Lisa D. Butler

Lisa D. Butler
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York | SUNY Buffalo · School of Social Work

Ph.D.

About

92
Publications
97,291
Reads
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5,612
Citations
Citations since 2017
6 Research Items
1992 Citations
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300
Additional affiliations
January 2009 - present
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
November 1994 - August 2008
Stanford Medicine
Position
  • Senior Research Scholar
October 1994 - August 2008
Stanford University
Position
  • Senior Research Scholar

Publications

Publications (92)
Chapter
This chapter provides an introduction to the context and content of the book. After introducing the concepts of the trauma and human rights frameworks, the chapter traces the origins of trauma-informed care and its movement into behavioral health, child welfare, and educational settings. Following this, the chapter describes the genesis of the book...
Chapter
The constructs of trauma theory and human rights have emerged in different disciplines over several decades as frameworks to document and address human suffering. Although traumatic events and human rights violations often occur together, an understanding of how these frameworks intersect and may complement each other has been lacking. To address t...
Book
Human rights violations and traumatic events often comingle in victims’ experiences; however, the human rights framework and trauma theory are rarely deployed together to illuminate such experiences. This edited volume explores the intersection of trauma and human rights by presenting the development and current status of each of these frameworks,...
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Self-care has long been of concern to helping professionals at risk for burnout or vicarious traumatization. In this paper we argue that the need for self-care is broader than preventing these outcomes. Instead, it requires consideration of the whole person and mindful attention and intentional efforts to achieve two general aims: to guard against...
Article
Previous research (AuthorCitation1) has found that exposure to trauma-related material in graduate clinical coursework and field training can put students at risk for reactivations of feelings/memories from negative past experiences (retraumatization) and for secondary traumatic stress (STS) symptoms. The present report sought to examine the role,...
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Courtois and Gold (2009) have called for the inclusion of trauma in the curriculum for all mental health training programs. The present study investigated the impact of trauma-related content, stress, and self-care (SC) on trainees in such a program. The study examined potential risk factors (trauma exposures in training [being faced with or reacti...
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University-community partnerships can play an important role in curriculum development, but little has been written about the role of community agencies in designing curricula. This article describes the role of field education in an innovative university-community partnership aimed at transforming an MSW curriculum to integrate a trauma-informed a...
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Background: Specialised care for veterans and military families is needed to respond to the unique health problems they experience. However, specific components of such training have yet to be examined. Purpose: This investigation aimed to gather feedback from social work and nursing students on their experiences in a veteran-specific clinical plac...
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This article presents the starting case for applying the elements of trauma-informed care (TIC) to education and outlines the authors’ initial efforts to develop guidelines for what they call trauma-informed educational practice. To this end, the article starts with a literature review related to the potential for vicarious traumatization and retra...
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This qualitative investigation examined the views of veterans and military family members on the needs and gaps they perceive in health and mental health care provision. Four focus groups (N=33) were conducted (two with male veterans, one with female veterans, and one with military family members). Ten themes emerged regarding highly valued and uns...
Article
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Background: Specialised care for veterans and military families is needed to respond to the unique health problems they experience. However, specific components of such training have yet to be examined.
Conference Paper
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The Whitehouse’s Joining Forces initiative aims to highlight and address the health and psychosocial needs of American Veterans and military families. Evidence suggests that these populations are confronted with unique challenges that service delivery systems are not always equipped to handle. In an attempt to understand the healthcare gaps and nee...
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Abstract This article explores why and how trauma theory and research are currently used in higher education in non-clinical courses such as literature, women's studies, film, education, anthropology, cultural studies, composition, and creative writing. In these contexts, traumatic material is presented not only indirectly in the form of texts and...
Article
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International sex trafficking and domestic prostitution are each forms of commercial sexual exploitation (CSE), and CSE typically encompasses a gauntlet of victimization and violence for its victims. Girls and women subjected to CSE are not only damaged during their involvement in the sex industry, but they typically suffer maltreatment and related...
Article
Outcomes Following TraumaApplication to Different PopulationsCentral Role of Meaning-Making to Postevent AdaptationClinical Applications from a Growth PerspectiveSummary
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To be trauma-informed is to understand the involvement and impact of violence and victimization in the lives of most consumers of mental health, substance abuse, and other services. It is also to apply that understanding in providing services and designing service systems to accommodate the requirements and vulnerabilities of trauma survivors and t...
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a d va n c i n g s c i e n c e a n d p r o m o t i n g u n d e r s t a n d i n g o f t r a u m at i c s t r e s s Throughout human history the theme of positive changes following adversity is found in literature, religions, and philosophies. Most notable is Nietzsche's famous dictum, "What doesn't kill me makes me stronger." It was an idea also com...
