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Lieven J.R. Pauwels

Lieven J.R. Pauwels
Ghent University, Faculty of Law and Criminology Co-director Research Group IRCP

Ph.D. in Criminology

About

293
Publications
144,622
Reads
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2,582
Citations
Citations since 2016
142 Research Items
2028 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
Additional affiliations
June 2015 - present
Ghent University
Position
  • Professor of criminology
October 2008 - March 2020
Ghent University
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Responsible for courses at Ghent University, dept of Criminology: Biological Anthropology (2019-now), Quantitative Methodology ( 2008-2019), Etiological Criminology (2007-now) , Statistics for Criminologists (2010-now), Crime Prevention (2014-now)
December 2000 - September 2007
Ghent University
Position
  • Research Assistant

Publications

Publications (293)
Chapter
This chapter presents the results of the conceptual model and evaluates the relationships between empathic concern, empathic perspective taking, individualizing, and groupish moral intuitions, moral emotions, and moral judgment in the context of theft by taking, breaking a promise, punishing a free rider, and consensual adult sibling incest. The re...
Chapter
This chapter provides the general goal of the present study. The central topics are the complex relations between empathy, individualizing and groupish moral intuitions (anticipated), moral emotions, and moral judgment. One key idea of this book is rooted in the notion that human moral systems were not immune to evolutionary processes and thus shap...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the limitations of the current study and potentially fruitful avenues for future research. Attention is placed on both theoretical and methodological challenges.KeywordsStrengthsLimitationsTheoretical challengesMethodological challenges
Chapter
This chapter is a concise summary of the integrated framework on the relations between empathy and moral judgment. The roles of individualizing and groupish moral intuitions and moral emotions, such as anticipated guilt, anger, and disgust, are explained. This chapter is specifically written from an evolutionary perspective. Evolutionary perspectiv...
Chapter
This chapter three presents the data and methods used to test the conceptual model explained in Chap. 2. The data used stem from an online survey conducted in Belgium in 2019 (N = 1496, mean age = 19.89, SD = 3.20). This survey is part of the human cooperation project, a wider study of psychological altruism and empathy. This study makes use of wri...
Article
This paper aims to determine the prevalence of the use of online neighborhood networks (ONNs) and explores which socio-demographic, socioeconomic status (SES), social integration, and media use determinants predict ONN membership and uses. Drawing on a stratified random sample (Ghent, Belgium), we found that over a third of the population are ONN m...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigates to what extent the three key concepts from the Dark Triad Theory can explain individual differences in adult offending. Data were collected through a cross-sectional survey amongst a representative sample of 1587 adults, living in Ghent, Belgium (Mage = 48.06, 51.4% female). Negative binomial regression analyses are r...
Article
Full-text available
Prejudice and bias-motivated aggression (BMA) are pervasive social problems. Scholars have tested numerous competing theoretical models to demonstrate the key predicates of prejudice and BMA, including intergroup contact, dual process (i.e., right-wing authoritarianism and social dominance orientation), perceived injustice, peer socialization, and...
Article
This study focuses on determinants underlying young persons” self-reported intentions to steal a small amount of money. From an evolutionary standpoint, theft is a frequency-dependent strategy that may have been favored because it gave individuals a reproductively-relevant advantage in the competition for scarce resources. Although human groups do...
Article
The availability and use of new and emerging data sources has increased exponentially. The variety of these data sources offers opportunities to complement, replace, improve or add to conventional data sources. Survey data is one kind of these conventional data sources. In survey research, a framework to assess the accuracy of survey data already h...
Article
This study examines whether residential stability and neighbourhood SES, two key neighbourhood structural characteristics from Social Disorganisation Theory (SDT), have a contextual effect on perceived social trust, perceived informal social control, and perceived social disorder and whether these contextual structural and perceptual measures are r...
Article
The COVID-19 pandemic has precipitated quarantines in many urban settings, and rules have been enforced to ensure that citizens are complying with health-related mandates. However, anecdotal and empirical evidence confirm the prevalence of policy transgressions. Non-compliance with COVID-19 mandates can have severe consequences for individual healt...
Chapter
Multi-agency working (MAW) has increasingly been considered a promising approach to enable the early and effective identification of individuals and communities that are at risk of radicalisation and violent extremism. Multi-agency responses usually involve collaboration between local organisations and are based in the belief that the complex probl...
Chapter
The next part of the process evaluation consisted of qualitative semi-structured interviews with participants of the MAW structures. The original intention was to include three cities per country and five interviews per city (3*15) in order to achieve a representative sample. Due to staff turnover involving our contacts in one Belgian city, this ci...
