Liliana Giraldo-Rodriguez

Liliana Giraldo-Rodriguez
Instituto Nacional de Geriatria · Epidemiología y Demografía

PhD en Ciencias en Salud

About

42
Publications
36,993
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327
Citations
Citations since 2016
30 Research Items
310 Citations
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Introduction
Giraldo-Rodríguez Liliana currently works at the Epidemiología y Demografía, Instituto Nacional de Geriatria. Giraldo-Rodríguez does research in Qualitative Social Research and Quantitative Social Research. Their current project is 'Vejez y Violencia: una propuesta integral de atención para los servicios de salud' and "Elder Abuse".
Additional affiliations
August 2009 - present
Instituto Nacional de Geriatría
Position
  • Investigador
Education
August 2004 - June 2006
The College of Mexico
Field of study
  • Demography

Publications

Publications (42)
Article
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Background The syndemic approach allows the analysis of clusters of diseases that affect a population in contexts of geographic, social and economic inequalities at the same moment and time. This study aims to analyze, from a syndemic perspective, the relationship between type 2 diabetes (T2D) and depressive symptoms in Mexican adults and its assoc...
Article
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INTRODUCTION: Dementias, including Alzheimer´s disease (AD), are one of the leading causes of disability and mortality in older people. It is a growing health problem in low-and middle-income countries, where epidemiological information is scarce and deficient. The aim of this study was to analyze the burden of AD and other dementias in Mexico from...
Poster
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Research Topic The World Health Organization (WHO) has declared the decade of Healthy Aging (2021-2030) in alignment with the 2030 Sustainable Development Goals (SDO) to ensure that all older adults can fulfill their potential with dignity and equality in appropriate environments. Healthy aging represents a continuous process to develop and mainta...
Article
Background: Multimorbidity represents a challenge for public health because as populations age, its prevalence increases. The objectives were to describe by sex the multimorbidity patterns from 2001 to 2018 in a cohort of people ≥50 years and in a subcohort with multimorbidity to describe the trajectories and transitions. Materials and Methods: Sec...
Article
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Background The victimization of women constitutes a human rights violation and a health risk factor. The central objectives of this study were to analyze the probability of revictimization among older adult Mexican women and to examine whether child abuse (CA) and/or intimate partner violence (IPV) are associated with a greater risk of elder abuse...
Article
The purpose of this study was to analyze the barriers to managing elder abuse from the perspective of primary care health workers in Mexico City. We performed an ethnographic qualitative descriptive study. Thirty semi-structured interviews were conducted with healthcare providers associated with three health centers located in areas with medium and...
Article
Background: In the last decades, obesity in general, including severe obesity (BMI ≥40 kg/m2), has increased disproportionately around the world, especially in low-income and lower-middle income regions. Aims: To analyze sociodemographic and clinical characteristics of people with severe obesity in Mexico, as well as their associated factors. M...
Article
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Background: Depressive disorders (DD) represent one of the most common contributors to non-fatal health loss in the world, especially in low- and middle-income countries. The objective of this study was to analyze the burden of DD in Mexico between 1990 and 2019 by sex, states, age groups and socio-demographic index (SDI). Methods: Secondary analy...
Article
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Objective: To compare the perceptions and experiences between the A(H1N1) and Covid-19 pandemics in a univer-sity population. Materials and methods: Online surveys were administered during the influenza A(H1N1) -originated in Mexico in 2009- and Covid-19 epidemics. Measures: so-ciodemographic characteristics, knowledge, information and communi...
Article
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Background: The literature refers that falls are of multifactorial origin, and some authors have proposed to classify risk factors as intrinsic and extrinsic. Objective: To estimate the risk of falls and their association with some intrinsic and extrinsic factors in older adults who receive medical care at the Mexican Institute of Social Securit...
Article
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Resumen: Las medidas para responder a la pandemia de Covid-19 han tenido un enorme costo individual y social, afectando en forma diferencial a mujeres y varones. Este artículo demuestra las diferencias por género de algunos efectos familiares e individuales en la población de la Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México (UNAM), basándose en una encue...
Article
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Antecedentes: Las caídas tienen un origen multifactorial. Objetivo: Estimar el riesgo de caídas y su asociación con algunos factores intrínsecos y extrínsecos en adultos mayores. Métodos: Estudio de casos y controles que incluyó pacientes de ambos sexos con edades ≥ 60 años. Los casos fueron pacientes que ingresaron al servicio de urgencias de un...
Article
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Background: Mexico has the sixth-highest premature death rate from chronic kidney disease (CKD) in the world. From 1990 to 2017, the age-standardized CKD mortality rate jumped from 28.7 to 58.1 per 100,000 inhabitants, making it the second-leading cause of death that year. Medical care for the disease is inequitable, as those without health insura...
Article
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Objective To describe the evolution of the burden of chronic kidney disease (CKD) in Mexico by states, sex and subtypes from 1990 to 2017. Design Secondary data analysis based on the Global Burden of Disease Study (GBD) 2017. Participants Mexico and its 32 states. Data were publicly available and de-identified and individuals were not involved....
Article
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Between 8.1% and 18.6% of older persons in Mexico are estimated to suffer ill-treatment, with this figure perhaps as high as 30% among those who rely on permanent care. As the population ages and life expectancy increases, the number of older persons suffering ill-treatment could also increase. This work aims to provide a diagnostic of ill-treatmen...
Article
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Population ageing and increasing prevalence of chronic diseases and their consequences, changes in family structure and a decrease in the potential pool of family care, increase the need for formal long-term care for older adults in Mexico, and the need to understand the experiences of informal care-givers and how this impacts their social, family...
Data
Development and validation of Geriatric Mistreatment Scale (GMS) CONSTRUCCIÓN Y VALIDACIÓN DEL GERIATRIC MISTREATMENT SCALE) (GMS) El maltrato de personas adultas mayores es un fenómeno que se ha incrementado proporcionalmente al aumento del número de personas adultas mayores en diferentes poblaciones del mundo. En México no existe hasta el momen...
Chapter
Full-text available
