Lorenzo Fioramonti

Lorenzo Fioramonti
University of Pretoria | UP · Centre for the Study of Governance Innovation

PhD in Political Science

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96
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Publications

Publications (96)
Article
We offer here a brief commentary of the Rome Declaration (May 21, 2021) in light of a recent Report on the Health-Environment Nexus released by the Wellbeing Economy Alliance (WEALL). Although the Rome Declaration promotes at the highest level a new health philosophy, we argue this vision is still incomplete as it fails to include a constructive cr...
Article
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‘We have kicked the can down the road once again – but we are running out of road.’ – Rachel Kyte, Dean of Fletcher School at Tufts University. We, in our capacities as scientists, economists, governance and policy specialists, are shifting from warnings to guidance for action before there is no more ‘road.’ The science is clear and irrefutable; hu...
Preprint
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For leaders, planners and people around the world facing uncertainty about actions to resolve our planetary crises, we offer a concrete framework for action. We take the six core areas identified for urgent action by humanity from our 2019 paper in BioScience, World Scientists Warning of a Climate Emergency, and convert these into a framework for c...
Article
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(Replaces preprint) We have kicked the can down the road once again-but we are running out of road.'-Rachel Kyte, Dean of Fletcher School at Tufts University. We, in our capacities as scientists, economists, governance and policy specialists, are shifting from warnings to guidance for action before there is no more 'road.' The science is clear and...
Article
The concept of ‘wellbeing economy’ (WE), that is, an economy that pursues human and ecological wellbeing instead of material growth, is gaining support amongst policymakers, business, and civil society. Over the past couple of years, several national governments have adopted the WE as their guiding framework to design development policies and asses...
Technical Report
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The 10-Point Action Plan to catalyse a Circular Bioeconomy of Wellbeing is a call for collective and integrated action to global leaders, investors, companies, scientists, governments, non- governmental and intergovernmental organisations, funding agencies and society at large to put the world on a sustainable path.
Preprint
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Some countries have been more successful than others at dealing with the COVID-19 pandemic. When we explore the different policy approaches adopted as well as the underlying socio-economic factors, we note an interesting set of correlations: countries led by women leaders have fared significantly better than those led by men on a wide range of dime...
Article
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In the last 50 years, the biosphere, upon which humanity depends, has been altered to an unparalleled degree. The current economic model relying on fossil resources and addicted to “growth at all costs” is putting at risk not only life on our planet, but also the world’s economy. The need to react to the unprecedented COVID-19 crisis is a unique o...
Article
In a 2014 issue of Nature, members of our research group called for abandoning the gross domestic product as the key indicator in economic policymaking. In this new article, we argue that a new post–gross domestic product economy focusing on wellbeing rather than material output is already emerging in the Anthropocene, thanks to the convergence of...
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Increasingly, empirical evidence refutes many of the theoretical pillars of mainstream economics. These theories have persisted despite the fact that they support unsustainable and undesirable environmental, social, and economic outcomes. Continuing to embrace them puts at risk the possibility of achieving the Sustainable Development Goals and over...
Article
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Topics: Economy Export Citation Toward a Sustainable Wellbeing Economy Volume 9 | Issue 2 | April 2018 By Robert Costanza, Elizabeth Caniglia, Lorenzo Fioramonti, Ida Kubiszewski, Henry Lewis, Hunter Lovins, Jacqueline McGlade, Lars Fogh Mortensen, Dirk Philipsen, Kate Pickett, Kristín Vala Ragnarsdóttir, Debra Roberts, Paul Sutton, Katherine Trebe...
Chapter
This chapter looks at the way in which the European Union is portrayed and perceived by the South African media and the South African public at large. Based on data collected in 2015, this chapter focuses on the perception of the EU in a time characterised by crises and declining significance of “great powers”. Against the backdrop of the EU Global...
Article
This article develops the concept of food sovereignty while it critically reflects on its present status and future trajectories. The concept of food sovereignty provides an alternative framework for solutions to the human and ecological consequences of industrial food systems. While the concept of food sovereignty gains traction at international l...
