Lisa M Boucher

Lisa M Boucher
Bruyère Research Institute

MA (Cognitive Psychology), PhD (Epidemiology and Public Health)

About

26
Publications
1,220
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182
Citations

Publications

Publications (26)
Article
Full-text available
Background The health of people who use drugs (PWUD) is characterized by multimorbidity and chronicity of health conditions, necessitating an understanding of their health care utilization. The objective of this study was to evaluate emergency department (ED) visits and hospital admissions among a cohort of PWUD. Methods We used a retrospective ob...
Article
Full-text available
Background The perspectives of people who use drugs are critical in understanding why people choose to reduce harm in relation to drug use, what practices are considered or preferred in conceptualizations of harm reduction, and which environmental factors interfere with or support the use of harm reduction strategies. This study explores how people...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is common among people who inject drugs (PWID) and is associated with morbidity and premature death. Although HCV can be cured, treatment may be inaccessible. We studied HCV testing, status and treatment among marginalized people who use drugs in Ottawa, Canada, a setting with universal insuranc...
Article
People living with HIV on antiretroviral treatment have significantly improved longevity, but as a result may also face increasing multimorbidity due to aging and long-term medication use. Thus, care needs for this population have evolved to require a chronic disease management approach in which self-management plays a central role. Here we highlig...
Article
Full-text available
Adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is essential to reduce morbidity and mortality among people living with HIV (PLWH). However, adherence remains suboptimal, and PLWH may benefit from more self-management support to address the complexities of chronic illness. Our objective was to identify the impact of peer-led self-management interventions...
Article
Full-text available
Unaffordable housing is a growing crisis in Canada, exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic, yet perspectives of people living outdoors in encampments have primarily gone unheard. We conducted qualitative interviews with encampment residents to explore how mutual support occurred within the social context of encampments. We found that mutually support...
Article
Full-text available
Self-management programs improve health outcomes and self-management is recommended for chronic conditions. Yet chronic disease self-management supports have rarely been applied to people who use drugs (PWUD). Thus, our objective was to explore self-management experiences among marginalized PWUD. We used community-based participatory methods and co...
Article
Objective: To describe team-based care use among a cohort of people who use drugs (PWUD) and to determine factors associated with receipt of team-based care. Design: A cohort study using survey data collected between March and December 2013. These data were then linked to provincial-level health administrative databases to assess patterns of pri...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Housing affects an individual's physical and mental health, particularly among people who use substances. Understanding the association between individual characteristics and housing status can inform housing policy and help optimize the care of people who use drugs. The objective of this study was to explore the factors associated w...
Article
Full-text available
The Life Story Board (LSB) is a visual tool used in therapeutic circumstances to co-construct a lifescape that represents the personal, relational and temporal aspects of a person's lived experiences. We conducted a study of the drug use and harm reduction experiences of people who inject drugs through research interviews using the LSB to determine...
Article
Full-text available
Background There may be less primary health care engagement among people who use drugs (PWUD) than among the general population, even though the former have greater comorbidity and more frequent use of emergency department care. We investigated factors associated with primary care engagement among PWUD. Methods The Participatory Research in Ottawa...
Article
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After publication of the original article [1], we were notified that an author’s name has been incorrectly spelled. Jeff Kwong’s full name is Jeffery C. Kwong.
Article
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Background: Almost 1% of Canadians are hepatitis C (HCV)-infected. The liver-specific complications of HCV are established but the extra-hepatic comorbidity, multimorbidity, and its relationship with HCV treatment, is less well known. We describe the morbidity burden for people with HCV and the relationship between multimorbidity and HCV treatment...
Preprint
Background: Almost 1% of Canadians are hepatitis C (HCV)-infected. The liver-specific complications of HCV are established but the extra-hepatic comorbidity, multimorbidity, and its relationship with HCV treatment, is less well known. We describe the morbidity burden for people with HCV and the relationship between multimorbidity and HCV treatment...
Preprint
Background: Almost 1% of Canadians are hepatitis C (HCV)-infected. The liver-specific complications of HCV are established but the extra-hepatic comorbidity, multimorbidity, and its relationship with HCV treatment, is less well known. We describe the morbidity burden for people with HCV and the relationship between multimorbidity and HCV treatment...
Article
Full-text available
With the advent of continuous antiretroviral therapy, HIV has become a complex chronic, rather than acute, condition. The Chronic Care Model (CCM) provides an integrated approach to the delivery of care for people with chronic conditions that could therefore be applied to the delivery of care for people living with HIV. Our objective was to assess...
Preprint
Background Almost 1% of Canadians are hepatitis C (HCV)-infected. The liver-specific complications of HCV are established but the extra-hepatic comorbidity, multimorbidity, and its relationship with HCV treatment, is less well known. We describe the morbidity burden for people with HCV and the relationship between multimorbidity and HCV treatment i...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: For people living with HIV (PLWH) using continuous antiretroviral therapy, HIV is now a complex chronic condition often managed in primary care settings. The patient-centered medical home (PCMH) is a model to deliver comprehensive, coordinated, and integrated primary care that promotes collaboration between primary and specialist care and...
Article
Full-text available
IntroductionEngagement in primary health care may be lower among marginalized people who use drugs (PWUD) compared to the general population, despite having greater mental and physical healthcare needs as evidenced by higher co-morbidity, and more frequent use of emergency department care. Objectives and ApproachWe investigated which socio-structur...
Chapter
Ethics in participatory research for health and social well-being: Cases and commentaries, edited by Sarah Banks and Mary Brydon-Miller (London, Routledge). This book introduces the key ethical issues in participatory research, drawing on ethical theory and relevant literature before presenting seven substantive chapters, each on a different theme,...
Article
Full-text available
HIV treatment in Canada has rapidly progressed with the advent of new drug therapies and approaches to care. With this evolution, there is increasing interest in Canada in understanding the current delivery of HIV care, specifically where care is delivered, how, and by whom, to inform the design of care models required to meet the evolving needs of...
Data
Canadian HIV clinic survey data. (XLSX)
Data
Canadian HIV clinic survey questionnaire. (DOCX)
Article
Full-text available
Standardized self-management supports are an integral part of care delivery for many chronic conditions. We used the validated Patient Activation Measure (PAM®) to assess level of engagement for self-management from a sample of 165 people living with HIV (PLWH) and 163 people with diabetes. We conducted multivariable logistic regression to assess a...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
Phase 2 of the Participatory Research in Ottawa: Understanding Drugs study involved linking a community survey of 858 marginalized people who use drugs to health administrative databases at the Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences
Project
Conducted by the LHIV Innovation Team, this organizational mixed-methods study explored primary and specialist HIV care settings across Canada.