Lina Fusaro

Lina Fusaro
Italian National Research Council | CNR · Institute of BioEconomy

PhD

About

58
Publications
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1,393
Citations

Publications

Publications (58)
Article
Full-text available
Mediterranean coastal areas are among the most threated forest ecosystems in the northern hemisphere due to concurrent biotic and abiotic stresses. These may affect plants functionality and, consequently, their capacity to provide ecosystem services. In this study, we integrated ground-level and satellite-level measurements to estimate the capacity...
Article
Increased attention has been given to particulate matter (PM) that, as well as worsening air quality, is responsible for chronic and acute respiratory or cardiovascular diseases. Currently, most of the studies are focused on the capacity of plants and other biological media to adsorb PM, whereas few works explore the functional damage due to PM on...
Article
Full-text available
The anionic surfactant SLES (sodium lauryl ether sulfate) is an emerging contaminant, being the main component of foaming agents that are increasingly used by the tunnel construction industry. To fill the gap of knowledge about the potential SLES toxicity on plants, acute and chronic effects were assessed under controlled conditions. The acute ecot...
Article
A Chlorophyll Fluorescence (ChlF) assessment was carried out on oak seedlings (Quercus ilex, Q. pubescens, Q. frainetto) of Italian and Greek provenance, during the years 2017 and 2018, in a common garden in central Italy planted in 2017. This trial aimed to test the relative performances of the oak species in the perspective of assisted migration...
Article
Full-text available
A Chlorophyll Fluorescence (ChlF) assessment was carried out on oak seedlings (Quercus ilex, Q. pubescens, Q. frainetto) of Italian and Greek provenance, during the years 2017 and 2018, in a common garden in central Italy planted in 2017. This trial aimed to test the relative performances of the oak species in the perspective of assisted migration...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the chemical profile of essential oils and antioxidant enzymes activity (catalase CAT, superoxide dismutase SOD, Glutathione S-transferases GST, and Peroxidase POX) in Mentha × piperita L. (Mitcham variety) and Mentha arvensis L. (var. piperascens), in response to heat stress. In addition, we used sa...
Poster
Full-text available
Forests are subjected to impacts of climate changes, including extreme drought phenomena, which can be very harmful for seedlings therefore compromising the regeneration. Phenotipic plasticity of tree species under environmental changes can be threatened and it is expected a decrease of tolerance to climate events. Modifications of forest structure...
Article
Phenotyping for functional traits associated with photosynthetic machinery could be a promising approach for studying the performance of green infrastructures in metropolitan areas. Trait-based indicators hold important information about ecosystem processes and how environmental constrains may influence the provisioning of services. This work aims...
Poster
Full-text available
Particulate matter (PM) is a serious global problem threatening both human health and vegetation. In the last few years, numerous scientific studies have revealed the potential of biomonitoring to assess environmental quality. In fact, urban and peri-urban forests, as well as street trees, are natural receptors of PM and they have been widely appli...
Article
Full-text available
Across the 28 EU member states there were nearly half a million premature deaths in 2015 as a result of exposure to PM 2.5 , O 3 and NO 2. To set the target for air quality levels and avoid negative impacts for human and ecosystems health, the National Emission Ceilings Directive (NECD, 2016/2284/EU) sets objectives for emission reduction for SO 2...
Article
The Urban Heat Island (UHI) effect is one of the main environmental impacts of urbanization, affecting directly human health and well-being of the city dwellers, and also contributing to worsen environmental quality. As a key strategy to address sustainable urban development, the EU has advocated the development of Nature-Based solutions, such as t...
Article
Full-text available
This study evaluates the effects of toxic metal pollution in the highly contaminated Sarno River (South Italy), by using the aquatic moss Leptodictyum riparium in bags at 3 representative sites of the river. Biological effects were assessed by metal bioaccumulation, ultrastructural changes, oxidative stress, as Reactive Oxygen Species (ROS) product...
Data
Concentrations of metals as mg l-1 in waters of Sarno River, measured at the three different exposure sites. (TIFF)
Article
Full-text available
