Lorena Simón-Gracia

Lorena Simón-Gracia
University of Tartu · Department of Biomedicine

About

48
Publications
9,424
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,547
Citations

Publications

Publications (48)
Article
Full-text available
Peritoneal carcinomatosis is present in more than 60% of gastric cancer, 40% of ovarian cancer, and 35% of colon cancer patients. It is the second most common cause of cancer mortality, with a median survival of 1-3 months. Cytoreductive surgery combined with intraperitoneal chemotherapy is the current clinical treatment, but achieving curative dru...
Article
Polymersomes are versatile nanoscale vesicles that can be used for cytoplasmic delivery of payloads. Recently, we demonstrated that pH-sensitive polymersomes exhibit an intrinsic selectivity towards intraperitoneal tumor lesions. A tumor homing peptide, iRGD, harbors a cryptic C-end Rule (CendR) motif that is responsible for neuropilin-1 (NRP-1) bi...
Article
Full-text available
Given the growing importance of drug and gene delivery systems, imaging agents, biosensors, and theranostics, there is a need to develop new multifunctional and biocompatible platforms. Here we synthesized and fully characterized a family of novel multifunctional and completely monodisperse dendritic platforms. Our synthetic methodology, based on c...
Article
We present the efficient and stable encapsulation of doxorubicin within pH sensitive polymeric vesicles (polymersomes) for intracellular and nuclear delivery to melanoma cells. We demonstrate that PMPC25-PDPA70 polymersomes can encapsulate doxorubicin for long periods of time without significant drug release. We demonstrate that empty polymersomes...
Article
Endosomal sorting maintains cellular homeostasis by recycling transmembrane proteins and associated proteins and lipids (termed “cargoes”) from the endosomal network to multiple subcellular destinations, including retrograde traffic to the trans -Golgi network (TGN). Viral and bacterial pathogens subvert retrograde trafficking machinery to facilita...
Preprint
Novel approaches are required to address the urgent need to develop lipid-based carriers of paclitaxel (PTX) and other hydrophobic drugs for cancer chemotherapy. Carriers based on cationic liposomes (CLs) (e.g. EndoTAG-1®) have shown promise in animal models and advanced to late-stage clinical trials. We recently found that the addition of cone-sha...
Preprint
Endosomal sorting maintains cellular homeostasis by recycling transmembrane proteins and associated proteins and lipids (termed cargoes) from the endosomal network to multiple subcellular destinations, including retrograde traffic to the trans-Golgi network (TGN). Viral and bacterial pathogens subvert retrograde trafficking machinery to facilitate...
Article
Full-text available
The current diagnostic and therapeutic strategies for endometriosis are limited. Although endometriosis is a benign condition, some of its traits, such as increased cell invasion, migration, tissue inflammation, and angiogenesis are similar to cancer. Here we explored the application of homing peptides for precision delivery of diagnostic and thera...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The interfering peptides that block protein-protein interactions have been receiving increasing attention as potential therapeutic tools. Methods: We measured the internalization and biological effect of four bi-functional tumor-penetrating and interfering peptides into primary hepatocytes isolated from three non-malignant and 11 hep...
Article
Full-text available
Cationic liposomes (CLs) are effective carriers of a variety of therapeutics. Their applications as vectors of nucleic acids (NAs), from long DNA and mRNA to short interfering RNA (siRNA), have been pursued for decades to realize the promise of gene therapy, with approvals of the siRNA therapeutic patisiran and two mRNA vaccines against COVID-19 as...
Article
A new anthracycline, utorubicin (UTO), with more potent anticancer activity than the clinically used doxorubicin was synthetized and encapsulated in polymeric nanovesicles (polymersomes) by Lorena Simón-Gracia, Tambet Teesalu et al. in their Research Article (DOI: 10.1002/anie.202016421). The polymersomes were functionalized with tumor penetrating...
Article
Full-text available
Ein neues Anthrazyklin, Utorubicin (UTO), mit stärkerer Antikrebsaktivität als das klinisch eingesetzte Doxorubicin wurde synthetisiert und in polymere Nanovesikel (Polymersomen) verkapselt, wie Lorena Simón-Gracia, Tambet Teesalu et al. in ihrem Forschungsartikel berichten (DOI: 10.1002/ange.202016421). Die Polymersomen wurden mit tumorpenetrieren...
Article
Full-text available
Utorubicin (UTO) is a novel anthracycline with higher anticancer activity than doxorubicin in cultured cancer cells. Nanoencapsulation of UTO in polymeric vesicles functionalized with tumor-penetrating peptides increases the cytotoxicity of the drug in receptor-positive cells in vitro and, after systemic administration into mice bearing triple-nega...
Article
Full-text available
