Liguo Wang

Liguo Wang
Mayo Clinic - Rochester · Division of Computational Biology

PhD

About

218
Publications
25,051
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6,462
Citations
Introduction
Liguo Wang currently works at the Division of Biomedical Statistics and Informatics, Mayo Clinic - Rochester. My homepage is: https://www.lwang.org/
Additional affiliations
May 2008 - July 2012
Baylor College of Medicine
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
June 2003 - May 2008
Beijing Genomics Institute
Field of study
  • Bioinformatics

Publications

Publications (218)
Article
Androgen receptor (AR) messenger RNA (mRNA) alternative splicing variants (AR-Vs) are implicated in castration-resistant progression of prostate cancer (PCa), although the molecular mechanism underlying the genesis of AR-Vs remains poorly understood. The CDK12 gene is often deleted or mutated in PCa and CDK12 deficiency is known to cause homologous...
Article
Introduction: Pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common soft tissue tumor in children, with nearly 20% of children presenting with locally aggressive and/or metastatic disease. Despite aggressive chemotherapy and radiotherapy, the 5-year overall survival rate is still less than 40%. In addition, resistance to chemotherapy remains the majo...
Preprint
An accurate assessment of TP53 status is critical for cancer genomic medicine. Tumors with non-mutational p53 inactivations that failed to identify from DNA sequencing are largely misclassified as p53-normal, which leads to inaccurate prognosis and downstream association analyses. Here we built the support vector machine (SVM) models to systematica...
Preprint
Establishing causal links between inherited polymorphisms and cancer risk is challenging. Here, we focus on the single nucleotide polymorphism rs55705857 (A>G), which confers a 6-fold increased risk of IDH-mutant low-grade glioma (LGG) and is amongst the highest genetic associations with cancer. By fine-mapping the locus, we reveal that rs55705857...
Article
Full-text available
Background Despite using prognostic algorithms and standard surveillance guidelines, 17% of patients initially diagnosed with low risk clear cell renal cell carcinoma (ccRCC) ultimately relapse and die of recurrent disease, indicating additional molecular parameters are needed for improved prognosis. Results To address the gap in ccRCC prognostica...
Article
BACKGROUND Determination of the causation of germline single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) located in non-coding regions of the genome is challenging. The genomic region of 8q24 has been identified as important in many kinds of cancer, linked to a topologically associated domain (TAD) encompassing MYC; this TAD contains a GWAS SNP (rs55705857) as...
Article
Full-text available
Geminin and its binding partner Cdt1 are essential for the regulation of DNA replication. Here we show that the CULLIN3 E3 ubiquitin ligase adaptor protein SPOP binds Geminin at endogenous level and regulates DNA replication. SPOP promotes K27-linked non-degradative poly-ubiquitination of Geminin at lysine residues 100 and 127. This poly-ubiquitina...
Article
Full-text available
Mutations in SPOP E3 ligase gene are reportedly associated with genome-wide DNA hypermethylation in prostate cancer (PCa) although the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. Here, we demonstrate that SPOP binds and promotes polyubiquitination and degradation of histone methyltransferase and DNMT interactor GLP. SPOP mutation induces stabilization of...
Article
Full-text available
Novel therapeutic strategies are needed for the treatment of rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS), the most common soft-tissue sarcoma in children. By using a combination of cell surface proteomics and transcriptomic profiling of RMS and normal muscle, we generated a catalog of targetable cell surface proteins enriched in RMS tumors. Among the top candidates, we...
Article
Full-text available
Inhibition of histone deacetylases causes rapid and robust acetylation of histones. In this case, histone acetylation is likely increased on nearly every nucleosome, and the per-cell DNA/chromatin yield in chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) experiments is significantly increased. Spike-in controls are essential for normalizing ChIP sequencing (Ch...
Conference Paper
Introduction: Pediatric rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common soft tissue tumor in children, with nearly 20% of children presenting with locally aggressive and/or metastatic disease. Despite aggressive chemotherapy and radiotherapy, the 5-year overall survival rate is still less than 40%. In addition, resistance to chemotherapy remains the majo...
Article
Androgen receptor (AR) is a major survival factor for prostate cancer. Inflammation is implicated in many cancer types, including prostate cancer. Activation of MAP3K7 (also termed TAK1) and downstream IκB kinase β (IKKβ) by proinflammatory cytokines such as TNFα stimulates NF-κB survival pathways. Paradoxically, MAP3K7 is often deleted in human pr...
Article
Androgen receptor (AR)-positive prostate cancers (PCa) and estrogen receptor (ER)-positive luminal breast cancers (BCa) are generally less responsive to immunotherapy compared to certain tumor types such as melanoma. However, the underlying mechanisms are not fully elucidated. Here we found that FOXA1 overexpression inversely correlated with interf...
Article
Full-text available
53BP1 activates nonhomologous end joining (NHEJ) and inhibits homologous recombination (HR) repair of DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs). Dissociation of 53BP1 from DSBs and consequent activation of HR, a less error-prone pathway than NHEJ, helps maintain genome integrity during DNA replication; however, the underlying mechanisms are not fully underst...
