Lisa Clemence Benson

Lisa Clemence Benson
Clemson University | CU · Department of Engineering and Science Education

Ph.D.

About

126
Publications
12,939
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
985
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2017 - August 2017
Clemson University
Position
  • Professor (Full)
January 2011 - December 2015
Clemson University
Position
  • CAREER: Student Motivation and Learning in Engineering
Description
  • Student motivation, engineering education, critical thinking, problem solving
August 2009 - July 2012
Clemson University
Position
  • CU Thinking
Description
  • engineering education, problem solving, cognitive processes
Education
August 1997 - December 2002
Clemson University
Field of study
  • Bioengineering
January 1985 - August 1986
Clemson University
Field of study
  • Bioengineering
September 1978 - May 1982
University of Vermont
Field of study
  • Bioengineering

Publications

Publications (126)
Article
One facet of motivation relevant to students' learning is their perceptions of the future, including future career goals and how those perceptions influence their present actions; this is collectively referred to as their future time perspective (FTP). This study describes the different FTPs of engineering students. We aim to help researchers and p...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Identity research in engineering education has been expanding to include multiple forms of measurement. While a variety of approaches have successfully contributed to our understanding of identity, mixed method approaches have been utilized minimally in identity research. Therefore, additional insight on the implications and affordances...
Article
This paper examines students’ claims about who can become an engineer and what it takes in engineering culture to be successful. Through longitudinal interviews with 20 undergraduate engineering students, we found that participants’ descriptions of who can ‘do’ engineering were paradoxical. Participants simultaneously maintained that ‘anyone’ could...
Conference Paper
When examining factors affecting student academic success, it is important to consider how these factors interact with one another. Students’ affective attributes are complex in nature; thus, research methods and analyses should holistically examine how these attributes interact, not simply as a set of distinct constructs. Prior research into engin...
Article
Full-text available
Computational thinking is widely recognized as important, not only to those interested in computer science and mathematics but also to every student in the twenty-first century. However, the concept of computational thinking is arguably complex; the term itself can easily lead to direct connection with “computing” or “computer” in a restricted sens...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined two distinct groups of women in engineering (i.e., first-generation and continuing-generation college students) to understand how the engineering role identity constructs of interest, recognition, and performance/competence fostered grit-perseverance of effort and grit-consistency of interest. A survey was administered to first-...
Article
Contribution: This paper found that design experiences can foster engineering identity and belongingness for early career electrical and computer engineering students. Students had different interpretations of what it meant to be an engineer (identity) and their belongingness in engineering. This paper provides novel insights into how students may...
Article
Full-text available
Este estudio multimétodos busca lograr un mejor entendimiento de las razones que pueden motivar a un estudiante a seleccionar una carrera en ingeniería, poniendo énfasis en las diferencias que puedan existir entre alumnos con distintos niveles de habilidades matemáticas. Se recolectó información sobre las experiencias académicas y personales de 560...
Article
Contribution: This paper furthers understanding of how to use studio culture to develop instruction that supports learners' epistemic development in the context of an engineering senior design course, with a focus on student development of epistemic frames. Background: Current capstone engineering design courses do not integrate the educational the...
Article
Full-text available
The rapidly evolving and global field of STEM education has placed ever-increasing calls for interdisciplinary research and the development of new and deeper scholarship in and for STEM education. In this editorial, we focus on the topic of thinking, first with a brief overview of related studies and conceptions in the past. We then problematize a...
Article
The IEEE Education Society, the IEEE Computer Society, and the American Society for Engineering Education Educational Research and Methods Division (ASEE-ERM) sponsored the 48th Frontiers in Education (FIE) Conference in San Jose, CA, USA, held October 3–6, 2018. Claudio R. Brito, President of the IEEE Education Society, and Stephen T. Frezza, Chai...
Article
Full-text available
Contribution: The current study finds that female-identified students report stronger associations between “helping others” and interest in bioengineering/biomedical engineering than non-females, while they report less interest in electrical and computer engineering overall, with similar associations to factors such as “inventing/designing things”...
Article
This mixed methods research study focuses on two relevant factors in students' decisions to pursue and complete an engineering major: mathematics preparation and mathematics self-efficacy. This study describes the relationship of mathematics self-efficacy on engineering students' performance, behavior, and attitudes in their first college mathemati...
Article
Full-text available
Women’s participation in engineering remains well below that of men at all degree levels. However, despite the low enrollment of women in engineering as a whole, some engineering disciplines report above average female enrollment. We used multiple linear regression to examine the attitudes, beliefs, career outcome expectations, and career choice of...
Article
