Lori Maguire

Lori Maguire
Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne | URCA · UFR Lettres et Sciences Humaines

D.Phil Oxon, Habilitation Université Paris-Sorbonne
Professor of American Studies, University of Reims

About

59
Publications
6,291
Reads
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45
Citations
Citations since 2016
20 Research Items
10 Citations
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Introduction
@MaguireLori on twitter. Most of my research is in the history of international relations, notably with regard to World War II (British & American relations with the Free French: diplomatic, military and economic) and the Cold War. The latter includes a long-term project on representations I'm also working on another project on France and the American War in Indochina A third domain for me is the Cold War and popular culture where I've published on American & Soviet cinema and television.
Additional affiliations
September 2020 - July 2021
Université de Reims Champagne-Ardenne
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (59)
Article
This article examines the little-known system of foreign aid that the Eisenhower administration called “triangular trade.” Created to increase development aid without specific Congressional authorization, U.S. officials managed it chaotically and often secretly. This article analyzes U.S. application of this policy in relations with France, focusin...
Article
This article looks at Biden's views on Russia before he became president
Chapter
The chapter examines two recent films, Hail Caesar! and The Death of Stalin , both set in the early 1950s, that use black humor to consider two very serious events. Set two years apart (the first in 1951 and the second in 1953), both films use laughter to explore a particularly stressful period in the histories of the respective superpowers. The ch...
Article
You can find the article here on the Wavell Room website https://wavellroom.com/2020/11/14/three-tough-choices-europe-must-face-with-biden-as-president/
Book
This book examines how representations of African in the Anglophone West have changed in the post-imperial age. The period since the Second World War has seen profound changes in sub-Saharan Africa, notably because of decolonization, the creation of independent nation-states and the transformation of the relationships with the West. Using a range...
Chapter
As the title suggests, this chapter examines the vision of the early Cold War, in particular with regard to communism and the USSR was mocked in two recent films, Hail Caesar by the Coen Brothers and The Death of Stalin by Armando Iannucci
Article
This article examines the profound social problems that have been revealed by the covid-19 virus. It also examinees its impact on the 2020 presidential race and how the result of that race will impact international relations. It can be found at https://wavellroom.com/2020/07/07/the-impact-of-covid-19-on-the-united-states/
Article
In March 1955, France opened a consulat in Haiphong, North Vietnam, which operated under the authority of the French general delegate in Hanoi, Jean Sainteny. in return, North Vietnam insisted they should be allowed to open a consulate in Paris. Since this request was not granted, North Vietnamese authorities submitted the consulate and its personn...
Book
This special edition of the journal CinémAction will examine the impact of 9/11 on world science fiction cinema. It contains chapters on American, Russian, British, African, Brazilian, Japanese and South and North Korean films, making it one of the most comprehensive studies ever. It will be published, in French, next year. here is the table of con...
Article
This article in the French review, France Forum, discusses Donald Trump's foreign policy and particularly the situation with Ukraine
Article
This is a book review of Julian Jackson's biography of de Gaulle
Article
This paper aims to compare two films from opposing sides in the Cold War, both of which deal with the subject of nuclear weapons and the scientists responsible for their creation. They both date from the early 1960s, a particularly tense moment in world history. Nine Days of One Year (Mikhail Romm, 1962) goes much further than any other Soviet film...
Chapter
Strangest of superheroes, the Hulk first appeared in a comic book dated May 1962. That first number told the tragic story of the brilliant physicist Bruce Banner, specialist of military weapons, who was irradiated by his own invention, the deadly gamma bomb. That exposure would transform him into an uncontrollable being with extraordinary physical...
Article
Winston Churchill is commonly considered to have written some of the greatest speeches of the twentieth century, yet few of them have been analyzed in any depth. This essay attempts to examine in detail one of the most famous and, indeed, most important of these speeches, the “we shall fight” oration, given in the House of Commons on June 4, 1940,...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper begins by examining the process by which the Global War on Terror, or GWOT, received its name. It then proceeds to look at the most famous document associated with this conflict – George W. Bush’s “Axis of evil” speech of January 2002. The two are obviously closely related for in this speech Bush linked Iraq to terrorism in order to turn...
Chapter
Full-text available
