Livio Cricelli

Livio Cricelli
University of Naples Federico II | UNINA · Department of Industrial Engineering

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90
Publications
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1,898
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Publications

Publications (90)
Article
While many COVID-related innovations have been profitable, others were not even conceived to bear revenues but were driven by other motivations. To what extent “traditional” profit-oriented motivations coexisted with other motivations (such as corporate social responsibility and marketing) remains largely under-investigated. Similarly, while many s...
Article
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In recent years, Open Innovation (OI) and crowdsourcing have been very popular topics in the innovation management literature, attracting significant interest and attention, and inspiring a rich production of publications. Although these two topics share common themes and address similar managerial challenges, to the best of our knowledge, there is...
Article
This paper aims to develop a model to analyse and improve the performance of R&D activities in Italian public universities through the intellectual capital (IC) perspective. The extant literature includes several models for R&D analysis, but none quantify the link between IC and universities' research activity performance. This research attempts to...
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Many articles in the open innovation literature studied the link between intellectual property protection mechanisms and openness, obtaining contrasting results. This paper bridges the literature on protection mechanisms and the one on intellectual property strategy. It leverages three high‐level intellectual property strategies—defensive, collabor...
Article
Purpose Despite the multiple calls for research on the dark side of open innovation, very few studies have approached the topic so far. This study aims to analyse successful and unsuccessful open innovation projects. Design/methodology/approach This study uses thematic analysis to describe the factors determining their (un)success. The researchers...
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Purpose In recent years, crowdsourcing – an open and innovative model for outsourcing tasks to a crowd – has become popular for production processes, allowing organizations and firms in different industries to access external skills and expertise efficiently. Companies have opened their innovation processes to crowds outside their boundaries, and u...
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Purpose This paper aims to propose a framework investigating the diffusion and adoption process of big data (BD) in the supply chain (SC) as a tool to manage process innovation at technological, operational and strategical levels. Design/methodology/approach A comprehensive systematic literature methodology is used to develop the theoretical conce...
Article
The role of digitalization in industrial and entrepreneurial processes has acquired more and more attention in the last few years. The technologies and platforms behind the digital economy allow generating a global connection between consumers, employees, enterprises, and industries. Therefore, there is a growing interest in digital knowledge and t...
Article
Productivity is among the most popular and useful measures to control a firm's performance. It is usually defined as a ratio between a firm's final outputs and its inputs. Such a definition for productivity does not allow an accurate assessment of those organizational units operating in the early stages of the new product development process, whose...
Conference Paper
In recent years, the concept of Intellectual Capital (IC) has acquired a crucial role in the university context. This because universities are characterized by a high intensity of adoption of intangible resources. Numerous studies have focused on IC performance reporting models, especially in the organizational context. Fewer studies, however, have...
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Purpose In recent years, economic, environmental and social sustainability has become one of the fastest-growing research fields. The number of primary and secondary papers addressing the triple bottom line is growing significantly, and the supply chain (SC) management discipline is in the same wave. Therefore, this paper aims to propose a novel te...
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In recent years, sustainability and Industry 4.0 have become crucial aspects of the global economy. Numerous studies focus on the link between environmental aspects of sustainability and Industry 4.0. On the contrary, few studies address the issue of the integration of economic sustainability and digital technologies. This paper aims to fill this g...
Article
Despite the popularity of reverse logistics in literature, the effect of different collaboration types on the likelihood to introduce reverse logistics innovation has been under-investigated. Hence, this article explores the impact of domestic collaboration with competitors, customers, suppliers, research institutions, and the breadth of collaborat...
Article
Adequate management of intellectual property (IP) is critical to sustaining competitive advantage and managing outbound open innovation (OI), which describes the inside-out flows of knowledge and technology. This article presents an IP strategic framework comprising the following strategies: a ‘defensive’ strategy, aimed at avoiding knowledge spill...
Article
The purpose of this study was to define a managerial solution to patent evaluation. The problem of patent evaluation is widely analysed in the body of literature, but there has not been a study considering the patent value through an aggregate perspective. Over the past decade, numerous quantitative approaches to patent evaluation have been develop...
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The COVID‐19 pandemic has caused unprecedented public health and economic crises. As a response to face the current emergency, science and innovation communities are realizing a fundamental contribution to tackle the crisis. During the past few months, we have witnessed an impressive number of initiatives to encourage networking opportunities, to f...
