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Lin Zhang

Lin Zhang
KU Leuven | ku leuven · Department of Managerial Economics, Strategy and Innovation (MSI)

PhD

About

75
Publications
15,823
Reads
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1,015
Citations
Introduction
Lin Zhang is a professor at Dept. Information Management of Wuhan university in China and a guest professor at the Center for R&D Monitoring (ECOOM) at KU Leuven in Belgium. Her research interests include interdisciplinarity measurements, analysis of individual scientists, and quantitative research evaluation.

Publications

Publications (75)
Article
Full-text available
As of the middle of April 2020, the unprecedented COVID-19 pandemic has claimed more than 137,000 lives 1. Because of its extremely fast spreading, the attention of the global scientific community is now focusing on slowing down, containing and finally stopping the spread of this disease. This requires the concerted action of researchers and practi...
Article
This study uses mixed methods—classical citation analysis, altmetric analysis, a survey with researchers as respondents, and text analysis of the abstracts of scientific articles—to investigate gender differences in the aims and impacts of research. We find that male researchers more often value and engage in research mainly aimed at scientific pro...
Article
In the context of the COVID-19 pandemic, gaining insights into how academia has responded to this urgent challenge is of great significance. This article presents academic response patterns at a global, regional and national level from an analysis of publication volume versus reported cases of COVID-19, scientific collaboration and research focus....
Article
Full-text available
On December 31, 2020, The National Science Library of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) released a list of 65 international scientific journals, all of them indexed by the Web of Science, that were said to be potentially in conflict with academic rigor. The list immediately influenced the publication patterns of Chinese researchers. A year late...
Article
Full-text available
Open Access (OA) emerged as an important transition in scholarly publishing worldwide during the past two decades. So far, this transition is increasingly based on article processing charges (APC), which create a new paywall on the researchers’ side. Publishing is part of the research process and thereby necessary to perform research. This study an...
Preprint
Full-text available
The academic literature of social sciences is the literature that records human civilization and studies human social problems. With the large-scale growth of this literature, ways to quickly find existing research on relevant issues have become an urgent demand for researchers. Previous studies, such as SciBERT, have shown that pre-training using...
Article
Full-text available
Technology development is a blend of inheritance and innovation that follows certain rules along a technology trajectory. This trajectory charts a technology's evolution and is among the best-supporting data for decision making. Technology life cycle (TLC) analysis, as one of the foundational topics in the field of technology management field, is o...
Preprint
Open Access (OA) emerged as an important transition in scholarly publishing worldwide during the past two decades. So far, this transition is increasingly based on article processing charges (APC), which create a new paywall on the researchers’ side. Publishing is part of the research process and thereby necessary to perform research. This study an...
Article
Full-text available
The classification of scientific literature into appropriate disciplines is an essential precondition of valid scientometric analysis and significant to the practice of research assessment. In this paper, we compared the classification of publications in Nature based on three different approaches across three different systems. These were: Web of S...
Preprint
Full-text available
In the context of the most challenging health crisis since World War II that is COVID-19, gaining insights into how academia has responded to this urgent challenge is of great significance. This paper presents academic response patterns at a global, regional, and national level from an analysis of publication volume versus reported cases of COVID-1...
Article
Full-text available
The top-1% most-highly-cited articles are watched closely as the vanguards of the sciences. Using Web of Sciencee data, one can find that China had overtaken the USA in the relative participation in the top-1% (PP-top1%) in 2019, after outcompeting the EU on this indicator in 2015. However, this finding contrasts with repeated reports of Western ag...
Preprint
Full-text available
The top 1 percent most highly cited articles are watched closely as the vanguards of the sciences. Using Web of Science data, one can find that China had overtaken the USA in the relative participation in the top 1 percent in 2019, after outcompeting the EU on this indicator in 2015. However, this finding contrasts with repeated reports of Western...
Article
Peer review of scientific manuscripts before publication is essential in scholarly publishing, and most active researchers hold relationships with a number of journals as both an author and a reviewer. There have been several studies focusing on gender balance in academic research and authorship, but fewer studies on our role as reviewers. Publons...
Article
Governments typically formulate sets of policies to guide the direction of scientific research. And the possible effects of these policies on scientific research have been explored. However, there is limited literature reflecting how policy information is incorporated and concerned by scientific research. In this research, we explore policy usages...
Preprint
In 2016, the United Nations officially launched the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) to address urgent global challenges over the next 15 years. Among the seventeen SDGs, Gender Equality (SDG5) is recognized as important for the achievement of the other sixteen goals because gender inequality exists across education, employment...
Article
The purpose of this study is to explore the gender distribution of researchers in the field of gender studies. We used bibliometrics methods on a dataset of gender studies from Web of Science between 2007 and 2019. The results show that unlike other fields in scientific communities, gender studies are dominated by female researchers. The majorities...
Preprint
Full-text available
There is widespread agreement that questionable journals pose a threat to the integrity of scholarly publishing and the credibility of academic research. However, there is currently no agreed upon definition of what constitutes a questionable journal. The characteristics of questionable journals have not been delineated, standardized, nor broadly a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Academic research is one of the main avenues through which humans can fight the threat of infectious diseases. However, there has been concerns regarding whether academic system has provided sufficient efforts to fight infectious diseases we potentially face. Answering these questions could contribute to evidence-based recommendations f...