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This study assessed whether high hypnotizability is associated with posttraumatic stress and depressive symptoms in a sample of 124 metastatic breast cancer patients. Hypnotic Induction Profile Scores were dichotomized into low and high categories; posttraumatic intrusion and avoidance symptoms were measured with the Impact of Events Scale (IES); h...
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This study assessed a range of benefits from participation in a brief existential intervention consisting of a semi-structured videotaped interview with cancer patients and their families designed to illuminate a life legacy for the family (the Life Tape Project [LTP]). Results indicated the majority reported intervention-specific benefits, especia...
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To examine whether a group intervention including hypnosis can reduce cancer pain and trait hypnotizability would moderate these effects. This randomized clinical trial examined the effects of group therapy with hypnosis (supportive-expressive group therapy) plus education compared to an education-only control condition on pain over 12 months among...
Article
The relationships of posttraumatic growth to peritraumatic reactions and posttraumatic stress symptoms were examined in 93 Sri Lankan university students who had experienced a traumatic life event. Posttraumatic growth was associated with peritraumatic dissociation and posttraumatic stress symptoms, but was not associated with peritraumatic emotion...
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This study evaluated the effectiveness of group psychotherapy in reducing levels of shame and guilt in adult survivors of childhood sexual abuse at risk for HIV, and whether such reductions would mediate the effects of treatment on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms. One hundred sixty-six women were randomized into 3 conditions: a trauma...
Article
The terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001 inflicted distress beyond those directly exposed, thereby providing an opportunity to examine the contributions of a range of factors (cognitive, emotional, social support, coping) to psychological resilience for those indirectly exposed. In an Internet convenience sample of 1281, indices of resilience (h...
Article
This randomized pilot study investigated the effects of meditation with yoga (and psychoeducation) versus group therapy with hypnosis (and psychoeducation) versus psychoeducation alone on diagnostic status and symptom levels among 46 individuals with long-term depressive disorders. Results indicate that significantly more meditation group participa...
Article
Background: This study was designed to replicate our earlier finding that intensive group therapy extended survival time of women with metastatic breast cancer. Subsequent findings concerning the question of whether such psychosocial support affects survival have been mixed. Methods: One hundred twenty-five women with confirmed metastatic (n = 1...
Article
There is mixed evidence regarding the possible association between a history of stressful or traumatic life events and more rapid breast cancer progression. Retrospective reports of past experiences of traumatic life events were assessed among 94 women with metastatic or recurrent breast cancer. A traumatic event assessment was conducted using the...
Article
Over the past quarter century, hypnosis has been employed in a broad range of pediatric clinical settings; however, its efficacy and feasibility as a treatment approach for children and adolescents remain in question. Published studies on the role of clinical hypnosis in the management of specific pediatric medical and psychological conditions were...
Article
The field of research on benefit-finding and growth following traumatic experience lacks consensus with respect to some central conceptual questions, and a number of these issues are apparent in the research reported by Stevan Hobfoll and his colleagues. In this commentary I briefly discuss, and at times dispute, some of the assertions and assumpti...
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In recent decades, researchers in the health and social science fields have begun investigating the psychological and physical health benefits of the human-animal bond, which can be described as a 'dynamic relationship between people and animals in that each influences the psychological and physiological state of the other'. The strength of the hum...
Raw Data
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Research Gate does not allow me to write the name of the publication, which is Monitor on Psychology
Article
Sleep disturbances are common among women with breast cancer and can have serious consequences. The present study examined depression, pain, life stress, and participation in group therapy in relation to sleep disturbances in a sample of women with metastatic breast cancer. Ninety-three women with metastatic breast cancer participated in a large in...
Article
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Cancer poses a powerful threat to the emotional equilibrium of patients and their families. A key role of the family and medical team is to provide a supportive environment as the patient confronts the reality of death. Few interventions have been developed to help families support patients in dealing with fears of death and dying. We present one s...
Article
The past decade has witnessed a dramatic transformation in the nature and use of political terrorism. Psychology of Terrorism is an indispensable resource in the field of psychology and terrorism. Given the relative newness of the discipline, there is a great need for a text that covers relevant aspects of psychology related to terrorism. This onli...
Article
8604 Background: Facing cancer, most patients struggle with mortality and threats to their emotional equilibrium and that of their families. Families may become closer, but often communication difficulties and isolation increase. The Life Tape Project (LTP) is an intervention—involving a two hour video-taped genealogy and life story in the presence...
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This study evaluated the effects of viewing Moore's film Fahrenheit 9/11 with a survey conducted in 4 California theaters. Seventy-three prefilm participants completed surveys as they were about to see the film, and 127 postfilm participants completed surveys as they exited the theater (N = 200). Compared to prefilm participants, postfilm participa...
Article
We review the clinical and laboratory evidence for recovered and false memories. Available data suggest that, at least under certain circumstances, both false and recovered memories may occur. We suggest that the critical questions are: (a) how common is each type of memory phenomenon, (b) what factors lead to the occurrence of each (including unde...
