Louis Quere

Louis Quere
École des Hautes Études en Sciences Sociales | EHESS · Institut Marcel Mauss

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79
Publications
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (79)
Article
Full-text available
According to French sociologist Pierre Bourdieu, intellectuals are prone to substitute a scholastic relation to the social world for the practical relation people have to it: they replace the practical relation to objects by the relation an observer has to them and by their way of looking at them. When he/she replaces the active agent by the reflec...
Chapter
This chapter proposes a novel approach to an ecological conception of experience and society. This approach is based on Dewey’s and Bentley’s (John Dewey: The Later Works, 1925–1953. Southern Illinois University Press, Edwardsville, 1949) conception of “trans-action”. Dewey’s use of this concept aims at explaining why environment and organism are i...
Article
Cet article propose d’eclairer les apports des travaux de Charles Goodwin a l’analyse de l’action et de la cognition situees. Il revient tout d’abord sur les circonstances dans lesquelles ces travaux ont ete importes en France dans les annees 1980, dans un contexte proprement interdisciplinaire, associant linguistes, sociologues, ergonomes, ayant e...
Article
In general, in our ordinary life, we manage to make the difference between “strange” behavior and error or extravagant beliefs. The question is here to know how we do so, and against what background. There are also specialized contexts for evaluating whether certain types of behavior or discourse are normal or abnormal: courts of law and psychiatri...
Article
This paper outlines an adverbial approach of value, which it proposes as an alternative to a “nominalistic” one. It starts from a review of a recent book of a French economist, André Orléan, who develops, from the instance of money, a theory of value which he thinks valid for all social values. The paper criticizes the main presuppositions of Orléa...
Article
The Explanation Of Normativity - About TurnerStephen P., Explaining the Normative (Cambridge, Polity Press, 2010). - Volume 53 Issue 3 - Louis Quéré
Article
This paper is an essay about Harold Garfinkel’s heritage. It outlines a response to Eric Livingston’s proposal to say goodbye to ethnomethodology as pertaining to the sociological tradition; and it rejects part of Melvin Pollner’s diagnosis about the changes occurred in ethnomethodological working. If it agrees with Pollner about the idea that some...
Article
Full-text available
Ethnomethodologists have very often distorted G. H. Mead’s works, partly because they have read them through H. Blumer’s interpretations. Therefore they have undervalued many similarities existing between Mead’s and Garfinkel’s thoughts. Of course there are lots of ambiguities and problems in Mead’s writings, and ethomethodologists are right when t...
Article
This paper investigates the links between trust and recognition, first in terms of value judgments about social categories, then in terms of mutual commitments under inequality conditions, finally in terms of mutual recognition as competent members of a collectivity. It criticizes purely cognitive approaches of trust, which, because they reduce tru...
Article
This paper investigates the links between trust and recognition, first in terms of value judgments about social categories, then in terms of mutual commitments under inequality conditions, finally in terms of mutual recognition as competent members of a collectivity. It criticizes purely cognitive approaches of trust, which, because they reduce tru...
Article
EnglishThe article presents first the pragmatist standpoint according to which thought is a mode of behavior. Thought regards above all action and its consequences. Articulate thought transforms tacit qualities and connections obtained in immediate experience into definite relationships. Learning to think is learning to inquire and judge, inquiring...
Article
Full-text available
For George Herbert Mead, thinking amounts to holding an "inner conversation of gestures". Such a conception does not seem especially original at first glance. What makes it truly original is the "social-behavioral" approach of which it is a part, and, particularly, two ideas. The first is that the conversation in question is a conversation of gestu...
Article
For George Herbert Mead, thinking amounts to holding an "inner conversation of gestures ". Such a conception does not seem especially original at first glance. What makes it truly original is the "social-behavioral" approach of which it is a part, and, particularly, two ideas. The first is that the conversation in question is a conversation of gest...
Article
A CONSERVATIVE MODERNIZATION? Based on a review of La Société de Connivence, this article first examines Paul Beaud’s endeavour to remedy the fact that communication had been forgotten, which he ascribed to the sociology of the media. He focused more closely on social mediations than on the media, and reincorporated communication studies into the a...
