Lionel Obadia

Lionel Obadia
Université Lumiere Lyon 2 | UL2 · Laboratoire de Recherche Historique Rhône-Alpes (LARHRA)

PhD

About

120
Publications
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194
Citations

Publications

Publications (120)
Article
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The quick and massive developments of digital technologies and tools for communication and connectivity has brought about significant transformations both in the shape and dynamics of cultures. While modernization has generated genuine expressions of culture-some of them are modern or hypermodern while some others are so-called "traditional" or rei...
Article
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This paper explores the new forms assumed by ghost apparitions, through the screens of new communication and information technologies. It analyses the diversity of the manifestations and the channels through which these new ghosts circulate. It opens up a reflection on the continuities and ruptures of the relationships between technologies and spec...
Book
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L'anthropologie a toujours porté un intérêt particulier à la religion, à ses origines, ses formes et ses variations. L'anthropologie des religions est cette branche de l'anthropo-logie générale qui s'est constituée à partir de l'étude de religions (magie, sorcellerie, animisme, totémisme, chamanisme...) et d'objets empiriques (mythes, rites, croyan...
Article
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The lexicon of religion has been widely used in the context of the social and cultural transformations associated with the ‘digital revolution’, whether in metaphoric (digital as religion) or in realistic terms (digital and religion or digitalised religions). The study of digital magic/magic in digital times, the other side of the coin of the Sacre...
Chapter
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Une approche anthropologique de la relation entre rite et ordre social/symbolique
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Fondé sur l’analyse croisée des textes sacrés monothéistes, en particulier du christianisme, d’un corpus filmographique du genre « horreur », et d’une collection de publications académiques et non-académiques, cet article interroge le contenu séman-tique de la notion d’apocalypse, dans le contexte de ce que la culture populaire désigne désormais co...
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Auroville, ville internationale située en Inde du Sud et fondée sur une utopie spirituelle, a récemment fêté un demi-siècle d’existence. Cette ville met en relief les différentes facettes de la catégorie de « terre », notamment ses usages et significations dans les mouvements spirituels néo-orientaux : la terre comme site (résidentiel) d’une commun...
Article
Sur la base d’observations menées dans les grandes villes de France dans les espaces ambulatoires, cette contribution vise à examiner les usages et significations de deux vêtements masculins portés au sein de deux catégories de minorités ethno-religieuses installées en France : le qâmis, cette longue tunique que portent ceux qui entendent signaler...
Article
The relationship between religion and the Internet has been attracting more attention by researchers in recent years. Magic, however, is still relatively overlooked in this area, and has not given rise to influential studies in the field. Based on investigations on the Internet, other new information and communication technologies, and a survey of...
Article
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Urban settings have long been considered by scholars in religion as one of the main sites of the weakening of religion in the past decades, if not the main one. Indeed, according to the master narrative of modernity, urban life and the social and cultural mixing it implies, the quick transformations of traditional institutions that used to rule ent...
Article
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According to the contemporary master narratives, globalization processes entail transformations of territories such as deterritorialization , transnationalisation , and even dissolution since it affects the traditional patterns of spatiality. In the context of globalization, indeed, space might become fluid and rhizoid, but it also can be mineraliz...
Chapter
This paper deals with the issue of ‘Global’ and ‘globalization’ in anthropology, as seen as crucial approaches to ‘circulation’. The discipline, familiar with the study of ‘remote’, ‘primitive’, ‘isolated’ and non-Western societies and culture, has recently jumped in the train of Globalization Studies. But while many scholars believe that Globaliza...
Book
This book offers new perspectives on global phenomena that play a major role in today’s society and deeply shape the actions of individuals, organizations and nations. In a complex and rapidly changing environment, decision-makers need to gain a better understanding of global phenomena to adapt and to anticipate the evolution of the global context....
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The subject matter of this special issue is anything but new: religious diversity has already been widely discussed in theology, philosophy, history and sociology. (Too) many times, however, diversity has been measured against the yardstick of the changing face of monotheistic models of religion (mainly Christianity). Asian religions have stood at...
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Be it considered in a very concrete and empirical way, or on a textual basis, the issue of death has been conceived in Judaism in the awkward paradox of both being crucial and, at the same time, receiving little attention. The theme of death discloses in any case a significant gap between a cosmic eschatology and a personal eschatology. This is pre...
