Lorena Romero

Lorena Romero
Alfred Hospital

MBIT

About

82
Publications
13,694
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1,795
Citations
Citations since 2017
68 Research Items
1655 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300400

Publications

Publications (82)
Article
Heart failure with reduced ejection fraction (HFrEF) is associated with significant morbidity and mortality, particularly in patients with New York Heart Association (NYHA) functional class IV symptoms. Decades of discovery have heralded significant advancements in the pharmacologic management of HFrEF. However, patients with NYHA IV symptoms remai...
Article
Context In health care, monitoring of quality indicators (QIs) in general urology remains underdeveloped in comparison to other clinical specialties. Objective To identify, synthesise, and appraise QIs that monitor in-hospital care for urology patients. Evidence acquisition This systematic review included peer-reviewed articles identified via Emb...
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Introduction: Exposure to natural hazards such as fire, drought, floods, and earthquakes can have negative impacts on physical and mental health and wellbeing. The social and structural factors contributing to individual and community vulnerability also influence responses to disaster and the resulting consequences on health and wellbeing. Experie...
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Therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM) of beta-lactam antibiotics is recommended to address the variability in exposure observed in critical illness. However, the impact of TDM-guided dosing on clinical outcomes remains unknown. We conducted systematic review and meta-analysis on TDM-guided dosing and clinical outcomes (all-cause mortality, clinical cur...
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Illicit drug use and mental illness are common among people in prison and are associated with higher rates of reoffending and reimprisonment. We conducted a systematic review, searching MEDLINE, Embase, and PsycINFO to January 10, 2022, for studies reporting criminal justice involvement following exposure to community mental health services among p...
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Purpose The significance of niacin in embryonic development has clinical implications in the counseling of pregnant women and may be used to inform nutrition recommendations. This study, therefore, aims to review the associations between maternal periconceptional niacin intake and congenital anomalies. Methods A systematic search of Ovid MEDLINE,...
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Peripartum severe mental disorders (PSMDs) encompass schizophrenia, affective psychosis, and psychotic and non-psychotic forms of bipolar disorders. PSMDs are well documented in high-income countries. However, much less is known about the prevalence of PSMDs in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). The aim was to review the available literature...
Article
Background There are very few patient-centred global outcome measures of recovery in the days or weeks after surgery. This meta-analysis evaluated the psychometric properties and clinical acceptability of the 15-item quality of recovery (QoR-15) scale. Methods We searched bibliographic databases for studies undertaking psychometric evaluation of t...
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Background Preparing for pregnancy and being in the best possible health before conception improves reproductive outcomes. For women living with a chronic non-communicable disease (NCD), pregnancy planning is essential to allow optimal disease control in preparation for pregnancy. Aim The aim was to review the literature relating to the pregnancy...
Article
Anonymity of deceased organ donation is a legal requirement in many international jurisdictions where legislation prohibits health professionals from disclosing identifiable information about donors, recipients or their families. Written correspondence between donor families and transplant recipients that is coordinated by healthcare professionals...
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Background Globally, the number of forcibly displaced women is growing. Refugee and displaced women have poorer health outcomes compared to migrant and host country populations. Conflict, persecution, violence or natural disasters and under-resourced health systems in their country of origin contribute to displacement experiences of refugee and dis...
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Background Pain sensitisation plays a major role in musculoskeletal pain. However, effective treatments are limited, and although there is growing evidence that exercise may improve pain sensitisation, the amount and type of exercise remains unclear. This systematic review examines the evidence for an effect of aerobic exercise on pain sensitisatio...
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Objective To synthesise evidence on the primary healthcare system’s readiness for preventing and managing non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Design Systematic review. Data sources Ovid MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO and Scopus were searched from 1 January 1984 to 30 July 2021, with hand-searching references and expert advice. Eligibility crite...
Article
Background & Aims Doubly labelled water (DLW) is considered the reference standard method of measuring total energy expenditure (TEE), but there is limited information on its use in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU) and acute care setting. This scoping review aims to systematically summarize the available literature on TEE measured using DLW in these c...
Article
Background & aims Nutrition following liberation of mechanical ventilation and throughout acute hospitalisation me be important in aiding recovery. While oral nutrition is the most common mode of nutrition provision in this time period, it is unclear what factors influence oral nutrition intake due to limited research in the area to date. This arti...