In November 2011 a round table was organized at the University of Paris 8 to assess the impact of new media on diplomacy. In order to get a well-rounded view of the question both academics and career diplomats participated. The academics were all specialists of international relations. Two American diplomats and a French one also participated and t...
Book
Cinema fully participated in the Cold War. It was a viewer, an actor, a producer, a distributor and a projector. This special issue of CinémAction contains articles, all in French exploring Cold War films from both sides of the iron curtain
Book
Full-text available
These articles were presented at conferences in 2011-2012 by the research group Transferts Critiques at the University of Paris 8. Articles are on a wide variety of subjects related to narrative and naming techniques including those in international relations, literature, and linguistics. Andrée-Anne Kekeh, Jean-Yves Dommergues and Arnaud Regnauld...
Article
This article considers the role of United States Congress in the Afghanistan conflict—and notably that of the Armed Services and Foreign Relations Committees—from 2005 to 2009. Both of these committees had some legal oversight of the Afghan War, especially with regard to funding. During the first half of this period the Republicans had a majority w...
Article
This is the introduction to the special section on Afghanistan based on the conference held at the Université de Paris 8 in October 2011 and sponsored by EA 1569
Article
Full-text available
Battlestar Galactica represents a deliberately fantasized world but this, of course, does not mean that it is divorced from reality. Science fiction, as a genre, frequently uses an imaginary world to illustrate and comment upon some aspect of our own society. American science fiction films from the 1950s, for example, often dealt with the effects o...
Book
With the end of the Cold War, many commentators expected a renewed emphasis on domestic policy as a result of this major change in foreign policy. Until the attacks of 11 September 2001, this is exactly what happened. The “new world order” in domestic terms, celebrated the triumph of capitalism and free markets. At this time, Milton Friedman’s econ...
Article
Full-text available
This article examines the repeated appearance of scenes showing the partial or complete destruction of New York City in American cinema of the Cold War. While this theme goes across genres, it has been especially prevalent in science fiction films which are the focus of this study. It begins by showing the particular reasons for this morbid fascina...
Book
The goal of this book is to examine some of the major foreign policy debates in the United Kingdom and the United States in the period from 1992 to 2008: from the end of the Cold War and the aftermath of the first Gulf War to the 2008 American presidential election. The first President Bush spoke in 1991 of a “new world order” – which seemed to mea...
Chapter
Traditionally, the Conservative Party has been represented as possessing a negative attitude on the question of women’s suffrage, with a few exceptions. But the reality is far more complicated, for the party’s attitude on the question was decidedly ambivalent. While it is undoubtedly true that the vast majority of diehards opposed to enfranchising...
Article
MaguireG. E.. Anglo-American Policy Towards the Free French. (St. Antony's Series/Macmillan Series) New York: St. Martin's Press. 1996. Pp. x, 210. $59.95. ISBN 0-312-12710-3. WoodhouseRoger. British Policy Towards France, 1945-51. (Studies in Military and Strategic History.) New York: St. Martin's Press. 1996. Pp. xiii, 181. $59.95. ISBN 0-312-124...
Book
This book considers the evolution of women's role in the Conservative Party since the time of Disraeli and try to assess whether it has always been one of progress. To do this she examines not only the attitude of women to the party and the official attitude of the party towards women but also the degree of acceptance that Conservative men have sho...
Chapter
In 1928 feminists finally achieved what they had dreamed of for decades: the vote on the same terms as men. The strange thing is, though, that instead of transforming the situation — as many people had predicted — it seemed to make very little difference. Baldwin had warned NUSEC that this would probably be the case. He felt that the immediate resu...
Chapter
This period began with the Conservatives’ surprise election defeat in 1945 and ended with the selection of a woman party leader for the first time in British history. These thirty years saw amazing changes in Britain as it developed from postwar austerity towards the ‘affluent society’ only to return to serious economic problems in the 1970s. It wa...
Chapter
The Representation of the People Act was a watershed for now women had to be taken seriously by politicians. They had to be courted as voters, and the parties had to make room for them. In 1918 the Conservative Party, like all the other parties, was forced to adopt its structure to accommodate the newly enfranchised women. Unlike the other parties,...
Chapter
When news came out that Thatcher had been elected leader of the Conservative Party, the Labour leadership, for the most part, was delighted. They were convinced that she would be a serious disadvantage to the party, and cabinet members were heard to cry: ‘We’re home and dry!’1 Certainly, Margaret Thatcher found herself in an extremely difficult pos...