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This article presents evidence supporting the primacy and ubiquity of dissociation in normal human experience and argues that normative (nonpathological) dissociative experiences represent manifestations of absorption and its attendant features in the facilitation of different mental activities. Forms of normative dissociation (absorption in activi...
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This study examined evidence for a dissociative subtype of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among women seeking psychotherapy for childhood sexual abuse (CSA). One hundred and twenty-two women seeking treatment for CSA completed a battery of questionnaires assessing PTSD, dissociative symptoms, and child maltreatment. Using signal detection an...
Article
The aim of this study was the preliminary development of a short 10-item version of the CiOQ. First, 10 items were selected on the basis of their high factor loadings in previously published work. Two studies are then reported. In Study 1, the 10 items were subjected to confirmatory factor analysis using data from a sample of college students (n =...
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Cognitive, coping, and trauma symptom predictors of posttraumatic growth (PTG; measured with the Posttraumatic Growth Inventory) were examined in a large convenience sample (n =1505) participating in a longitudinal Internet-based study following the terrorist attacks of 9/11/01. Results indicate that initial PTG levels (mean 9 weeks post-attacks) w...
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Objective: The objective of this study was to examine how the chronicity of stress affects psychological stress-responses, depressive symptoms, and in vivo immunocompetence in spouses of women with metastatic breast cancer.Methods: Participants were 34 spouses of breast cancer patients. Their wives had been living with a diagnosis of recurrence met...
Article
This study examined self-efficacy, coping, and social support in relation to difficulties interacting with physicians and nurses among women living with breast cancer. One hundred women living in rural, mountainous communities of northeastern California were recruited, with 89 providing complete data for this study. All women completed a battery of...
Article
This study examined pre- and post-loss levels of posttraumatic stress symptoms (intrusion and avoidance) in partners of metastatic/recurrent breast cancer patients, and the relationship of these symptoms to past, current, and anticipatory stressors. The results indicate that 34% (17/50) of the partners experienced clinically significant symptom lev...
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Objective: Voiding cystourethrography (VCUG) is a commonly performed radiologic procedure in children that can be both painful and frightening. Given the distress that some children experience during the VCUG and the need for children to be alert and cooperative during the procedure, finding a psychological intervention that helps children to mana...
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In this paper we examine how aspects of dissociation permeate the film-going experience. Using examples from more than three dozen films spanning six decades, we introduce and discuss three observations regarding dissociation in film. Specifically: (1) that the act of watching a film may viewed as a voluntary engagement in a positive dissociative e...
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Hilgard's comment has within it two observations: one regarding the ubiq-uity of dissociative experiences in everyday life, the other concerning our curi-ous lack of awareness of that fact. It is with pleasure, therefore, that I compose this editorial for this special issue of the Journal of Trauma & Dissociation on "Dissociation in Culture." 2 The...
Article
This study examined the relationship of dissociative symptoms, abuse and neglect, and gender to mean heart rate (HR) in two types of interviews. Participants were 25 female and 16 male delinquent adolescents. Dissociative symptoms and abuse and neglect were assessed by structured interviews. Participants were randomized to one of two conditions, to...
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Examination performance of introductory psychology students (N = 576) was significantly enhanced (p < .001) in each of 4 separate comparisons of those taking tests with a partner versus traditional solo testing. In each case, mean test scores were raised significantly and grade variability was reduced. The power of cooperative team testing is shown...
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This study examines expressions of altruism and generativity in narratives written by United States citizens and residents in the aftermath of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks. Altruism refers to concern and behavior on behalf of another’s well-being that is not motivated primarily by anticipated self-benefit, while generativity (Erikson, 1...
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This study examined dissociative symptoms in relation to changes in evening salivary cortisol levels after recounting traumatic experiences among 49 women with PTSD for child sexual abuse (CSA). Each woman was interviewed to describe her sexual abuse and was assessed on acute dissociative symptoms in response to a recent stressful event in the prev...
Article
This study was designed to examine the course of psychological distress and pain from study entry to death in 59 women with metastatic breast cancer participating in a randomized trial of the effects of group psychotherapy on psychosocial outcomes and survival. It was hypothesized that psychological distress would increase significantly before deat...
Chapter
Reviewed in this chapter are the concepts of stress and trauma. Included within the chapter are such mental disorders as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), complex PTSD, acute stress disorder, dissociative disorders (dissociative identity, amnesia, fugue, and depersonalization), and conversion disorder. These disorders are classified within thr...
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Considerable evidence suggests that exposure to traumatic events increases the risk of developing anxiety-spectrum disorders in response to later traumatization. We conducted a survey in Guadalajara, Mexico to assess factors associated with acute stress reactions to the assassination of a political figure. Participants included 86 adults who comple...