Article
Objectives The objective of this study was to conduct a scoping review to comprehensively map the breadth of literature related to the rehabilitation of adult patients whilst on extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) and identify gaps and areas for future research. Review method used This review was conducted using recommended frameworks for m...
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Background Back and lower limb pain have a major impact on physical function and quality of life. While obesity is a modifiable risk factor for musculoskeletal pain, the role of adiposity is less clear. This systematic review aimed to examine the relationship between both adiposity and its distribution and back and lower limb pain. Methods A syste...
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Economic evaluation is crucial for cost-effective resource allocation to improve child nutrition in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). However, the quality of published economic evaluations in these settings is not well understood. This systematic review aimed to assess the quality of existing economic evaluations of child nutrition intervent...
Article
Objective: The aim of this study was to evaluate the diagnostic performance of all biomarkers studied to date for the early diagnosis of sepsis in hospitalized patients with burns. Background: Early clinical diagnosis of sepsis in burns patients is notoriously difficult due to the hypermetabolic nature of thermal injury. A considerable variety o...
Article
Objective Evidence points to the impact of chronic musculoskeletal pain conditions on sexual function, yet there is little systematic appraisal and synthesis of evidence examining these associations across non-inflammatory conditions. We aimed to systematically review evidence surrounding the association between chronic primary and secondary muscul...
Article
Introduction Early clinical diagnosis of sepsis in burns patients is notoriously difficult, and many biomarkers have been proposed as adjuncts to clinical assessment. We aimed to evaluate the diagnostic performance of all previously studied biomarkers for the early diagnosis of sepsis in hospitalized patients with burns. Methods We conducted a sys...
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To review the available evidence about the prevalence and determinants of antenatal common mental disorders (antenatal CMDs) among women in India. We searched Ovid Medline, Embase and Psyinfo systematically from date of inception to Oct. 31, 2019 for publications in English language on the prevalence of antenatal CMDs and their determinants among w...
Article
Purpose: Early pulmonary rehabilitation (PR) has beneficial impacts on people with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) when delivered after an exacerbation; however, program characteristics are diverse. This systematic review aimed to determine the impact of PR program characteristics (mode, length, commencement, frequency, location, and...
Article
Introduction: Education seeks to empower clients to attain and maintain knowledge and skills, and in the context of occupational therapy, to enable occupational participation. While education is routinely provided in the inpatient hospital setting, little is known about how education is best adapted to meet the needs of clients with cognitive impa...
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Nursing skill mix in inpatient mental health wards varies considerably between countries. Some countries have an all-registered mental health nurse workforce; others have a mix of registered mental health and registered nurses. Understanding the optimal nursing skill mix in mental health inpatient units would inform service planning. This report ai...
Article
Imaging-based monitoring of disease burden in glioma patients is frequently confounded by treatment effects. Circulating biomarkers could theoretically augment imaging-based response monitoring. This systematic review aimed to present and evaluate evidence for differential expression and diagnostic accuracy of circulating biomarkers with respect to...
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Background and Objective Despite multiple interventions, mortality due to severe traumatic brain injury (sTBI) within mature Trauma Systems has remained unchanged over the last decade. During this time, the use of vasoactive infusions (commonly norepinephrine) to achieve a target blood pressure and cerebral perfusion pressure (CPP) has been a mains...
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Context/purpose Observational and acute laboratory intervention research has shown that excessive sedentary time is associated adversely with cardiometabolic biomarkers. This systematic review with meta-analyses synthesises results from free living interventions targeting reductions in sedentary behaviour alone or combined with increases in physica...
Preprint
UNSTRUCTURED To systematically review whether the clinical outcomes achieved favours telemedicine decision support for medical interventions during prehospital care. Design: systematic review of peer-reviewed journal articles. Data sources: Searches of seven databases and in relevant reviews. Eligibility criteria: Studies were included that covered...
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Background Telemedicine offers a unique opportunity to improve coordination and administration for urgent patient care remotely. In an emergency setting, it has been used to support first responders by providing telephone or video consultation with specialists at hospitals and through the exchange of prehospital patient information. This technologi...
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Aim: To assess the association between mental health nurse to comprehensive/ general nurse ratio and relapse - determined by hospital admission - in adult psychiatric inpatients. Background information: There is considerable variation in psychiatric inpatient nursing skill mix internationally. In most countries, wards are typically staffed by a...