Article
It has been 20 years since two seminal publications about ecosystem services came out: an edited book by Gretchen Daily and an article in Nature by a group of ecologists and economists on the value of the world's ecosystem services. Both of these have been very highly cited and kicked off an explosion of research, policy, and applications of the id...
Article
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The European Union (EU) and South Africa have a long-standing relationship, which includes political and economic partnerships, thus providing a critical test case for norms diffusion. In the past few years, however, this relationship has changed and new powers have come into the picture, especially the other BRICS countries, Brazil, Russia, India...
Chapter
This chapter reviews competing narratives about Africa’s development trajectory since the early 2000s. After outlining the continent’s traditional positioning in relation to global economic processes, the chapter discusses data and trends in the “Africa rising” debate which has been prevalent since the early twenty-first century. The chapter then m...
Technical Report
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On the African continent, migration especially within the sub-regions has always been part of everyday life, with the causes for migration being different from region to region. The motives for migration and the challenges facing the individual African regions and countries vary considerably. However, it is notable that the search for work, economi...
Article
The UN Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) offer a detailed dashboard of goals, targets and indicators. In this paper we investigate alternative methods to relate the SDGs to overall measures of sustainable wellbeing that can motivate and guide the process of global societal change. We describe what a Sustainable Wellbeing Index (SWI) that connect...
Article
Since the establishment of the AU (African Union) in 2002, there have been indications that Africa may be following in Europe's footsteps in the process of regional integration. But is this really so? This article argues that, while there is an increasing focus on comparative regionalism in scholarly debates, we have not yet developed frameworks fo...
Article
In contemporary politics, the power and status of a country are intimately connected with its economic wealth. In particular, GDP has become the benchmark by which the global pecking order is defined. Initially designed as a mere survey of a nation's income, GDP has become an ordering principle in international governance. Yet the convergence of so...
Article
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South Africa and the European Union (EU) have a longstanding relationship. Their interaction has evolved through various phases, characterised simultaneously by ambitious partnerships coupled with a degree of wariness. As international dynamics change and Africa becomes an increasingly crucial player in global politics, the relationship between the...
Article
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During the last two decades, there have been various attempts at measuring and assessing the health of civil society. Some have focused almost exclusively on ‘counting’ the nonprofit, while others have assessed the strength of nongovernmental organizations. Yet, these sectors are just a small part of a much larger environment. Moreover, they are th...
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Article
This paper surveys frameworks of labour migration in southern Africa and determines South Africa's policy responses to inflows of migrants from seven neighbouring countries. Legislations, policy reports and scientific publications on migration were thoroughly reviewed and interviews and correspondence with key policymakers were conducted. Statistic...
Article
This Policy Brief argues that the fixation with the use of the Index of Gross Domestic Product (GDP) has misled Africa's policy makers. This approach has led to the replacement of informal economic structures with formal market systems, the exploitation of natural resources and the increase in income inequality as signs of economic progress. Altern...
Article
Economic measurements and indicators play an important role in governance. As time passes, some of these indicators, like the gross domestic product (GDP), have come to shape our lives more than we can imagine. Here Lorenzo Fioramonti, the author of two books on economic indicators, is invited to reflect on the 80th anniversary of GDP.
Book
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Supranational regionalism and regional integration have for a long time been top-down processes, led by the few and imposed on the many. The role of citizens, especially those active in civil society, has been neglected by scholars, students, and commentators of regionalism. In reaction to the prevalence of these top-down models, a “new regionalism...
Book
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Numbers dominate global politics and, as a result, our everyday lives. Credit ratings steer financial markets and can make or break the future of entire nations. GDP drives our economies. Stock market indices flood our media and national debates. Statistical calculations define how we deal with climate change, poverty and sustainability. But what i...
Article
In many respects, Europe and Africa (particularly Southern Africa) represent two opposing examples in the study of intra-regional migration and social cohesion. The European Union (EU) has been a global pioneer in allowing freedom of movement and portability of social rights across member states. A centerpiece of the EU integration process has been...