Article
Full-text available
Background Thousands of gene fusions have been reported in prostate cancer, but their authenticity, incidence, and tumor specificity have not been thoroughly evaluated, nor have their genomic characteristics been carefully explored. Methods We developed FusionVet to dedicatedly validate known fusion genes using RNA-seq alignments. Using FusionVet,...
Article
Full-text available
Background Currently, there is no biologically based rationale for drug selection in migraine prophylactic treatment. Methods To investigate the genetic variation underlying treatment response to verapamil prophylaxis, we selected 225 patients from a longitudinally established, deeply phenotyped migraine database (N = 5983), and collected uninterr...
Article
Full-text available
Resistance to next-generation anti-androgen enzalutamide (ENZ) constitutes a major challenge for the treatment of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). By performing genome-wide ChIP-seq profiling in ENZ-resistant CRPC cells we identify a set of androgen receptor (AR) binding sites with increased AR binding intensity (ARBS-gained). While ARB...
Article
Full-text available
Significance The multiple-domain protein ZMYND8 is well known as a chromatin reader that recognizes methylated, acetylated, and/or mutated histones. Here we report that ZMYND8 is overexpressed in human ccRCC, and that it preferentially binds T487-phosphorylated EZH2. We show that in hypoxia-stimulated or von Hippel–Lindau–deficient cells, ZMYND8 bi...
Article
Full-text available
Acquisition of resistance to phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/AKT-targeted monotherapy implies the existence of common resistance mechanisms independent of cancer type. Here, we demonstrate that PI3K/AKT inhibitors cause glycolytic crisis, acetyl-coenzyme A (CoA) shortage, and a global decrease in histone acetylation. In addition, PI3K/AKT inhi...
Article
The tumor-suppressor protein RB acts as a transcription repressor via interaction of its pocket domain with an LXCXE motif in histone deacetylase (HDAC) proteins such as HDAC1. Here, we demonstrate that HDAC5 deficient for the LXCXE motif interacts with both RB-N (via an FXXXV motif) and RB-C segments, and such interactions are diminished by phosph...
Chapter
CPAT (Coding-Potential Assessment Tool) is a logistic regression model–based classifier that can accurately and quickly distinguish protein-coding and noncoding RNAs using pure linguistic features calculated from the RNA sequences. CPAT takes as input the nucleotides sequences or genomic coordinates of RNAs and outputs the probabilities p (0 ≤ p ≤...
Article
Full-text available
The combination of abiraterone acetate and prednisone (AA/P) is used to treat metastatic prostate cancer, but molecular predictors of treatment response are not well elucidated. We evaluated plasma circulating tumor DNA- (ctDNA-) based copy number alterations (CNAs) to determine treatment-related predictive and prognostic biomarkers for metastatic...
Preprint
Acquisition of resistance to PI3K/AKT-targeted monotherapy implies the existence of common resistance mechanisms independent of cancer type. Here we demonstrate that PI3K/AKT inhibitors cause glycolytic crisis, acetyl-CoA shortage and a global decrease in histone acetylation. Also, PI3K/AKT inhibitors induce drug resistance by selectively augmentin...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Glioma is one of the most common malignant brain tumors and exhibits low resection rate and high recurrence risk. Although a large number of glioma studies powered by high-throughput sequencing technologies have led to massive multi-omics datasets, there lacks of comprehensive integration of glioma datasets for uncovering candidate bio...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Glioma is one of the most common malignant brain tumors and exhibits low resection rate and high recurrence risk. Although a large number of glioma studies powered by high-throughput sequencing technologies have led to massive multi-omics datasets, there lacks of comprehensive integration of glioma datasets for uncovering candidate biom...
Article
Motivation: DNA methylation can be measured at the single CpG level using sodium bisulfite conversion of genomic DNA followed by sequencing or array hybridization. Many analytic tools have been developed, yet there is still a high demand for a comprehensive and multifaceted tool suite to analyze, annotate, QC, and visualize the DNA methylation dat...
Preprint
Glioma is one of the most common malignant brain tumors and exhibits low resection rate and high recurrence risk. Although a large number of glioma studies powered by high-throughput sequencing technologies have led to massive multi-omics datasets, there lacks of comprehensive integration of glioma datasets for uncovering candidate biomarker genes....
Article
Motivation: The significance of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in many biological processes and diseases has gained intense interests over the past several years. However, computational identification of lncRNAs in a wide range of species remains challenging; it requires prior knowledge of well-established sequences and annotations or species-spec...
Article