Preprint
Full-text available
Peer review of scientific manuscripts before publication is essential in scholarly publishing, and most active researchers hold relationships with a number of journals as both an author and a reviewer. There have been several studies focusing on gender balance in academic research and authorship, but fewer studies on our role as reviewers. Publons...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study uses mixed methods – classical citation analysis, altmetric analysis, a survey with researchers as respondents, and text analysis of the abstracts of scientific articles – to investigate gender differences in the aims and impacts of research. We find that male researchers more often value and engage in research mainly aimed at scientific...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Interdisciplinarity is a hot topic in science and technology policy. However, the concept of interdisciplinarity is both abstract and complex, and therefore difficult to measure using a single indicator. A variety of metrics for measuring the diversity and interdisciplinarity of articles, journals, and fields have been proposed in the liter...
Preprint
Full-text available
This study investigates the convergence of two bibliometric approaches to the measurement of interdisciplinary research: one based on analyzing disciplinary diversity in the reference list of publications, the other based on the disciplinary diversity of authors of publications. In particular we measure the variety, balance, disparity and integrate...
Article
Addressing many of the world's contemporary challenges requires a multifaceted and integrated approach and, in this respect, interdisciplinary research (IDR) is increasingly recognized as central to both academic interests and national science policies. In spite of the growing attention given to IDR, the impact of IDR remains under-investigated. In...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose Building on Leydesdorff, Bornmann, and Mingers (2019), we elaborate the differences between Tsinghua and Zhejiang University as an empirical example. We address the question of whether differences are statistically significant in the rankings of Chinese universities. We propose methods for measuring statistical significance among different...
Article
Prof. Zeyuan Liu was the first to introduce the concept of knowledge-domain mapping to the scientific community in China. Knowledge-domain maps are useful tools for tracking the frontiers of science and technology, facilitating knowledge management, and assisting scientific and technological decision-making. Science overlay mapping as a type of kno...
Article
Full-text available
Journal evaluation systems reflect how new insights are critically reviewed and published, and the prestige and impact of a discipline’s journals is a key metric in many research assessment, performance evaluation, and funding systems. With the expansion of China’s research and innovation systems and its rise as a major contributor to global innova...
Article
Full-text available
The past 40 years have witnessed profound changes in the international competitiveness of Mainland China’s scientific research. Based on publication data from Chinese researchers in the Social Sciences Citation Index (SSCI) from the Web of Science (WoS), this study aims to provide a bird’s-eye view of how social science research in Mainland China h...
Preprint
Full-text available
Purpose: We address the question of whether differences are statistically significant in the rankings of universities. We propose methods measuring the statistical significance among different universities and illustrate the results by empirical data. Design/methodology/approach: Based on z-testing and overlapping confidence intervals, and using da...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose In this contribution we provide two new co-authorship indicators based on fractional counting. Design/methodology/approach Based on the idea of fractional counting we reflect on what should be an acceptable indicator for co-authorship between two entities. From this reflection we propose an indicator, the co-authorship score, denoted as cs...
Article
Recent years have witnessed an incipient shift in science policy from a focus mainly on academic excellence to a focus that also takes into account “societal impact”. This shift raises the question as to whether medical research has given proper attention to the diseases imposing the greatest burden on society. Therefore, with the aim of identifyin...
Article
Full-text available
A radical reform of research assessment was recently launched in China. It seeks to replace a focus on Web of Science-based indicators with a balanced combination of qualitative and quantitative research evaluation, and to strengthen the local relevance of research in China. It trusts the institutions to implement the policy within a few months but...
Preprint
Full-text available
Recent years have witnessed an incipient shift in science policy from a focus mainly on academic excellence to a focus that also takes into account “societal impact”. This shift raises the question as to whether medical research has given proper attention to the diseases imposing the greatest burden on society. Therefore, with the aim of identifyin...
Preprint
Full-text available
The past 40 years have witnessed profound changes in the international connectivity and competitiveness of Mainland China’s scientific research. Based on publication data about Chinese researchers in the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) from the Web of Science (WoS), this study aims to provide a birds-eye view of how social science research in...
Preprint
Full-text available
Evaluating and ranking journals is a crucial part of assessing the quality of science and technology output for government agencies, research institutions, and academic researchers. As China’s research output and strength continue to increase, ranking indexes abound and journal evaluation and selection are becoming an area of wide attention. In thi...
Preprint
The past 40 years have witnessed profound changes in the international connectivity and competitiveness of Mainland China’s scientific research. Based on publication data about Chinese researchers in the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) from the Web of Science (WoS), this study aims to provide a birds-eye view of how social science research in...
Article
Full-text available
We develop and propose a new counting method at the aggregate level for contributions to scientific publications called modified fractional counting (MFC). We show that, compared to traditional complete-normalized fractional counting, it eliminates the extreme differences in contributions over time that otherwise occur between scientists that mainl...