Urban and peri-urban forests are green infrastructures (GI) that play a substantial role in delivering ecosystem services such as the amelioration of air quality by the removal of air pollutants, among which is ozone (O3), which is the most harmful pollutant in Mediterranean metropolitan areas. Models may provide a reliable estimate of gas exchange...
Article
Target 2 of the European Biodiversity Strategy promotes the maintenance and enhancement of ecosystem services <(ES) as well as the restoration of at least 15% of degraded ecosystems by creating green infrastructure (GI). The purpose of the this research is to present a GI proposal that combines the delivery of regulating services with the restorati...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of nitrogen (N) deposition, tropospheric ozone (O3) and their interaction were investigated in two Mediterranean tree species, Fraxinus ornus L. (deciduous) and Quercus ilex L. (evergreen), having different leaf habits and resource use strategies. An experiment was conducted under controlled condition to analyse how nitrogen deposition...
Article
Full-text available
Ethylenediurea (EDU) is a synthetic chemical known to protect plants from the phytotoxic effects of tropospheric ozone (O3). Although many studies have proposed the use of EDU for studying the O3 effects under field conditions, its mechanism of action is not fully understood, and it is unclear whether it exerts a specific antiozonant action, or if...
Article
Full-text available
This study is the follow up of the URBAN-MAES pilot implemented in the framework of the EnRoute project. The study aims at mapping and assessing the process of particulate matter (PM10) and tropospheric ozone (O3) removal by various forest and shrub ecosystems. Different policy levels and environmental contexts were considered, namely the Metropoli...
Article
Mediterranean Basin ecosystems, their unique biodiversity, and the key services they provide are currently at risk due to air pollution and climate change, yet only a limited number of isolated and geographically-restricted studies have addressed this topic, often with contrasting results. Particularities of air pollution in this region include hig...
Article
Full-text available
In several Italian regions climatic conditions are often not adequate to produce corn (Zea Mays) without an effi cient irrigation strategy. Considering that forages quality is strictly related to fi ber digestibility, it becomes more important to understand how the irrigation system affects fi ber characteristic of the plants and it’s in vitro NDF...
Article
Urban and peri-urban forests provide a multitude of Ecosystem Services to the citizens. While the capacity of removing carbon dioxide and gaseous compounds from the atmosphere has been tested, their capacity to sequestrate particles (PM) has been poorly investigated. Mediterranean forest ecosystems are often located nearby or inside large urban are...
Book
Full-text available
The International Cooperative Programme on Effects of Air Pollution on Natural Vegetation and Crops (ICP Vegetation) was established in 1987. It is led by the UK and has its Programme Coordination Centre at the Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (CEH) in Bangor. It is one of seven ICPs and Task Forces that report to the Working Group on Effects (WGE) o...
Article
Full-text available
Nature-based solutions have been identified by the European Union as being critical for the enhancement of environmental qualities in cities, where urban and peri-urban forests play a key role in air quality amelioration through pollutant removal. A remote sensing and geographic information system (GIS) approach was applied to the Metropolitan City...
Article
Full-text available
A controlled experiment was conducted in order to understand how functional and structural traits of species with different leaf habits (Fraxinus ornus and Quercus ilex) shift as a consequence of nitrogen (N) addition (30 kg ha yr−1) and to explore the effect that N has on the water stress response. The experiment was divided in two stages: stage I...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The mapping and assessment of ecosystems and their services in EU - MAES - is an initiative of the European Commission, which aims to improve the knowledge and evidence base for biodiversity policy as defined under Target 2 Action 5 of the EU Biodiversity Strategy to 2020. The fourth MAES report provides guidance for mapping and assessing urban eco...
Article
among the environmental constraints affecting growth, productivity and health of crops and forests ecosystems, drought is known to be a key factor particularly in the Mediterranean area, where the typical dry and hot summer conditions may be exacerbated as a consequence of the foreseen Global climatic changes. despite the drought stress response of...
Article