Article
We examined sleeping problems in women with metastatic breast cancer in relation to depression, social support, and salivary cortisol. Ninety-seven women with metastatic breast cancer were drawn from a larger study on the effects of group therapy on quality of life and survival. This study is based on the baseline assessments conducted prior to ran...
Article
This study examined the effects of a Supportive-Expressive group therapy intervention offered to lesbians with early stage breast cancer. Twenty lesbians diagnosed with breast cancer in the previous 12-months were recruited and assessed at baseline, and at 3, 6, and 12 months after the group intervention. During the 12-week intervention, group memb...
Article
This study examined the concurrent and longitudinal relationships between traumatic stress symptoms and demographic, medical, and psychosocial variables among women recently diagnosed with primary breast cancer. Participants were 117 women drawn from a parent study for women recently diagnosed with primary breast cancer. At baseline, the Impact of...
Article
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Four relatively independent emotion-regulation constructs (suppression of negative affect, restraint, repression, and emotional self-efficacy) were tested as outcomes in a randomized trial of supportive-expressive group therapy for women with metastatic breast cancer. Results indicate that report of suppression of negative affect decreased and rest...
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This article reports on the planning, development, and implementation of a large national Internet-based panel study of how Americans are coping with the terrorist attacks of September 11, 2001. The study was designed to determine predictors and correlates of risk and resilience, both cross-sectionally and longitudinally. In order to acquire timely...
Article
This study examined the concurrent and longitudinal relationships between traumatic stress symptoms and demographic, medical, and psychosocial variables among women recently diagnosed with primary breast cancer. Participants were 117 women drawn from a parent study for women recently diagnosed with primary breast cancer. At baseline, the Impact of...
Article
This study examined the effect of sexual revictimization on information processing of trauma-related stimuli in a sample of child sexual abuse (CSA) survivors diagnosed with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Fifty-one treatment-seeking women participated in this study. Participants completed the Sexual Experiences Survey regarding sexual revict...
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Metastatic breast cancer carries with it considerable psychosocial morbidity. Studies have shown that some patients with metastatic breast cancer experience clinically significant anxiety and depression and traumatic stress symptoms. Supportive-expressive group psychotherapy was developed to help patients with cancer face and adjust to their existe...
Article
This study ex am ined the prev a lence of acute dissociative re ac tions to a re cent stress ful event among 102 male Viet nam vet er ans seek ing help for posttraumatic stress dis or der (PTSD) at a Vet erans Affairs treat ment cen ter. Prior to treat ment, pa tients com pleted a bat tery of ques tion naires, in clud ing the Stan ford Acute Stress...
Article
The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships of coping, attachment style and perceived social support to perceived stress within a sample of HIV-positive persons. Participants were 147 HIV-positive persons (80 men and 67 women). Multiple regression analysis was used to examine the relationships of the demographic variables, AIDS statu...
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Discrepant findings from cognitive science and clinical research underpin the debate regarding the nature of traumatic memory and raise issues regarding the generalizability of conclusions from non-clinical samples to traumatized clinical populations. In the present study, we replicated and extended a cognitive study by Christianson and Loftus (199...
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This study examined levels of intrusion and avoidance symptoms and their relationships to past life stress, current emotional support, disease-related variables, and age in 125 women with metastatic breast cancer. The results indicate that a sizable proportion of these women experienced clinically significant levels of intrusion and avoidance sympt...
Chapter
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The authors propose a diathesis-stress model to describe how pathological dissociation may arise from an interaction between innate hypnotizability and traumatic experience. To support the proposition that pathological dissociation may reflect autohypnotic process, the authors highlight clinical and research data indicating parallels between contro...
Article
Oliver Stone's controversial film, JFK induced an array of psychological sequelae in an educated, politically diverse audience seeing the film under natural circumstances. Fifty-three adults were surveyed as they entered a theater to see the film, while another 54 respondents answered the same questions as they exited from seeing the film. The film...
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Two studies tested the hypothesis that women are more likely than men to focus on themselves and their mood when in a depressed mood, and that this leads them to experience longer periods of depressed mood. In both studies subjects were predominantly Caucasian college students. In our first study, a laboratory study, females chose to engage in an e...
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This experiment compared the emotional, cognitive, and physiological responses of Ss experiencing induced physiological arousal with and without awareness of the source of their arousal. Nine highly hypnotizable Ss and 9 nonhypnotizable controls were used in a within-subjects design. Each S received posthypnotic suggestions for arousal (increases i...
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This article discusses the literature on the possible role of viruses in the development of schizophrenia and outlines the evidence that compelled Crow and Done (1986) to reject a horizontal contagion hypothesis (e.g., sibling to sibling transmission). We posit a genetically determined age after which one becomes vulnerable to the illness, rather t...