Background Preparing students to solve complex problems is an identified area of need in engineering education. Despite the documented influence of motivation on learning, little research exists that examines how motivation and problem solving in engineering interconnect. Purpose This study explores how engineering students perceive problem solvin...
Article
Students' beliefs about knowledge (epistemic beliefs) and their motivations toward processing information (epistemic motivation) have been suggested as influencing aspects of learning. This study investigated the relationship between engineering students' approach to solving an open-ended homework problem and their epistemic motivation, engineering...
Article
Full-text available
The field of engineering education research is adopting an increasingly diverse range of qualitative methods. These developments necessitate a coherent language and conceptual framework to critically engage with questions of qualitative research quality. This article advances discussions of qualitative research quality through sharing and analyzing...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The National Science Foundation implemented the Robert Noyce Teacher Scholarship Program to encourage science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) majors to transition into K-12 education. One of the aims for grants awarded through this program is to increase the number of current STEM undergraduate majors who are exposed to the teaching...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This work is situated within a larger, explanatory mixed methods project focused on understanding how undergraduates conceptualize their identities as researchers and their engineering epistemic beliefs. We will highlight the nature of the quantitative data, cluster analyses, and characteristics of the resulting clusters. Responses to anchored surv...
Conference Paper
Undergraduate Research Experiences (UREs) have been shown to enhance an undergraduate student’s academic experience, deepen their understanding of their field, and lead to increased retention of undergraduate students within STEM programs. While UREs may improve undergraduate STEM education, not all students can access UREs due to either constraint...
Conference Paper
This study utilized a quantitative survey and open-ended items to understand engineering students' epistemic beliefs and gather content and face validity evidence. The survey included 22 items from the Engineering-Related Beliefs Questionnaire. Fifty undergraduate bioengineering students completed the survey. In addition to responding to the items...
Conference Paper
As the need for qualified science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) graduates increases, there is an accompanying need for improved undergraduate STEM education. Undergraduate Research Experiences (UREs) have been shown to enhance an undergraduate student's academic experience; however, not all students can participate in or have acc...
Article
Undergraduate research experiences provide students the opportunity to solve complex, open-ended problems in their fields. As such, it is expected that these opportunities influence students’ development of problem-solving skills and beliefs about how knowledge is constructed in their fields. This exploratory study utilized a qualitative approach t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Quality assessment of student learning is important in physics education. However, it can be challenging to construct assessments measuring students' understanding of concepts and elicit deeper levels of cognition during problem solving. Tests are common assessments, but students assume test questions will have a numeric or symbolic answer. This st...
Conference Paper
Engineering and Computer Science (E&CS) Education is an emerging discipline and is a subset of the larger field of STEM (science, technology, engineering and math) education. E&CS Education has a relatively brief history, and many individuals who are not directly involved in the discipline are often confused about its purpose. In this special sessi...
Conference Paper
The purpose of this work is to investigate how undergraduate engineering students perceive being recognized as researchers and what they identify to influence their development as researchers. Student responses (n=21) to open-ended survey items were analyzed using qualitative content analysis. The students who participated in this study were from b...
Conference Paper
To increase the number of STEM majors exposed to the teaching profession and applying for undergraduate/graduate education programs, a paid teaching internship program for current STEM undergraduates was created at our institution. This program currently places students with secondary STEM teachers to observe, assist and finally teach under supervi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Undergraduate research experiences have been shown to increase retention, help students clarify career goals, and increase understanding of how research is done. There are a limited number of studies investigating students’ identity development and integration into research communities of practice. Identity development and integration into communit...
Article
Full-text available
International experiences are increasingly viewed as an essential component of engineering education. However, limited research has been conducted that leads to 1) a comprehensive definition of engineering global preparedness, 2) determination of how global preparedness is achieved, or 3) delineation of how particular experiences impact the develop...
Article
Full-text available
The increasingly global scope of engineering requires both academic and industry stakeholders to seek engineering graduates who work effectively with peers from diverse national and cultural backgrounds. As a consequence, U.S. engineering programs are challenged to include international perspectives and experiences through a variety of approaches i...
Article
The Study Cycle is a set of guidelines rich with self-regulated learning (SRL) techniques that enables students to plan, prepare, and enact their studying by focusing on five comprehensive steps: previewing before class, engaging in class, reviewing after class, holding study sessions, and seeking help as a supplement. This paper reports on initial...
Article