Chapter
The first part of the fieldwork within the process evaluation is participatory observations. These were carried out during MAW structures’ meetings in Belgium, the Netherlands and Germany. Prior to the participatory observations, the MAW meeting being observed explained and introduced their work, and highlighted the strengths and pitfalls of MAW th...
Chapter
As there is currently no thorough evaluation research on MAW in the context of radicalisation and violent extremism (Gielen, 2020), we carried out a process evaluation of MAW within three countries (Belgium, the Netherlands, Germany). Process evaluations are used to identify the effective key components of an intervention and thus help us to unders...
Chapter
As the third and last part of the realist process evaluation, two rounds of focus groups were organised within the three countries (3*2). The first round asked MAW practitioners about the proposed structure and content of the self-evaluation tool. The research team then constructed a preliminary draft of the website-based self-evaluation tool, and...
Article
Full-text available
Multi-agency working (MAW) has increasingly been considered a promising approach to preventing violent radicalisation, allowing early and effective identification of individuals who may be at risk of violent radicalisation, and breaking down historical silos between agencies. This article provides an overview of the MAW approaches in the context of...
Article
Full-text available
The present study focuses on the principle of the conditional relevance of controls in the person–environment interaction, one of the key propositions of Situational Action Theory (SAT). In a visual randomized scenario study, this principle is tested on a minor form of rule-breaking, theft by taking. Multiple groups comparison based on structural e...
Technical Report
Do you want to know whether you are achieving the objectives of your prevention project or do you want to improve your project's operation? Is the funding agency asking you to demonstrate the results of your project? Then you need to evaluate your project. This SOCPREVbis manual and accompanying workbook will guide you through the various steps of...
Article
Dutch: De komst en razendsnelle evolutie van het internet en sociale media hebben belangrijke gevolgen voor de manier waarop we met elkaar omgaan, communiceren en informatie tot ons nemen. Deze evoluties hebben repercussies voor het politiewerk en ook voor de samenwerking tussen politie en burger. Een van die samenwerkingsvormen tussen politie en b...
Preprint
Moral Foundations Questionnaire (MFQ) and Moral Foundations Sacredness Scale (MFSS) have been proposed to advance conceptualizations of morality. This study assesses the factor structure of the Dutch translations. The five-factor model posited by Moral Foundations Theory is compared against alternative models of morality. Correlational analyses are...
Article
This study focuses on the use of systematic social observations (SSO) to measure crime prevention through environmental design (CPTED) and disorder. To improve knowledge about measurement issues in small area research, SSO is conducted by means of three different methods: in-situ, photographs, and Google Street View (GSV) imagery. By evaluating the...
Book
Full-text available
Buurtinformatienetwerken (BIN’s) zijn partnerschappen waarin de politie, buurtbewoners en gemeenten hun krachten bundelen in de strijd tegen criminaliteit. Deze worden vaak opgericht in een buurt vanwege een bezorgdheid over de veiligheid, zoals bij hogere politiecijfers voor diefstallen uit voertuigen, woninginbraak en/of vandalisme. Met deze stu...
Book
Full-text available
After release in early 2009 of an initial set of two volumes in the GofS Research Paper Series, the editorial board is proud to issue a set of two more volumes, compris�ing papers (again all reviewed by international peers, the list of which is set out in the appendix) clustered around two well-profiled research axes. Volume 3 provides new empir...
Book
Multi-agency working (MAW) has increasingly been considered a promising approach to enable the early and effective identification of individuals and communities that are at risk of radicalisation and violent extremism. Multi-agency responses usually involve collaboration between local organisations and are based in the belief that the complex probl...
Article
Lieven.Pauwels@UGent.be RÉSUMÉ • La théorie de l'action situationnelle (TAS) est une théorie générale du crime qui propose d'expliquer la décision du passage à l'acte délinquant comme le résultat de l'interaction entre la propension criminelle d'un individu et l'environnement crimi-nogène dans lequel cet individu décide de commettre un délit. Sur l...
Article
Full-text available
The Dirty Dozen (Jonason & Webster, 2010) is a frequently used concise version of the Dark Triad to measure three socially aversive personality traits: Machiavellianism, psychopathy and, narcissism. The present study has examined measurement invariance in a sample of Belgian adults. The present study aims to assess measurement invariance of the Dut...
