Luc Bissonnette

Luc Bissonnette
Axelys

Ph. D.

About

46
Publications
8,652
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2,089
Citations
Citations since 2016
5 Research Items
534 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100

Publications

Publications (46)
Article
Initially, Escherichia albertii has been described as a non-lactose fermenting bacterium and methods used to isolate it were first based on this phenotypic property. However, a recent study showed a variable lactose fermentation phenotype for E. albertii suggesting that this microorganism could have been underestimated by previous studies using iso...
Chapter
The microbial assessment of potable/drinking water is done to ensure that the resource is free of fecal contamination indicators or waterborne pathogens. Culture-based methods for verifying the microbial safety are limited in the sense that a standard volume of water is generally tested for only one indicator (family) or pathogen. In this work, we...
Article
Introduction: Rapidity, simplicity, and portability are highly desirable characteristics of tests and devices designed for performing diagnostics at the point of care (POC), either near patients managed in healthcare facilities or to offer bioanalytical alternatives in external settings. By reducing the turnaround time of the diagnostic cycle, POC...
Article
Full-text available
Extreme point-of-care (POC) testing for infections, as performed (endured) in low-resource settings, developing countries, tropical areas, or in conditions following emergency crises or natural disasters, must be undertaken under environmental, logistic, and societal conditions which impose a significant deal of stress on local human populations an...
Article
Full-text available
Drinking water of good quality is essential to ensure the health and economical sustainability of human communities worldwide. The assessment of drinking water microbial quality is generally performed by detecting and/or quantifying faecal contamination indicators which may not provide an adequate evaluation of the health risks posed by several wat...
Chapter
In January 2015, the Alere™ i Influenza A & B test became the first molecular test to receive a CLIA waiver, thereby leading the way to the detection of nucleic acids at point of care (POC). For the diagnosis and management of infectious diseases, there is an urgent need of such devices for controlling the morbidity and mortality of infections, and...
Article
Extracellular vesicles (EVs) are released naturally in vivo and in vitro from cells and tissues into biological fluids such as plasma, urine, saliva and amniotic fluid, and into culture medium. EV may contain proteins, lipids, mRNA and miRNA significant of the physiological status or of their cellular origin and affect the functions of neighboring...
Article
Full-text available
This is the 21st century, and infectious diseases still claim 25% of the annual death toll. Despite societal and technological progress, infectious diseases management remains affected by a lengthy diagnostic process that endangers the life of patients, especially when one considers the transmission risk, morbidity, and mortality of respiratory tra...
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We first determined the analytical specificity and ubiquity (i.e., the ability to detect all or most strains) of a Clostridium perfringens-specific real-time PCR (rtPCR) assay based on the cpa gene (cpa rtPCR) by using a bacterial strain panel composed of C. perfringens and non-C. perfringens Clostridium strains. All non-C. perfringens Clostridium...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of Escherichia coli has long been established as the most reliable microbiological indication of fecal contamination in water. Current recommended culture-based methods for assessing water quality by the detection of E. coli are lengthy and lack ubiquity (ability to detect most if not all strains of a target microorganism). We describe...
Article
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Most microbial particles have a negatively charged surface and in this work, we describe a water quality monitoring application of a cationic polythiophene derivative (AH-35) for the rapid assessment of microbial contamination of water. Using E. coli as a prototype microbial particle, we demonstrate that the AH-35 polymer can provide a qualitative...
Article
Full-text available
The microbiological quality of 165 1 litre well water samples collected in the Québec City region was assessed by culture-based methods (mFC agar, Chromocult coliform agar, Colilert(®), MI agar, Chromocult enterococci, Enterolert™, and mEI agar) and by a molecular microbiology strategy, dubbed CRENAME-rtPCR, developed for the detection of Escherich...
Article
Full-text available