Article
Background: Evidence for the efficacy of treatments for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is urgently required. This systematic review and meta-analysis examines the efficacy of interpersonal psychotherapy (IPT) in reducing the symptoms of PTSD. Methods: Five databases were searched from inception until November 2018 to identify randomized c...
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Introduction and hypothesis: Pelvic floor disorders (PFDs), including urinary incontinence (UI), faecal incontinence (FI) and pelvic organ prolapse (POP), are common debilitating conditions globally, with considerable variation of prevalence reported in low and middle-income countries (LMICs). It was hypothesised that the variation could be due to...
Article
Purpose: The purpose of this study was to systematically investigate the reporting of selection criteria and outcome measures, and to examine definitions of complications used in venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation studies (V-A ECMO). Materials and methods: Medline, EMBASE and the Cochrane central register were searched for V-A ECMO...
Article
Objective To systematically review evidence of the impact of inflammatory arthritis (IA) on, or association of IA with, intimate relationships and sexual function. Methods Ovid Medline, Ovid PsycINFO, Ovid EMBASE and EBSCO CINAHL databases were searched. Two independent reviewers selected articles, extracted data and conducted manual searches of r...
Article
Purpose: We aimed to assess the biochemical and physiological effects, clinical efficacy, and safety, of intravenous NaHCO3 therapy in critically ill patients with acute metabolic acidosis. Methods: We conducted a scoping review concerning the biochemical and physiological effects of NaHCO3 (PART A), and a systematic review regarding clinical ef...
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Background Diabetes is one of the world’s most prevalent and serious non-communicable diseases (NCDs). It is a leading cause of death, disability and financial loss; moreover, it is identified as a major threat to global development. The chronic nature of diabetes and its related complications make it a costly disease. Estimating the total cost of...
Article
This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows: To assess the efficacy, safety and tolerance of different bowel preparation regimens used to facilitate elective colonoscopy in adults.
Article
Background and objectives: Inhaled mucoactive agents are used to enhance airway clearance, however efficacy and safety are unclear in adults with acute respiratory conditions. Methods: We systematically reviewed randomized controlled trials assessing respiratory function; safety; length of stay (LOS); mucus; radiology; and oxygenation. Results:...
Article
Due to systolic blood pressure (SBP) amplification, brachial SBP may not accurately reflect central SBP, the pressure the organs are exposed to. Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D) have vascular irregularities that may affect blood pressure (BP) amplification and central BP indices (i.e. augmentation index [AIx] and augmentation pressure [AP]). By...
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Introduction Clubfoot is a common congenital birth defect, with an average prevalence of approximately 1 per 1000 live births, although this rate is reported to vary among different countries around the world. If it remains untreated, clubfoot causes permanent disability, limits educational and employment opportunities, and personal growth. The aim...
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The aim of this systematic review is to assess patient-related factors affecting glycaemic control among people with type 2 diabetes in the Arabian Gulf Council countries. MEDLINE, Embase, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Cochrane CENTRAL databases were searched from their date of inception to May 2016. Two researchers independently identified eligible studie...
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Background: Heads-up-displays (HUDs) and similar projection technologies are increasingly used in complex environments. Their impact on cognitive load is an important consideration before introduction of such technology into complex healthcare environments. Methods: We will search the available literature for studies reporting cognitive load durin...
Article
Study design: Systematic review. Introduction: Patient adherence to orthosis wear and/or prescribed exercises improves functional outcome after acute injury and can prevent deformities, contractures, and reinjury of tissues. This is the first systematic review to review the evidence of the effectiveness of interventions to improve treatment adhe...
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Background Clinical quality registries (CQRs) are playing an increasingly important role in improving health outcomes and reducing health care costs. CQRs are established with the purpose of monitoring quality of care, providing feedback, benchmarking performance, describing pattern of treatment, reducing variation and as a tool for conducting rese...
Data
Study limitations, conclusions and recommendations. (DOCX)
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Introduction Globally, road transport accidents contribute substantially to the number of deaths and also to the burden of disability. Up to 50 million people suffer a transport-related non-fatal injury each year, which often leads to long-term disability. It has been shown that substantial number of people with minor injuries struggle to recover a...
