Lourens Broersma

Lourens Broersma
University of Groningen | RUG · Department of Economic Geography

PhD

About

83
Publications
18,839
Reads
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1,022
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 1997 - present
University of Groningen
Position
  • Post doc researcher
January 1992 - December 1997
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Position
  • Lecturer
January 1988 - December 1992
Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam
Description
  • PhD research

Publications

Publications (83)
Article
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Cross-border commuting might be a way to improve an efficient allocation of labour resources, improve the economic performance of border regions and reduce economic and territorial inequality. This study explores the impact of a set of socio-economic, infrastructural or cultural explanatory variables that drive cross-border commuting in the EU and...
Article
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Border regions are often not very well connected to the national urban and economic centres and hence perform less well in terms of GDP per capita and unemployment. Cross-border commuting might be a way to improve the economic performance of border regions. This study explores the impact of a set of socio-economic, infrastructural or cultural expla...
Chapter
Ageing attracts ever-increasing attention because it has many implications for welfare and society and is an important subject for policymakers. This chapter focuses on ageing effects on welfare and labour supply. How can a falling labour supply be compensated for while welfare is maintained? In principle, there are five possible ways: (i) increase...
Article
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The Wadden Sea Forum has adopted integrated coastal zone management (ICZM) as a process for achieving the sustainable development of the Wadden Sea in a way that is environmentally sound, economically viable and socially beneficial. This requires, besides information about the ecosystem, also information and analysis of recent demographic and socio...
Article
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The paper presents a spatial and temporal analysis of tourism in the Dutch Wadden area and identifies policy dilemmas and monitoring needs. The analysis is temporal because historical, current and future aspects of tourism development are addressed; it is spatial because the spatial differentiaton of tourism within the Wadden area is examined. For...
Article
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Investments in human capital are essential themes in many policy programmes. Besides the direct private returns of education, there is evidence of positive human capital externalities at the level of regions and firms. The results in this paper show that both production and consumption externalities have positive effects on wages. Production extern...
Chapter
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The Dutch labour market can be characterized by a combination of high employment rates and exceptionally low and even declining average working hours. This poses a serious threat to current welfare levels, with the decline in working-age population caused by ageing. The aim of this paper is therefore to assess the possibilities for increasing worki...
Article
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The aim of this study is to gain insight into the gender-specific career advancement of about 10,000 middle and top-level managers in a Dutch financial services company. Our results indicate that women earn less, work at lower job levels, but show slightly higher career mobility than men. However, working a compressed four-day nine-hours-a-day work...
Article
Many welfare reforms undertaken in OECD-countries are directed towards enhancing efficiency in the administration and implementation of social security and social benefits. In this perspective the governance reforms in The Netherlands are an example of decentralisation through budgeting of means to municipalities. This brings about a unique twofold...
Article
Many welfare reforms undertaken in Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD) countries are directed toward enhancing efficiency in the administration and implementation of social security. In this perspective, reforms in The Netherlands are an example of decentralization through budgeting financial means to municipalities. By usin...
Article
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Noback I., Broersma L. and van Dijk J. Gender-specific spatial interactions on Dutch regional labour markets and the gender employment gap, Regional Studies. This paper analyses gender-specific employment rates and the gender employment gap in Dutch municipalities for 2002. The novelty of this analysis is that it takes into account the extent to wh...
Article
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Do the local labour market policies of municipalities matter? The scientific debate on such policies mainly concentrates on (1) the effectiveness of active labour market policies and programmes in terms of improving the labour market chances of jobless workers, and (2) the organization of labour market policy in terms of governance, management, and...
Book
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Voor u ligt de eindrapportage van het Nicis onderzoeksproject ?Hoger opgeleiden in grote steden in Nederland; Brain drain of brain gain??. Gemeenten in Nederland maken zich zorgen over de mate waarin ze afgestudeerden voor de eigen arbeids- en woningmarkt kunnen behouden. Er is zowel vanuit de wetenschap als de beleidspraktijk veel aandacht voor de...
Article
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Gender-specific dynamics in working hours ERSA Barcelona 2011 The Dutch are part-time working champions of the world, not just because the majority of women work part-time, also a growing number of men are working part-time. However, with the aging of the population there is an increasing threat to current welfare levels. The aim of this paper is t...