Effects of acute O 3 stress on PSII and PSI photochemistry of sensitive and resistant snap bean genotypes (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), probed by Prompt Chlorophyll " a " fluorescence and 820 nm Modulated Reflectance Please cite this article as: E. Salvatori, L. Fusaro, R.J. Strasser, F. Bussotti, F. Manes, Effects of acute O 3 stress on PSII and PSI ph...
Article
Quercus ilex L. seedlings were exposed for one growing season in Open-Top Chambers to three levels of ozone (O3 ): charcoal filtered air, non-filtered air supplemented with +30% and +74% of ambient air O3 . Key functional parameters related to the photosynthetic performance and stomatal density were measured to evaluate the response mechanisms of Q...
Article
Full-text available
The response of Phragmites australis (Cav.) Trin. Ex. Steudel to zinc (Zn) and lead (Pb) was studied separately in two hydroponic tests, during a three weeks experiment. The effects on ecophysiology and biomass partitioning were evaluated during the metal treatments and at the recovery, and total metal content and accumulation capacity in different...
Article
Full-text available
This study was carried out to determine the effect of different zinc concentrations on the ecophysiological response of Salix clones: four commercial clones (“1962”, “1968”, “Drago”, and “Levante”) selected for short rotation coppice, and one natural clone, “Sacco”, obtained from a contaminated area. Gas exchanges, chlorophyll a fluorescence (JIP-t...
Article
Full-text available
Maize MON810, grown and commercialised worldwide, is the only cultivated GM event in the EU. Maize MON810, variety DKC6575, and the corresponding near-isogenic line Tietar were studied in different growth conditions, to compare their behaviour in response to drought. Main photosynthetic parameters were significantly affected by drought stress in bo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Urban and peri-urban vegetation provide a large array of Ecosystem Services which can improve inhabitants quality of life. Air pollution, due mainly to car traffic and building’s heating systems, is one of the major environmental and public health problems in the densely populated areas. Trees and shrubs, acting as a sink of pollutants, can contrib...
Conference Paper
Many European cities have a long history, that has impacted not only on development of the cities themselves, but also on the characteristics of their green spaces. The transformations of the late nineteenth century were characterized by expansion of the urban fabric, that led to the building of a large part of the surrounding area, resulting in ch...
Poster
Full-text available
Nel presente lavoro sperimentale, inquadrato nell’ambito del progetto PRIN “TreeCity”, è stato effettuato lo studio dei parametri biometrici su individui di Quercus ilex L., specie sclerofilla sempreverde ampiamente diffusa in area mediterranea, in due siti dell’area metropolitana romana: la foresta periurbana posta all’interno della Tenuta Preside...
Article
Full-text available
Urbanization processes increased dramatically in the past century leading to the emission of large quantities of air pollutants over relatively small areas. The consequent high concentration of pollutants and particulate matter (PM) have clear detrimental effects not only on human health, but also on urban and peri-urban vegetation. In this context...
Article
Nine short-term independent studies were carried out with two M-PEA units on several plant species differing in their functional traits (woody evergreen, woody deciduous, herbaceous) and exposed to different kind of abiotic stress (drought, salt, ozone, UV radiation). Aim of the study is to check the consistency of plant responses, assessed through...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Atmospheric nitrogen (N) deposition and climate change are among the most relevant drivers of biodiversity loss, also affecting ecosystem functions and services. Consequently, there is a growing need to improve our understanding of their isolated and combined effects. Atmospheric N deposition can alter plant functionality and diversity because of s...
Article
Two field exercises were carried out to compare chlorophyll a fluorescence measurements taken in the field by field teams working on the same project. In the first exercise (2007, Passo Pura, Ampezzo, Udine, Northern Italy) the operators took measurements on the same leaf areas (maintaining fixed leaf clips); in the second (2009, Monterotondo Marit...
Article
Full-text available
Urban vegetation, and particularly urban forests, are known to provide important ecosystem services, such as urban air quality improvement by removing gaseous and particulate pollutants. The amount of PM10 removed by urban and periurban trees of the metropolitan area of Rome (evergreen broadleaves, deciduous broadleaves and conifers) was estimated...