Article
Investments in innovation activities involve uncertainty. Abandonments of innovative projects are frequent and can entail great losses. Interorganizational collaboration can help a firm to leverage and complement its own competencies and technologies, contrasting the factors that may cause the abandonment of innovation activities. This article show...
Article
Intellectual capital (IC) is among the most long-lived topics in managerial literature. More recently, the emergence of the open innovation (OI) paradigm has encouraged the understanding that firms should collaborate with other organizations to leverage their own R&D capabilities. We propose that these two streams of managerial literature should jo...
Article
In a competitive environment that increasingly awards a clever approach to customer relationship management (CRM), firms need to systematize the way they interact with their customers. The relationships that often lay in the hands of managers and salespeople need to be thoughtfully organized to maximize both customer satisfaction and the effectiven...
Article
A proliferation of studies has been carried out on patent value indexes encompassing the most different viewpoints and considering different scale. However, the existing literature is fragmented and not properly integrated, demanding for an adequate organization in order to clarify the matter in a systematic manner. This article summarizes the resu...
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Every company, in a knowledge-based economy and, in a sustainability-aware era, is “doomed” to deal with a critical mass of strategic assets, in order to achieve a sustainable competitive advantage. Maintaining this system up-to-date requires financial/organizational efforts. Therefore, in order to optimize performance, it is necessary to detect wh...
Article
A vast amount of studies have shown how firms embracing the open innovation paradigm tend to improve their industrial and economic performance. Somewhat surprisingly, in such established background, few studies attempted to understand whether the open innovation benefits compensate its costs. To fill this gap, this article presents a novel theoreti...
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Purpose Several causes may induce firm managers to analyze the actual technology condition of patent portfolios, among which is the need of exploiting patents strategically. In this paper, the question of how to support intellectual property (IP) managers of large high technology companies in their strategic decision-making process of evaluating pa...
Article
Purpose This paper aims to explore the relationship between Intellectual Capital (IC) and performance of public universities in emerging countries in order to identify patterns and provide recommendations that may turn the universities’ IC into development opportunities, in terms of research, innovation, and education. Design/methodology/approach...
Article
Purpose The purpose of the paper is to advance a framework that can assess and analyze the value of patent portfolios. On this purpose, the framework develops a conceptual and comprehensive index, the patent portfolio value index (PPVI), to assess the patent innovation level and suggest economic-strategic guidelines. Design/methodology/approach Th...
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The success of open innovation as a new paradigm to enhance innovation development has brought public authorities to incentivize firms to collaborate with external organisations. Such incentive is often provided in the form of public subsidies to research and development activities. Some studies observed that public subsidies are generally successf...
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The open innovation (OI) paradigm describes how firms innovate by interacting with other organizations. Several authors found that specific OI strategies have a positive effect on economic and industrial innovation performance. Nevertheless, over-search and over-collaboration phenomena might reduce the OI marginal returns when a firm resorts to add...
Article
The purpose of this study is to introduce and test, on a comparative case-study, a flexible qualitative/quantitative procedure to return an analytic picture of its composing drivers. This goal is achieved via the audit of the building factors composing the strategic resources involved in the firm-specific dynamics of value-creation, eventually retu...
Article
Purpose – Despite the flourishing literature on intellectual capital (IC), few studies explored its features in the perspective of family firms, and even fewer focussed on small family firms (SFFs). The purpose of this paper is to analyze how managers and senior employees in SFFs perceive the benefits and costs of intellectual capital assets (ICAs)...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to test a way to overcome specific issues related to the assessment of the strategic capital and to propose a viable solution for its benchmarking. In order to fully appreciate this type of entity an audit on the strategic alignment of the resources involved and of the dynamics of value creation is required. T...
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Although the food and drink (F&D) industry is Europe's largest manufacturing sector, few studies have explored its innovation activities so far. Starting from the widespread assumption that F&D manufacturers are supplier dominated 'à la Pavitt', we formulated hypotheses about their innovation activities. These were tested through Wilcoxon and Mann-...
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Many authors showed the benefits of open innovation (OI) to firms, consequently encouraging managers to adopt the OI paradigm to improve innovation performance. Nevertheless, whether firms have accepted such exhortations or not is almost empirically unexplored. The frequent claim that firms are increasingly adopting the OI paradigm is mostly anecdo...