Article
The present study seeks to explain individual differences in self-reported politically motivated violence and vandalism, and participation within an extreme right-wing group. While violent extremism is highly debated, few criminological studies explicitly test factors that can trigger violent extremism. The present study addresses this gap by integ...
Article
Full-text available
This article assesses whether ambient population is a more suitable population-at-risk measure for crime types with mobile targets than residential population for the purpose of intelligence-led policing applications. Specifically, the potential use of ambient population as a crime rate denominator and predictor for predictive policing models is ev...
Article
Full-text available
Multi-agency working (MAW) has increasingly been considered a promising approach to preventing violent radicalisation, allowing early and effective identification of individuals who may be at risk of violent radicalisation, and breaking down historical silos between agencies. This article provides an overview of the MAW approaches in the context o...
Article
Zusammenfassung Die vorliegende Arbeit untersucht die Wechselwirkungen zwischen der extremistischen Disposition und der Online-Exposition gegenüber extremistischen moralischen Normen auf politisch-religiös motiviertes Gewalthandeln. Während bei der Erklärung der Delinquenz von Jugendlichen ein stabiler Interaktionseffekt zwischen der Disposition zu...
Article
This study explores the intermediary role of anticipated shame, guilt, and norms in the association between empathy and the likelihood of a specific uncooperative act: theft by finding. Empirical evidence supports a negative association between empathy and a broad range of uncooperative behaviors. Some studies suggest that empathy reduces noncooper...
Article
This study examines the ecological reliability, convergent validity and ecological stability of neighbourhood (dis)organizational processes measured by means of two methods: inhabitant surveys and the so-called key informant analysis technique. Considering that ecological processes play a major role in many contemporary criminological theories and...
Article
Even though the dark number is especially high for cybercrimes, it is unclear by whom and to whom cybercrime is reported. Therefore, this study will answer the following questions: (1) who reports cybercrime incidents, and (2) to whom do victims report cybercrime? Analyses based on survey data including 334 recent cybercrime victims, indicate that...
Article
Full-text available
Employing a multilevel perspective on the health effects of social capital, this study analyzes how individual and neighborhood differences in self-rated health in Ghent (Belgium), relate to individual and collective social mechanisms, when taking demographic and socioeconomic characteristics of individuals into account. This study estimates the he...
Article
Full-text available
Traditionally, Thomas S. Kuhn’s The Structure of Scientific Revolutions (1962) is largely identified with his analysis of the structure of scientific revolutions. Here, we contribute to a minority tradition in the Kuhn literature by interpreting the history of evolutionary biology through the prism of the entire historical developmental model of sc...
Article
Social support is a prominent factor in mental health etiology. According to the social support deterioration model, exposure to chronic stressors may over time erode people's social support, thereby contributing to increases in mental health issues. Although there is mounting evidence indicating the beneficial consequences of online social support...
Article
Multi-agency working (MAW) has increasingly been considered a promising approach to preventing violent radicalisation, allowing early and effective identification of individuals who may be at risk of violent radicalisation, and breaking down historical silos between agencies. This article provides an overview of the MAW approaches in the context of...
Technical Report
Naar een registratietool ter evaluatie van de werking van de gemeenschapswachten - Resultaten en aanbevelingen op basis van een wetenschappelijk onderzoek in de stad Gent -
Chapter
In this study, we seek to explain how (through what mechanisms) young adolescents have an increased likelihood of becoming involved in a troublesome youth group. We combine social, developmental, personal, and situational risk factors under the umbrella of an integrated theoretical framework that stresses the importance of the moral sense as an imp...
Article
An important portion of internet users have faced cybercrime in recent years. One successful strategy for dealing with cybercrime victimization is to seek social support. However, previous studies showed that only a limited number of victims reaches out to family or friends to ask for help after a cybercrime incident. The current study sought to ga...
Book
The activities and tasks of the European Crime Prevention Network (EUCPN), established in 2001, have significantly expanded over the past two decades. In view of the further implementation of its multiannual strategy, the EUCPN has commissioned a study into its current and future strategic market position, conducted with the financial support of th...
Article
Ample research in criminology investigates the role of deviant peers in the development of adolescent offending. Different theoretical explanations account for distinct peer influences. The socialization perspective argues that deviant peers influence behavior through the provision of norms and values, whereas the situational perspective argues tha...
Article
In this study we examined to what extent different combinations of parent–child relationships explain adolescents’ moral values and whether the influence of school and peers predicts moral values. We also investigated whether anticipated shame and anticipated guilt predict moral values. A convenience sample of 1,120 adolescents, including 120 adole...