This study is situated within a larger project that seeks to understand how students that start in precalculus and struggle in their math courses persist and complete an engineering degree program. The specific aims of this study are to determine 1) the extent to which students that start in precalculus persist in engineering after one year, 2) cor...
Article
The purpose of this research paper is to understand how engineering students' long-term motivation, as previously described qualitatively in terms of student perceptions of future goals, can be explained quantitatively. Future Time Perspective (FTP) served as the theoretical framing for this work, and provides a model for how students' perceptions...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The goal of this study is to enhance research-based practice in engineering education by evaluating the PROCESS assessment tool as a grading rubric in a coordinated first year engineering course. PROCESS is an acronym for a 7-stage model of problem solving: Problem definition, Representing the problem, Organizing information, Calculations, Evaluati...
Article
Full-text available
This study describes the development and structure of a coding scheme for analysing solutions to well-structured problems in terms of cognitive processes and problem-solving deficiencies for first-year engineering students. A task analysis approach was used to assess students’ problem solutions using the hierarchical structure from a theoretical fr...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the teachers' development as scientists for participants in three National Science Foundation Research Experiences for Teachers. Participants included secondary science and math teachers with varying levels of education and experience who were immersed in research environments related to engineering and science topics. Teachers'...
Conference Paper
Engineering and Computer Science (E&CS) Education is an emerging discipline with a brief history and the unfortunate particularity that many folks outside our discipline are confused as to our purpose. In this special session, we will use two case studies to frame the larger questions around E&CS Education goals and help draw the conversation from...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The effect of living-learning communities on students' motivation in engineering and their perceived use of metacognitive strategies were evaluated for first year engineering students using quantitative methods. There were two living-learning communities studied: an honors community and a science and engineering community. Students in both communit...
Article
This work seeks to understand how engineering students' long- Term motivations influence their present actions, such as course work. Future Time Perspective (FTP) and possible selves provided models for how student perceptions of the future can guide their actions in the present. Previously, FTP has been applied in engineering quantitatively to stu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Successful group work requires that students transfer relevant prior knowledge to solve problems. This paper establishes a method to assess dynamic knowledge transfer in a group setting through analysis of a group project in a biomechanics class. Transcripts of student-student and student-instructor interactions were coded for evidence of target to...
Conference Paper
Student motivation is often undervalued in comparison to academic performance measures for evaluating changes in higher education. There is a need to consider the affective domain in reform, in addition to academic performance. The effect of student motivation toward short- and long-term goals on student actions is not well understood. To assess th...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The goal of advancing personalized learning through tailoring instruction to meet students' individual needs requires an analysis of the cognitive processes that lead to discrepancies during learning. This cannot be adequately accomplished using outcome-based scoring methods. The purpose of this research was to test and refine an evidence-based met...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This study seeks to identify factors that contribute to students' motivation to pursue engineering, and to correlate these motivational attributes to problem-solving and knowledge transfer. Understanding these relationships will address one of the greatest challenges facing engineering educators: preparing students for a future of complex problem s...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to determine how a real-world, sustainability-focused engineering capstone course affected students’ critical thinking skills, student knowledge of sustainability, and student and faculty workloads. The research also investigated the effectiveness of a classwide jigsaw team approach. A combination of qualitative and qu...
Article
Full-text available
This phenomenological study examined the impact of Research Experiences for Teachers (RET) teacher-developed curriculum on teaching styles and strategies at two RET sites with common Legacy Cycle training. The study was conducted to assess and document program-specific and National Science Foundation (NSF) goals related to classroom practices and o...
Conference Paper
The limited impact of many engineering education reforms may be due in part to treating engineering as a single monolithic discipline. We are using student motivation to characterize differences in engineering majors in order to inform educational practices and differences in student learning. Here we report on differences in student attitudes towa...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Creating instructional materials that facilitate students' metacognition (activities such as planning, monitoring, and evaluating) and critical thinking is challenging for instructors of first year engineering students. Students come into these programs at various levels of academic preparation, and students may experience cognitive overload when a...
Conference Paper
In first year engineering courses, students possess a wide range of academic preparation such as their exposure to various mathematics courses and pre-engineering programs. Additionally, students bring perceptions about their abilities, and have already begun practicing preferred methods of analysis and documentation. Understanding how students wit...