Abstract This chapter will present an overview of elder abuse research in Mexico from two perspectives: the first, using data about the prevalence of abuse in various parts of the country and the second, using case analysis of interviews in which of older adults, their family members and/or caregivers (often the same person) describe their experien...
Article
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The aim of this study was to describe the experiences in the search for the care of patients with end-stage chronic kidney disease admitted to a hospital belonging to the public health services network of Mexico City. Phenomenological study, whose analysis was based on grounded theory. Forty-two semi-structured interviews were conducted with patien...
Article
Aims: To understand the epidemiology, progression, and predictive factors of urinary incontinence (UI) in community-dwelling Mexican adults aged ≥ 50 by sex and UI subtypes (stress, urge, and mixed). Methods: We analyzed longitudinal UI data in community-dwelling adults aged ≥ 50 (7783 women and 5843 men) for the 2012 to 2015 period of the Mexic...
Article
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Objective: To examine the associations between sociodemographic, health and disability-related factors and the perception of environmental barriers outside the home environment by individuals with permanent disabilities in Mexico. Methods: In this cross-sectional, population-based study, we used data from the 2010 National Survey of Perceptions...
Article
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PurposeTo analyze potentially inappropriate prescribing (PIP), its prevalence and patient conditions associated with this phenomenon, in a cohort of older adults receiving outpatient care in Mexico.Methods Data from 1252 adults ≥ 60 years of age, from primary care centers were analyzed. Information included sociodemographic data, medications, chron...
Chapter
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Resumen Las lesiones en los adultos de edades medias y avan-zadas empiezan a ser reconocidas como un tema prioritario desde la perspectiva de la salud pública, los derechos humanos y del desarrollo humano. En Méxi-co es un problema cada vez más relevante debido al progresivo envejecimiento poblacional y a la compleji-dad del fenómeno. El objetivo d...
Article
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Falls are a frequent event among older adults that can cause wounds, disability, psychological disorders, and premature death. Although the large number of existing studies on the issue, few have been conducted in middle-and low-income countries. The objective of the present study is to identify the sociodemographic, medical, and functional perform...
Article
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Aims and objectives: To describe healthcare professionals' perceptions of neglect of older people in Mexico. Background: Mistreatment of older people, particularly neglect, has emerged as a significant public health concern worldwide. However, few studies have been conducted to examine neglect of older people in low- and middle-income countries....
Chapter
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En México, la esperanza de vida (EV) ha sido un indicador de salud poblacional que ha tenido un claro y sostenido aumento desde 1930. Esta tendencia, en apariencia beneficiosa para la población mexicana, no se ha analizado en sus componentes, y en particular en lo que toca a la esperanza de vida libre de discapacidad (EVLD) en edades avanzadas, que...
Article
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Background and aims: There is a growing need for evidence based answers to multimorbidity, especially in primary care settings. The aim was estimate the prevalence and patterns of multimorbidity in a Mexican population of public health institution users ≥60 years old. Methods: Observational and multicenter study was carried out in four family me...
Article
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Objective: We assessed the association between depression and elder abuse, and the mediation effect of social support among elder women in Mexico City. Method: A total of 526 noninstitutionalized elder women, residing in Mexico City and attending public community centers were selected. Logistic regressions and structural equation models (SEM) we...
Article
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To determine the prevalence of self-reported abuse in elderly Mexican adults with long-term disabilities and to identify associated risk factors. Secondary analysis of the Perception of Disability in Mexican Population 2010 survey. Mexico. Individuals aged 60 and older with long-term disabilities without cognitive decline (N = 1,089). The elder abu...
Chapter
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El objetivo de este trabajo es dar a conocer algunas de las principales líneas de investigación que se desarrollan en el área de investigación demográfica y social, entre ellas Geografía del Envejecimiento, maltrato y discriminación, redes sociales y relaciones intrafamiliares, autonomía funcional y discapacidad y migración nacional e internacional...
Article
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To analyze the effect of a pilot program of tele-assistance and tele-alarms on the elderly's self-perception of health status and to identify the satisfaction with and acceptance of the program. Cross-sectional study that included interviews with 378 elderly individuals, 294 caretakers/relatives and 53 health care professionals. The program was run...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Elder mistreatment is a phenomenon that has increased proportionally to the increase in the number of older adults in different populations of the world. So far, in Mexico there is no instrument measuring and assessing this phenomenon. The objective of the present study was to develop and to know some psychometric properties of the Geriatric M...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Elder mistreatment is a phenomenon that has increased proportionally to the increase in the number of older adults in different populations of the world. So far, in Mexico there is no instrument measuring and assessing this phenomenon. The objective of the present study was to develop and to know some psychometric properties of the Geriatric M...
Article
Full-text available
Aim: Elder mistreatment is a phenomenon that has increased proportionally to the increase in the number of older adults in different populations of the world. So far, in Mexico there is no instrument measuring and assessing this phenomenon. The objective of the present study was to develop and to know some psychometric properties of the Geriatric...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN. En el presente trabajo se realiza una revisión de la literatura sobre el maltrato de personas ma-yores. El fenómeno del maltrato en este grupo de la población se conoce de manera parcial, aunque ha estado presente desde hace mucho tiempo. El tema cobra relevancia debido al proceso de envejecimiento de la pobla-ción y por la cambiante situa...
Article
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El actual proceso de globalización presenta profundas transformaciones en lo económico, político, cultural, jurídico y comunicacional, entre otros ámbitos. Es así que ha traído consigo cambios en la composición de los flujos migratorios, principalmente a través de una diversificación de su origen, de la temporalidad y de una feminización del flujo...
Chapter
Full-text available
Hoy en día el maltrato hacia las personas adultas mayores es un tema prioritario en la agenda pública y de estudio, de ahí el interés por desarrollar la Encuesta sobre Maltrato a Personas Adultas Mayores (EMPAM-DF), que se constituye como la primera encuesta representatividad sobre este tema en América Latina. La EMPAM-DF contó con el apoyo financi...