Article
Full-text available
The responses to mild root zone salinity stress were investigated in two co-occurring Mediterranean woody evergreens, Quercus ilex L. and Arbutus unedo L., which differ in morpho-anatomical traits and strategies to cope with water deficit. The aim was to explore their strategies to allocate potentially toxic ions at organism level, and the conseque...
Article
The ozone (O3) biomonitoring system based on sensitive (S156) and resistant (R123) genotypes of snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), was tested in a fumigation experiment, with the aim of: (i) assessing the performance of the S156/R123 system under simulated climatic conditions and O3 levels often found in Mediterranean sites; (ii) contributing to id...
Article
Mediterranean forests close to urban areas are exposed to polluted plumes loaded with tropospheric ozone. This is the case of Castelporziano Estate, a 6000 ha Mediterranean forest 25 km from Rome downtown on the coast of the Mediterranean Sea. In September 2011 we started an intensive field campaign aimed at investigating ozone deposition from a mi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The results of this study confirm the effective potential of trees and green barriers (shrubs and hedges) in limiting and removing particulate matter, thus highlighting the functional role of the urban forest, and the need to preserve, as well as to increase, urban vegetation. These consideration may be useful also for a sustainable urban planning,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Il particolato atmosferico rappresenta uno degli inquinanti maggiormente diffusi, dotato di elevato impatto ambientale e sanitario, specialmente in aree metropolitane, ove la densità abitativa è più elevata. La genesi della frazione più grande del PM (coarse) è legata ai fenomeni di natura erosiva e meccanica (disgregazione del suolo e delle rocce,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The O 3 biomonitoring system based on sensitive (S156) and resistant (R123) genotypes of snap bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) (Burkey et al. 2005), is being field-tested under the ICP Vegetation since 2008. Although OTCs studies have found clear relationships between O 3 exposure, physiological parameters, leaf injury, and yield of the S156/R123 syste...
Article
Mediterranean maquis coastal ecosystems are subject to multiple oxidative stresses of both natural and anthropic origin, as sea spray, drought, high irradiance and ozone. In this article it is hypothesized that the interaction of ozone and sea spray is additive as a consequence of a higher reactive oxigen species accumulation. To test the hypothesi...
Article
Two field exercises were carried out to compare chlorophyll a fluorescence measurements taken in the field by field teams working on the same project. In the first exercise (2007, Passo Pura, Ampezzo, Udine, Northern Italy) the operators took measurements on the same leaf areas (maintaining fixed leaf clips); in the second (2009, Monterotondo Marit...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the evident tropospheric ozone impact on plant productivity, an accurate ozone risk assessment for the vegetation has become an issue. There is a growing evidence that ozone stomatal uptake may also take place at night and that the night-time uptake may be more damaging than diurnal uptake. Estimation of night-time uptake in the field is com...
Article
Full-text available
An integrated approach has been used to analyse the dependence of three Mediterranean species, A. unedo L., Q. ilex L., and P. latifolia L. co-occurring in a coastal dune ecosystem on two different water resources: groundwater and rainfed upper soil layers. The approach included leaf level gas exchanges, sap flow measurements and structural adaptat...
Article
Full-text available
An integrated approach has been used to analyse the water relations of three Mediterranean species, A. unedo L., Q. ilex L. and P. latifolia L. co-occurring in a coastal dune ecosystem. The approach considered leaf level gas exchange, sap flow measurements and structural adaptations between 15 May and 31 July 2007, and was necessary to capture the...
Article
Full-text available
Due to the evident tropospheric ozone impact on plant productivity, an accurate ozone risk assessment for the vegetation has become an issue. There is a growing evidence that ozone stomatal uptake may also take place at night and that the night-time uptake may be more damaging than diurnal uptake. Estimation of night-time uptake in the field is com...

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Projects (2)
Archived project
Project
Understanding the impact of ozone, nitrogen deposition and claimte change on terrestrial ecoystems