Linda Mechling

Linda Mechling
University of North Carolina at Wilmington | UNCW · Department of Early Childhood, Elementary, Middle, Literacy and Special Education

About

57
Publications
31,694
Reads
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2,816
Citations
Citations since 2016
1 Research Item
1452 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250
2016201720182019202020212022050100150200250

Publications

Publications (57)
Article
In this study, the effectiveness of a "hands free" approach for operating video prompts to complete multi-step tasks was measured. Students advanced the video prompts by using a motion (hand wave) over a proximity sensor switch. Three young adult females with a diagnosis of moderate intellectual disability participated in the study. Effectiveness o...
Article
The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of three video perspectives: point-of-view, scene view, and a combination of point-of-view and scene view on task completion by three young adults with moderate intellectual disability. The comparison was made, using an Adapted Alternating Treatments Design, across three sets of fundamentally dif...
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Two different video-based procedures for presenting the passage of time (how long a step lasts) were examined. The two procedures were presented within the framework of video prompting to promote independent multi-step task completion across four young adults with moderate intellectual disability. The two procedures demonstrating passage of the des...
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Full-text available
This study compared the effects of three procedures (video prompting: VP, video modeling: VM, and continuous video modeling: CVM) on task completion by three high school students with moderate intellectual disability. The comparison was made across three sets of fundamentally different tasks (putting away household items in clusters of two items; m...
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This investigation examined the ability of four adults with moderate intellectual disability to complete multi-component tasks using continuous video modeling. Continuous video modeling, which is a newly researched application of video modeling, presents video in a "looping" format which automatically repeats playing of the video while the individu...
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the ability of four high school-aged students with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder and moderate intellectual disability to generalize performance of skills when using materials different from those presented through video models. An adapted alternating treatments design was used to evaluate student...
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The study compared the effects of using commercially available and custom-made video prompts on the completion of cooking recipes by four high school age males with a diagnosis of autism. An adapted alternating treatments design with continuous baseline, comparison, final treatment, and best treatment condition was used to compare the two procedure...
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the capacity of three young adults with intellectual disability to independently operate a touch screen tablet, including examining their ability to navigate between three different menu screens, each with four different touch point options (branching and to access and complete multi-step tasks using video...
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The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of two forms of video modeling: video modeling that includes narration (VMN) and video models without narration (VM) on skill acquisition of four adolescent boys with a primary diagnosis of autism enrolled in an Extended School Year (ESY) summer program. An adapted alternating treatment design wa...
Article
This study evaluated the acquisition of use of an iPhone 4 by adults with moderate intellectual disability to take and send video captions of their location when lost in the community. A multiple probe across participants design was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the intervention which used video modeling, picture prompts, and instructor pro...
Article
The study employed a multiple probe design to investigate the effects of computer-based instruction (CBI) and a forward chaining procedure to teach manual spelling of words to three young adults with moderate intellectual disability in a small group arrangement. The computer-based program included a tablet PC whereby students wrote words directly o...
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of a system of least prompts procedure with a video prompt serving as the model in teaching office tasks to three high school students with moderate intellectual disability. A multiple probe across behaviors design replicated across participants was used to evaluate the intervention. The depende...
Article
To successfully integrate technology into any educational program, practitioners need awareness of available technology, an understanding of how it can assist with instruction, knowledge of ways it can support day‐to‐day activities and, finally, the ability to teach students as well as educators to use the technology. The proliferation of advanced...
Article
This investigation examined the effects of video modeling on the fine and gross motor task performance by three students with a diagnosis of moderate intellectual disability (Group 1) and by three students with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder (Group 2). Using a multiple probe design across three sets of tasks, the study examined the effecti...
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Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of video modeling on the performance of fine and gross motor skills comprising multi-step tasks. Six home living tasks, which included both fine and gross motor skills, were included in the study and were completed by four adults with moderate intellectual disability. A multiple probe design acr...
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Three male high school students with autism spectrum disorders participated in this study. Vocational and daily living skills were taught using video prompting via an iPhone. Specifically, using a washing machine, making noodles, and using a copy machine were taught. A multiple probe design across behaviors replicated across participants was used t...
Article
This study compared the effects of video models with and without verbal cuing (voice over) on the completion of fine motor cooking related tasks by four young adults with moderate intellectual disability. The effects of the two modeling conditions were compared using an adapted alternating treatments design with an extended baseline, comparison, fi...
Article