Article
L'erreur humaine, inévitable, est souvent affectée d'une valeur négative ; elle présente pourtant un potentiel positif. L'enjeu de cet ouvrage est de mettre à l'épreuve cette valeur positive, à travers des études de cas diverses : dans la science, dans le diagnostic, médical, dans la vie courante, etc. L'étude de l'erreur se développe en grande par...
Book
Le 20 mai 2005, Paul Ricoeur nous quittait à l'âge de quantre-vingt-douze ans, après une traversée du siècle qu'il a fortement marqué. Il nous laisse une oeuvre immense, véritable incitation/invitation au travail, dont l'une des originalités aura été de conduire un dialogue constant de la philosophie avec son autre, notamment avec les sciences huma...
Article
About the abstraction made by science, Durkheim advised that it be constrained by some correspondence with reality. But how to conceive such a corres-pondence? Asbstraction in science has many aspects, and we have to specify which one is taken into account. The focus of this paper is on a kind of abstraction-the one which occurs, in social inquiry,...
Article
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Article
Full-text available
BETWEEN FACT AND MEANING – THE DUALITY OF THE EVENT The author sets out here to reveal the “hermeneutic power” of the event and to highlight the way in which this power acts in the organization of behaviours, whether individual or collective. He starts with the idea that such power can be considered as both an end and a beginning; as a fact which c...
Article
(Table ronde autour de Ricoeur avec Luc Boltansky, François Dosse, Michaël Foessel, François Hartog, Patrick Pharo, Louis Quéré et Laurent Thévenot)
Article
The author sets out here to reveal the "hermeneutic power" of the event and to highlight the way in which this power acts in the organization of behaviours, whether individual or collective. He starts with the idea that such power can be considered as both an end and a beginning; as a fact which can be explained and interpreted and as a source of u...
Book
ssu des cours de « psychologie sociale » donnés par George Herbert Mead (1863--1931) à l'Université de Chicago en 1927-1928, L'Esprit, le soi et la société, ouvrage posthume publié en 1934, est k'un des grands classiques de philosophie et de sciences sociales.S'inscrivant dans la tradition pragmatiste, Mead veut avant tout remettre la cognition dan...
Book
La confiance est, dit-on, un phénomène social sans lequel nous ne pourrions ni agir, ni interagir. Pour Simmel, « elle est de toute évidence l'une des forces de synthèse les plus importantes au sein de la société » : celle-ci se désintégrerait s'il n'y avait pas une confiance généralisée entre ses membres. Ce jugement n'a pas été démenti par les sc...
Article
“GUARANTORS OF TRUST” IN THE PUBLIC SPHERE This article studies the shift from interpersonal trust to trust in institutions and trust between anonymous citizens. These two cases call for a reexamination of the cognitive bases of trust, since in the former there is no longer a question of knowing people, and in the latter the interactions take place...
Article
This article studies the shift from interpersonal trust to trust in institutions and trust between anonymous citizens. These two cases call for a reexamination of the cognitive bases of trust, since in the former there is no longer a question of knowing people, and in the latter the interactions take place between people who are not acquainted with...
Book
Full-text available
Présentation du numéro et sommaire : http://cems.ehess.fr/document.php?id=1182Publication du CEMS-IMM
Article
THE COGNITIVE AND NORMATIVE STRUCTURE OF TRUST Louis Quéré The contemporary social sciences consider trust as an informal, infra-institutional mechanism of the coordination of actions, which has the advantage of reducing "transaction costs" related to the search for information and the exercise of mutual control. But they are faced with the difficu...
Article
This article examines recent attempts by cognitive research and the psychology of perception to reconceptualize the notion of information. Along with the ordinary and the mathematical concepts of information, we now have a naturalist and an ecological concept. The author evaluates the way in which these innovations could be used to analyse communic...
Article
Full-text available
Current research on cooperation at work feeds on conceptual and theoretical innovations which have appeared in the study of cognitive social activities. This article attempts to gauge such innovations. It focuses in particular on the problematics of 'situated action', 'distributed cognition' and operability of objects, of which it emphasizes both t...