Article
The round table on “Advancing regional social integration, social protection, and free movement of people in Southern Africa” was organized as part of the conference “Regional governance of migration and social policy: Comparing European and African regional integration policies and practices” held at the University of Pretoria (South Africa) on 18...
Article
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Since the fall of the investment bank Lehman Brothers, the economic downturn has taken a heavy toll on many countries. In the public and academic discourse on necessary remedies and reforms, the spotlight is on the role of political elites and business. The actual and potential role of civil society is hardly mentioned in these debates. Yet, it is...
Article
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This concluding essay frames the actual and potential role of civil society actors in terms of institutional theory, complemented by Gramscian thought. Global finance is conceived as an institutionalized field in need of structural change triggered by institutional entrepreneurs. Reviewing the nature of problems, it becomes clear that only a wide—i...
Book
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Gross domestic product is arguably the best-known statistic in the contemporary world, and certainly amongst the most powerful. It drives government policy and sets priorities in a variety of vital social fields - from schooling to healthcare. Yet for perhaps the first time since it was invented in the 1930s, this popular icon of economic growth ha...
Book
Full-text available
The global financial crisis is a fundamental wake-up call: a signal that our conventional political economy and, perhaps, the very foundations of our societies need a serious rethink. Currently, the spotlight is on the role of political elites and economic agents and their strategies to stabilize or destabilize countries, from North America to the...
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This report focuses on labour migration policy frameworks in a regional context. It provides an overview of global and regional standards and subsequently focuses on policy evolution in the Southern African regions. In particular, it deals with the set of policy frameworks regulating labour migration towards South Africa from the following neighbou...
Article
Despite acknowledging the need for nurturing democracy from within, democracy assistance programmes have often been carried out in a top-down fashion. By starting from the limits of democracy assistance, this article outlines the notion of micro-assistance to democracy, which can be defined as support to local civil society organizations operating...
Article
Multilateralism sits high on the European foreign policy agenda and constitutes a founding principle of the EU’s integration process. Yet, a comparative analysis of key missions and diplomatic initiatives in the field of crisis management reveals lights and shadows in the much-heralded ‘choice of multilateralism’ underpinning the cooperation betwee...
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In a changing world ridden with crises and characterised by a general redistribution of power, regional organisations need to reinvent themselves. Equally, the study of regionalism has to reject its traditional Eurocentrism to embrace new conceptual categories in order to describe more effectively the variety of regional processes across the world....
Article
Humanitarian intervention is always controversial, especially if it involves the use of repressive measures, be it through military means or sanctions. The human security approach undoubtedly provides an interesting blueprint for the EU to improve coherence in its external action, as it is better suited to translate the Union’s founding principles...
Book
Regionalism has been a key feature of contemporary international relations. As the most successful case of regional integration, the European Union (EU) has been leading the international debate. Yet, in the past few years new regional practices have emerged in other continents, thus adding to the variety and scope of regionalization processes. Thi...
Book
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Will the European Union survive the global economic crisis? Will the Arab Spring trigger new forms of regional cooperation in North Africa? Will Asian regionalism prevail?This book investigates the intimate relationship between regional governance processes and global crises. Starting with a thorough analysis of the so-called 'Eurocrisis' and its i...
Chapter
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Crises are revelatory moments. They break the repetitive continuity of ordinary processes and present us with unexpected threats and opportunities. As disruptive events, they force us to rethink conventional wisdom and become imaginative. In the evolution of political institutions, crises have been fundamental turning points opening up new space fo...
Chapter
If one were to identify a distinctive feature of the first decade of the 21st century, it would probably be the series of closely interrelated and overlapping crises that, ever since 11 September 2001 (9/11), have contributed to reshaping international politics and the traditional distribution of power. The attacks in New York and Washington, orche...
Article
The article considers the potential role of philanthropic foundations in backing the creation of a watchdog organization covering international finance.
Article
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Europe has been the privileged economic and political partner of Africa, but more recently China has increased its foothold in Africa through important financial investments and trade agreements. Against this backdrop, the empirical research conducted in 2007-08 in Kenya and South Africa as part of a pioneering international project investigates th...