This investigation compared the ability of students with disabilities to complete fine motor tasks when presented with video models on a small personal digital assistant (PDA) screen and a traditional computer laptop screen. Two groups of elementary age students participated in the study: four with moderate intellectual disabilities (Moderate ID),...
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The purpose of this investigation was to compare fine motor task completion when using video models presented on a smaller screen size (Personal Digital Assistant) compared to a larger laptop screen size. The investigation included four high school students with autism spectrum disorders and mild to moderate intellectual disabilities and used an ad...
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Use of portable electronic devices by persons with moderate intellectual disabilities and autism spectrum disorders is gaining increased research attention. The purpose of this review was to synthesize twenty-first century literature (2000-2010) focusing on these technologies. Twenty-one studies were identified which evaluated use of: (a) media pla...
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This investigation examined the effects of computer-based video self-modeling on the receptive understanding of six prepositions by three students with a diagnosis of moderate intellectual disabilities. Using a multiple probe design across three sets of prepositions, video captions were paired with photographs on the computer in order to simulate a...
Article
The purpose of this study was to evaluate use of a personal digital assistant (PDA) with picture, auditory, and video prompts as a portable self-prompting device to facilitate independent pedestrian travel by three high school age students with moderate intellectual disabilities. Using a multiple probe design across three destinations and their res...
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The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of a Personal Digital Assistant with multiple prompt levels to increase completion of novel task boxes and transitioning within and between tasks. The study used a multiple probe design across three sets of task boxes replicated with three students with a diagnosis of autism spectrum disorder. Resul...
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This review provides a summary and appraisal commentary on the treatment review by Marcus, A., & Wilder, D. A. (2009). A comparison of peer video modeling and self-video modeling to teach textual responses in children with autism. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 42, 335–341.
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Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether the use of a personal digital assistant (PDA), with picture, auditory, and video prompts, would serve as a portable self-prompting device to facilitate independent task performance by high school age students with moderate intellectual disabilities. A multiple probe design was used across three cook...
Article
This study investigated the effectiveness of computer-based video instruction (CBVI) to teach three young adults with moderate intellectual disabilities to push a "request to stop bus signal" and exit a city bus in response to target landmarks. A multiple probe design across three students and one bus route was used to evaluate effectiveness of the...
Article
The preferences of students with autism for watching themselves, a familiar adult, or a familiar peer in video recordings were examined. A multi-stimulus video preference assessment was used to evaluate the preferences of five students with autism. Three video options of a preferred activity (e.g., vacuuming) or daily/routine activity (e.g., snack...
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Full-text available
In this study, a personal digital assistant (PDA) with picture, auditory, and video prompts with voice over, was evaluated as a portable self-prompting device for students with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). Using a multiple probe design across three cooking recipes and replicated with three students with ASD, the system was tested for its effecti...
Article
This investigation compared the use of static picture prompting in a cookbook format, and video prompting to self-prompt four students with moderate intellectual disabilities to independently complete multi-step cooking tasks. An adapted alternating treatments design (AATD) with baseline, alternating treatments, and final treatment condition, was r...
Article
This article reports on two studies investigating the use of computer-based stimuli that may then be used to develop activities and programming for students with profound multiple disabilities (PMD). Both studies used an alternating treatments design and systematic assessment strategy to present stimuli sequentially and to measure student responses...
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This study compared the effects of static photographs and video prompts on the independent performance of cooking related tasks by six young adults with moderate intellectual disabilities. An adapted alternating treatment design with baseline and final treatment phase was used to measure the percentage of tasks correctly completed by each student a...
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This study evaluated the effectiveness of video modeling to teach fire extinguishing behaviors to three young adults with moderate intellectual disabilities. A multiple probe design across three fire extinguishing behaviors and replicated across three students was used to evaluate the effectiveness of the video-based program. Results indicate that...
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This study compared the effectiveness of SMART Board, interactive whiteboard technology and traditional flash cards in teaching reading in a small-group instructional arrangement. Three students with moderate intellectual disabilities were taught to read grocery store aisle marker words under each condition. Observational learning (students learnin...
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This investigation examined the effectiveness of teaching letter sounds in a small group arrangement using computer-assisted instruction with SMART Board technology and a 3s constant time delay procedure to three students with learning disabilities. A multiple probe design across letter sound sets and replicated across students evaluate the effecti...
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Full-text available
This study compared the effectiveness of static photographs and video prompts on the independent task performance of six young men with a diagnosis of autism. An adapted alternating-treatment design with baseline, comparison, withdrawal, and final treatment conditions was used to measure the percentage of cooking-related tasks completed independent...