Novel anticancer compounds and their precision delivery systems are actively developed to create potent and well‐tolerated anticancer therapeutics. Here, we report the synthesis of a novel anthracycline, Utorubicin (UTO), and its preclinical development as an anticancer payload for nanocarriers. Free UTO was significantly more toxic to cultured tum...
Article
Full-text available
Protein-protein interactions are well recognized as therapeutic targets and therefore interfering peptides (IP) that block these interactions are receiving increasing attention. Four different tumor-penetrating peptides (TPPs) (iRGD, RPARPAR, Linear TT1 (LinTT1), and cyclic TT1 (TT1)) are associated to an IP that blocks the interaction between the...
Article
Protein–protein interactions are well recognized as therapeutic targets and therefore interfering peptides (IP) that block these interactions are receiving increasing attention. Four different tumor‐penetrating peptides (TPPs) (iRGD, RPARPAR, Linear TT1 (LinTT1), and cyclic TT1 (TT1)) are associated to an IP that blocks the interaction between the...
Article
Full-text available
SARS-CoV-2, the causative agent of COVID-19, uses the viral Spike (S) protein for host cell attachment and entry. The host protease furin cleaves the full-length precursor S glycoprotein into two associated polypeptides: S1 and S2. Cleavage of S generates a polybasic Arg-Arg-Ala-Arg C-terminal sequence on S1, which conforms to a C-end rule (CendR)...
Preprint
Full-text available
SARS-CoV-2 is the causative agent of COVID-19, a coronavirus disease that has infected more than 6.6 million people and caused over 390,000 deaths worldwide. The Spike (S) protein of the virus forms projections on the virion surface responsible for host cell attachment and penetration. This viral glycoprotein is synthesized as a precursor in infect...
Article
M2-like tumor associated macrophages (M2 TAMs) play important roles in resistance of tumors to immunotherapies. Selective depletion or reprogramming of M2 TAMs may sensitize the nonresponsive tumors for immune-mediated eradication. However, precision delivery of payloads to M2 TAMs while sparing healthy tissues has remained an unresolved challenge....
Article
Full-text available
Achieving cellular internalization and endosomal escape remains a major challenge for many antitumor therapeutics, especially macromolecular drugs. Viral drug carriers are reported for efficient intracellular delivery, but with limited choices of payloads. In this study, a novel polymeric nanoparticle (ADMAP) is developed, resembling the structure...
Article
Full-text available
In article number 1905352, Shiqi Wang, Hélder A. Santos, Wei Li, and co‐workers report a virus‐mimicking polymeric nanoparticle with endosomolytic activity and pH‐responsive drug release properties. With great drug encapsulation efficiency, in vitro therapeutic efficacy, and oncolytic activity towards 3D tumor spheroids after conjugating tumor pene...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Tamoxifen (Tam) is the most frequent treatment for estrogen receptor (ER) positive breast cancer. We recently showed that fibronectin (FN) leads to Tam resistance and selection of breast cancer stem cells. With the aim of developing a nanoformulation that would simultaneously tackle ER and FN/β1 integrin interactions, we designed polye...
Article
Tumor-selective drug conjugates can potentially improve the prognosis for patients affected by glioblastoma (GBM) - the most common and malignant type of brain cancer with no effective cure. Here we evaluated a novel tumor penetrating peptide that targets cell surface p32, LinTT1 (AKRGARSTA), as a GBM targeting ligand for systemically-administered...
Article
We recently identified a tumor homing peptide (mUNO, sequence: “CSPGAK”) that specifically interacts with mouse CD206 to target CD206/MRC1-expressing tumor-associated macrophages in mice. Here, we report studies on the binding of mUNO to human recombinant CD206 (hCD206) and on modeling the mUNO/hCD206 interaction by computational analysis. Fluoresc...
Article
Full-text available
Over recent decades multiple therapeutic approaches have been explored for improved management of peritoneally disseminated malignancies—a grim condition known as peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). Intraperitoneal (IP) administration can be used to achieve elevated local concentration and extended half-life of the drugs in the peritoneal cavity to imp...
Preprint
During last decades multiple therapeutic approaches have been explored for improved management of peritoneally disseminated malignancies – a grim condition known as peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). Intraperitoneal administration can be used to achieve elevated local concentration and extended half-life of the drugs in the peritoneal cavity to improv...
Article
Full-text available
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the deadliest form of breast cancer and its successful treatment critically depends on early diagnosis and therapy. The multicompartment protein p32 is overexpressed and present at cell surfaces in a variety of tumors, including TNBC, specifically in the malignant cells and endothelial cells, and in macrophag...
Article