Infectious disease management essentially consists in identifying the microbial cause(s) of an infection, initiating if necessary antimicrobial therapy against microbes, and controlling host reactions to infection. In clinical microbiology, the turnaround time of the diagnostic cycle (>24 hours) often leads to unnecessary suffering and deaths; appr...
Article
Full-text available
In this work, we used a rapid, simple, and efficient concentration-and-recovery procedure combined with a DNA enrichment method (dubbed CRENAME [concentration and recovery of microbial particles, extraction of nucleic acids, and molecular enrichment]), that we coupled to an Escherichia coli/Shigella-specific real-time PCR (rtPCR) assay targeting th...
Article
We have developed a rapid and robust technological solution including a membrane filtration and dissolution method followed by a molecular enrichment and a real-time PCR assay, for detecting the presence of Enterococcus sp. or Enterococcus faecalis/faecium per 100 mL of water in less than 5 h and we compared it to Method 1600 on mEI agar in terms o...
Article
We tested the ability of three PCR assays, targeting uidA and tuf genes to correctly identify Escherichia coli colonies isolated from water and we compared them to two β-glucuronidase-based culture methods (Colilert(®) and Readycult(®)), in terms of specificity and sensitivity. E. coli isolates recovered on mFC agar were first tested for the presen...
Article
Clin Microbiol Infect 2010; 16: 1044–1053 In recent years, we have witnessed many transitions in healthcare systems around the globe. For example, population expansion and ageing, and the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-AIDS epidemics, have exerted pressure to decentralize the practice of healthcare outside of traditional settings to bring care...
Article
Background. The application of rapid molecular testing to the microbiological quality of drinking water is in its infancy, mainly due to the lack of simple technological solutions for tackling the major task of concentrating and recovering the very few microbial particles (indicators and pathogens) present in a relatively large water sample. Method...
Article
Full-text available
Access to safe drinking water is a major concern for Canada's First Nations. The main objective of this report was to evaluate the microbiological quality of raw source water used for drinking purposes by the Cree people of Mistissini (Province of Québec, Canada) during summer 2005. Twelve environmental sites and 24 portable water containers used f...
Article
The analytical performance of 9 different PCR primer sets designed to detect Escherichia coli and Shigella in water has been evaluated in terms of ubiquity, specificity, and analytical detection limit. Of the 9 PCR primer sets tested, only 3 of the 5 primer sets targeting uidA gene and the primer set targeting tuf gene amplified DNA from all E. col...
Article
Full-text available
The enzyme-based test methods Enterolert, Chromocult Enterococci agar, and mEI agar, used to assess water quality through the detection Enterococcus spp., have been compared in terms of their analytical specificity and their ability to detect various enterococcal strains. To achieve this goal, we have tested 110 different non-enterococcal bacterial...
Article
Colilert (Colilert), Readycult Coliforms 100 (Readycult), Chromocult Coliform agar ES (Chromocult), and MI agar (MI) are beta-galactosidase and beta-glucuronidase-based commercial culture methods used to assess water quality. Their analytical performance, in terms of their respective ability to detect different strains of Escherichia coli and total...
Article
Bermuda residents collect rainwater from rooftops to fulfil their freshwater needs. The objective of this study was to assess the microbiological quality of drinking water in household tanks throughout Bermuda. The tanks surveyed were selected randomly from the electoral register. Governmental officers visited the selected household (n = 102) to co...
Article
The molecular diagnosis of infectious diseases is currently going through a revolution sustained by the regulatory approval of amplification tests that have been shown to be equivalent or superior to existing gold standard methods. The recent approval of a microarray system for the pharmacogenomic profiling of cytochrome P450-mediated drug metaboli...
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Current hybridization protocols on microarrays are slow and need skilled personnel. Microfluidics is an emerging science that enables the processing of minute volumes of liquids to perform chemical, biochemical, or enzymatic analyzes. The merging of microfluidics and microarray technologies constitutes an elegant solution that will automate and spe...
Article