e16559 Background: ARVs that develop early during treatment with abiraterone acetate/ prednisone (AA/P) may play a role in treatment resistance. We evaluated metastatic site and whole blood mRNA expression of full-length AR (AR-FL) and ARVs to characterize treatment-emergent ARVs (TE-ARVs) from men with mCRPC pre- and post- 12 weeks of AA/P collect...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To determine histopathologic, exome, and transcriptome nucleic acid material yield from prospectively collected metastatic tissue biopsy specimens in patients with metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC). Patients and Methods Patients with mCRPC initiating abiraterone acetate therapy underwent 2 serial metastatic site cor...
Article
In light of the increasing number of identified cancer-driven gain-of-function (GOF) mutants of p53, it is important to define a common mechanism to systematically target several mutants, rather than developing strategies tailored to inhibit each mutant individually. Here, using RNA immunoprecipitation-sequencing (RIP-seq), we identified the Polyco...
Article
Full-text available
Alpha‐1 Antitrypsin Deficiency (AATD) liver disease is characterized by marked heterogeneity in presentation and progression despite a common underlying gene mutation, strongly suggesting the involvement of other genetic and/or epigenetic modifiers. Variation in clinical phenotype has added to the challenge of detection, diagnosis, and testing of n...
Article
Aberrant expression of programmed death ligand-1 (PD-L1) in tumor cells promotes cancer progression by suppressing cancer immunity. The retinoblastoma protein RB is a tumor suppressor known to regulate the cell cycle, DNA damage response, and differentiation. Here, we demonstrate that RB interacts with nuclear factor κB (NF-κB) protein p65 and that...
Article
Full-text available
Background The prognostic significance of plasma cell-free DNA (cfDNA) androgen receptor amplification (ARamp) in metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC) compared with circulating tumor cell (CTC) counts is not known. Methods As part of correlative aims of a prospective study in mCRPC, concurrent and serial collections of plasma an...
Article
The first step in chromatin-based epigenetic assays involves the fragmentation of chromatin to facilitate precise genomic localization of the associated DNA. Here, we report the development of a droplet microfluidic device that can rapidly and efficiently digest chromatin into single nucleosomes starting from whole-cell input material offering simp...
Article
The bromodomain and extra-terminal domain (BET) protein BRD4 is emerging as a promising anticancer therapeutic target. However, resistance to BET inhibitors often occurs, and it has been linked to aberrant degradation of BRD4 protein in cancer. Here, we demonstrate that the deubiquitinase DUB3 binds to BRD4 and promotes its deubiquitination and sta...
Article
Background: Transcription factors are DNA-binding proteins that play key roles in many fundamental biological processes. Unraveling their interactions with DNA is essential to identify their target genes and understand the regulatory network. Genome-wide identification of their binding sites became feasible thanks to recent progress in experimenta...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Deletions or mutations in PTEN and TP53 tumor suppressor genes have been linked to lineage plasticity in therapy-resistant prostate cancer. Fusion-driven overexpression of the oncogenic transcription factor ERG is observed in approximately 50% of all prostate cancers, many of which also harbor PTEN and TP53 alterations. However, the role...
Preprint
Full-text available
The significance of long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) in many biological processes and diseases has gained intense interests over the past several years. However, computational identification of lncRNAs in a wide range of species remains challenging; it requires prior knowledge of well-established sequences and annotations or species-specific training...
Preprint
With the unfolding of more and more cancer-driven gain-of-function (GOF) mutants of p53, it is important to define a common mechanism to systematically target different mutants rather than develop strategies tailored to inhibit each mutant individually. Here, using RNA immunoprecipitation sequencing (RIP-seq) we identified EZH2 as a p53 mRNA-bindin...
Article
Purpose: Homozygous deletions play important roles in carcinogenesis. The genome-wide screening for homozygously deleted genes in many different cancer types with a large number of patient specimens representing the tumor heterogeneity has not been done. Experimental design: We performed integrative analyses of the copy number profiles of 10,759...
Article
Full-text available
AKT-mTOR and androgen receptor (AR) signaling pathways are aberrantly activated in prostate cancer due to frequent PTEN deletions or SPOP mutations. A clinical barrier is that targeting one of them often activates the other. Here, we demonstrate that HDAC3 augments AKT phosphorylation in prostate cancer cells and its overexpression correlates with...
Article
Full-text available
Androgen receptor (AR) splice variants (ARVs) are implicated in development of castration-resistant prostate cancer (CRPC). Upregulation of ARVs often correlates with persistent AR activity after androgen deprivation therapy (ADT). However, the genomic and epigenomic characteristics of ARV-dependent cistrome and the disease relevance of ARV-mediate...
Article
Full-text available
Histone H3 lysine-9 (H3K9) methylation is essential for retinoblastoma protein (RB)-mediated heterochromatin formation, epigenetic silencing of S-phase genes and permanent cell cycle arrest or cellular senescence. Besides as an H3K4 demethylase, lysine-specific demethylase-1 (LSD1) has been shown to promote H3K9 demethylation. However, it is unexpl...