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À partir d’une revue de littérature et d’une mise en perspective des publications récentes sur le thème émergent des économies religieuses, cet article se propose de montrer comment le champ des réflexions autour des relations entre économie et religion s’est récemment restructuré autour d’un « tournant économique » des études sur la religion. Cett...
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Have we finished with superstition, from the point of view of history, of ideas and of psychology? Nothing is less certain. On the basis of some ancient or recent publications on this topic, this article attempts to pinpoint the fact that, owing to the empirical and theoretical topicality of superstition, it certainly deserves better than the ideol...
Book
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Proceedings of the Congress of the Society for the Ethnology of Religion (SEIF) In Memoriam : Leonard Norman Primiano (passed away July 2021)
Book
Quasiment chaque jour, l'actualité fait état d'une crise liée aux appartenances ou aux revendications religieuses, notamment minoritaires. On évoque alors les demandes et habitudes de différentes communautés ou minorités, mais ces deux notions sont loin d'être univoques : leur signification a varié au fil du temps, et les changements rapides de not...
Book
« S’il est une figure qui a marqué, souvent de manière traumatique, l’imagination collective des sociétés occidentales, c’est bien celle de Satan »Qui se cache derrière l’ombre du mal personnifié qui fut aussi nommée Méphisto, Lucifer ou Belzébuth ?L’ouvrage revient sur les origines religieuses de cette figure, profondément ancrée au fondement même...
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Significant theoretical and methodological developments regarding the issue of “belief” and “believing” in social sciences and humanities The aim of this paper is to provide a brief sketch of significant theoretical and methodological developments regarding the issue of “belief” and “believing” in social sciences and humanities. It particularly emp...
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This paper attempts to outline the issue of “territory”, and other related conceptual categories such as “space”, in religious studies. Based on recent as well as older publications, it critically addresses current debates on the ambiguous status of “territory”. In such discussions, the world is generally described in terms of cultural and religiou...
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Relying on a review of recent literature (and, sometimes, older publications), this paper attempts to highlight issues relating to the ‘spatial turn’ in religious studies. It outlines a series of developments in the study of religions related to issues in space, location and territory that have been enhanced by the intellectual framework of globali...
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“Heal the world” ? Globalized Intersections and Hybridizations of Caduceus and Aspergillum Based on the transverse analysis of globalization processes of religions and of medicines, this paper aims at questioning the dynamics of encounter, junction, but as well distinction, between the flows of religion and the parallel travel of secular ideas and...
Article
This chapter seeks to unveil the complex relationships of scientific, moral, and political geography of religions in the context of secular, yet culturally Catholic, France. Issues in geography of religion have surfaced in France, somewhat independently from the spatial turn in social sciences and humanities. The sociological focus on territories r...
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Following the “Internet Revolution”, the creation of online religions (religions mainly existing in the virtual world) gave birth to so-called “parody” or fake cults. One of these “religions”, the Church of the Flying Spaghetti Monster has started as a (an atheist) parody mocking (monotheistic) religious institutions, mostly established and spreadi...
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This paper critically examines and rejects arguments made by contemporary sociologists in France about the appropriateness of Durkheim's sociology in general, and his sociology of religion in particular. A century after the publication of The Elementary Forms, social scientists, especially in Europe, contend that "individualized" spiritualities are...
Article
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Since the few last decades, the present state of religions is recurrently and almost dogmatically presented on the basis of a “deregulation” of the religious field. This process is concomitant with social and cultural mutations (multiculturalism, social differentiation, deinstitutionalization, individualism...) and their corollaries (confessional p...
Article
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Since the few last decades, the present state of religions is recurrently and almost dogmatically presented on the basis of a "deregulation" of the religious field. This process is concomitant with social and cultural mutations (multiculturalism, social differentiation, deinstitutionalization, individualism...) and their corollaries (confessional p...
Article
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From Islam to Judaism? Out of step with the models built by the sociology of religion, a certain from of conversion, rarely if ever studied by social and historical sciences, seems to offer a counter-model. The conversion of Muslims to Judaism is discreet and restricted, yet it is clearly exists as a paradoxical indicator of a limited window betwee...
Article
Un peu partout dans le monde, les antiques traditions religieuses - bouddhisme, christianisme, islam - comme les " nouvelles religiosités " - mouvances sectaires et spiritualités alternatives -, s'accommodent d'une mondialisation économique qui, pourtant, véhicule des valeurs et des logiques apparemment opposées à celles de la religion. Hostiles, p...
