Livia Bizikova

Livia Bizikova
International Institute for Sustainable Development · Knowledge for Integrated Decisions (based in Ottawa)

PhD

About

82
Publications
26,371
Reads
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1,178
Citations
Additional affiliations
August 2008 - August 2015
International Institute for Sustainable Development
Position
  • Managing Director
September 2005 - August 2008
University of British Columbia - Vancouver
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (82)
Article
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
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An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via a link at the top of the paper.
Article
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Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2 consists of five targets ranging from the eradication of hunger and malnutrition to doubling productivity of small-scale farmers and ensuring sustainable and resilient food production systems. Trade-offs and synergies arise between strategies to achieve any one of these targets, which complicates the use of evid...
Article
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Climate-resilient crops and crop varieties have been recommended as a way for farmers to cope with or adapt to climate change, but despite the apparent benefits, rates of adoption by smallholder farmers are highly variable. Here we present a scoping review, using PRISMA-P (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic review and Meta-Analysis Protocols)...
Article
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Sustainable Development Goal 2 aims to end hunger, achieve food and nutrition security and promote sustainable agriculture by 2030. This requires that small-scale producers be included in, and benefit from, the rapid growth and transformation under way in food systems. Small-scale producers interact with various actors when they link with markets,...
Article
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Farmers’ organizations (FOs), such as associations, cooperatives, self-help and women’s groups, are common in developing countries and provide services that are widely viewed as contributing to income and productivity for small-scale producers. Here, we conducted a scoping review of the literature on FO services and their impacts on small-scale pro...
Article
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The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), and specifically SDG 2, commit the international community to achieve zero hunger by 2030 through a renewed focus on agricultural development for food security and nutrition. This paper presents a systematic review of published evidence of contributions by agricultural sector interventions to food security,...
Chapter
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The water, energy and food (WEF) nexus has been of growing interest for researchers for over a decade. This chapter provides a critical review of how and to what extent public policy design and implementation in the context of the WEF nexus are underpinned by the systematic assessment of WEF linkages (henceforth WEF assessment). The chapter offers...
Chapter
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Climate change is likely to increase drought globally and regionally, including within Canada, by the end of the century. In recent years, drought has affected communities across Canada and can have significant impacts on individuals. Health risks relate to the exacerbation of food and waterborne diseases, inadequate nutrition, impacts on air quali...
Technical Report
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The Ceres2030 project explores and builds on this knowledge by combining state-of-the-art modelling techniques with expert evidence to estimate costs of possible policy interventions that will help in achieving SDG 2. In this technical paper the authors identify a set of interventions that can be integrated into an economic model (the “model”) and...
Technical Report
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This note outlines how we define and model environmental How We Plan to Integrate Environmental Sustainability sustainability in the meantime, until official indicators for SDG 2.4 are available. In Section 2 we discuss current proposals for how to measure SDG 2.4 and give our reasons for the environmental indicators we have chosen. In Section 3 we...
Article
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A list of indicators that can be used to track resilience of agricultural communities is presented in this brief. The provided data set covers a unique overview of policy-relevant indicators based on data on climate change impacts, vulnerability, adaptation, agriculture and rural development. This data is grouped into six critical sectors that are...
Article
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Resilience-based approaches to climate change have yet to be widely applied in agriculture. In this sector, indicators have been centered on the impacts of climate on production systems, crops, yields, infrastructure, financial performance, farmers’ livelihoods and food security. This paper focuses on designing an indicator set to capture the resil...
Article
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The 2030 agenda for sustainable development adopted in September 2015 advocates for a balanced integration of the economic, social and environmental dimensions of sustainable development. Existing multilateral environmental agreements (MEAs) can provide guidance for policy-makers to promote inclusive and sustainable economic growth, within safe eco...
Article
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Food security is described as a condition in which all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life (World Food Summit, 1996). Climate variability and climate change can affect all aspects of food security, but past imp...
Article
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Designing public policies to effectively address comingled economic, social and environmental issues is a fundamental challenge facing sustainable development policy-makers in the twenty-first century. Raising the stakes is the added challenge of doing so in today’s complex, dynamic and uncertain conditions. Policies that cannot perform under such...