Article
Dans ce texte, Mead esquisse une theorie des objets. Il essaie de rendre compte du processus par lequel la « chose physique » acquiert des propriete intrinseques, surtout celle de faire agir des sujets, en relation avec les capacites et les habitudes d'action d'un agent inconnu - en particulier a travers les experiences du contrat et de la manipula...
Article
This article provides an overview of the notion of an event, and suggests new research - perspectives. It highlights the specific features of the event in contemporary thought and, in particular, its relationship with the media. Taking as their starting point the problematics of the social construction of events, the authors suggest that certain ph...
Article
Current research on cooperation at work feeds on conceptual and theoretical innovations which have appeared in the study of cognitive social activities. This article attempts to gauge such innovations. It focuses in particular on the problematics of « situated action », « distributed cognition » and the operability of objects, of which it emphasize...
Article
How may we conceive of cognition in practice? What kind of thinking and reflection animate the accomplishment of action? These problems are usually settled by an intellectualist argument: to perform an action is mainly to execute decisions, to carry out plans or intentions, or to follow instructions. According to that view, cognition produces actio...
Article
Referring to several English- and French-language articles on audience studies, the author argues that a re-conceptualization of the notion of reception is necessary. While he believes that theories of reading are useful, he nevertheless considers that there should be a differentiation between the media studied.
Article
What is the real explanatory value of the concept of convention, used as it is to account for the coordination of action? Distinguishing between a technical and a common-sense view of convention, the author recognizes the relevance of phenomena highlighted by the theoreticians of convention, hut doubts that the concept they propose has a very broad...
Article
Full-text available
This article calls for a change in the communicational paradigm in social analysis, and in the analysis of social communication itself. It seeks to make clear the difference that such a paradigm introduces into the approach to social events. Taking the view that the predominant conception of communication, that is, representationalist and cognitivi...
Article
Full-text available
What is the real explanatory value of the concept of conventions, used as it is to account for the co-ordination of action ? Distinguishing a technical and a common concept of conventions, the author recognizes the relevance of phenomena highlighted by the theoreticians of conventions, but doubts that the concept which they propose has a very broad...
Article
Sociology misses the point when it discusses public opinion, for three reasons: it reduces a notion with an important normative role to the status of a descriptive category; it reifies the distinction between facts and opinions; and it ignores its own role in shaping that same socially constructed objectivity by which it measures opinion. This arti...
Article
Existe-t-il une quelconque continuité entre les différentes significations que le concept d'espace public revêt dans les divers domaines où il est utilisé en Sciences Sociales ? L'auteur tente de répondre à cette question en proposant, au-delà des théories régionales qui en font usage - théorie politique et analyse des « lieux publics » - une « ant...
Article
Cette étude questionne la manière dont se forme et se transforme l'attention publique, examine la façon dont est faite la conscience publique. Elle se focalise sur l'analyse du débat public, entendu comme la focalisation de l'attention commune, dans un espace public, sur un événement, une situation ou un problème qui sont l'objet d'une thématisatio...
Article
Cet article plaide pour le developpement du paradigme communicationnel dans l'analyse sociale, y compris dans l'analyse de la communication sociale elle-meme. Il tente de preciser la difference qu'un tel paradigme introduit dans l'approche des faits sociaux. Considerant que la conception predominante de la communication, qui est representationniste...
Article
Full-text available
Article
343 p., ref. bib. : 1 p.3/4 L'analyse de l'action est remise au premier plan par certains courants actuels de la philosophie et des sciences sociales. L'étude de la sémantique de l'action (intention, volonté, motif, désir, etc.) a fait apparaître le rôle important du langage dans la constitution du champ pratique. Elle a permis d'éclairer sous un j...
Article
Varios autores insistieron en la cercana afinidad entre las concepciones de Bourdieu y las del pragmatismo norteamericano, sobre todo en el análisis del hábito. Emanuel Bourdieu relacionó el disposicionalismo de su padre con el de Charles S. Peirce. Privilegiaré aquí a otro autor de la tradición pragmatista, J. Dewey, que no es disposicionalista si...

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