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Projects (8)
Project
Objetivos: Analizar las necesidades, experiencias y perspectivas que pacientes, profesionales de la salud y tomadores de decisiones de tres entidades del país, tienen alrededor de la atención de la enfermedad renal crónica. Materiales y Métodos: Estudio cualitativo con diseño fenomenológico, basado en técnicas de recolección de información a través de entrevistas semi-estructuradas y grupos focales. Puesto que lo que se quiere es tener un panorama comprehensivo de los puntos de vista de distintos actores que sirvan como evidencia para la construcción de una política pública para la atención de la ERC, se incluirán tres tipos de participantes: 1) pacientes; 2) prestadores de servicios de salud; y 3) tomadores de decisiones del nivel federal y estatal. Se seleccionarán pacientes y profesionales de la salud en hospitales y centros de salud públicos (IMSS, ISSSTE o INSABI). En el primer caso se buscará que los pacientes reciban atención en dichas instituciones, mientras que se espera que los profesionales de la salud estén vinculados con los servicios de nefrología (jefes de servicios, médicos, enfermeras, psicólogos, nutriólogos y trabajadores sociales). Respecto a los tomadores de decisiones, estos serán personas adscritas a los servicios de salud estatales, a la Secretaría de Salud de México y otras instancias nacionales y estatales relacionadas con el establecimiento y desarrollo de políticas y programas de salud. Para tener un panorama más amplio, considerando las diferencias geográficas y socio-económicas al interior del país, se seleccionarán tres entidades federativas, siendo ellas: Ciudad de México, Sinaloa y Chiapas, las cuales tienen grado de marginación y tasas de mortalidad por ERC distintos. Resultados esperados: Análisis, con el punto de vista de los pacientes, los prestadores de servicios de salud y los tomadores de decisiones con recomendaciones específicas para el desarrollo de una política integral de atención de la ERC en el país, teniendo base el enfoque de “salud renal para todos, en todas partes”.
Project
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