Technical Report
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Our recently published report found that it would cost on average an extra USD 11 billion per year on top of current public spending between 2015 and 2030 to largely end hunger, part of Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2. We estimated that donors need to provide USD 4 billion of the total, and the remaining USD 7 billion needs to come from poor c...
Article
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The amount of information required to adapt to climate change is vast: downscaled climate projections, information on environmental impact, sectoral performance, external drivers, regional strategies, policies and practices. It can be argued that most of this information is accessible at the community/regional level, and thus, the important challen...
Technical Report
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Complementing the gross domestic product (GDP) and addressing issues it can’t capture on its own, comprehensive wealth measures are key to successfully guiding Canada through the 21st century and beyond. With the support of the Ivey Foundation, the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) has released this report to help Canadians...
Article
The purpose of this guidebook is to provide a practical, spatially explicit, ecosystem-based framework for the design and management of land investments that deliver increased water, energy and food security. It also provides an implementation-oriented means of operationalizing an otherwise theoretical concept highlighted as a significant global ri...
Article
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The research considers that a country has achieved the goal of ending hunger when the number of hungry people is less than 5 percent of the population. or the seven African countries, the research found that it would cost, on average, an extra US$1 billion per year between now and 2030 to end hunger. Approximately US$400 million of the extra cost w...
Article
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The capacity to collect and analyze massive amounts of data is transforming research in the natural and social sciences (1). And yet, the climate change adaptation community has largely overlooked these developments. Here, we examine how “big data” can inform adaptation research and decision-making and outline what’s needed from the adaptation comm...
Research
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The research project ‘Measuring sustainable development (SD) in Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Actions (NAMAs)’ was initiated by the NAMA Partnership Working Group on Sustainable Development (WG-SD). The aim of the research project is to improve quantitative and qualitative measurement of the SD outcomes of NAMAs, thereby enhancing understanding...
Chapter
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The outlook for North America is a mixture of emerging possibilities and problems: While environmental conditions with regard to air, land, water and biota are broadly positive, there are areas where trends are negative and conditions warrant concern. Some environmental problems are not yet responding to the policies, and in some instances are gett...
Article
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Environmental mainstreaming (EM) is a policy instrument to integrate environmental risks and opportunities into planning and implementation. A body of knowledge exists on identifying barriers for EM at the national level. This paper identifies contributions of regional institutions for improving capacities for EM at the national level, using the Ca...
Technical Report
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Water, energy and food (WEF) security are interlinked and co-dependent components of security and ranked by the World Economic forum as a key global risk. As attention to WEF security has grown, so has a need for practical means of implementing this complex, interlinked problem. This manual briefly explains IISD’s WEF security framework. Informed b...
Article
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This article introduces and tests a framework that applies a systems perspective to food security with an assessment of the food system's resilience in the context of climate change. The framework was applied in 20 communities in Honduras and Nicaragua. Our results indicate that contributions from supporting systems, institutions and processes are...
Technical Report
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This guidebook provides an overview and application of scenario approaches as a method of conducting complex regional and place-based assessments and providing information to support planners developing longer-term adaptation plans. An important aspect of the approach, however, is that it considers future change in the context of whole regional sys...
Technical Report
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This background paper has been prepared to inform the preparation of land resources related content of the 2015 World Economic and Social Survey (WESS) that will focus on lessons from the MDGs for the formulation and implementation of the post-2015 development agenda. Through the sustainable development goals (SDGs) the environment promises to be a...
Technical Report
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The purpose of this document is to assist Member States in identifying potential indicators for targets proposed under SDG 12 (“Ensure Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns”) and for related targets in twelve of the other proposed SDGs. This discussion paper aims to contribute to the development of an integrated, science-based set of indi...
Technical Report
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The purpose of this document is to assist Member States in identifying potential indicators for targets proposed under SDG 12 (Ensure Sustainable Consumption and Production Patterns) and for related targets in twelve of the other proposed SDGs.This discussion paper aims to contribute to the development of an integrated, science-based set of indicat...