Article
Full-text available
The classification of science into disciplines is at the heart of bibliometric analyses. While most classifications systems are implemented at the journal level, their accuracy has been questioned, and paper-level classifications have been considered by many to be more precise. However, few studies investigated the difference between journal and th...
Article
Full-text available
This study explores the characteristics of scientific activity patterns through co-author affiliations to obtain new insights into interdisciplinary research. To classify the interdisciplinarity in research, we explored and compared two different approaches: the diversity of disciplines reflected in the listed affiliations of the authors and the di...
Article
Full-text available
Proceeding from Moravcsik’s paradigmatic ideas of how to build indigenous capability and sustainable science systems in developing countries, we attempted to further focus on the peculiarities of the twenty-first century and the new challenges of globalisation. In doing so, we selected three particular topics deemed relevant in this context: increa...
Article
Full-text available
The scientific foundation for the criticism on the use of the Journal Impact Factor (JIF) in evaluations of individual researchers and their publications was laid between 1989 and 1997 in a series of articles by Per O. Seglen. His basic work has since influenced initiatives such as the San Francisco Declaration on Research Assessment (DORA), the Le...
Article
In the first part of our study (Zhang and Glänzel in Scientometrics, 2017) we provided a view of the literature ageing based on a synchronous approach. Taking up the ideas by Egghe (Scientometrics 27(2):195–214, 1993) and Glänzel et al. (Scientometrics 109(3):2165–2179, 2016) we extend our study in the second part by applying a diachronous approach...
Article
Full-text available
We provide a view of the literature aging features in the sciences and social sciences, at different aggregation levels, of major fields, subfields, journals and individual papers and from different perspectives. Against to the wide belief that scientific literature may become more rapidly obsolete, we found that, in general, the share of more rece...
Article
Full-text available
The number of citations that a patent receives is considered an important indicator of the quality and impact of the patent. However, a variety of methods and data sources can be used to calculate this measure. This paper evaluates similarities between citation indicators that differ in terms of (a) the patent office where the focal patent applicat...
Article
Full-text available
Using the example of the ‘h-related’ publication dataset created for a previous study on the literature of Hirsch-type measures (Zhang et al. in J Informetri 5(3):583–593, 2011) and updated for the present paper, we attempt to study the robustness and dynamic evolution of ‘core documents’. With using two different methods that have been recently in...
Article
Full-text available
An attempt is made to apply bibliographic coupling to journal clustering of the complete Web of Science database. Since the sparseness of the underlying similarity matrix proved inappropriate for this exercise, second-order similarities have been used. Only 0.12% out of 8282 journals had to be removed from the classification as being singletons. Th...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this article is to further the study of journal interdisciplinarity, or, more generally, knowledge integration at the level of individual articles. Interdisciplinarity is operationalized by the diversity of subject fields assigned to cited items in the article's reference list. Subject fields and subfields were obtained from the Le...
Article
The number of citations that a patent receives is considered an important indicator of the quality and impact of the patent. However, a variety of methods and data sources can be used to calculate this measure. This paper evaluates similarities between citation indicators that differ in terms of (a) the patent office where the focal patent applicat...
Article
Full-text available
Impact factor, as an important indicator for the evaluation of research performance, has always been the concern of scientists and scientometricians. For a long time, many Chinese researchers have believed that impact factor is used as an indicator to evaluate research performance only in South Asian countries and regions, especially in China. In t...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, the authors answer the question of whether the field of scientometrics/bibliometrics shares essential characteristics of “metrics” sciences. To achieve this objective, the citation network of seven selected metrics and their information environment is analyzed.
Article
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We introduce an indicator (DT) to measure the diffusion impact of scientific research. The indicator focuses on the variety of citing sources by giving a full credit when a new citing source makes an appearance, and a tapered credit when a new citing paper appears in an already used existed source. As a preliminary study, we only used a simple exam...
Article
Full-text available
A new visual representation of the response time, i.e., the time elapsed between the publication year and the date of the first citation of a paper, is provided. This presentation can be used to detect and describe different paradigmatic types of reception speed for scientific journals.
Article
Full-text available
In an earlier exercise some demographic methods were reformulated for application in a scientometric context. Age-pyramids based on annual publication output and citation impact was supplemented by the change of the mean age of the publications in the h-core at any time. Although the method was introduced to shed some demographic–scientometric ligh...
Article
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In the present paper we proceed from recent results by Gonzalez-Albo and Bordons (2011) obtained from studying the role and impact of proceedings literature in LIS journals. We extend the research to all fields of the sciences and social sciences and address additional research questions concerning publication frequency and citation impact as well...
Article
Full-text available
In the present study we attempt to trace the diffusion of h-related literature over a five-year period beginning with the introduction of the h-index. The study is based on a reliable and representative publication set of 755 papers retrieved from the Web of Science database using keywords and citation links. In the course of the study we analyse s...
Article
Full-text available
A bibliometric method for analyzing and visualizing national research profiles is adapted to describe national preferences for publishing particular document types. Similarities in national profiles and national peculiarities are discussed based on the publication output of the 26 most active countries indexed in the Web of Science annual volume 20...