Article
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This paper identifies a broad concept of unused labour force. This concept can be related to the transitional labour market theory. It is next reviewed in the light of economic studies using a similar construct. Pro's and con's of our approach are discussed and the literature is used to assess characteristics of groups building this concept and to...
Article
This paper studies the impact of localization, urbanization, and diversification on regional labor productivity levels and growth. We find substantial effects, accounting for roughly half of the explained variation in the labor productivity differences within the Netherlands in the 1990s. Diversification, urbanization, and localization effects are...
Article
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It is well known that labour productivity growth in Europe is slowing down, against an increasing growth rate in the US. The Netherlands is one of the countries in Europe with the lowest growth rates of productivity. This article looks at this phenomenon from a regional perspective and presents the results of a growth accounting exercise applied to...
Article
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This note proposes a method for measuring revealed external economies due to regional specialisation, distinct from localised external economies of diversity across industries. We show how regional differences in economic growth or productivity levels can be decomposed into differences due to: (1) differences in regional sector structure, (2) revea...
Chapter
This paper identifies a broad concept of unused labour force. This concept can be related to the transitional labour market theory. It is next reviewed in the light of economic studies using a similar construct. Pro's and con's of our approach are discussed and the literature is used to assess characteristics of groups building this concept and to...
Article
This paper outlines a simple method for generating long time-series of intermediate inputs by industries and products from supply and use tables (SUTs) that can serve as building blocks in productivity growth analysis. This backward extrapolation method is tested on a set of Dutch SUTs for the period 1987-2001. We find that our methodology delivers...
Article
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OOSTERHAVEN J. and BROERSMA L. (2007) Sector structure and cluster economies: a decomposition of regional labour productivity, Regional Studies 41, 639-659. The paper shows that regional diffierences in labour productivity can be decomposed into a sector structure, a cluster economies and a residual regional component. The decomposition is applied...
Article
This paper focuses on the diffusion of knowledge intensive business services (KIBS) in relation to information and communication technology-based innovations and their effect on productivity growth. Intermediate purchases of KIBS by any other industry determine the extent of KIBS diffusion. This diffusion is seen as part of the broader process of o...
Article
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In flow models of the labor market, wages are determined by negotiations between workers and employers on the surplus value of a realized match. From this perspective, this paper presents an econometric analysis of the influence of labor market flows on wage formation as an alternative to the traditional specification of wage equations in which une...
Article
In flow models of the labor market, wages are determined by negotiations between workers and employers on the surplus value of a realized match. From this perspective, this paper presents an econometric analysis of the influence of labor market flows on wage formation as an alternative to the traditional specification of wage equations in which une...
Article
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This paper studies the impact of diversification, localization and agglomeration economies on regional labour productivity levels and productivity growth in an integrated theoretical and empirical framework. These three externalities account for more than half of the explained variation in the regional productivity levels and growth rates in deviat...
Article
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Cluster-en agglomeratievorming hebben een positief effect op het niveau van de regionale arbeidsproductiviteit, terwijl het effect op de verdere groei overwegend negatief is. Verschillen in productiviteit zijn deels het gevolg van rationele ondernemersreacties op (factor) prijsverschillen. Voor zover deze een afspiegeling zijn van maatschappelijke...
Article
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This paper studies the extent to which diversification and agglomeration effects account for regional differences in labour productivity levels and labour productivity growth. Using a large set of regional data for The Netherlands for 40 labour market areas between 1990-2001 we find that roughly 60% of the explained variation in regional productivi...
Article
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Main point in the current European policy debate is to find instruments that stimulate the growth rate of labour productivity. The reason for this is a persistent slowdown in labour productivity growth in European countries and an increasing gap in growth rates between the USA and Europe starting in the second half of the 1990’s. Labour productivit...
Article
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The impact of computers on productivity in the Dutch trade sector during the period 1988-1994 is examined. The analysis is based on a panel data set derived from the Production Survey of Statistics Netherlands, which includes data on output, employment, wages, and various types of investment. A new method is developed to estimate IT- and non-IT cap...
Article
We examine the quit-layoff distinction and its implications for job destruction from the employer's perspective. Using a set of panel data of Dutch firms, we get the following results. First, in addition to layoffs, quits contribute to the speed of downward adjustment of labour. Second, about 22% of the jobs of workers who resigned are destroyed. I...