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Purpose – This study is intended to work out a bottleneck in the comprehension of the relational nexus which links the set of key strategic resources (SRs) of a company, represented by the uncertain recognition and the ambiguous clustering of their intangible components. The purpose of this paper is to provide a candidate solution for a rational ap...
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This article describes a framework for the strategic management of intellectual capital assets (ICAs). The framework allows synthesizing the opinions of a firm's human resources on which ICAs are comparatively more likely to have a positive effect on value creation for customers, employees, and shareholders. The framework assesses managers' opinion...
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The purpose of this paper is to present an index that assesses the contribution of the intellectual capital (IC) to the value creation process of an organization. The index combines into a single measure the contributions of the individual IC elements on the basis of their strategic importance, their performance, and their reciprocal influence.Five...
Conference Paper
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The open innovation literature showed that two approaches to inbound open innovation are likely to enhance innovation performance: using the greater number of external sources, to any degree of intensity (i.e. increase external search breadth); and using the greater number of external sources, to a high degree of intensity (i.e. increase external s...
Conference Paper
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Although the F&D industry remains Europe’s largest manufacturing sector, the study of its innovation activities has been quite neglected. Starting from the widespread assumption that F&D manufacturers are essentially low-tech, we formulated hypotheses about how they conduct innovation outside organisational boundaries. These were tested on data dra...
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to identify the recurrences in the empirical evidences that link open innovation (OI) actions and innovation performance in European countries. It provides managers with useful strategic suggestions, emphasizes the limitations of the state of the art, and recommends future directions of research. Design/metho...
Article
Patents and patent portfolios are valuable assets. Companies need a conceptual structure to assess the value of their patent portfolio. This paper develops a practical and reproducible framework that can support scholars and practitioners to leverage the value of patents and to extract all possible strategic information from patent portfolio. The p...
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The purpose of this paper is to provide a candidate solution for a rational and unbiased quantitative appraisal of the Intellectual Capital (IC) and of its rating. This study is intended to fill a gap in IC evaluation and in the assessment of Intangible Assets (IAs), due to the qualitative nature of the taxonomy-based approaches traditionally used...
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Purpose – The aim of this article is to expound a holistic intellectual capital index. Moreover, the paper presents its implementation within a real estate organization. Design/methodology/approach – The index is calculated on the basis of 14 structured interviews synthesized through the analytic hierarchy process, min–max normalizations and weigh...
Article
The field of Open Innovation (OI) has been explored in many studies concerning several aspects of its fundamental characteristics. Research has mainly focused on the capability of companies of integrating and reconfiguring external and internal knowledge to create value. Increasingly, academic investigation efforts and practical needs of many compa...
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Purpose ‐ The purpose of this paper is to propose a framework to support decision-makers in selecting information systems (ISs) and knowledge management systems (KMSs), by taking into consideration factors and perspectives which influence the choice. Design/methodology/approach ‐ The framework has been built on a hierarchical structure, where selec...
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Purpose – This paper aims to discuss the individual participation and involvement affecting the user engagement in social media and to answer the following research questions: Is it possible to measure the individual participation and involvement of social media within organizations? Which factors should be analysed in order to increase the individ...
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The purpose of this paper is to provide an integrated approach for mapping, gauging and tracking strategic assets and to formalise an applicable analysis and reporting model. An open process is proposed as an alternative method for gauging them effectively through a flexible conceptual framework. The suggested solution, out of the amorphous mass of...
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to propose a theoretical framework which defines, analyses and assesses the intellectual capital (IC) value drivers (VDs) to increase the value creation of an organization. Design/methodology/approach – The proposed framework is composed by an arrangement of procedural steps. In the first step IC VDs are sel...
Article
This article is aimed at supporting the management in the strategic planning of investments on critical value drivers, taking into consideration their impact on competitive advantage and the cumulative investments made on them. We describe a framework through a step-by-step procedure. No previous strategic management framework has adopted a holisti...
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Interuniversity consortia are linked together through direct (participation in the same consortium) and indirect (participation of the same member in two consortia) connections. The resulting network can be analysed with the techniques of Social Network Analysis. In this article we show that in our sample the consortium’s centrality increases its t...
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This article proposes a framework designed to support the top management in the tactical and strategic planning of the investments on critical ICAs. The framework consists of a sequence of steps, which aim at assessing the organisational intellectual capital. The framework takes into consideration the impact of intellectual capital assets on the va...