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Terminology of religious sciences and anthropological vocabulary Observing the words used by anthropologists to talk about what is considered “religious” reveals the remarkably complex relationships that exist between the words and the objects they supposedly designate. The author outlines a history of anthropological vocabulary and provides an inv...
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The Jubus, Jewish-Buddhists, “a Mixed Judaism”? In the three last decades, in North America, Western Europe and Israel, the jubus (Jewish-Buddhists) are the promoters of a genuine spiritual symbiosis. Based upon first-hand ethnography and second hand documentary material, this paper aims at highlighting the cultural and religious intermingling betw...
Chapter
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France, the "elder daughter of the Church", although self-considered as a country of "religious freedom" according to the principles of secularism (laïcité), has recently framed new legal codes for the public expressions of religiosity, targeting especially foreign religions, such as Islam. The tolerance of national institutions towards this "repul...
Article
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Avec Le totémisme aujourd’hui , Lévi-Strauss (1962) pensait refermer la page d’un des plus fameux débats de l’anthropologie et de l’anthropologie des religions, sur une catégorie conceptuelle dont la consistance et la portée transculturelle ont été âprement discutées. Déplaçant la question de l’universalité des attributs empiriques du culte vers l’...
Article
Les Églises sont soumises depuis quelques années à une question cruciale : que faire d'un patrimoine foncier immense au moment où les pratiquants sont de moins en moins nombreux ? Ce volume propose une réflexion en quatre temps : - une plongée dans le temps pour étudier l'ancienneté du phénomène et montrer comment des édifices ont été requalifiés ;...
Article
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Cet article entend explorer une sémiotique sociale des bouddhiste s, laquelle se propose d’approcher la question des usages sociaux des signes de l’« être bouddhiste », des modalités de décryptage de l’adhésion au bouddhisme par l’affichage de signes comportementaux, discursifs ou vestimentaires, au sein des communautés elles-mêmes. Autant de marqu...
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Buddhism, a globalizing religion, offers a remarkable opportunity to test different hypotheses and models coined in the field of “economics of religion.” Since their foundation over 25 centuries ago, Buddhist ethics have always epitomized extra-worldly and noneconomic philosophies of renunciation. And in the context of globalization, contemporary B...
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The "economics of religion" has grown into a new and groundbreaking approach to the study of religious beliefs, preferences, attitudes, belongings, organizations, and dynamics. This chapter circumscribes its epistemological area, outlines some of the major developments in the field, allows place for the presentation of both important theoretical mo...
Chapter
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Introduction: Globalization and Religious StudiesTheories of Globalization, Theories of Religion: from Modernization to GlobalizationContrasted Images of Global ConditionsReligion in Global SocietyGlobal Flows: a World of “Migrations” and “Missions”?World Religions and GlobalizationNew Religious Movements and GlobalizationNon-Institutionalized, Pop...
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Fonde sur des materiaux ethnographiques et une analyse de la litterature ethnologique, cet article explore la question des rapports entre le tourisme international et les mutations sociales et culturelles qui sont supposees en decouler. Confrontes a un tourisme de masse, les Sherpas, residents de souche tibetaine du Nord Nepal, « jouent » leur iden...
Article
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During the four last decades, Asian medical and religious systems have poured into and become rooted in Western societies. The visibility of “Asian” or Asian-inspired practices and beliefs – whether therapeutic or not – epitomizes a wide-scale phenomenon, one that some authors, like Campbell (1999) have called an “easternization” of the West. Howev...
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Discourse and religion : a synoptic approach in Sociology and Anthropology This paper attempts an exploration of the issue of speech and discourse, as yet little developed in the social sciences of religion. Although theoretically almost undetermined, speech and discourse are crucial issues in the study of religion (especially social sciences such...
Article
The North-East regions of Nepal are an area of intense human flow where two forms of nomadism meet and interact: respectively, the Tibetan Diaspora, and the Western tourist circuits. The complex and diverse forms, modes and volumes of nomad displacement, plus the reasons for doing so, reveal (i) a dual, interrelated dynamic of deterritorialization...
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Based upon recent observations of the Sherpas’ attitudes towards ‘development’ and tourism, this paper attempts to question the parallel transformations of the ecological settings and representations of this ethnic group living in Northern Nepal. The religion and ecology of the Sherpas features a mix of Buddhism, Shamanism and Animism. Whilst the e...

Questions

Question (1)
Question
Does anybody knows if there exist somewhere an updated database or a website providing solid worldwide statistics regarding religious organisations and adherents, other than statista.com or pewresearchcenter ? any published directory or handbook with a robust and reliable methodology and data ?
thanks in advance

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
the study of non-monotheistic forms of beliefs in the digital environment