Article
In this paper we study the cyclical behaviour of job and worker flows in The Netherlands. We find that job flows move counter-cyclically while worker flows move acyclically. The persistence of newly created jobs is strongly pro-cyclical while the persistence of destroyed jobs is strongly counter-cyclical. We also examine the relative importance of...
Article
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This study presents an explorative econometric analysis of the influence of labour market flows on wage formation. It applies the vector cointegration and common trends methodology of Johansen (Likelihood-based Inference in Cointegrated Vector Autoregresssive Models, OUP, Oxford, 1995). According to this approach, a combination of the flow of layof...
Article
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This article analyzes the response of regional labor markets in the Netherlands to region-specific labor demand shocks. Previous studies show remarkable differences in response between regions in European countries and regions in the United States. The analysis shows that, in Dutch regions, the speed of adjustment is similar to that of the US, but...
Article
The aim of this study is to test the hypothesis that more patients with failed root-canal treatment or other endodontic problems are referred for periradicular surgery rather than nonsurgical re-treatment. Three sets of 100 periapical radiographs representing typical cases referred for surgical treatment were collected in three departments of oral...
Article
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This paper analyses the response of regional labour markets in The Netherlands to region specific labour demand shocks. Whereas previous studies analyse only average patterns of all regions in a country, this paper provides also a more in debt analysis of within country differences in labour market adjustment processes. Previous studies show remark...
Article
This study presents an empirical analysis of the influence of labour market flows on wage and price formation. A system of wage, price and employment equations after Nickell (Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics 49: 103-128, 1987) is estimated, including labour flows as indicators of labour market tightness in the wage equation. An impulse r...
Article
We present a national accounting system for the construction of a consistent macro data set for worker flows. It is an alternative to micro data sets on gross labour flows derived from panels. The method is applied to construct annual flow data for The Netherlands for 1997.
Article
This paper analyses the causes of the Dutch Miracle. Low wage increases in The Netherlands compared to the rest of Europe are the main factor explaining the fast employment growth. Two factors can explain wage growth lagging behind: the 1982 Wassenaar-agreement between trade unions and employers and the realignments in the welfare state. A small ma...
Article
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Trends in productivity, labour, and investment in the retail and wholesale trade sectors for the Netherlands in the 1988-94 period are examined. The analysis is based on a longitudinally linked panel of firms from the annual survey of Production Statistics collected by Statistics Netherlands (CBS). We find that computer investments have a positive...
Article
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This paper has a twofold aim. Firstly, it presents an overview of sources of data on service innovation. We distinguish two levels of data, namely data at the macro-level and data at the micro level. Data at the macro-level are mainly obtained from primary and secondary statistical sources produced by national and international (statistical) agenci...
Article
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This paper has a twofold aim. Firstly, it presents an overview of sources of data on service innovation. We distinguish two levels of data, namely data at the macro-level and data at the micro level. Data at the macro-level are mainly obtained from primary and secondary statistical sources produced by national and international (statistical) agenci...
Article
This study presents an empirical analysis of the influence of labour market flows on wage and price formation. A system of wage, price and employment equations in the vein of Nickell (1987) is estimated including labour flows as explanatory variables. A combination of the flow of layoffs (flow from employment to unemployment) and the flow of filled...
Article
This paper stresses the importance of a specification of the matching function in which the measure of job matches corresponds to the measure of job searchers. In many empirical studies on the matching function this requirement has not been fulfilled because it is difficult to find information about employed job searchers and job searchers from out...
Article
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This paper develops a national accounting system for the construction of consistent time series data for worker and job flows at the macro level. The construction method is applied for The Netherlands, and is based on the availability of actual time series and a number of additional assumptions. The reliability of the data depends on the availabili...
Article
ABSTRACT In many matching function studies, the measure of job matches and the stock of job searchers dues not correspond New hires or filled vacancies are related to unemployed job searchers only, whereas this should be the total stock of job searchers, as any job searcher, besides unemployed, can be hired or fill a vacancy. Furthermore, in many s...
Article
This paper proposes a model of labour demand based on a bankruptcy constrained firm. This implies two different regimes for the process generating labour demand: one when this bankruptcy constraint is not binding and one when it is. The same applies to unemployment. This unemployment model is applied to U.S. quarterly data, where account is being t...
Article
In this paper We investigate whether there is a difference between competition between unemployed and employed job searchers in flexible and rigid labour markets. Comparing the results for the more or less flexible labour market in the UK with the rigid labour market in The Netherlands, we find remarkably similar results.
