Linda Juang

Linda Juang
Universität Potsdam

PhD in Developmental Psychology

About

119
Publications
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Introduction
I am a Professor at the University of Potsdam, Germany. My research focuses on the social and emotional adjustment of adolescents and college students of immigrant families. I am interested in immigration-related issues such as acculturation, ethnic identity, family relations, and racial/ethnic discrimination. http://www.uni-potsdam.de/inklusion/juang/juang.html https://diversitygrouppotsdam.wordpress.com/

Publications

Publications (119)
Chapter
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This chapter reviews what we currently know about Asian American parental racial-ethnic socialization and provides historical context as well as an outlook for future directions. We first define racial-ethnic socialization and provide a brief history of immigration and racialized experiences of Asians in America. We then present a thorough review o...
Article
Objective: We examined whether two key emotion regulation strategies, cognitive reappraisal and expressive suppression, moderated the relations between discrimination (i.e., foreigner objectification and general denigration) and adjustment. Methods: Participants were U.S. Latino/a and Asian-heritage college students (N = 1,279, 67% female, 72% U...
Article
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Objective: To develop a measure of parental racial-ethnic socialization that is appropriate for Asian American families. Method: To test the reliability and validity of this new measure, we surveyed 575 Asian American emerging adults (49% female, 79% U.S. born). Results: Using exploratory and confirmatory factor analyses, the results show 7 re...
Article
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Adopting a risk and resilience perspective, the current study examined whether family cohesion and peer support functioned as protective factors against the negative effects of racial/ethnic discrimination by peers. The sample included 142 ethnically diverse college students. The results showed that while greater perceived discrimination was relate...
Article
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In this study we examined whether experiences of discrimination during childhood and adolescence were told to parents, the reasons for not telling, and whether telling was associated with adolescent characteristics and aspects of the current parent–child relationship. The sample included 200 ethnically diverse college students. Results supported a...
Article
Robust research continues to broaden and deepen the field’s understanding of immigrants’ ethnic-racial identity and mental health. We highlight opportunities to pioneer the literature by questioning “who” is meant by immigrant (clearly defining generational status, going beyond covariate and difference-based approaches, focusing on immigrants from...
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In 1988 the youth‐led movement “Schools without racism, schools with courage” was established in Belgium and quickly spread throughout Europe. German schools adopted this movement in 1995. Decades later, racism is not yet a strong developmental science research topic for studies of youth in Germany and Europe. In this commentary we argue that it sh...
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Schools are key contexts for the development of adolescents’ critical consciousness. We explored how three dimensions of the classroom cultural diversity climate (critical consciousness, color-evasion, and multiculturalism) related to adolescents’ critical reflection (i.e., perceived societal Islamophobia) and intended critical action (i.e., politi...
Article
Objectives: The major global problems of our day, including mass displacement, climate change, violence, and pandemic, necessitate global solutions. In a world where injustice and inequities are rampant, psychologists stand at the precipice of social change and action, with an opportunity to unambiguously decolonize our research methodologies, and...
Article
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Being perceived as a foreigner regardless of one’s generational status, citizenship, or self-identification is called foreigner objectification. This is a form of identity denial and is linked to psychological distress. To test how foreigner objectification could be measured in Europe, we assessed whether the Foreigner Objectification Scale demonst...
Article
Racism and xenophobia are not just the problems of the adult world. As systems of beliefs, practices, and policies, racism and xenophobia influence children’s perceptions and experiences at early ages. Because families can be significant sources of information regarding race and ethnicity, we focus on the family to understand the broader context of...
Article
How youth come to understand their social identities and their relation to others’ identities can have important implications for the future of our society. In this article, we focus on how ethnic-racial identities (ERI) can serve to promote (or hinder) collective well-being. We first describe the nature of change in ethnic-racial identities over t...
Article
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Background: Culturally diverse schools contribute to adolescents' intergroup relations. Complex and inclusive social identities are mechanisms that can explain the link between structural school cultural diversity (i.e., proportion of students of immigrant descent and the number of different ethnic groups) and positive intergroup relations. We exp...
Article
Objective: Linked fate, or the degree to which individuals feel that their lives are tied to other group members' lives, can mobilize collective action and strengthen commonalities. Yet, linked fate remains underresearched, particularly among Asian Americans and Latinxs. Method: Using the 2016 Collaborative Multiracial Postelection Survey, the p...
Article
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Ethnic-racial identity (ERI) is an important aspect of youth development and has been well-studied for the last several decades. One issue less discussed is how the construct of ERI translates across different countries and cultures. The purpose of our paper is to describe the sociohistorical context of Germany and implications for the study of eth...