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The hybridization behavior of small oligonucleotides arrayed on glass slides is currently unpredictable. In order to examine the hybridization efficiency of capture probes along target nucleic acid, 20-mer oligonucleotide probes were designed to hybridize at different distances from the 5' end of two overlapping 402- and 432-bp ermB products amplif...
Article
Full-text available
Nucleic acids detection using microarrays requires labelling of target nucleic acids with fluorophores or other reporter molecules prior to hybridization. Using surface-bound peptide nucleic acids (PNA) probes and soluble fluorescent cationic polythiophenes, we show a simple and sensitive electrostatic approach to detect and identify unlabelled tar...
Article
Full-text available
We report the first stage of a genome scan of schizophrenia (SZ) and bipolar disorder (BP) covering 18 candidate chromosomal areas. In addition to testing susceptibility loci that are specific to each disorder, we tested the hypothesis that some susceptibility loci might be common to both disorders. A total of 480 individuals from 21 multigeneratio...
Article
Family and twin studies provide strong evidence that genetic factors are involved in the transmission of Gilles de la Tourette syndrome (TS) and related psychiatric disorders. To detect the underlying susceptibility gene(s) for TS, we performed linkage analysis in one large French Canadian family (127 members) from the Charlevoix region, in which 2...
Article
Goal: To reanalyze pedigree data from Eastern Quebec using dimensional phenotypes to characterize affection and to compare linkage results with those obtained with the use of syndromal (diagnostic) phenotype definitions. Sample: 480 members from 21 multigenerational pedigrees of Eastern Quebec genotyped on 220 markers. Instruments: The Comprehensiv...
Article
Recent reports of a linkage trend in 6p24-22 for schizophrenia (SZ), in different samples, were tempered by the concurrent evidence of negative reports in other samples. In the studies showing positive results, different definitions of affection and a wide spectrum of diagnoses were used. Our objectives were not only to test for linkage at 6p24-22...
Article
Recent reports of a linkage trend in 6p24–22 for schizophrenia (SZ), in different samples, were tempered by the concurrent evidence of negative reports in other samples. In the studies showing positive results, different definitions of affection and a wide spectrum of diagnoses were used. Our objectives were not only to test for linkage at 6p24–22...
Article
The dopamine D3 receptor gene (DRD3) is a meaningful candidate gene because it unifies the dopamine and the limbic hypotheses for schizophrenia. We tested for an allelic association between schizophrenia and the DRD3 Mscl alleles, hypothesising heterogeneity between childhood/early adolescence-onset schizophrenia (CO-SZ) and adult-onset schizophren...
Article
Full-text available
Many multiresistance plasmids and transposons of gram-negative bacteria carry related DNA elements that appear to have evolved from a common ancestor by site-specific integration of discrete cassettes containing antibiotic resistance genes or sequences of unknown function. The site of integration is flanked by conserved segments coding for an integ...
Article
Full-text available
Integrons constitute a novel family of DNA elements which evolved by site-specific integration of discrete units between two conserved segments. On the In4 integron of Tn1696, a precisely inserted gene cassette of 1,549 bp conferring nonenzymatic chloramphenicol resistance (cmlA) is present between the streptomycin-spectinomycin resistance (aadA2)...
Article
The prostatic arginine esterase gene was isolated from a genomic library prepared with dog liver DNA in lambda EMBL3. The selected clone contained an insert of approximately 17 kb which included the whole coding portion of arginine esterase mRNA (5 exons plus 4 introns), 2 kb upstream from the initiation site and 12 kb downstream from the polyadeny...
Article
The aminoglycoside-3-O-acetyltransferase-I gene (aacC1) from R plasmids of two incompatibility groups (R1033 [Tn1696], and R135) was cloned and sequenced. In the case of R1033, it was shown that the aacC gene is coded by a precise insertion of 833 bp between the aadA promoter and its structural gene in a Tn21 related transposon (Tn1696). This inser...
Article
Several plasmid-encoded beta-lactamases are on multiresistance transposable elements. The OXA-1 beta-lactamase gene is part of Tn2603, which is borne on the R plasmid RGN238. We report here the complete nucleotide sequence of the OXA-1 beta-lactamase gene and flanking sequences. The OXA-1 gene shows a greater than 50% sequence divergence from the O...

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