Article
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This paper studies the differences in behaviour of small and large firms, concerning job creation and job destruction, in the Dutch manufacturing sector over the period 1978-1991. We find that both job creation and job destruction rates are higher in small firms than in large ones. In addition, we found that the persistence of jobs created in slump...
Article
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This papers describes and characterises job creation and job destruction in the Dutch manufacturing sector. Our results show that firms are very heterogeneous in their employment behaviour In addition, we find that job reallocation moves counter-cyclical and that the main sources of job reallocation are not shifts between sub-sectors, but shifts wi...
Article
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The relationship between labour demand and job-to-job movement is investigated, both theoretically and empirically, at the macro level. It concentrates on the role of the employment regime (hiring, do-nothing or firing) and the hiring and firing costs. The exact upper bounds of the marginal hiring costs of an employed worker are derived, for which...
Article
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The effects are studied of a wage restraint policy on flows in the labour market. Flows into and out of employment are distinguished and simple models are considered for these flows. Wage costs, in particular, are found to affect the flow of employment into unemployment, which can be considered as a measure of job destruction, but wage costs have n...
Article
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This paper studies the behaviour of firms of different size with respect to their behaviour in matching vacant jobs to job searchers. We have specified and estimated a matching function for firms of different size in The Netherlands, according to the number of employees. We found no difference in the elasticity of matching jobs to job searchers, bu...
Article
Full-text available
This paper stresses the importance of a specification of the matching function, where the measure of job matches as a dependent variable, corresponds to the stock of job searchers. In many empirical studies on the matching function this requirement has not been fulfilled. In this paper, we show that using unemployment outflow to a job as measure of...
Article
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This paper presents a model in which not only employed job search is endogenized, but also the phenomenon that long-term unemployed may become discouraged and stop searching for a job. When this model is applied to Dutch flow data, we find that this discouragement particularly took place in the early 1980's. We also find that ,a mere stimulus to la...
Article
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In bierens (1987) a granger casual relation was found between unemployment and the interest rate for the netherlands. In the present paper we will investigate whether there exists a similar granger casual relation between unemployment and interest rate for a number of other countries. It appears that, with our ARMAX modeling approach, this relation...
Article
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This paper surveys empirical Phillips curve and wage curve models for The Netherlands. It provides a simple theoretical model with which an appropriate specification for Phillips curve and wage curve models can be derived, which reckons with labour market tightness and fits into a flow model of the labour market. We find that in particular the shor...
Article
The EU's limited fiscal capacity has proven to be the most critical constraint in responding to the global financial crisis in a coordinated manner. The EU does not have enough resources to rescue the troubled financial institutions and member states. This leads to a nationalization of rescue operations, which undermines the Single European Market...
Article
This paper investigates the effects of the omission of relevant variables from the statistical model on cointegration analysis, proposed by Johansen (1988, 1991). We show that underspecification of the statistical model leads to either failure in detecting cointegration or underestimation of the cointegrating rank. Although in the underspecified st...
Article
In this paper the consumption model in Winder and Palm [1989] is subjected to a sensitivity analysis. Small and reasonable change in several dummy variables provide that the original model with a moving planning horizon becomes observationally equivalent with a random walk specification.
Article
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This paper investigates the effects of the omission of relevant variables from the statistical model on cointegration analysis, proposed by Johansen (1988, 1991). We show that underspecification of the statistical model leads to either failure in detecting cointegration or underestimation of the cointegrating rank. Although in the underspecified st...
Article
This paper studies the impact of regulations on productivity growth at the industry level, while most related research is at the aggregate, economy-wide level. Since regulations pertain to specific industries this is the appropriate way to study such an effect. Despite all data limitation involved, we do find a positive effect of deregulation on pr...
Article
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This paper has established the existence of a trade-off between productivity and participation. This is however only short-term phenomena and vanishes in 3 to 5 years. Furthermore, we found that for the period 1970-1995 time patterns in the trade-off are similar between Europe and Anglo-Saxon countries (read: USA). However, after 1995, the time pat...
Article
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This study is about differences in unemployment rate by educational attainment between the US and Europe over the past three decades. Apart from usual explanatory variables, like wage differentials between educational groups in the two regions, specific attention will be given to complementarities between capital and skilled labour. Increasing capi...