Article
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Despite evidence that acculturation hassles (such as discrimination and language hassles) relate to poorer adjustment for adolescents of immigrant descent, we know less about the psychological processes underlying these associations. In this study, we test whether reduced psychological needs satisfaction in terms of a lower sense of belonging, auto...
Article
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The color-evasive ideology (commonly termed "colorblindness") proposes that ethnic and cultural group memberships should be deemphasized. Yet there is a conceptual confusion around the meaning and measurement of color-evasiveness, and this construct is not used consistently in the international as well as German literature. Our purpose is to invest...
Article
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We examined whether German adolescents who participated in an adapted 8-week school-based intervention, the Identity Project, reported greater changes in heritage and global identities and perceptions of classroom cultural climate. We used a longitudinal, wait-list control design pooling eight classrooms across the school years of 2018-2019 and 201...
Article
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Although developmental science has always been evolving, these times of fast-paced and profound social and scientific changes easily lead to disori- enting fragmentation rather than coherent scien- tific advances. What directions should developmen- tal science pursue to meaningfully address real- world problems that impact human development through...
Article
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Migration is not a new phenomenon. However, recent data indicate that unprecedented numbers of people have experienced forced migration around the world with 51% under the age of 18 years. How can educational policies and practices respond sensitively to increasing cultural and migration‐based diversity? The purpose of this special section that inc...
Article
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The increasing application of intersectionality to the psychological study of identity development raises questions regarding how we as researchers construct and operationalize social identity categories, as well as how we best capture and address systems of oppression and privilege within our work. In the continental European context, the use of t...
Article
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We examined how perceived acculturation expectations from parents and school, and ethnic discrimination predicted early adolescents' heritage and mainstream acculturation orientations at home (private domain) and in school (public domain) one year later. We surveyed 263 early adolescents of immigrant background in Germany (M age = 10.44 years, 60%...
Article
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Acculturation and developmental theories and frameworks have merged steadily to portray the development and adaptation of immigrant children more comprehensively. In this article, we trace this evolution to show how research has increasingly provided greater specificity in identifying the domains, dimensions, and contexts of acculturation processes...
Article
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Adolescents growing up in culturally diverse societies need to develop intercultural competence. To better understand how to develop intercultural competence we need measures specifically relating to the everyday intercultural experiences of adolescents. However, few measures of in-tercultural competence are available for this target group. Based o...
Article
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Culturally diverse schools may constitute natural arenas for training crucial intercultural skills. We hypothesized that a classroom cultural diversity climate fostering contact and cooperation and multiculturalism, but not a climate fostering color‐evasion, would be positively related to adolescents' intercultural competence. Adolescents in North...
Article
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The full article can be viewed through this link: https://authors.elsevier.com/a/1ZRRCXTj00uIf _______________________________________________________________________________ Intercultural friendships are a powerful form of intergroup contact to reduce prejudice (Pettigrew, 1998). Little is known about if and how intercultural friendships may also...
Article
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This study investigated how peers can contribute to cultural minority students’ cultural identity, life satisfaction, and school values (school importance, utility, and intrinsic values) by talking about cultural values, beliefs, and behaviours associated with heritage and mainstream culture (peer cultural socialisation). We further distinguished b...
Article
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Despite growing European and global interconnectedness, questions of national identity have only gained in importance in recent years. Yet the role researchers play in perpetuating norms of national belonging has gone largely unexamined. Who is included in unmarked national group labels such as German, Dutch, or Danish, who is understood as Other,...
Article
The aim of our study was twofold: to examine (a) whether the link between racial discrimination and adjustment showed age-related changes across early to late adolescence for Chinese-heritage youth and (b) whether the age-related associations of the discrimination–adjustment link differed by gender, nativity, and geographical region. We pooled two...
Article
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Recent discursive research has built on Michael Billig's theory of banal nationalism, arguing that minoritized individuals who explicitly claim adherence to a national group may be further marginalized from a perceived majority who view such acts as socially undesirable. In Germany, a master narrative of muted national pride precludes hot nationali...
Article
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García Coll et al.’s (1996) integrative model was a landmark article for developmental science, and for psychology more broadly, in outlining the multitude of social and cultural factors at play when seeking to understand the development of racial/ethnic minority children. The time is ripe to not only take stock of those advances but also evaluate...
Article
Recent discursive research has built on Michael Billig's theory of banal nationalism, arguing that minoritized individuals who explicitly claim adherence to a national group may be further marginalized from a perceived majority who view such acts as socially undesirable. In Germany, a master narrative of muted national pride precludes hot nationali...
Article
Full-text available
Turkish heritage students are underrepresented at university-track secondary schools in Germany, yet the institutional discrimination contributing to this ongoing disparity often remains unquestioned, situated within inequitable norms of belonging. Drawing on critical race theory and a risk and resilience framework, the current study investigated t...