Cationic liposome-nucleic acid (CL-NA) complexes, which form spontaneously, are a highly modular gene delivery system. These complexes can be sterically stabilized via PEGylation [PEG: poly (ethylene glycol)] into nanoparticles (NPs) and targeted to specific tissues and cell types via the conjugation of an affinity ligand. However, there are curren...
Preprint
Full-text available
Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is the deadliest form of breast cancer and its successful treatment critically depends on early diagnosis and therapy. The multi-compartment protein p32 is overexpressed and present at cell surfaces in a variety of tumors, including TNBC, specifically in the malignant cells and endothelial cells, and in macropha...
Preprint
Cationic liposome–nucleic acid (CL–NA) complexes, which form spontaneously, are a highly modular gene delivery system. These complexes can be sterically stabilized via PEGylation [PEG: poly(ethylene glycol)] into nanoparticles (NPs) and targeted to specific tissues and cell types via the conjugation of an affinity ligand. However, there are current...
Article
Full-text available
Tumor-associated macrophages (TAMs) expressing the multi-ligand endocytic receptor mannose receptor (CD206/MRC1) contribute to tumor immunosuppression, angiogenesis, metastasis, and relapse. Here, we describe a peptide that selectively targets MRC1-expressing TAMs (MEMs). We performed in vivo peptide phage display screens in mice bearing 4T1 metast...
Article
Gastrointestinal and gynecological malignancies disseminate loco-regionally in the peritoneal cavity - a condition known as peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). Intraperitoneal (IP) administration can be used to improve therapeutic index of anticancer drugs used for PC treatment. Activity of IP anticancer drugs can be further potentiated by encapsulatio...
Conference Paper
Understanding endocrine resistance mechanisms is key to develop new therapeutic strategies. We focus on the role the tumor microenvironment plays as a modulator of endocrine therapy resistance in breast cancer, in particular associated to Tamoxifen. Studies show that the use of nanoparticles (NPs) as antitumor drug delivery systems is a good strate...
Article
Gastrointestinal and gynecological malignancies disseminate in the peritoneal cavity - a condition known as peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC). Intraperitoneal (IP) administration can be used to improve therapeutic index of anticancer drugs used for PC treatment. Activity of IP anticancer drugs can be further potentiated by encapsulation in nanocarrier...
Article
Full-text available
Peritoneal carcinomatosis results from dissemination of solid tumors in the peritoneal cavity, and is a common site of metastasis in patients with carcinomas of gastrointestinal or gynecological origin. Peritoneal carcinomatosis treatment is challenging as poorly vascularized, disseminated peritoneal micro-tumors are shielded from systemic anticanc...
Article
Full-text available
Metallic nanoparticles (MNP) with diameters ranging from 2 to 100nm have received extensive attention during the past decades due to their many potential applications. This paper presents a structural and cytotoxicity study of silver metal nanoparticles targeted towards biomedical applications. Spherical Ag MNPs of diameter from 20 to 50 nm have be...
Article
Full-text available
Affinity targeting is used to deliver nanoparticles to cells and tissues. For efficient targeting, it is critical to consider the expression and accessibility of the relevant receptors in the target cells. Here, we describe isotopically barcoded silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) as a tool for auditing affinity ligand receptors in cells. Tumor penetratin...
Article
Full-text available
In magnetic resonance imaging, contrast agents are employed to enhance the signal intensity. However, current commercial contrast agents are hindered by a low relaxivity constant. Dendrimers can be employed to create higher molecular weight contrast agents which have an increased relaxivity due to a lower molecular rotation. In this study, dendrime...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: To improve the immunological response against tumors, a vaccine based on nanoliposomes targeted to the Fcg-receptor was developed to enhance the immunogenicity of tumor-associated antigens (TAAs). Materials & methods: Using human dendritic cells in vitro, a fragment of the TAA NY-ESO-1 combined with a T-helper peptide from the tetanus toxoi...
Article
Dendritic cells (DCs) are increasingly being explored as cellular vaccines for tumor immunotherapy, since they provide an effective system of antigen presentation both in vitro and in vivo. An additional advantage of this cell type is that it is possible to target specific antigens through the activation of receptors, such as FcR (the receptor for...

Network

Cited By

Projects

Project (1)
Project
Investigations on the integration of air stable metal nanoparticles in healthcare applications like anti-microbial coating, anti-fungal coating, water purification and cancer treatment.