Chapter
This period saw women’s participation in politics slowly growing at both the national and the local level. Barriers were clearly breaking down for women, but only a tiny fraction of them was able to benefit from this. Everywhere the story was the same. Women were getting increasingly involved in local government and other civic bodies, but the prop...
Chapter
In our analysis of the relationship between women and the Conservative Party from the time of Disraeli to the present, certain themes have clearly emerged. First, women’s involvement in the Conservative Party has always emphasized conviviality and social events, and their respectability has been a major factor in their success. Conservative Party f...
Chapter
There is a cliché that says that behind every great man there is a woman. Like all clichés, there is an element of truth and of exaggeration in it. In any case, few people would deny that women — or rather certain women — have exercised political influence through their relationships with men. As wives, mistresses, mothers, daughters or simply frie...
Chapter
The 1945 election defeat was one of the worst in the Conservative Party’s history, and, for this very reason it galvanized the party to undertake needed reforms. Churchill named Lord Woolton, the popular Minister of Food during the war, to the position of Party Chairman: he began a major reassessment of the party and undertook to modernize it. Unde...
Chapter
The history of the suffrage movement in Great Britain is more than just that of the Pankhursts and the Women’s Social and Political Union (WSPU), although they have, by far, monopolized scholarly attention. Any woman interested in politics — even socially conservative ones — could desire the right to vote and to gain overt political power. As we sa...
Chapter
The events in Syria and Lebanon during World War II form one of the strangest stories of that war. Crises occurred repeatedly in that region and were fuelled by personality conflicts between General Sir Edward Spears — who, as we will remember, had brought de Gaulle to London — and almost every French official in the area. However, there was much m...
Chapter
Perhaps the most fascinating topic for a student of Anglo-American policy towards the French during World War II is that of the role of personal relations between Churchill, Roosevelt and de Gaulle. It is well-known that de Gaulle deeply distrusted the ‘Anglo-Saxons’, as the French prefer to call the Anglo-Americans. It is equally well-known that R...
Chapter
Until the union of the French in 1943 Free France did not have enough resources to become self-supporting. Even after its establishment in Algiers the French were dependent on the Anglo-Americans for the rearmament of their military forces, for emergency assistance in liberated areas, for trade, and in fact for almost all of their economic needs. O...
Chapter
On 6 June, 1944, D-Day, Allied forces began the invasion of France. De Gaulle had been invited to London a few days before and had arrived on 4 June. He came trailing clouds of disagreement. To begin with, on 3 June the French Committee of National Liberation officially changed its name to the Provisional Government of France — a change which the B...
Chapter
In beginning any history of Anglo-American relations with the Free French, the first things to be considered are exactly what was Free France and from which circumstances did it emerge. On 10 May 1940 — which coincidentally was the day Churchill became Prime Minister — the Germans invaded Belgium, the Netherlands, Luxembourg and France. From the ve...
Chapter
Charles de Gaulle may have been the first resistant, but he was by no means the only one. By June 1944 dozens of resistance movements existed in France and, while most of these had voluntarily announced their allegiance to the alternative French government in Algiers, they still remained largely independent until the arrival of the Allies. It shoul...
Book
This book explores the attitude and behavior of the British and American governments toward Charles de Gaulle and his handful of refugees from the German occupation of France who settled in London in 1940. She shows how the tensions between the two governments and between them and the French were reconciled to allow a relatively common policy that...

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
This long-term research examines representations of the Cold War in American and British popular culture. It includes cinema, television and comics. I already have a large number of publications in this domain and have more planned
Project
This is a four-year project that examines representations of the developing world in English-speaking countries and vice-versa. This began with a workshop in February 2018 entitled “Representations of Sub-Saharan Africa”. The project will continue in June 2019 with a workshop on “Representations of the ‘Far East’”, while the following year will see an international conference entitled “Occidentalism” on how the rest of the world views the West. A workshop on “Representations of Latin America and the Caribbean” in 2021 and a conference on “Representations of the Middle East” in 2022 will complete the program.
Archived project
This was an earlier project that studied relations between the Americans and the British with the free French during World War II