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This review synthesizes the empirical literature (1986-2006) focusing on teaching cooking skills to persons with moderate to severe intellectual disabilities. Twenty-two studies were identified which provided information on four forms of technologies currently being used to teach food preparation: (a) picture-based systems; (b) Palmtop personal (ha...
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This review synthesizes the empirical literature (1976-2006) focusing on teaching personal safety skills to persons with intellectual disabilities. Thirty-six investigations were identified which provided information on six areas of instruction: (a) pedestrian/street crossing safety; (b) home accident prevention; (c) application of first aid (inclu...
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This study evaluated the effectiveness of a portable DVD player plus the system of least prompts (SLP) for DVD player use as a self-prompting device to teach cooking tasks to three young adults with moderate intellectual disabilities. A multiple probe design across three cooking tasks and replicated across three students was used to evaluate the ef...
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Full-text available
The effects of SMART Board technology, an interactive electronic whiteboard, and a 3s constant time delay (CTD) procedure was evaluated for teaching sight word reading to students with moderate intellectual disabilties within a small group arrangment. A multiple probe design across three word sets and replicated with three students was used to eval...
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This paper summarizes the results of a review of the empirical literature (1990-2005) focusing on use of assistive technology as a self-management tool for persons with intellectual disabilities. Forty investigations were identified which provided information on assistive technology to assist persons with disabilities to initiate and complete daily...
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This study evaluated the effectiveness of computer-based video instruction (CBVI) to teach three young adults with moderate intellectual disabilities to perform complex, multiple step, job tasks in a generalized setting. A multiple probe design across three job tasks and replicated across three students was used to evaluate the effectiveness of CBV...
Article
The effects of three classes of reinforcing stimuli were compared across three students with profound intellectual disabilities. A multielement design with no baseline and final "best treatments" phase was used to measure the frequency of single-switch activations by each student across treatments. The three interventions were Treatment A, adapted...
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Task completion time Was substantially decreased for tWo middle school students With a diagnosis of moderate mental retardation and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) folloWing the presentation of high-preference items and choice via a computer-based video program. The study used an ABAB design to evaluate the effects of the program compared to tangibl...
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In the study reported on here, the authors used computer-based video instruction (CBVI) to teach 3 high school students with moderate or severe intellectual disabilities how to order in fast-food restaurants by using an augmentative, alternative communication device. The study employed a multiple probe design to institute CBVI as the only intervent...
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This paper summarizes the results of a review of the empirical literature (1999-2003) focusing on the use of instructor-created video recording incorporating personalized video to teach individuals with disabilities. Twenty-four investigations were identified which provided information on several effective procedures. Six areas of research on instr...
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Computer-based video instruction (CBVI) was used to teach verbal responses to questions presented by cashiers and purchasing skills in fast food restaurants. A multiple probe design across participants was used to evaluate the effectiveness of CBVI. Instruction occurred through simulations of three fast food restaurants on the computer using video...
Article
Research supports the importance of teaching skills within the contexts that they will be used (Falvey, 1989; Nietupski, Clancy, Wehrmacher, & Parmer, 1985), yet many school-based programs face resource constraints which limit the number of opportunities where instruction can occur in authentic, community-based settings. When community-based instru...
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This study investigated the effectiveness of a multimedia program (interactive computer program, video captions, and still photographs) to teach 3 students with moderate intellectual disabilities to make purchases using a debit card and an automated payment machine (APM). A multiple probe design across participants was used to evaluate the effectiv...
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Full-text available
The purpose of the study was to evaluate use of multi-media instruction to teach students with intellectual disabilities to locate grocery items by reading words on aisle signs that are associated with the target item word. A multiple probe design across three sets of word pairs, replicated across 3 students with mild to moderate intellectual disab...
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Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the use of computer-based video instruction to teach generalized reading of words found on grocery store aisle signs and the location of the corresponding grocery items within those aisles. A multiple probe design across three sets of words, replicated across four students with moderate intellectual disabil...
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This study was designed to evaluate the use of computer-based video anchors to increase photograph recognition by students with severe intellectual disabilities. Specifically, this study investigated the effectiveness and efficiency of using a computer-based presentation program with embedded video anchors for encouraging photograph recognition rel...
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Full-text available
This study evaluates the use of a combination audio and visual prompting system to increase independent task completion by students with moderate intellectual disabilities. The prompting system involved the use of a currently available, electronic, augmentative communication device which employs the use of picture overlays and recorded speech for b...

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