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Mobile termination rate, degree of asymmetry, and degree of substitutability are the elements which mostly characterize the mobile telecommunication market complexity. However, if mobile termination rate is considered as a primary item to be examined and regulated, the degrees of asymmetry and substitutability which characterize and define the stru...
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Traditional knowledge management has been characterized by a primarily top down approach. However, this approach is starting to be too far from people expectations. Web 2.0 technologies are changing the way people are communicating and collaborating, offering a more flexible virtual environment. The adoption of these technologies inside a company i...
Article
During the three-year period 2007–2009, the Italian Regulatory Authority for Electricity and Gas has issued numerous measures concerning the retail market of natural gas. The same period was characterized by a deep economic and financial crisis involving the industrial sector and, in particular, the energy companies.This paper aims to analyse the c...
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Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to present a methodology to assess the capacity of communities of innovation (CoI) to improve the value creation process. The methodology consists of a sequence of successive steps, which aim at identifying the characteristics, the influence, and the relationships between the intellectual capital (IC) elements...
Article
A mobile virtual network operator (MVNO) provides mobile telecommunication services by eluding the constraints of the radio communication infrastructure and establishing an agreement with a hosting network operator (HNO) for the use of its spectrum. Thus, MVNOs offer a wide range of mobile services and directly compete with every mobile network ope...
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The principal aims of this chapter are to provide a comprehensive understanding of the main processes for innovative knowledge management in human capital learning and to define a theoretical model that assesses and measures the human capital value contribution to an organization's performance. The chapter aims to explain how technological advancem...
Article
In the mobile telecommunication sector, the high competitiveness has increased the complexity of strategic interactions among operators. As the vertical integration has become anything but a choice and not a compelling technical solution, the contest takes place at different levels of the components of the operator value chain: the network infrastr...
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In Italy, the natural gas market has undergone a radical transformation began in 2000, through Legislative Decree No 164/00 which has started the process of liberalization. Despite the opening up to competition, many problems still persist, especially at the upstream phase, where the former monopolist Eni holds a dominant position also favoured by...
Article
This paper analyses the regulation of the market of voice call termination on mobile networks, by considering the remedy of asymmetric access charges and the hypothesis of discriminatory retail pricing. In the two way interconnection, the operators revenue depends on two factors: the retail price and the access charge. If the retail prices are diff...
Article
In the European Union, the natural gas market is increasingly being liberalized. The liberalization process is aimed at leading to lower prices and higher volumes, and hence higher consumer welfare.This paper focuses on the changes in performance in the natural gas retail market by analyzing the profit and financial position of the companies concer...
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Purpose – The evolution of organization, management and production processes is moving towards complexity. The ever growing competition presses firms to give intangible internal and external exclusive resources the utmost attention. The improvement of the performance, through the retrieval of resources, neither available internally nor achievable a...
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This paper analyses the relationship between a Mobile Virtual Network Operator (MVNO) and its Hosting Network Operator (HNO) in the mobile telecommunications industry. A model is defined to analyse the competition and strategic interactions between the two players and their economic consequences. Two different scenarios are envisaged to observe the...
Conference Paper
The liberalization of the European natural gas sector radically changed the structure of the competitive environment which in turn forced companies to make changes in order to stay in the market. In Italy the liberalization process also had a strong impact on the strategies adopted by the companies involved. This situation instigated various studie...
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Purpose – This paper aims to define a theoretical model that assesses and measures the intangible asset contribution to company performance. The model keeps in focus the most meaningful elements that reflect the success factors, crucial to company business strategy and value creation. Design/methodology/approach – The model adopts a hierarchical st...
Chapter
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This paper is aimed to verify the effectiveness of the asymmetric regulation of mobile termination charges, under the assumption of discriminatory retail pricing. In the mobile competition, the networks revenue depends on two factors: the retail price and the termination charge. If the retail prices are different between calls that terminate on the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Owing to the process of liberalization, the European energy markets have undergone a radical transformation over the last decade. In this paper we analyse the Italian natural gas market, focusing in particular on retail with the objective of assessing the performance of the natural gas retail operators whilst also taking into account the strategies...
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Traditional accounting systems focus on the evaluation on tangible assets, neglecting the value addition contributed to business performance by intangibles. This paper explores the intangible evaluation concept and suggests a stock and flow based analysis to assess a methodology that could highlight static and dynamic aspects and their mutual impac...