Article
Children of immigrants represent one in four children in the United States and will represent one in three children by 2050. Children of Asian and Latino immigrants together represent the majority of children of immigrants in the United States. Children of immigrants may be immigrants themselves, or they may have been born in the United States to f...
Preprint
The purpose of this conceptual paper is to advance theory and research on one critical aspect of the context of ethnic/racial identity (ERI) development: ethnic/racial settings, or the objective and subjective nature of group representation within an individual’s context. We present a new conceptual framework that consists of four dimensions: 1) pe...
Preprint
The purpose of this conceptual paper is to advance theory and research on one critical aspect of the context of ethnic/racial identity (ERI) development: ethnic/racial settings, or the objective and subjective nature of group representation within an individual’s context. We present a new conceptual framework that consists of four dimensions: 1) pe...
Article
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Growing up in multicultural environments, Turkish-heritage individuals in Europe face specific challenges in combining their multiple cultural identities to form a coherent sense of self. Drawing from social identity complexity, this study explores four modes of combining cultural identities and their variation in relational contexts. Problem-cente...
Article
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Schools are important for the academic and socio-emotional development, as well as acculturation of immigrant- and refugee-background youth. We highlight individual differences which shape their unique experiences, while considering three levels of the school context in terms of how they may affect adaptation outcomes: (1) interindividual interacti...
Preprint
Migration is a critical issue for child development in the 21st century. We expand on García Coll et al.’s (1996) integrative model of minority child development by drawing from principles of attachment theory and interpersonal relationships research to offer new insights into how youth manage and respond to migration experiences. Immigrant and ref...
Preprint
García Coll and colleagues’ (1996) integrative model was a landmark paper for developmental science, and psychology more broadly, in outlining the multitude of social and cultural factors at play when seeking to understand the development of racial/ethnic minority children. The time is ripe to not only take stock of those advances, but also to eval...
Article
Full-text available
Migration is a critical issue for child development in the 21st century. We expand on García Coll et al.’s (1996) integrative model of minority child development by drawing from principles of attachment theory and interpersonal relationships research to offer new insights into how youth manage and respond to migration experiences. Immigrant and ref...
Article
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Studies of Asian American parenting have primarily focused on first generation immigrant parents. Few studies have examined the experiences of second generation Asian American adults who are now having children of their own. The purpose of this qualitative study, then, is to better understand the values, practices, and concerns of second generation...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to examine time-varying associations of parent-adolescent cultural conflict with depressive symptoms and grade point average (GPA) among Chinese Americans from ages 11-22. We pooled two independently collected longitudinal datasets (N = 760 at Wave 1) and used time-varying effect modeling (TVEM) to show that the freque...
Preprint
This study examined change in acculturation values and behavior among 310 Chinese American adolescents, and how patterns of change were related to key demographic variables and indicators of positive youth development. Dual process group-based trajectory models of change in U.S. and Chinese values and behaviors indicated a six-group solution for ea...
Article
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Objectives: Integrating research on intergroup contact and intercultural relations, we investigated effects of 2 types of cultural diversity norms (equality/inclusion and cultural pluralism) on outgroup orientation and perceived discrimination among students of immigrant and nonimmigrant background. Method: Our sample comprised 1,975 6th graders...
Article
This study examined change in acculturation values and behavior among 310 Chinese American adolescents, and how patterns of change were related to key demographic variables and indicators of positive youth development. Dual process group-based trajectory models of change in U.S. and Chinese values and behaviors indicated a six-group solution for ea...
Article
Full-text available
We investigated intercultural competence among immigrant and non-immigrant background adolescents in multiethnic schools in relation to intercultural contact, age, and ethnic identity exploration. The sample included 631 adolescents in Germany (49.4% of immigrant background, 48.2% female), aged 11 to 18 years (Mage= 13.69 years, SDage = 1.83). Inte...
Article
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As part of an outreach initiative by the Natural History Museum in Vienna, Austria, an interdisciplinary educational module was developed to teach students about sustainability through the lens of mineral resources used to produce mobile phones. The overall goal of the module is to provide teachers of different subjects with a multifaceted tool to...
Article
The current study investigates two types of cultural diversity approaches at school, namely (1) fostering equality and (2) promoting cultural pluralism. Adopting a mixed-methods design, this study assesses teachers' (n = 207) and students' (n = 1,644) self-reported perceptions of descriptive norms and evaluates school practices and artefacts in the...
Article
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The Culturally Responsive Classroom Management Self-Efficacy Scale (CRCMSES; Siwatu, Put-man, Starker-Glass, & Lewis, 2015) was developed to assess teacher self-efficacy in using culturally responsive classroom management skills. The present study aims at verifying the dimensio-nal structure of the CRCMSES with exploratory and confirmatory factor a...