Article
For several decades, Europe entertained a preferential relationship with its former colonies in Africa, which translated into a set of trade and development preferences. With the progressive diffusion of market liberalization, this preferential relationship came to be called into question. This paper analyses how the ‘multilateralization’ of develo...
Article
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The phase of democratic consolidation can significantly impact the motives, dynamics and objectives of civil society. Its internal roles, dynamics and power balances are significantly altered by the advent of democracy, due to shifting resources, political opportunities and a general reframing of goals and objectives. By adopting a definition of ci...
Book
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Since the end of the Cold War, the promotion of democracy has occupied centre stage in global politics and in the academic debate on international relations. Governments, intergovernmental agencies, and international donors have invested significant resources towards supporting the democratic consolidation of fledgling democracies. The European Uni...
Article
According to most theorists of democratization, civil society is an important force in bringing about political change. But does the advent of a democratic regime also affect the role of civil society during the consolidation of democracy? If so, what are the most relevant transformations? In order to address such research questions, this article a...
Article
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È indubbio che il processo d'integrazione europea abbia costituito, almeno negli ultimi due decenni, una novità significativa in politica internazionale. Dal punto di vista delle relazioni esterne, prima la Comunità europea e poi l’Unione europea (Ue) sono state in grado di sviluppare politiche ed iniziative che hanno rivelato una spiccata original...
Article
Looking at a Survey on the external image of the European Union (EU) one might wonder why bother: why should we pay attention to the image of the EU that other countries or international organizations have? Indeed, there are several reasons to bother: there is a severe gap in the literature that needs to be overcome; external images shape the way i...
Article
In recent years, the relationship between the European Union and Africa has undergone significant changes at the political and the economic levels. Trade reforms have taken place, and peacekeeping cooperation and political dialogue have increased. The African continent has become a test bed to assess the EU’s ambitions as global player. Drawing on...
Article
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This article discusses the programme of assistance to community-based organisations carried out by the European Union in South Africa during the years 1996–2004. As part of what the author defines as ‘micro-assistance to democracy’—since it encourages democratic deepening from below—this programme addressed marginalised communities and mainly conce...
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The European Union (EU) is increasingly described as a global power. The growing number of articles analyzing the EU’s global role or the amount of post-graduate courses on EU foreign policy created in the past decade reinforce this notion. The EU has also been reflecting on its global ambitions: recent official documents and public statements make...
Article
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The European Union portrays itself as a different global actor. This self-representation has triggered a debate around the EU as a global ‘normative power’, while providing momentum for innovative research into how other societies view and assess the global performance of the EU. For the first time this article presents the findings of a study cond...
Article
People are finding new ways to get involved in public life and decision making - marking a shift from representative democracy to what is often called participatory democracy. Ironically, doubts about accountability and transparency - which made up the traditional critique of global governance institutions by civil society - have been raised with r...
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In today’s international system, key decisions that change the lives of millions of people and influence the policies of national governments are taken by institutions that show a significant deficit of democratic participation and control. Not only institutions such as the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, which are often described a...
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This article presents the main findings of an empirical analysis of how Indian political and business elites, civil society and the press perceive the global role of the EU. This analysis is mainly based on a systematic review of newspaper articles available on the Lexis Nexis and Proquest databases from January 2005 to October 2006, as well as a n...
Article
This article provides an exploratory analysis of how the European Union is perceived in South Africa by public opinion, political elites, civil society organizations and the mass media. The EU’s image in South Africa is rather distant, if not marginal: it is scarcely known to the South African public at large and vastly ignored by the country’s med...
Article
The Responsible Competitiveness Index is increasingly used by investment banks and global retailers to guide their investment and purchasing decisions. 'The report demonstrates the practical potential of responsible competitiveness strategies to deliver trade and investment', says Pascal Lamy, 'while striking the right balance between national and...
Article
This working paper, a collaboration between CIVICUS and ODI, presents an analysis of the policy-relevant findings of the CIVICUS Civil Society Index in a group of countries in Central and Eastern Europe and Eurasia: Bulgaria, Croatia, the Czech Republic, Georgia, Macedonia, Poland, Romania, Slovenia and Ukraine.