Article
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Semi-arid areas are found in a large number of countries and regions of Africa and South and Central Asia. They display high vulnerability to climate change with considerable adaptation needs. In this paper, we review country-level and multi-country projects supported by international agencies. We examine the priorities and goals presented in natio...
Article
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his paper explores approaches concerning complex forest planning challenges, such as restoration after large-scale disturbances and under climate change. It introduces a new framework that integrates qualitative scenario planning with quantitative multi-criteria decision analysis. This framework allows stakeholders without background in forestry to...
Article
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Erratum to: Reg Environ Change DOI 10.1007/s10113-014-0705-xIn the original article, one of the co-author’s (Francesco Nicola Tubiello) given name has been published incorrectly. The correct complete name should be Francesco Nicola Tubiello.
Technical Report
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In this paper we analyzed peer-reviewed literature on adaptation governance focused on food security at the supranational level. A total of 281 papers were collected, of which 52 met our focus. We used 10 criteria (and 74 sub-criteria) to categorize the included papers. With research presented in these papers as our focus, we looked at key aspects...
Article
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Climate change adaptation is one of the many development challenges impacting livelihoods in developing countries. Scenario approaches are useful in adaptation planning by putting together projected climate change and socioeconomic trends with broader development needs when identifying associated priorities—and using them to develop appropriate str...
Article
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This paper explores the lessons learned by leaders in agricultural adaptation planning in order to assist other jurisdictions to develop adaptation strategies. It seeks to identify effective institutional, participatory and collaborative processes involved in designing agricultural adaptation strategies at the national and sub-national levels in Ge...
Technical Report
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The International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) contributes to sustainable development by advancing policy recommendations on international trade and investment, economic policy, climate change and energy, and management of natural and social capital, as well as the enabling role of communication technologies in these areas. We repor...
Article
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This paper explores the challenges of institutional transformation in agriculture countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), and their consequences for adaptation planning. We review key policy and planning documents and processes in CEE and CIS countries and conduct a series of interviews with k...
Article
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This paper explores the challenges of institutional transformation in agriculture countries of Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) and the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), and their consequences for adaptation planning. We review key policy and planning documents and processes in CEE and CIS countries and conduct a series of interviews with k...
Technical Report
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Climate variability and change threaten food security directly—for example, by reducing crop yields—and indirectly, by disrupting the systems and infrastructure people use to access food. Most studies of these issues have so far focused on the impacts of climate variability or extreme climate events on food production. But other aspects of food sec...
Method
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The International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) contributes to sustainable development by advancing policy recommendations on international trade and investment, economic policy, climate change and energy, and management of natural and social capital, as well as the enabling role of communication technologies in these areas. We repor...
Book
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This training module presents integrated environmental assessment (IEA) tools that can generate win–win scenarios for achieving national development priorities in the Caribbean through more effective multilateral environmental agreement (MEA) implementation. Experts across the Caribbean had the following to say with regard challenges in national-l...
Article
Full-text available
The International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) contributes to sustainable development by advancing policy recommendations on international trade and investment, economic policy, climate change and energy, and management of natural and social capital, as well as the enabling role of communication technologies in these areas. We repo...
Article
Full-text available
Communities with multicultural, ethnically diverse populations located in forest areas of the Carpathian Mountains often face serious social and economic problems, including high unemployment rates, weak social support and institutions with little stakeholder participation in decision-making. In this paper, we apply participatory scenario processes...
Article
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Integrated landscape management (ILM) is gaining increasing attention among Canadian practitioners for its capabilities to address environmental, social and economic goals simultaneously, while promoting sus- tainable development. ILM is relatively new in the family of integrated assessment (IA) approaches. This paper focuses on the lessons learned...
Chapter
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Despite the recent upsurge in research, the complex and inter-related processes driving climate change continue to be characterized by significant uncertainty. One of the major issues for policy-makers is how to deal with this considerable uncertainty in ways that enable pro-active measures rather than complicate or discourage them. A great unknown...