Article
Purpose: To examine whether the effects of psychosocial and vocational interventions delivered in the first 3 mo post-acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are effective for improving work outcomes compared with other interventions. Methods: A search was completed for English language publications up to March 2016 across 4 electronic databases and g...
Article
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Introduction Pelvic floor disorders (PFDs) including urinary incontinence, faecal incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse are common debilitating conditions among women in high-income countries. However, PFDs in women in low/middle-income countries (LMICs) have not been studied extensively. We aim to conduct a systematic review and meta-analysis of...
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Introduction Patients with renal colic present to the emergency department in excruciating pain. There is variability in practice regarding the choice of initial analgesic to be used in renal colic. The aim of this article is to outline the protocol for review of the efficacy and safety of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), opioids and...
Article
Inhaled mucoactive agents are used in respiratory disease to improve mucus properties and enhance secretion clearance. The effect of mannitol, recombinant human deoxyribonuclease/dornase alfa (rhDNase) and hypertonic saline (HS) or normal saline (NS) are not well described in chronic lung conditions other than cystic fibrosis (CF). The aim of this...
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Background Regular monitoring of HIV patients who are receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) is required to ensure patient benefits and the long-term effectiveness and sustainability of ART programs. Prompted by WHO recommendations for expansion and decentralization of HIV treatment and care in low and middle income countries, we conducted a system...
Article
Objective: Given the high exposure to occupational standing in specific occupations, and recent initiatives to encourage intermittent standing among white-collar workers, a better understanding of the potential health consequences of occupational standing is required. We aimed to review and quantify the epidemiological evidence on associations of o...
Article
PurposeEarly active mobilisation and rehabilitation in the intensive care unit (ICU) is being used to prevent the long-term functional consequences of critical illness. This review aimed to determine the effect of active mobilisation and rehabilitation in the ICU on mortality, function, mobility, muscle strength, quality of life, days alive and out...
Article
Background: Recruitment manoeuvres involve transient elevations in airway pressure applied during mechanical ventilation to open ('recruit') collapsed lung units and increase the number of alveoli participating in tidal ventilation. Recruitment manoeuvres are often used to treat patients in intensive care who have acute respiratory distress syndro...
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Background Point-of-care (POC) CD4 testing increases patient accessibility to assessment of antiretroviral therapy eligibility. This review evaluates field performance in low and middle-income countries (LMICs) of currently available POC CD4 technologies. Methods Eight electronic databases were searched for field studies published between January 2...
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Background: CD4 testing is, and will remain an important part of HIV treatment and care in low and middle income countries (LMICs). We report the findings of a systematic review assessing acceptability and feasibility of POC CD4 testing in field settings. Methods: Electronic databases were searched for studies published in English between 2005 a...
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Background: Most of the world's children and adolescents live in low- and lower-middle-income countries (LALMIC), but there is limited evidence about polyvictimization (experiences of multiple forms of victimization) among them. The aims of this article were to systematically review the evidence from LALMIC about the overall prevalence of polyvict...
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Introduction Many developed countries have regional and national clinical registries aimed at improving health outcomes of patients diagnosed with particular diseases or cared for in particular healthcare settings. Clinical quality registries (CQRs) are clinical registries established with the purpose of monitoring quality of care and providing fee...
Technical Report
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People with catastrophic injuries face many long-term challenges in the community as a result of their injury: one of the most problematic can be in returning to work (RTW). It may not only be a significant issue for the person with a catastrophic injury but also for their family, friends, the employment industry, and society. Worldwide mean RTW ra...
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Patients who recover from critical illness may be left with significant limitations to their physical function that can have important consequences for their quality of life. Measures of physical function may be useful end points to consider in studies conducted in critically ill patients and are particularly attractive in studies investigating ear...
Article
A fall on the outstretched arm can result in an elbow fracture. Loss of elbow function is a common problem with these fractures and can have major implications for functional capabilities. It is unknown whether early mobilisation can improve functional outcome without increasing complications. To compare the effects (benefits and harms) of early mo...
Article
to determine the effects of exercise on metabolic and morphological outcomes among people with HIV using a systematic search strategy of randomized, controlled trials (RCTs). two independent reviewers assessed studies using a predetermined protocol. nine RCTs (469 participants, 41% females) of moderate quality were included. Compared to nonexercisi...