Article
On 10 January 2007, Hugo Chávez was sworn in as president for the third time since 1998. A few days earlier, the President had already begun reshuffling his government (sacking old comrades such as Deputy President José Vicente Rangel). He also refused to renew a broadcasting licence for the private TV station Radio Caracas Television and announced...
Book
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The second volume of the CIVICUS Global Survey of the State of Civil Society offers a wide-ranging analysis of key issues facing civil society worldwide with contributions from prominent researchers and civil society practitioners. Comprising 24 chapters, the book draws on the information collected by the CIVICUS Civil Society Index project in more...
Article
The survey The External Image of the European Union has been conducted in the framework of the jointly executed research project 5.2.1. (Normative issues) of the Network of Excellence GARNET Global Governance, Regionalization and Regulation: the Role of the EU - (EU 6th Framework Programme 2005-2010; Call Identifier: FP6-2002-Citizens-3), with the...
Article
What is the European Union (EU) for India? What is the perception that political elites have of the EU and its role in world politics? How do civil society organizations view the EU? And what is the media coverage of the EU in Indian newspapers? This report attempts to answer those questions by drawing from a collection of qualitative data. Based o...
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What is the European Union (EU) for South Africa? What is the perception that elites and citizens have of the EU and its role in world politics? How do civil society organizations view the EU? And what is the media coverage of the EU? This report attempts to answer those questions by drawing from a collection of quantitative and qualitative data. B...
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The argument put forward by this article is not that democratization does not benefit from the activity of a vibrant civil society, but rather that academic research should address this relationship in a critical way. This article maintains that one should take care to distinguish between 'civil society' as an ideal-type concept that embodies the q...
Article
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Aiding democracy has often been a top-down process. Not only has democracy assistance been overwhelmingly characterised by macro policies, but also when bottom-up policies have been attempted they have often addressed professionalised NGOs, with scarce grassroots membership and contact. Only more recently, some programmes have been implemented by f...
Article
During the last ten years of apartheid rule, civil society organizations gradually became the privileged partners of the European Community’s support to democratization in South Africa. In order to avoid direct politicization of its activity in the country, the European Commission primarily funded civil society groups, which had broad social goals,...
Article
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The EU (European Union) is the largest donor of external assistance in the world. Democracy promotion became a relevant aspect of the EU’s international role in the early 1990s, during the post-Cold War international relations. Despite a lack of conceptual clarity in its democracy promotion strategies, the EU has often declared that the aim of supp...
Article
Foreign actors have always influenced political changes in developing countries. During the Cold War, for instance, Western governments extensively promoted their political and economic interests in areas as various as Latina America, Africa and Asia, often by opposing democratically elected governments under the highly debatable justification of c...
Article
Can individual rights be considered the founding pillar of the international system? May the future of global governance be more similar to the practice of the Middle Age rather than that of modernity? This chapter investigates some of these key issues from a political philosophy perspective.
Article
Full-text available
Aiding democracy has often been a top-down process. Not only has democracy assistance been overwhelmingly characterised by macro policies, but even when bottom-up policies have been attempted they have often addressed professionalized NGOs, with scarce grassroots membership and contact. Only more recently, some programmes have been implemented by f...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, the relationship between European and African countries has experienced significant changes in terms of policies and main actors involved. At the trade and development level, the Cotonou regime has put an end to the 25-year preferential agreement sealed through the Lomé Conventions and paved the way to market liberalization under t...
Article
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The fight against climate change has reached a critical point. After the failure of the COP 15 in Copenhagen, most governments seem to be suffering from a negotiation fatigue. While changes at the helm of command in the USA and Australia have helped bridge the gap between these countries and the founding fathers of the Kyoto Protocol, internal poli...
Article
India, Brazil and South Africa are major democracies in three continents of the developing world and their rise has marked one of the most significant developments in global politics of recent years, along with the affirmation of a major economic power like China. Unlike the latter, however, the three countries have been able to carve out a role as...

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Archived project
How to measure and manage an economy that increases wellbeing without the need to pursue GDP growth