Technical Report
Full-text available
http://www.belspo.be/belspo/brain-be/themes_4_Strategic_en.stm#SOC *** Context *** Sex offences have attracted a lot of public and policy attention in the last decades. In Belgium, the Dutroux case led to unseen public protests and important policy changes. Elsewhere, similar horrifying events have taken place, also affecting in important ways po...
Article
Full-text available
Wir schlagen ein Forschungsprogramm vor, das wir »Analytische Kriminologie« nennen. Ein zentraler Bestandteil dieses Programms ist eine weite Version der »rational choice«-Theorie (RCT), die zuneh-mend in den Sozialwissenschaften angewendet wird. Diese ist die Grundlage für die Erklärung sozialer Prozesse (»Mechanismen«) auf der Mikro-und Makroeben...
Article
Several models have been suggested for studying (self-reported) aggression. Less frequently, these theories are empirically applied to explain individual differences in political aggression. The present study examines the role of distal, intermediate and proximate mechanisms in a net-sample of 6020 young adults. Using log-linear structural equation...
Article
Full-text available
Since long, the delinquency of sex offenders has been the focus of many assumptions. These include the ideas that sex offenders are prone to commit new offences, that they are repeating (identical) sex offences and that they do not seize to offend. Such ideas suggest sex offenders are a distinct group. Based on the study of criminal careers of sex...
Article
This study examines the extent to which crime concentrations occur at micro places, in order to test Weisburd’s law of crime concentration at places, in two large Belgian cities. Police-registered crime data for the period 2004–2012 were used. Analyses were conducted at the grid level (using 200 meters by 200 meters grid cells), as a proxy for beha...
Article
Full-text available
Several models have been suggested for studying (self-reported) aggression. Less frequently, these theories are empirically applied to explain individual differences in political aggression. The present study examines the role of distal, intermediate and proximate mechanisms in a net-sample of 6020 young adults. Using log-linear structural equation...
Article
A general theory of moral rule breaking - situational action theory (SAT) - is applied to socially desirable responding in surveys, which can be seen as acts that break the rule to answer honestly. Using ISRD3 data, we explore the effects of SAT's key concepts at the person and country level on under- and overreporting of drug use. While country-le...
Book
This book (in Dutch) provides an overview of the development of Situational Action Theory, discusses its assumptions and tests key hypotheses derived from SAT in three self-reported delinquency studies and one randomized vignette study. The book discusses the findings but highlights conceptual and methodological challenges, some of which are hard t...
Article
In the present study, the interaction between specific measures of endorsement for extremism (e.g. endorsement for religious, left-wing or far-right extremism), thrill-seeking, and active online exposure to extremism via social media with regard to the explanation of politically and/or religiously motivated aggression is investigated. While the rel...
Article
The principal aim of this multilevel study was to assess the impact of collective efficacy and disorder, as neighborhood characteristics, and individual social capital on an individual’s avoidance behavior, independent of the neighborhood composition. The theoretical backdrop to the present study integrates insights from social capital theory, coll...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This is the technical report related to Belgium's participation in the third wave of the International Self-reported Delinquency Study (including only the Dutch questionnaire). This technical report refers to the Flemish survey only (city samples in Ghent and Aalst- data collection 2013. The data were collected by prof. Lieven Pauwels (Ghent Univer...
Preprint
In the present study, the interaction between specific measures of endorsement for extremism (e.g. endorsement for religious, left-wing or far-right extremism), thrill-seeking, and active online exposure to extremism via social media with regard to the explanation of politically and / or religiously motivated aggression is investigated. While the r...
Article
Full-text available
Welch (2017) has recently proposed two possible explanations for why the field of evolutionary biology is plagued by a steady stream of claims that it needs urgent reform. It is either seriously deficient and incapable of incorporating ideas that are new, relevant and plausible or it is not seriously deficient at all but is prone to attracting disc...
Article
This study focuses on the perception-choice process in the Situational Action Theory of Crime Causation (SAT). The effect of self-control ability is studied in conditions of conflict or correspondence between personal morality and circumstantial characteristics. We demonstrate a conditional effect of self-control ability on choosing a violent respo...
Preprint
Full-text available
De rol van deviante peers bij delinquent gedrag van adolescenten is goed geïllustreerd in criminologisch onderzoek. Het socialisatieperspectief beschouwt peers als een bron van normatieve invloeden terwijl het situationele perspectief focust op peers als bron van opportuniteiten voor het plegen van delicten. De huidige verkennende studie breidt voo...