Technical Report
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_________________________________________________________________ Zusammenfassung: Eine Hauptaufgabe für AusbilderInnen zukünftiger Lehrkräfte ist es Rahmenbedingungen zu schaffen, in denen sich die angehenden Lehrkräfte mit ihren persönlichen und pädagogischen Überzeugungen zu kultureller Vielfalt im Ausbildungskontext aus-einandersetzen können. D...
Chapter
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This chapter emphasizes the importance of paying special attention to the family context for immigrant youth. Some key considerations for immigrant families, including separation and reunification, cultural and language brokering, acculturative gaps, and family conflict, are described. Case vignettes are used to illuminate these experiences, in ord...
Book
CULTURE AND PSYCHOLOGY, 6th Edition illustrates how and why culture influences mental processes and behaviors in humans, and is relevant for anyone interacting with people from different cultures. Incorporating current research that highlights the relationship between culture and psychology, the authors use a cross-cultural framework that gives stu...
Article
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This 2014 review of Asian American psychology is the sixth review in the series. It includes 316 articles that met the inclusion criteria established by the past 5 annual reviews. Featured articles were derived from 3 sources: 137 were generated via the search term "Asian American" in PsycINFO, 111 were generated via a search for specific Asian Ame...
Technical Report
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Zusammenfassung: Dem Inklusionsgedanken folgend hat jedes Kind, unabhängig von seiner Geschichte und seinen Ausgangsbedingungen, das Recht auf eine hochwertige Bildung. Gleichzeitig weisen Schulklassen eine immer höhere kulturelle Vielfalt auf. Trotzdem gibt es in Deutschland bisher wenig Forschung zum Umgang mit kultureller und migrati-onsbasierte...
Article
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The present study examined the mediating role of ethnic identity in the relation between family ethnic socialization and psychological well-being among Asian American college students. In addition, it explored the moderating role of gender in the pathways among 3 variables. Participants were 970 Asian American college students who were part of the...
Article
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To better understand emerging adults’ perceptions of family interactions and value transmission to the next generation, we examined Hmong American emerging adults’ reflections on their parents’ parenting. Participants discussed what parenting practices they would do differently and others they hoped to emulate with their future adolescent children....
Article
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The present study examined relations between secondary students’ perceived participation opportunities in math class, perceived math teachers’ social support, perceived structuredness in math class and students interest in math. Thereby the role of students’ gender for these relations was analysed. Questionnaire data from 424 students in grades 8,...
Article
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Ethnic group discrimination represents a notable risk factor that may contribute to mental health problems among ethnic minority college students. However, cultural resources (e.g., ethnic identity) may promote psychological adjustment in the context of group-based discriminatory experiences. In the current study, we examined the associations betwe...
Article
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The purpose of the present study was to test three fundamental theoretical propositions from Phinney's (1990) developmental model about the relations among ethnic identity, identity coherence, and psychological functioning: (a) ethnic identity is more strongly related to identity coherence for ethnic minorities than for Whites; (b) ethnic identity...
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ObjectiveJump to sectionObjectiveDesignResultsConclusionsIntroductionMethodsResultsDiscussionConclusionKey messagesMental health challenges disproportionately affect children in refugee families, with Hmong American adolescents being an extreme case (Thao, Leite, and Atella 2010). Limited understanding about the processes associated with this enhan...
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Amy Chua's memoir Battle Hymn of the Tiger Mother (2011, New York, NY, Penguin Books) drew a tremendous amount of media attention that thrust Asian American parents into the limelight. In this special issue, leading scholars studying parenting in Asian-heritage families use Chua's notion of the tiger mother as a launching pad to examine aspects of...
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The purpose of the study was to examine 2 types of conflict for Chinese American families that have not been integrated in previous literature: everyday conflict and acculturation-based conflict. We explored the relation between the 2 types of conflict over time and their associations with adolescent adjustment (i.e., anxiety/somatization, loneline...
Article
This volume explores how cultural and family contexts inform parent-adolescent conflict and adjustment among Chinese- and Mexican-origin families in the United States. Collectively, the chapters examine outcomes associated with family conflict and provide an in-depth analysis of how and for whom conflict is related to adjustment. Findings, for exam...
Article
Everyday conflict (studied primarily among European American families) is viewed as an assertion of autonomy from parents that is normative during adolescence. Acculturation-based conflict (studied primarily among Asian- and Latino-heritage families) is viewed as a threat to relatedness with parents rather than the normative assertion of autonomy....
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The purpose of this study was to examine how the act of participating in a study about ethnicity may encourage individuals to reflect on the role ethnicity plays in their lives. The participants were 528 ethnically diverse college students from two public universities in California. The survey included Likert-type items and open-ended questions tha...