and physical activity on arterial blood pressure in a healthy adult population from three European cities using objective personal measurements over short-term (hours and days) and long-term exposure. Methods: A panel study of 122 healthy adults was performed in three European citie...
Article
Background: Exercise-based rehabilitation improves general cardiovascular fitness. The impact on the microvascular system has been studied in less detail. We measured changes in retinal blood vessel diameters, as a proxy for microvascular reactivity, in cardiac patients and we assessed the impact of a rehabilitation program on retinal vessel diamet...
Preprint
Full-text available
Inleiding: Eens we een stamboom, of kwartierstaat, hebben opgesteld van onze voorouders, en we alle data kennen van geboortes, huwelijken en overlijdens, willen we vaak meer weten over wie deze mensen waren. Hoe leefden ze en waar precies woonden en werkten ze? De meesten waren landbouwers en afhankelijk van gekochte of gepachte hoeven en gronden o...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction: The European Environmental Agency (EEA) has identified Northern Italy as one of the most polluted areas in Europe. In the specific area of Milan this situation is mainly caused by urban motorized traffic. The aim of this first part of the project MAPS MI, Mapping Air Pollution in a School catchment area of Milan, was to study the spat...
Poster
Full-text available
MAPS MI, Mapping Atmospheric Pollution in a School catchment area of Milan, is a project that aims to (1) study spatial variation of Black Carbon (BC) (2) raise awareness of children about air pollution (3) assess air pollution personal exposure of schoolchildren, and (4) identify the so called “ideal home-school paths” (the least polluted routes t...
Article
Abstract Several studies have shown that a significant amount of daily air pollution exposure is inhaled during trips. In this study, car drivers assessed their own black carbon exposure under real-life conditions (223 h of data from 2013). The spatiotemporal exposure of the car drivers is modeled using a data science approach. In-vehicle exposure...
Article
Background: Transport mode choice has been associated with different health risks and benefits depending on which transport mode is used. We aimed to evaluate the association between different transport modes use and several health and social contact measures. Methods: We based our analyses on the Physical Activity through Sustainable Transport...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Sufficient sample size and minimal sample bias are core requirements in empirical data analyses. Combining opportunistic recruitment with an online survey and data collection platform yields new benefits compared to traditional recruitment approaches. Objective: The objective of this paper is to report on the success of different recr...
Article
Full-text available
Traffic-related air pollution (TRAP) exposure is associated with negative health outcomes. Changes in DNA methylation level may be an important mechanism through which air pollution can induce its effects. The objective of this study was to evaluate the association between DNA methylation in blood and personally measured TRAP exposure. Global DNA m...
Article
Background: In the fight against rising overweight and obesity levels, and unhealthy urban environments, the renaissance of active mobility (cycling and walking as a transport mode) is encouraging. Transport mode has been shown to be associated to body mass index (BMI), yet there is limited longitudinal evidence demonstrating causality. We aimed to...
Article
Full-text available
Subjective perception of air pollution is important and can have impacts on health in its own rights, can lead to protective behaviour, or it can be leveraged to engage citizens and stakeholders in support of cleaner air policies. The aim of the current analysis was to examine associations between level of concern over health effects of air polluti...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: When physical activity is promoted in urban outdoor settings (e.g. walking and cycling), individuals are also exposed to air pollution. It has been reported that short-term lung function increases as a response to physical activity, but this beneficial effect is hampered when elevated air pollution concentrations are observed. Our st...
Conference Paper
Background/aim The increased inhalation rate during physical activity in urban environments may result in increased inhaled dose of traffic-related air pollutants. Short-term exposure to traffic-related air pollutants has been associated with increasing blood pressure. The current study assesses the main effects and interaction effects of traffic-r...
Conference Paper
See full paper at: https://www.researchgate.net/publication/317871361_NO2_but_Not_PM_25_at_the_Home_Address_is_Associated_with_Concern_over_Health_Effects_of_Air_Pollution Background/aim People living in urban areas in Europe are exposed to elevated concentrations of air pollution. The lower the air pollution levels, the better for your health; s...
Conference Paper
Background/aim Transport behaviours have been associated with several positive and negative health effects. The current study evaluates the association between different modes of transport and subjective general health in an adult population in seven European cities, and explores whether mental health, vitality, perceived stress, social contacts, a...
Data
On the family history of professional cyclist Raymond Impanis (1925-2010) and Flemish origin of his peculiar surname. (in Dutch) Raymond Impanis (1925-2010) was in de jaren ‘50 en ‘60 van de twintigste eeuw een zeer succesvol wielrenner. Over zijn familienaam en afkomst doen allerlei geruchten de ronde. Hij was echter geen vondeling zoals algemee...
Article
Abstract While the annual number of trips of the average urban inhabitant has grown steadily in recent years, people are becoming less active while doing so. This lack of physical activity causes major health problems for individuals and great economic costs for society as a whole. Replacing short motorized trips by walking and cycling has been sho...
Article
Full-text available
We conducted a health impact assessment (HIA) of cycling network expansions in seven European cities. We modeled the association between cycling network length and cycling mode share and estimated health impacts of the expansion of cycling networks. First, we performed a non-linear least square regression to assess the relationship between cycling...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies have shown that a significant amount of daily air pollution exposure is inhaled during trips. In this study, car drivers assessed their own black carbon exposure under real-life conditions (223 h of data from 2013). The spatiotemporal exposure of the car drivers is modeled using a data science approach, referred to as "microscopic l...
Data
Driving at slower speeds is safer, but some contend that it is also more environmentally friendly, based on the assumption that driving more slowly uses less fuel and produces fewer emissions. This may be true of motorway traffic, but some traffic simulations have predicted that driving at slower speeds in urban areas actually increases emissions....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Active mobility (AM), including walking and cycling as single trips or in combination with public transport, has recently been promoted by health professionals-with WHO leading the way-to tackle health problems caused by physical inactivity. In fact only 1/3 of the European population is estimated to meet the minimum recommended levels of physical...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The PASTA project ran from October 2013-October 2017, and was about getting individuals to be more physically active by integrating physical activity (PA) into their daily transport activities through walking and cycling. This report reflects the work and findings from the first work package of the PASTA project. In a nutshell, this report looks at...